Governorate of Paraguay

Last updated
Governorate of Paraguay

Gobernación del Paraguay
Flag of New Spain.svg
Status Governorate of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Part of the Spanish Empire
Capital Asunción
Common languages Spanish, Guaraní
Roman Catholic
Historical era Spanish Empire
 Created from the split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay
December 16 1617
ISO 3166 code PY
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Governorate of the Río de la Plata
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg

The Governorate of Paraguay (Spanish : Gobernación del Paraguay), originally called the Governorate of Guayrá, was a governorate of the Spanish Empire and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Its seat was the city of Asunción; its territory roughly encompassed the modern day country of Paraguay. The Governorate was created in December 16, 1617 by the royal decree of King Philip III as a split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay into its respective halves. The Governorate lasted until 1782, after which the massive Viceroyalty of Peru was split, and Paraguay became an intendency (intendencia) of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term governorate is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.

Spanish Empire world empire from the 16th to the 19th century

The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World and the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies". It also included territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire has been described as the first global empire in history, a description also given to the Portuguese Empire. It was the world's most powerful empire during the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century. The Spanish Empire was the first empire to be called "the empire on which the sun never sets".

List of governors of Paraguay

Governor of Paraguay [1] Start of ruleEnd of ruleKing of Spain
Hernando Arias de Saavedra 16151617 Philip III
Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza 16181621
Manuel de Frías 21 October 16211627 Philip IV
Luis de Céspedes García Xería 16301633
Martín de Ledesma Valderrama 16331636
Pedro Lugo de Navarra 16361641
Juan de Velasco Villasanti 164127 June 1641
Gregorio de Hinestrosa 27 June 16412 February 1647
Diego de Escobar y Osorio 2 February 164726 February 1649
Bernardino de Cárdenas 4 March 16491 October 1649
Sebastián de León y Zárate 1 October 164910 October 1650
Andrés Garabito de León 10 October 165026 July 1653
Cristóbal de Garay y Saavedra 26 July 165321 September 1656
Juan Antonio Blázquez de Valverde 21 September 165624 September 1659
Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa 24 September 165925 August 1662
Juan Diez de Andino 25 August 166213 April 1671 Charles II
Francisco Rege Corvalán 13 April 16711676
Diego Ibáñez de Farías 16761681
Juan Diez de Andino 7 October 1681August 1684
Antonio de Vera Mujica 18 October 168430 October 1684
Alonso Fernández Marcial 30 October 168430 October 1685
Francisco de Monfort 30 October 16852 August 1691
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 22 October 16924 December 1696
Juan Rodríguez Cota 4 December 169627 June 1702 Philip V
Antonio de Escobar y Gutiérrez 27 June 17021705
José Ávalos de Mendoza 170526 September 1705
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 26 September 17059 February 1706
Baltazar García Ros 9 February 170610 October 1707
Manuel de Robles Lorenzana 10 October 17075 June 1713
Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza 5 June 171323 January 1717
Andrés Ortiz de Ocampo 23 January 17175 February 1717
Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda 5 February 171720 August 1721
José de Antequera y Castro 14 September 17215 March 1725
Ramón de las Llanas 5 March 172529 April 1725
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 29 April 17254 May 1725
Martín de Barúa 4 May 172528 December 1730
Ignacio de Soroeta 28 December 173025 January 1731
Vacant after Soroeta's rejection and the Revolt of the Comuneros. [2] The comuneros established a Junta Gubernativa presided over by:
* José Luis Bareiro (1731)
* Miguel de Garay (1731-1732)
* Antonio Ruiz de Arellano (1732-1733)
25 January 173127 July 1733
Agustín de Ruyloba 27 July 173314 September 1733
Juan de Arregui y Gutiérrez 27 September 17339 December 1733
Cristóbal Domínguez de Ovelar 9 December 17331735
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 30 March 17351735
José Martín de Echauri 17357 November 1740
Rafael de la Moneda 7 November 1740August 1747
Marcos José Larrazábal August 174710 November 1749 Charles III
Jaime Sanjust 10 November 17492 April 1761
José Martínez Fontes 2 April 176123 July 1764
Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma 23 July 176429 September 1766
Carlos Morphi 29 September 176623 August 1772
Agustín Fernando de Pinedo 23 August 17721 February 1778
Pedro Melo de Portugal 1 February 177821 August 1787

Related Research Articles

Río de la Plata River or estuary in South America

The Río de la Plata —rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River in other English-speaking countries—is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean, forming a funnel-shaped indentation on the southeastern coastline of South America. Depending on the geographer, the Río de la Plata may be considered a river, an estuary, a gulf or a marginal sea. For those who consider it a river, it is the widest river in the world, with a maximum width of about 220 kilometres (140 mi).

Viceroyalty of Peru Spanish Imperial colony

The Viceroyalty of Peru was a Spanish imperial provincial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained modern-day Peru and most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima. The Viceroyalty of Peru was one of the two Spanish Viceroyalties in the Americas from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries.

A viceroyalty is an entity headed by a viceroy.

Argentine War of Independence 1810-1825 armed conflict in South America

The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown. On July 9, 1816, an assembly met in San Miguel de Tucumán, declared full independence with provisions for a national constitution.

Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata Viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire in America

The Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was the last to be organized and also the shortest-lived of the Viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire in America.

Governorate of the Río de la Plata governorate of the Spanish Empire

The Governorate of the Río de la Plata (1549−1776) was one of the governorates of the Spanish Empire. It was created in 1549 by Spain in the area around the Río de la Plata.

Banda Oriental, or more fully Banda Oriental del Uruguay, was the name of the South American territories east of the Uruguay River and north of Río de la Plata that comprise the modern nation of Uruguay; the modern state of Brazil Rio Grande do Sul; and some of Santa Catarina, Brazil. It was the easternmost territory of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.

United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata republic in South America between 1810-1831

The United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, earlier known as the United Provinces of South America, a union of provinces in the Río de la Plata region of South America, emerged from the May Revolution in 1810 and the Argentine War of Independence of 1810–1818. It comprised most of the former Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata dependencies and had Buenos Aires as its capital.

Name of Argentina

The name of Argentina, traditionally called the Argentine in English, is ultimately derived from the Latin argentum "silver" and the feminine of the adjectival suffix -īnus, the Latin "argentum" has its origin from the ancient Greek-Hellenic word "argyro(s)", άργυρο(ς) meaning silver. The first use of the name "Argentina" can be traced back to the first voyages made by the Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors to the Río de la Plata, in the first years of the 16th century.

Río de la Plata Basin hydrographical area in South America

The Río de la Plata basin, more often called the River Plate basin in scholarly writings, sometimes called the Platine basin or Platine region, is the 3,170,000-square-kilometre (1,220,000 sq mi) hydrographical area in South America that drains to the Río de la Plata. It includes areas of southeastern Bolivia, southern and central Brazil, the entire country of Paraguay, most of Uruguay, and northern Argentina. Making up about one fourth of the continent's surface, it is the second largest drainage basin in South America and one of the largest in the world.

The Real Audiencia of Charcas was a Spanish audiencia with its seat in what is today Bolivia. It was established in 1559 in Ciudad de la Plata de Nuevo Toledo and had jurisdiction over Charcas, Paraguay and the Governorate of the Río de la Plata, today Uruguay and northern Argentina. This court oversaw the incredible silver output of the mines at Potosí. It was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1776, when it was transferred to the newly created Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and began to be referred to as Upper Peru.

Hernando Arias de Saavedra Spanish colonial governor

Hernando Arias de Saavedra, commonly known as Hernandarias, was a soldier and politician of criollo ancestry. He was the first person born in the Americas to become a governor of a European colony in the New World, serving two terms as governor of Governorate of the Río de la Plata, 1597–1599 and 1602–1609, and one of the Governorate of Paraguay 1615–1617.

Real Audiencia of Buenos Aires

The Real Audiencia de Buenos Aires, were two audiencias, or highest courts, of the Spanish crown, which resided in Buenos Aires. The authority of the first extended to the territory of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and operated from 1661 to 1671. The second began to function in 1783 and had as its territory the areas of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata not covered by the Audiencia de Charcas, that is to say the intendancies of Buenos Aires, Córdoba del Tucumán, Salta del Tucumán and Paraguay. In 1810, after the May Revolution, it was suspended, and in 1813 the Assembly of the Year XIII permanently disbanded it. The Audiencias resided in the city's cabildo building.


Guayrá was a historical region of the Spanish Empire, located in the Governorate of the Río de la Plata, within the colonial Viceroyalty of Peru. The region is located in present-day Paraguay and Paraná.

Governorate of New Andalusia 1534−1542

New Andalusia Governorate was one of the colonial governorates of the Spanish Empire, located in southern South America.

Colonial Argentina

Colonial Argentina is designated as the period of the History of Argentina when it was an overseas colony of the Spanish Empire. It begins in the precolumbian age of the indigenous peoples of Argentina, with the arrival of the first Spanish conqueror.

Dissolution of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

The dissolution of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was the independence and breaking up of the Spanish colony in South America. Most of the viceroyalty is now part of Argentina, and other regions belong to Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Manuel Martin was a Spanish nobleman, conquistador, notary public of Asuncion, Santa Fe, and Buenos Aires during the Viceroyalty of Peru.

Mateo Leal de Ayala politician

Mateo Leal de Ayala (1579-1627) was a Spanish army officer and politician. He served during the Viceroyalty of Peru as Alguazil Mayor, Alcalde, Lieutenant Governor and Governor of Buenos Aires and Paraguay.

Baltazar García Ros was a Navarrese-Spanish soldier and administrator. He was maestre de campo and interim governor of the Governorate of Paraguay from 1706 to 1707 and governor of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata from 1715 to 1717. During his career, he campaigned against the indigenous Charrua, Yaro, and Bohán people; the Portuguese; and the comunero rebels of Paraguay.


  1. Colección de obras y documentos relativos a la historia antigua y moderna de las provincias del Río de la Plata. 1836, Pedro de Angelis.
  2. López, Adalberto (2007) [first published 1976]. The Colonial History of Paraguay: The Revolt of the Comuneros, 1721-1735. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. ISBN   978-0-7658-0745-8.