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Governorate of Paraguay
Gobernación del Paraguay
|Status|| Governorate of the Viceroyalty of Peru |
Part of the Spanish Empire
|Common languages||Spanish, Guaraní|
|Historical era||Spanish Empire|
• Created from the split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay
|December 16 1617|
• Merged into the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
|ISO 3166 code||PY|
The Governorate of Paraguay (Spanish : Gobernación del Paraguay), originally called the Governorate of Guayrá, was a governorate of the Spanish Empire and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Its seat was the city of Asunción; its territory roughly encompassed the modern day country of Paraguay. The Governorate was created in December 16, 1617 by the royal decree of King Philip III as a split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay into its respective halves. The Governorate lasted until 1782, after which the massive Viceroyalty of Peru was split, and Paraguay became an intendency (intendencia) of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term governorate is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.
The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World and the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies". It also included territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire has been described as the first global empire in history, a description also given to the Portuguese Empire. It was the world's most powerful empire during the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century. The Spanish Empire was the first empire to be called "the empire on which the sun never sets".
|Governor of Paraguay||Start of rule||End of rule||King of Spain|
|Hernando Arias de Saavedra||1615||1617||Philip III|
|Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza||1618||1621|
|Manuel de Frías||21 October 1621||1627||Philip IV|
|Luis de Céspedes García Xería||1630||1633|
|Martín de Ledesma Valderrama||1633||1636|
|Pedro Lugo de Navarra||1636||1641|
|Juan de Velasco Villasanti||1641||27 June 1641|
|Gregorio de Hinestrosa||27 June 1641||2 February 1647|
|Diego de Escobar y Osorio||2 February 1647||26 February 1649|
|Bernardino de Cárdenas||4 March 1649||1 October 1649|
|Sebastián de León y Zárate||1 October 1649||10 October 1650|
|Andrés Garabito de León||10 October 1650||26 July 1653|
|Cristóbal de Garay y Saavedra||26 July 1653||21 September 1656|
|Juan Antonio Blázquez de Valverde||21 September 1656||24 September 1659|
|Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa||24 September 1659||25 August 1662|
|Juan Diez de Andino||25 August 1662||13 April 1671||Charles II|
|Francisco Rege Corvalán||13 April 1671||1676|
|Diego Ibáñez de Farías||1676||1681|
|Juan Diez de Andino||7 October 1681||August 1684|
|Antonio de Vera Mujica||18 October 1684||30 October 1684|
|Alonso Fernández Marcial||30 October 1684||30 October 1685|
|Francisco de Monfort||30 October 1685||2 August 1691|
|Sebastián Félix de Mendiola||22 October 1692||4 December 1696|
|Juan Rodríguez Cota||4 December 1696||27 June 1702||Philip V|
|Antonio de Escobar y Gutiérrez||27 June 1702||1705|
|José Ávalos de Mendoza||1705||26 September 1705|
|Sebastián Félix de Mendiola||26 September 1705||9 February 1706|
|Baltazar García Ros||9 February 1706||10 October 1707|
|Manuel de Robles Lorenzana||10 October 1707||5 June 1713|
|Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza||5 June 1713||23 January 1717|
|Andrés Ortiz de Ocampo||23 January 1717||5 February 1717|
|Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda||5 February 1717||20 August 1721|
|José de Antequera y Castro||14 September 1721||5 March 1725|
|Ramón de las Llanas||5 March 1725||29 April 1725|
|Bruno Mauricio de Zabala||29 April 1725||4 May 1725|
|Martín de Barúa||4 May 1725||28 December 1730|
|Ignacio de Soroeta||28 December 1730||25 January 1731|
|Vacant after Soroeta's rejection and the Revolt of the Comuneros. The comuneros established a Junta Gubernativa presided over by:|
* José Luis Bareiro (1731)
* Miguel de Garay (1731-1732)
* Antonio Ruiz de Arellano (1732-1733)
|25 January 1731||27 July 1733|
|Agustín de Ruyloba||27 July 1733||14 September 1733|
|Juan de Arregui y Gutiérrez||27 September 1733||9 December 1733|
|Cristóbal Domínguez de Ovelar||9 December 1733||1735|
|Bruno Mauricio de Zabala||30 March 1735||1735|
|José Martín de Echauri||1735||7 November 1740|
|Rafael de la Moneda||7 November 1740||August 1747|
|Marcos José Larrazábal||August 1747||10 November 1749||Charles III|
|Jaime Sanjust||10 November 1749||2 April 1761|
|José Martínez Fontes||2 April 1761||23 July 1764|
|Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma||23 July 1764||29 September 1766|
|Carlos Morphi||29 September 1766||23 August 1772|
|Agustín Fernando de Pinedo||23 August 1772||1 February 1778|
|Pedro Melo de Portugal||1 February 1778||21 August 1787|
The Río de la Plata —rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River in other English-speaking countries—is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean, forming a funnel-shaped indentation on the southeastern coastline of South America. Depending on the geographer, the Río de la Plata may be considered a river, an estuary, a gulf or a marginal sea. For those who consider it a river, it is the widest river in the world, with a maximum width of about 220 kilometres (140 mi).
The Viceroyalty of Peru was a Spanish imperial provincial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained modern-day Peru and most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima. The Viceroyalty of Peru was one of the two Spanish Viceroyalties in the Americas from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
A viceroyalty is an entity headed by a viceroy.
The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown. On July 9, 1816, an assembly met in San Miguel de Tucumán, declared full independence with provisions for a national constitution.
The Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was the last to be organized and also the shortest-lived of the Viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire in America.
The Governorate of the Río de la Plata (1549−1776) was one of the governorates of the Spanish Empire. It was created in 1549 by Spain in the area around the Río de la Plata.
Banda Oriental, or more fully Banda Oriental del Uruguay, was the name of the South American territories east of the Uruguay River and north of Río de la Plata that comprise the modern nation of Uruguay; the modern state of Brazil Rio Grande do Sul; and some of Santa Catarina, Brazil. It was the easternmost territory of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
The United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, earlier known as the United Provinces of South America, a union of provinces in the Río de la Plata region of South America, emerged from the May Revolution in 1810 and the Argentine War of Independence of 1810–1818. It comprised most of the former Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata dependencies and had Buenos Aires as its capital.
The name of Argentina, traditionally called the Argentine in English, is ultimately derived from the Latin argentum "silver" and the feminine of the adjectival suffix -īnus, the Latin "argentum" has its origin from the ancient Greek-Hellenic word "argyro(s)", άργυρο(ς) meaning silver. The first use of the name "Argentina" can be traced back to the first voyages made by the Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors to the Río de la Plata, in the first years of the 16th century.
The Río de la Plata basin, more often called the River Plate basin in scholarly writings, sometimes called the Platine basin or Platine region, is the 3,170,000-square-kilometre (1,220,000 sq mi) hydrographical area in South America that drains to the Río de la Plata. It includes areas of southeastern Bolivia, southern and central Brazil, the entire country of Paraguay, most of Uruguay, and northern Argentina. Making up about one fourth of the continent's surface, it is the second largest drainage basin in South America and one of the largest in the world.
The Real Audiencia of Charcas was a Spanish audiencia with its seat in what is today Bolivia. It was established in 1559 in Ciudad de la Plata de Nuevo Toledo and had jurisdiction over Charcas, Paraguay and the Governorate of the Río de la Plata, today Uruguay and northern Argentina. This court oversaw the incredible silver output of the mines at Potosí. It was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1776, when it was transferred to the newly created Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and began to be referred to as Upper Peru.
Hernando Arias de Saavedra, commonly known as Hernandarias, was a soldier and politician of criollo ancestry. He was the first person born in the Americas to become a governor of a European colony in the New World, serving two terms as governor of Governorate of the Río de la Plata, 1597–1599 and 1602–1609, and one of the Governorate of Paraguay 1615–1617.
The Real Audiencia de Buenos Aires, were two audiencias, or highest courts, of the Spanish crown, which resided in Buenos Aires. The authority of the first extended to the territory of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and operated from 1661 to 1671. The second began to function in 1783 and had as its territory the areas of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata not covered by the Audiencia de Charcas, that is to say the intendancies of Buenos Aires, Córdoba del Tucumán, Salta del Tucumán and Paraguay. In 1810, after the May Revolution, it was suspended, and in 1813 the Assembly of the Year XIII permanently disbanded it. The Audiencias resided in the city's cabildo building.
Guayrá was a historical region of the Spanish Empire, located in the Governorate of the Río de la Plata, within the colonial Viceroyalty of Peru. The region is located in present-day Paraguay and Paraná.
New Andalusia Governorate was one of the colonial governorates of the Spanish Empire, located in southern South America.
Colonial Argentina is designated as the period of the History of Argentina when it was an overseas colony of the Spanish Empire. It begins in the precolumbian age of the indigenous peoples of Argentina, with the arrival of the first Spanish conqueror.
The dissolution of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was the independence and breaking up of the Spanish colony in South America. Most of the viceroyalty is now part of Argentina, and other regions belong to Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Manuel Martin was a Spanish nobleman, conquistador, notary public of Asuncion, Santa Fe, and Buenos Aires during the Viceroyalty of Peru.
Mateo Leal de Ayala (1579-1627) was a Spanish army officer and politician. He served during the Viceroyalty of Peru as Alguazil Mayor, Alcalde, Lieutenant Governor and Governor of Buenos Aires and Paraguay.
Baltazar García Ros was a Navarrese-Spanish soldier and administrator. He was maestre de campo and interim governor of the Governorate of Paraguay from 1706 to 1707 and governor of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata from 1715 to 1717. During his career, he campaigned against the indigenous Charrua, Yaro, and Bohán people; the Portuguese; and the comunero rebels of Paraguay.
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