|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Government of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország Kormánya) exercises executive power in Hungary. It is led by the Prime Minister, and is composed of various ministers. It is the principal organ of public administration. The Prime Minister (miniszterelnök) is elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament. The Prime Minister selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees, survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament.
Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system. The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 8 April 2018. This parliamentary election was the 8th since the 1990 first multi-party election. The result was a victory for Fidesz–KDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister. It was the second election according to the new Constitution of Hungary which went into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also entered into force that day. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers.
List of cabinets since 1989:
|Governments of Hungary|
|Name of Government||Duration of Government||Prime minister||Parties Involved|
|Németh||November 24, 1988 – May 23, 1990||Miklós Németh (MSZP)||MSZP|
|Antall||May 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993||József Antall (MDF)||MDF, FKgP, KDNP|
|Boross||December 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993||Péter Boross (MDF)||MDF, EKgP, KDNP|
|December 21, 1993 – July 15, 1994|
|Horn||July 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998||Gyula Horn (MSZP)||MSZP, SZDSZ|
|Orbán I||July 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002||Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)||Fidesz, FKgP, MDF|
|Medgyessy||May 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004||Péter Medgyessy (Ind.)||MSZP, SZDSZ|
|Gyurcsány I||September 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006||Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)|
|Gyurcsány II||June 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009||Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)||MSZP, SZDSZ|
|Bajnai||April 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010||Gordon Bajnai (Ind.)||MSZP|
|Orbán II||May 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014||Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)||Fidesz, KDNP|
|Orbán III||June 6, 2014 – May 18, 2018||Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)||Fidesz, KDNP|
|Orbán IV||May 18, 2018 – present||Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)||Fidesz, KDNP|
|Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP)|
|Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF)|
| Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt, FKgP)|
United Smallholders' Party (Egyesült Történelmi Kisgazda és Polgári Párt, EKgP)
|Christian Democratic People's Party (Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP)|
|Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ)|
|Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség, Fidesz)|
Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2018, the current prime minister, Viktor Orbán is serving with his government since 18 May 2018.
|Viktor Orbán||Prime Minister||Fidesz||10.05.2018 -|
|Zsolt Semjén||Deputy Prime Minister|
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
|Gergely Gulyás||Minister of the Prime Minister's Office||Fidesz||18.05.2018 -|
|Antal Rogán||Minister of the Prime Minister's Cabinet Office||Fidesz||18.05.2018 -|
|Péter Szijjártó||Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade||Fidesz||18.05.2018 -|
|Sándor Pintér||Deputy Prime Minister|
Minister of Interior
|László Trócsányi||Minister of Justice||Independent||18.05.2018 - 30.06.2019|
|Judit Varga||Fidesz||12.07.2019 -|
|Mihály Varga||Minister of Finance||Fidesz||18.05.2018 -|
|Miklós Kásler||Minister of Human Resources||Independent||18.05.2018 -|
|László Palkovics||Minister of National Innovation and Technology||Independent||18.05.2018 -|
|István Nagy||Minister of Agriculture||Fidesz||18.05.2018 -|
|Tibor Benkő||Minister of Defence||Independent||18.05.2018 -|
|János Süli|| Minister without Portfolio |
for the planning, construction and commissioning
of the two new blocks at Paks Nuclear Power Plant
|Andrea Bártfai-Mager|| Minister without Portfolio |
for managing national wealth
The Minister of Interior of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország belügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Interior. The current foreign minister is Sándor Pintér. Between 2006 and 2010 the ministry was split into the Ministry of Local Government and the Ministry of Justice and Law. In 2010 the prior organization was restored.
|Balázs Horváth||23.05.1990 - 21.12.1990||MDF||Antall|
|Péter Boross||21.12.1990 - 21.12.1993||MDF|
|Imre Kónya||21.12.1993 - 15.07.1994||MDF||Boross|
|Gábor Kuncze||15.07.1994 - 06.07.1998||SZDSZ||Horn|
|Sándor Pintér||06.07.1998 - 27.05.2002||Independent||Orbán I|
|Mónika Lamperth||27.05.2002 - 09.06.2006||MSZP||Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I|
|Sándor Pintér||29.05.2010 -||Independent||Orbán II, Orbán III|
|Mónika Lamperth||09.06.2006 - 30.06.2007||MSZP||Gyurcsány II|
|Gordon Bajnai||30.06.2007 - 30.04.2008||Independent|
|István Gyenesei||30.04.2008 - 14.04.2009||Somogyért|
|Zoltán Varga||14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010||MSZP||Bajnai|
|József Petrétei||09.06.2006 - 31.05.2007||Independent||Gyurcsány II|
|Albert Takács||01.06.2007 - 17.02.2008||Independent|
|Tibor Draskovics||18.02.2008 - 14.12.2009||Independent||Gyurcsány II, Bajnai|
|Imre Forgács||14.12.2009 - 29.05.2010||Independent||Bajnai|
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország külügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The current foreign minister is Péter Szijjártó.
|Géza Jeszenszky||23.05.1990 - 15.07.1994||MDF||Antall, Boross|
|László Kovács||15.07.1994 - 08.07.1998||MSZP||Horn|
|János Martonyi||08.07.1998 - 27.05.2002||Independent||Orbán I|
|László Kovács||27.05.2002 - 01.11.2004||MSZP||Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I|
|Ferenc Somogyi||01.11.2004 - 09.06.2006||Independent||Gyurcsány I|
|Kinga Göncz||09.06.2006 - 14.04.2009||Independent||Gyurcsány II|
|Péter Balázs||14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010||Independent||Bajnai|
|János Martonyi||29.05.2010 - 06.06.2014||Fidesz||Orbán II|
|Tibor Navracsics||06.06.2014 - 23.09.2014||Fidesz||Orbán III|
|Péter Szijjártó||23.09.2014 -||Fidesz|
The Minister of National Economy of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország nemzetgazdasági minisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of National Economy. The current minister of national economy is Mihály Varga.
|Minister of Finance|
|Ferenc Rabár||23.05.1990 - 19.12.1990||Independent||Antall|
|Mihály Kupa||20.12.1990 - 11.02.1993||MDF|
|Iván Szabó||24.02.1993 - 15.07.1994||MDF||Antall, Boross|
|László Békesi||15.07.1994 - 28.02.1995||MSZP||Horn|
|Lajos Bokros||01.03.1995 - 29.02.1996||MSZP|
|Péter Medgyessy||01.03.1996 - 07.07.1998||Independent|
|Zsigmond Járai||08.07.1998 - 31.12.2000||Fidesz||Orbán I|
|Mihály Varga||01.01.2001 - 27.05.2002||Fidesz|
|Csaba László||27.05.2002 - 15.02.2004||MSZP||Medgyessy|
|Tibor Draskovics||15.02.2004 - 24.04.2005||Independent||Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I|
|János Veres||24.04.2005 - 16.04.2009||MSZP||Gyurcsány I, Gyurcsány II|
|Péter Oszkó||16.04.2009 - 29.05.2010||Independent||Bajnai|
|Minister of National Economy|
|György Matolcsy||29.05.2010 - 03.03.2013||Fidesz||Orbán II|
|Mihály Varga||03.03.2013 -||Fidesz||Orbán II, Orbán III|
Péter Medgyessy is a Hungarian politician and was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Hungary from 27 May 2002 until 29 September 2004. On 25 August 2004 he resigned over disputes with coalition partner Alliance of Free Democrats, but remained caretaker Prime Minister for a 30-day period as required by the Constitution, and a few additional days until his successor Ferenc Gyurcsány was confirmed by Parliament.
The prime minister of Hungary is the head of government in Hungary. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The current holder of the office is Viktor Orbán, leader of the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, who has served since 29 May 2010.
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance is a right-wing national-conservative political party in Hungary.
Viktor Mihály Orbán is a Hungarian politician who has been Prime Minister of Hungary since 2010; he was also Prime Minister from 1998 to 2002. He has also been President of Fidesz, a national conservative political party, since 1993, with a brief break between 2000 and 2003.
Péter Boross is a Hungarian politician, former member of the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF), who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from December 1993 to July 1994. He assumed the position upon the death of his predecessor, József Antall, and held the office until his right-wing coalition was defeated in election by the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP), which was led by his successor Gyula Horn. Prior to his premiership, Boross functioned as Minister of Civilian Intelligence Services (1990) and Minister of the Interior (1990–1993). He was also a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 1998 and from 2006 to 2009.
Imre András Pozsgay was a Hungarian Communist politician who played a key role in Hungary's transition to democracy after 1988. He served as Minister of Culture (1976–1980), Minister of Education (1980–1982) and Minister of State (1988–1990). He was also a Member of Parliament from 1983 to 1994.
Mihály Varga is a Hungarian politician, current Minister of Finance since 2013. He also served as Minister of Finance between 2001 and 2002. He is member of the Fidesz from the beginnings (1988). He was one of the party's four vice presidents between 2005 and 2013.
György Matolcsy is a Hungarian politician and economist, current governor of the Hungarian National Bank (MNB). He also served as Minister of Economy (2000–2002) during the first cabinet of Viktor Orbán and Minister of National Economy (2010–2013) in the Second Orbán Cabinet.
Sándor Fazekas is a Hungarian jurist and politician. He served as Minister of Rural Development, then Minister of Agriculture from 2010 to 2018, in the second and third cabinets of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán. He served as mayor of his hometown, Karcag between 1990 and 2010.
General Staff of the Armed Forces of Hungary is a joint body organised within the Ministry of Defence.
The second government of Viktor Orbán or the Government of National Cooperation was the Government of Hungary from 29 May 2010 to 6 June 2014. Orbán formed his second cabinet after his party, Fidesz won the outright majority in the first round on April 11, with the Fidesz-KDNP alliance winning 206 seats, including 119 individual seats. In the final result, they won 263 seats, of which 173 are individual seats. Fidesz held 227 of these seats, giving it an outright majority in the National Assembly by itself.
Gyula Budai is a Hungarian politician, member of the National Assembly (MP) for Nagykálló between 2010 and 2014. He became MP from his party's national list during the 2014 parliamentary election, holding the seat until May 2018. He was re-elected MP in October 2018. He had been a government commissioner in charge of investigations into privatisation deals since July 2010. He served as Deputy Mayor of Kiskunlacháza for a short time in 2010.
Miklós Seszták is a Hungarian jurist and politician. He served as Minister of National Development in Viktor Orbán's third cabinet from 2014 to 2018. He was elected Member of Parliament for Kisvárda, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County in 2010. He is one of the vice presidents of the Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP).
The 2014 Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 6 April 2014. This parliamentary election was the 7th since the 1990 first multi-party election. The result was a victory for the Fidesz–KDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority, with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister. It was the first election under the new Constitution of Hungary which came into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also entered into force that day. For the first time since Hungary's transition to democracy, the election had a single round. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of the previous 386 lawmakers.
The third government of Viktor Orbán was the Government of Hungary between 6 June 2014 and 18 May 2018. Prime Minister Viktor Orbán formed his third cabinet after his party-alliance, Fidesz and its coalition partner, Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP) altogether won a qualified majority in the 2014 parliamentary election.
The 2018 Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 8 April 2018. This parliamentary election was the eighth since the 1990 first multi-party election and the second since the adoption of a new Constitution of Hungary which came into force on 1 January 2012. The result was a victory for the Fidesz–KDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority, with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister. Orbán and Fidesz campaigned primarily on the issues of immigration and foreign meddling, and the election was seen as a victory for right-wing populism in Europe.
Péter Ákos Bod is a Hungarian politician and economist, who served as Minister of Industry and Trade in the cabinet of József Antall from 1990 to 1991 then Governor of the Hungarian National Bank from 1991 to 1994, when he resigned under the pressure of the Socialist Gyula Horn cabinet. He was also a Member of Parliament for the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) from 1990 until his resignation in 1991. In 1996, he joined the Hungarian Democratic People's Party (MDNP) and was elected to its leadership.
A referendum related to the European Union's migrant relocation plans was held in Hungary on 2 October 2016. The referendum was initiated by the government, under the provision of article 8 of the new constitution of 2012. It was commonly referred to as the kvótanépszavazás or kvótareferendum in the Hungarian media.
An indirect presidential election was held in Hungary on 13 March 2017. János Áder was elected President of Hungary for a second term.