Governorate of Paraguay

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Governorate of Paraguay

Gobernación del Paraguay
1617–1782
Flag of New Spain.svg
Status Governorate of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Part of the Spanish Empire
Capital Asunción
Common languages Spanish, Guaraní
Religion
Roman Catholic
Historical era Spanish Empire
 Created from the split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay
December 16 1617
1782
ISO 3166 code PY
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Governorate of the Río de la Plata
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg

The Governorate of Paraguay (Spanish : Gobernación del Paraguay), originally called the Governorate of Guayrá, was a governorate of the Spanish Empire and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Its seat was the city of Asunción; its territory roughly encompassed the modern day country of Paraguay. The Governorate was created in December 16, 1617 by the royal decree of King Philip III as a split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay into its respective halves. The Governorate lasted until 1782, after which the massive Viceroyalty of Peru was split, and Paraguay became an intendency (intendencia) of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term governorate is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.

Spanish Empire world empire from the 16th to the 19th century

The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World and the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies". It also included territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire has been described as the first global empire in history, a description also given to the Portuguese Empire. It was the world's most powerful empire during the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century. The Spanish Empire was the first empire to be called "the empire on which the sun never sets".

List of governors of Paraguay

Governor of Paraguay [1] Start of ruleEnd of ruleKing of Spain
Hernando Arias de Saavedra 16151617 Philip III
Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza 16181621
Manuel de Frías 21 October 16211627 Philip IV
Luis de Céspedes García Xería 16301633
Martín de Ledesma Valderrama 16331636
Pedro Lugo de Navarra 16361641
Juan de Velasco Villasanti 164127 June 1641
Gregorio de Hinestrosa 27 June 16412 February 1647
Diego de Escobar y Osorio 2 February 164726 February 1649
Bernardino de Cárdenas 4 March 16491 October 1649
Sebastián de León y Zárate 1 October 164910 October 1650
Andrés Garabito de León 10 October 165026 July 1653
Cristóbal de Garay y Saavedra 26 July 165321 September 1656
Juan Antonio Blázquez de Valverde 21 September 165624 September 1659
Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa 24 September 165925 August 1662
Juan Diez de Andino 25 August 166213 April 1671 Charles II
Francisco Rege Corvalán 13 April 16711676
Diego Ibáñez de Farías 16761681
Juan Diez de Andino 7 October 1681August 1684
Antonio de Vera Mujica 18 October 168430 October 1684
Alonso Fernández Marcial 30 October 168430 October 1685
Francisco de Monfort 30 October 16852 August 1691
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 22 October 16924 December 1696
Juan Rodríguez Cota 4 December 169627 June 1702 Philip V
Antonio de Escobar y Gutiérrez 27 June 17021705
José Ávalos de Mendoza 170526 September 1705
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 26 September 17059 February 1706
Baltazar García Ros 9 February 170610 October 1707
Manuel de Robles Lorenzana 10 October 17075 June 1713
Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza 5 June 171323 January 1717
Andrés Ortiz de Ocampo 23 January 17175 February 1717
Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda 5 February 171720 August 1721
José de Antequera y Castro 14 September 17215 March 1725
Ramón de las Llanas 5 March 172529 April 1725
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 29 April 17254 May 1725
Martín de Barúa 4 May 172528 December 1730
Ignacio de Soroeta 28 December 173025 January 1731
Vacant after Soroeta's rejection and the Revolt of the Comuneros. [2] The comuneros established a Junta Gubernativa presided over by:
* José Luis Bareiro (1731)
* Miguel de Garay (1731-1732)
* Antonio Ruiz de Arellano (1732-1733)
25 January 173127 July 1733
Agustín de Ruyloba 27 July 173314 September 1733
Juan de Arregui y Gutiérrez 27 September 17339 December 1733
Cristóbal Domínguez de Ovelar 9 December 17331735
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 30 March 17351735
José Martín de Echauri 17357 November 1740
Rafael de la Moneda 7 November 1740August 1747
Marcos José Larrazábal August 174710 November 1749 Charles III
Jaime Sanjust 10 November 17492 April 1761
José Martínez Fontes 2 April 176123 July 1764
Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma 23 July 176429 September 1766
Carlos Morphi 29 September 176623 August 1772
Agustín Fernando de Pinedo 23 August 17721 February 1778
Pedro Melo de Portugal 1 February 177821 August 1787

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References

  1. Colección de obras y documentos relativos a la historia antigua y moderna de las provincias del Río de la Plata. 1836, Pedro de Angelis.
  2. López, Adalberto (2007) [first published 1976]. The Colonial History of Paraguay: The Revolt of the Comuneros, 1721-1735. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. ISBN   978-0-7658-0745-8.