Government of Hungary

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The Government of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország Kormánya) exercises executive power in Hungary. [1] It is led by the Prime Minister, and is composed of various ministers. [2] It is the principal organ of public administration. The Prime Minister (miniszterelnök) is elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament. The Prime Minister selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees, survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament.

Contents

Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system. The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 8 April 2018. This parliamentary election was the 8th since the 1990 first multi-party election. The result was a victory for FideszKDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister. It was the second election according to the new Constitution of Hungary which went into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also entered into force that day. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers. [3] [4]

List of cabinets since 1989:

Governments of Hungary
Name of GovernmentDuration of Government Prime minister Parties Involved
NémethNovember 24, 1988 – May 23, 1990 Miklós Németh (MSZP) MSZP
AntallMay 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993 József Antall (MDF) MDF, FKgP, KDNP
BorossDecember 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993 Péter Boross (MDF)MDF, EKgP, KDNP
December 21, 1993 – July 15, 1994
HornJuly 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998 Gyula Horn (MSZP)MSZP, SZDSZ
Orbán IJuly 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002 Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, FKgP, MDF
MedgyessyMay 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004 Péter Medgyessy (Ind.)MSZP, SZDSZ
Gyurcsány ISeptember 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006 Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)
Gyurcsány IIJune 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)MSZP, SZDSZ
Bajnai April 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010 Gordon Bajnai (Ind.)MSZP
Orbán II May 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán III June 6, 2014 – May 18, 2018Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán IV May 18, 2018 – presentViktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, KDNP

Notes
Traditional colours
Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP)
Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF)
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt, FKgP)
United Smallholders' Party (Egyesült Történelmi Kisgazda és Polgári Párt, EKgP)
Christian Democratic People's Party (Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP)
Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ)
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség, Fidesz)

Current government

Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2018, the current prime minister, Viktor Orbán is serving with his government since 18 May 2018.

NameOfficePartyPeriod
Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 10.05.2018 -
Zsolt Semjén Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
KDNP 18.05.2018 -
Gergely Gulyás Minister of the Prime Minister's Office Fidesz 18.05.2018 -
Antal Rogán Minister of the Prime Minister's Cabinet Office Fidesz 18.05.2018 -
Péter Szijjártó Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fidesz 18.05.2018 -
Sándor Pintér Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Interior
Independent18.05.2018 -
László Trócsányi Minister of Justice Independent18.05.2018 - 30.06.2019
Judit Varga Fidesz 12.07.2019 -
Mihály Varga Minister of Finance Fidesz 18.05.2018 -
Miklós Kásler Minister of Human ResourcesIndependent18.05.2018 -
László PalkovicsMinister of National Innovation and TechnologyIndependent18.05.2018 -
István Nagy Minister of Agriculture Fidesz 18.05.2018 -
Tibor Benkő Minister of Defence Independent18.05.2018 -
János Süli Minister without Portfolio

for the planning, construction and commissioning

of the two new blocks at Paks Nuclear Power Plant

KDNP 18.05.2018 -
Andrea Bártfai-Mager Minister without Portfolio

for managing national wealth

Independent18.05.2018 -

Government history, since 1990

Prime ministers

Minister of the Interior

Sandor Pinter Pinter Sandor Portrait.jpg
Sándor Pinter
Ministry of Interior Ministry of Interior (Hungary) 01.JPG
Ministry of Interior

The Minister of Interior of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország belügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Interior. The current foreign minister is Sándor Pintér. Between 2006 and 2010 the ministry was split into the Ministry of Local Government and the Ministry of Justice and Law. In 2010 the prior organization was restored.

MinisterIn office Party Cabinet
Balázs Horváth 23.05.1990 - 21.12.1990 MDF Antall
Péter Boross 21.12.1990 - 21.12.1993 MDF
Imre Kónya 21.12.1993 - 15.07.1994 MDF Boross
Gábor Kuncze 15.07.1994 - 06.07.1998 SZDSZ Horn
Sándor Pintér 06.07.1998 - 27.05.2002IndependentOrbán I
Mónika Lamperth 27.05.2002 - 09.06.2006 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Sándor Pintér29.05.2010 -Independent Orbán II, Orbán III
Ministry of Local Government (2006-2010)
MinisterIn office Party Cabinet
Mónika Lamperth09.06.2006 - 30.06.2007 MSZP Gyurcsány II
Gordon Bajnai 30.06.2007 - 30.04.2008Independent
István Gyenesei 30.04.2008 - 14.04.2009 Somogyért
Zoltán Varga 14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010 MSZP Bajnai
Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement (2006-2010)
MinisterIn office Party Cabinet
József Petrétei 09.06.2006 - 31.05.2007IndependentGyurcsány II
Albert Takács 01.06.2007 - 17.02.2008Independent
Tibor Draskovics 18.02.2008 - 14.12.2009IndependentGyurcsány II, Bajnai
Imre Forgács 14.12.2009 - 29.05.2010IndependentBajnai

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Peter Szijjarto Peter Szijjarto (cropped).jpg
Péter Szíjjártó

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország külügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The current foreign minister is Péter Szijjártó.

MinisterIn office Party Cabinet
Géza Jeszenszky 23.05.1990 - 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Kovács 15.07.1994 - 08.07.1998 MSZP Horn
János Martonyi 08.07.1998 - 27.05.2002IndependentOrbán I
László Kovács27.05.2002 - 01.11.2004 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Ferenc Somogyi 01.11.2004 - 09.06.2006IndependentGyurcsány I
Kinga Göncz 09.06.2006 - 14.04.2009IndependentGyurcsány II
Péter Balázs 14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010Independent Bajnai
János Martonyi29.05.2010 - 06.06.2014 Fidesz Orbán II
Tibor Navracsics 06.06.2014 - 23.09.2014 Fidesz Orbán III
Péter Szijjártó 23.09.2014 - Fidesz

Minister of National Economy

Mihaly Varga Varga Mihaly cropped.jpg
Mihály Varga
Ministry of National Economy Ministry of Finance P4200571.jpg
Ministry of National Economy

The Minister of National Economy of Hungary (Hungarian : Magyarország nemzetgazdasági minisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of National Economy. The current minister of national economy is Mihály Varga.

MinisterIn office Party Cabinet
Minister of Finance
Ferenc Rabár 23.05.1990 - 19.12.1990IndependentAntall
Mihály Kupa 20.12.1990 - 11.02.1993 MDF
Iván Szabó 24.02.1993 - 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Békesi 15.07.1994 - 28.02.1995 MSZP Horn
Lajos Bokros 01.03.1995 - 29.02.1996 MSZP
Péter Medgyessy 01.03.1996 - 07.07.1998Independent
Zsigmond Járai 08.07.1998 - 31.12.2000 Fidesz Orbán I
Mihály Varga 01.01.2001 - 27.05.2002 Fidesz
Csaba László 27.05.2002 - 15.02.2004 MSZP Medgyessy
Tibor Draskovics 15.02.2004 - 24.04.2005IndependentMedgyessy, Gyurcsány I
János Veres 24.04.2005 - 16.04.2009 MSZP Gyurcsány I, Gyurcsány II
Péter Oszkó 16.04.2009 - 29.05.2010Independent Bajnai
Minister of National Economy
György Matolcsy 29.05.2010 - 03.03.2013 Fidesz Orbán II
Mihály Varga03.03.2013 - Fidesz Orbán II, Orbán III

See also

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References

  1. "Website of the Government of Hungary". Government of Hungary. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  2. Fundamental Law of Hungary (Article 15)
  3. Az országgyűlési képviselők választásáról szóló 2011. évi CCIII. törvény. In.: Magyar Közlöny. 2011. évi, 165. sz., 41095-41099. p.
  4. "Életbe lép az új választójogi törvény". Magyar Nemzet (in Hungarian). 29 December 2011. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2012.