Governorate of New Castile

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Governorate of New Castile

Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
1528–1542
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg
Mapa de America del Sur (Gobernaciones 1534-1539).svg
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
Status Spanish colony
Capital Jauja 1533–1535
Lima after 1535
Common languagesOfficial: Spanish (de facto); common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.
Religion
Roman Catholicism (de facto)
GovernmentMonarchy
King  
 1516–1556
Charles I
Governor  
 1528–1541
Francisco Pizarro
 1541–1544
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro
 1544–1548
Gonzalo Pizarro
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
Historical era Spanish empire
1528
1532
1533
 Appointment of Francisco Pizarro as Viceroy of Peru
1542
Currency Spanish escudo
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of Peru Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla, pronounced  [ɡoβeɾnaˈθjon de ˈnweβa kasˈtiʎa] ) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1528 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government.

Francisco Pizarro 16th-century Spanish conquistador who conquered Peru

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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor 16th-century Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519, King of Spain from 1516, and Lord of the Netherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506. Head of the rising House of Habsburg during the first half of the 16th century, his dominions in Europe included the Holy Roman Empire extending from Germany to northern Italy with direct rule over the Austrian hereditary lands and the burgundian Low Countries, and a unified Spain with its southern Italian kingdoms of Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia. Furthermore, his reign encompassed both the long-lasting Spanish and short-lived German colonizations of the Americas. The personal union of the European and American territories of Charles V was the first collection of realms labelled "the empire on which the sun never sets".

Contents

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was after the foundation of Lima in 1535 divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.

Peru Republic in South America

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Governorate of New Toledo Spanish Imperial colony

The Spanish Imperial Governorate of New Toledo was formed from the previous southern half of the Inca Empire, stretching south into present day central Chile, and east into present day central Brazil.

This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

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See also

Spanish colonization of the Americas Overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile

The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors. The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, Canada, the north-eastern United States and several other small countries in South America and The Caribbean. The crown created civil and religious structures to administer the region. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Catholic faith through indigenous conversions.

Spanish Empire world empire from the 16th to the 19th century

The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World, the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies" and territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire has been described as the first global empire in history, a description also given to the Portuguese Empire. It has been described as the world's most powerful empire of the 16th and 17th centuries, a description also given to other empires of the period, becoming known as "the empire on which the sun never sets" and reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century.

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References

    Coordinates: 12°02′36″S77°01′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833