Governor of New Mexico

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Governor of New Mexico
Spanish: Gobernadora de Nuevo México
Seal of the Governor of New Mexico.png
Seal of the Governor
Michelle Lujan Grisham official photo (cropped 2).jpg
Incumbent
Michelle Lujan Grisham

since January 1, 2019 (2019-01-01)
Style
Status
Residence New Mexico Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once consecutively
Constituting instrument New Mexico Constitution
Precursor
Inaugural holder William C. McDonald
FormationJanuary 14, 1912
(107 years ago)
 (1912-01-14)
Deputy Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
Salary$110,000 (2013) [1]
Website Official website Blue pencil.svg
Seal of New Mexico.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New Mexico

The Governor of New Mexico (Spanish : Gobernador de Nuevo México) is the chief executive of the state of New Mexico. The governor is the head of the executive branch of New Mexico's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. Responsibilities include making annual State of the State addresses to the New Mexico State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced. The officeholder is afforded the courtesy title of The Honorable for life. This gubernatorial office is proceeded by the Spanish and Mexican governors of Nuevo México and the governors of the New Mexico Territory.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Spain and the Americas. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

New Mexico U.S. state in the United States

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Contents

The current governor is Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat, who was sworn in as the 32nd Governor of the state of New Mexico on January 1, 2019. She is the second elected female governor of the state.

Michelle Lujan Grisham 32nd Governor of New Mexico

Michelle Lynn Lujan Grisham is an American lawyer and politician serving as the 32nd Governor of New Mexico. She previously represented New Mexico's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2018. On November 6, 2018, she became the first Democratic woman elected as governor of New Mexico, as well as the first Democratic Latina elected state chief executive in the history of the United States.

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

History

During the occupation of New Mexico by the United States Military starting in 1846, a military governor was appointed to oversee the area; military governors, at times, were assisted by civilian governors. In 1850, New Mexico was organized as a Territory, and the governor was appointed by the President of the United States. The office of Governor of the State of New Mexico was created in 1912 when New Mexico was officially admitted to the United States as the 47th state.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Election to the governorship

Requirements to hold office

Section Three of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution establishes the requirements a person must meet in order to become governor. The governor must be a citizen of the United States, be at least 30 years old, and have been a resident of New Mexico for at least five years prior to election.

Term(s) of office

Under Section One of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, a governor may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in a row. If a governor serves two consecutive terms, he or she is eligible to run again after sitting out one full term.

Relationship with Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico

The Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico is elected jointly as the running mate of the gubernatorial candidate in the general election.

Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico position

The Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico is an elected official in the state of New Mexico that ranks just below the Governor of New Mexico. The lieutenant governor is the first person in the order of succession of New Mexico's executive branch, thus serving as governor in the event of the death, resignation, removal, impeachment, absence from the state, or incapacity due to illness of the Governor of New Mexico. The lieutenant governor is elected on a ticket with the governor for a four-year term. This position was first filled by Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca on January 6, 1912, the year that New Mexico became a state.

A running mate is a person running together with another person on a joint ticket during an election. The term is most often used in reference to the person in the subordinate position but can also properly be used when referring to both candidates, such as by saying Joko Widodo and Jusuf Kalla, and Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto, were running mates in relation to the presidential elections held in Indonesia in 2014 and Kenya in 2013 respectively.

Powers

While the governor heads the Executive Branch of the New Mexico state government, the governor does not have absolute power. Other state executives, such as the lieutenant governor, the Secretary of State, and the attorney general are also elected to office.

A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction.

Secretary of State of New Mexico constitutional office in New Mexico

The Secretary of State of New Mexico is one of the elected constitutional officers of the U.S. state of New Mexico.

Attorney General of New Mexico attorney general for the U.S. state of New Mexico

The New Mexico Attorney General's Office is overseen by the Attorney General of New Mexico, an elected executive officer of the state. The AG serves as head of the New Mexico Department of Justice and is required to be a licensed attorney.

Residence

Since 1954, the Governor of New Mexico has resided in the New Mexico Governor's Mansion. Prior to its construction, the governor's residence was located adjacent to the New Mexico State Capitol in downtown Santa Fe. Before 1909, the governor resided in the Palace of the Governors, which is listed as a National Historic Landmark. The Palace of the Governors is the oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States.[ citation needed ]

Line of succession

According to Section Seven of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, in the event of the death, resignation, removal, impeachment, absence from the state, failure to qualify, or incapacity due to illness of the governor, the lieutenant governor is the first person in the order of succession and thus serves as governor.

If there is no lieutenant governor, or that person is unable to perform the duties of governor, the Secretary of State serves as governor. If there is no Secretary of State, the President pro Tempore of the Senate serves as governor. If there is no President pro Tempore of the Senate, or if that person is unable to perform the duties of governor, then the Speaker of the House serves as governor.

#OfficeCurrent officer
May succeed to governorship
Governor of New Mexico Michelle Lujan Grisham
1 Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico Howie Morales
2 Secretary of State of New Mexico Maggie Toulouse Oliver
3President Pro Tempore of the Senate Mary Kay Papen
4Speaker of the House of Representatives Brian Egolf
May serve as Emergency Interim Successor
5 Attorney General of New Mexico Hector Balderas
6 State Auditor Brian Colón
7 State Treasurer Tim Eichenberg
8 Commissioner of Public Lands Stephanie Garcia Richard
9Public Regulation Commission, Chair Jefferson Byrd
10Public Regulation CommissionerCynthia B. Hall
11Public Regulation CommissionerValerie Espinoza
12Public Regulation CommissionerTheresa Becenti–Aguilar
13Public Regulation CommissionerSandy Jones

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References

  1. "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.