Graian Alps

Last updated
Graian Alps
French: Alpes grées, Italian: Alpi Graie
Alps location map (Alpi Graie, SOIUSA).png
Graian Alps (in red) within the Alps.
The borders of the range according to
Partizione delle Alpi & SOIUSA
Highest point
PeakMont Blanc
Elevation 4,810.45 m (15,782.3 ft)
Coordinates 45°50′1″N6°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°E / 45.83361; 6.86500
Geography
CountriesFrance, Italy and Switzerland
Provinces/Regions Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Piedmont, Aosta Valley and Valais
Range coordinates 45°30′N7°10′E / 45.500°N 7.167°E / 45.500; 7.167 Coordinates: 45°30′N7°10′E / 45.500°N 7.167°E / 45.500; 7.167
Parent range Alps
Borders on Cottian Alps, Dauphiné Alps, Savoy Prealps, Bernese Alps, Pennine Alps and Po plain
Geology
Orogeny Alpine orogeny

The Graian Alps (Italian : Alpi Graie [ˈalpi ˈɡraːje] ; French : Alpes grées [alp ɡʁe] ) are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.

Contents

Etymology

The name Graie comes from the Graioceli Celtic tribe, which dwelled in the area surrounding the Mont Cenis pass and the Viù valley. [1] Other sources claim that the name comes from the Celtic "Graig" meaning rock/stone, literally the Rocky Mountains [2]

Geography

The Graian Alps are located in France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes), Italy (Piedmont and the Aosta Valley), and Switzerland (western Valais).

The French side of the Graian Alps is drained by the river Isère (Tarentaise valley) and its tributary Arc (Maurienne valley), and by the Arve. The Italian side is drained by the rivers Dora Riparia, Dora Baltea, Orco and Stura di Lanzo, tributaries of the Po.

The Graian Alps can also be divided into the following four groups:

Peaks

The main peaks of the Graian Alps are:

Mont Blanc group

Aiguille d'Argentiere above the Saleina Glacier Saleina.jpg
Aiguille d'Argentière above the Saleina Glacier
Aiguille du Midi Aiguille-du-Midi-summer.jpg
Aiguille du Midi
Name metres feet
Mont Blanc 4,810.45 [3] 15,782
Mont Maudit 4,47114,669
Dôme du Goûter 4,33114,210
Grandes Jorasses 4,20513,797
Aiguille Verte 4,12713,541
Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,06613,341
Dent du Géant 4,01313,166
Aiguille de Tré la Tête 3,91112,832
Aiguille d'Argentière 3,90212,802
Aiguille de Triolet 3,87612,717
Aiguille du Midi 3,84312,609
Tour Noir 3,83612,586
Aiguille des Glaciers 3,83412,579
Mont Dolent 3,82312,543
Aiguille du Chardonnet 3,82212,540
Aiguille du Dru 3,75412,316
Dômes de Miage 3,68812,100
Aiguille du Tour 3,54011,615
Aiguille du Grépon 3,50211,489
Aiguille des Charmoz 3,44211,293
Aiguille du Tacul 3,43811,280
Pointe d'Orny 3,27410,742
Mont Favre 3,25910,693
Tour Sallière 3,22710,588
Pointe de Léchaud 3,12710,260
Mont Buet3,10910,201
Mont Ruan3,07810,099
Roignais 2,9959,826
Pic de Tenneverge2,9829,784
Aiguille du Belvédère (Aigs Rouges)2,9669,731
Crammont2,7378,980
Pointe des Fours2,7198,921
Pointe du Colloney2,6928,832
Catogne2,5998,527
Mont Joly 2,5278,291
Brevent2,5258,284
Pointe de Sales2,4948,183
Aiguille de Varan2,4888,163
Aiguille Croche 2,4878,159
Mont Chetif2,3437,687

Central group

Rocciamelone Rocciamelone.jpg
Rocciamelone
NamemetresfeetNamemetresfeet
Pointe de Charbonnel 376012,336Grande Aiguille Rousse348211,424
Aiguille de la Grande Sassière 375112,306Granta-Parey347311,395
Uia di Ciamarella 367612,061Roc du Moulinet346911,382
Albaron 363811,936Aiguille Pers345111,323
Pointe de Ronce 361811,871Cima dell' Auille??344611,306
Levanna 361911,874Pointe de la Galise334510,975
Bec de l'Invergnan360811,838Pointe de la Traversière334110,962
Tsanteleina 360611,831Ormelune/Pointe d'Archeboc328310,771
Bessanèse 359711,801Signal du Mont Iseran324110,634
Croce Rossa 356611,703Grand Assaly317410,413
Punta d'Arnas354011,615Torre d'Ovarda307510,089
Rocciamelone 353711,605Dôme de Val d'Isère30339,951
Punta Chalanson353011,582Uia di Mondrone29649,725
Grande Traversière349511,467 Punta Lunella 22727,454
Testa del Rutor 348611,438 Monte Civrari 23027,553

Eastern group

NamemetresfeetNamemetresfeet
Gran Paradiso 406113,324 Grand Nomenon 351311,444
Grivola 396913,022 Mont Tout Blanc 343811,280
Herbétet 377812,396Punta Sengie340811,182
Torre del Gran San Pietro 369212,113Punta Lavina330810,854
Ciarforon 366512,025Rosa dei Banchi316410,381
Roccia Viva365011,976Becca di Nona314210,309
Becca di Gay362311,887Punta Pousset30469,994
Monte Emilius 355911,677Monte Colombo28489,344
Punta Tersiva 351311,526Monte Marzo27509,023

Western group

NamemetresfeetNamemetresfeet
Grande Casse 385512,648 Pointe de l'Échelle 342211,227
Mont Pourri 377912,398 Bellecôte 341711,211
Dent Parrachée 369712,129Pointes de la Gliere338611,109
Grande Motte 365311,985Pointe de Méan Martin333710,949
Dôme de l'Arpont 360111,808Roche Chevrière325210,669
Dôme de Chasseforêt358611,765 Aiguille Rouge 322710,584
Aiguille de Péclet 356611,700Pointe de la Réchasse322310,575
Aiguille de Polset353811,608Petit Mont Blanc de Pralognan26858809
Pointe de la Sana343611,273Mont Jovet25638409

Passes

Little St Bernard Pass Col du Petit Saint Bernard 090922.jpg
Little St Bernard Pass
Iseran Pass Col de l'Iseran 2.jpg
Iseran Pass

The main passes of the Graian Alps are shown in the table below. The group in which the pass is located is indicated with "MB" for Mont Blanc group, "C" for Central group, "E" for Eastern group, and "W" for Western group.

namelocationgrouptypeelevation (m/ft)
Col de la Brenva Courmayeur to Chamonix MBsnow4,33314,217
Col de TrioletChamonix to CourmayeurMBsnow3,69112,110
Col d'ArgentièreChamonix to Orsières MBsnow3,51611,536
Col de la Grande Rousse Rhêmes Valley to Valgrisenche Csnow350011,483
Col de TalefreChamonix to CourmayeurMBsnow3,48411,430
Col de Gebroulaz Modane to Méribel Wsnow347011,385
Col de Monel Cogne to Locana Esnow342811,247
Col de Miage Les Contamines to CourmayeurMBsnow3,37611,077
Col du GéantChamonix to CourmayeurMBsnow3,37111,060
Col du Grand Paradis Ceresole Reale to Valsavarenche Esnow334910,988
Col du CharforonCeresole Reale to ValsavarencheEsnow333110,929
Col de TeleccioCogne to LocanaEsnow332610,913
Col du ChardonnetChamonix to OrsièresMBsnow3,32510,909
Col de LauzonCogne to the ValsavarencheEbridle path330110,831
Col du Bouquetin Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'Isère Csnow330010,827
Col de St GratValgrisenche to La Thuile Csnow330010,827
Col du TourChamonix to OrsièresMBsnow3,28010,762
Fenêtre de Saleinaz Saleinaz Glacier to Trient Glacier MBsnow3,26410,709
Col de l'HerbetetCogne to ValsavarencheEsnow325710,686
Col du Collerin Bessans to Balme Csnow320210,506
Col du Grand EtretCeresole Reale to ValsavarancheEsnow315810,361
Col de BassacRhêmes Valley to ValgrisencheCsnow315310,345
Col du CarroBonneval-sur-Arc to Ceresole RealeCsnow314010,302
Col d'ArboleCogne to Brissogne Esnow313710,292
Col de la GolettaVal d'Isère to the Rhêmes ValleyCsnow312010,237
Col de RhêmesVal d'Isère to the Rhêmes ValleyCsnow310110,174
Col de la Grande Casse Pralognan to Termignon Wsnow310010,171
Col de SeaBonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi Graie Csnow308310,115
Col de l'AutaretBessans to Usseglio Cfootpath307010,073
Col de GirardBonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi GraieCsnow30449987
Col RossetValsavarenche to the Rhêmes ValleyCbridle path30249922
Col d'ArnasBessans to BalmeCsnow30149889
Col de la GaliseCeresole Reale to Val d'IsèreCsnow29989836
Col de SortValsavarenche to the Rhêmes ValleyEbridle path29679735
Quecees de TignesVal d'Isère to TermignonWsnow29409646
Col della NouvaCogne to Pont Canavese Ebridle path29339623
Col de Breuil Bourg-Saint-Maurice to La Thuile MBsnow2,8799,446
Col de Garin Aosta to CogneEfootpath28689411
Collarin d'ArnasBalme to UsseglioCsnow28509351
Colle della FinestraRhêmes Valley to the ValgrisencheCfootpath28479341
Fenêtre de ChamporcherCogne to Champorcher Ebridle path28389311
Col Vaudet Sainte-Foy-Tarentaise to the ValgrisencheCfootpath28369305
Col de BardoneyCogne to Pont CanaveseEsnow28339295
Col de ChaviereModane to PralognanWfootpath28069206
Col de la Leisse Tignes to TermignonWsnow27809121
Col de l'Iseran Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'IsèreCroad27699085
Ghicet di SeaBalme to Forno Alpi GraieCfootpath27358973
Col de la SachetteTignes to Bourg-Saint-Maurice Wfootpath27298954
Col du PaletTignes to Moûtiers or Bourg St MauriceWbridle path26588721
Col du MontSte Foy to the ValgrisencheCbridle path26468681
Col du Nivolet Ceresole Reale to the ValsavarencheEroad26418665
Colle della CrocettaCeresole Reale to Forno Alpi GraieCbridle path26368649
Col de la Platiere Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to MoûtiersWbridle path26008531
Col du Mont TonduLes Contamines to CourmayeurMBsnow2,5908,498
Col FerretCourmayeur to OrsièresMBbridle path2,5338,311
Col de la VanoisePralognan to TermignonWbridle path25278291
Col de la Seigne Les Chapieux to CourmayeurMBbridle path2,5128,242
Col de Susanfe Champéry to Salvan MBfootpath2,5008,202
Col du BonhommeContamines to Les ChapieuxMBbridle path2,4838,147
Col de Sageroux Sixt to ChampéryMBfootpath2,4137,917
Col des Encombres Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne to MoûtiersWbridle path23377668
Col d'AnterneSixt to ServozMBbridle path2,2637,425
Col de BalmeChamonix to the Trient ValleyMBbridle path2,2017,221
Little St Bernard Pass Aosta to MoûtiersCroad21887179
Mont Cenis Modane to Susa Croad20836827
Col de la Madeleine La Chambre to MoûtiersWroad19936509
Colle ChecrouitCourmayeur to the Lac de CombalMBbridle path1,9606,431
Col de VozaChamonix to Les ContaminesMBbridle path1,6755,496
Col de la Forclaz (F)Chamonix to Saint-Gervais MBbridle path1,5565,105
Col de la Forclaz (CH) Argentière to Martigny MBroad1,5204,987

Nature conservation

Alpine ibex. 2006-08-06 31.jpg
Alpine ibex.

The western group contains the Vanoise National Park, established in 1972 and covering 1,250 km2 (480 sq mi) [4] the eastern group contains the Gran Paradiso National Park, the oldest Italian national park. [5] Also on the Italian side is located the Parco Regionale del Monte Avic, a nature park of 5,747 ha established by Regione Valle d'Aosta. [6]

Maps

See also

Related Research Articles

Dauphiné Alps

The Dauphiné Alps are a group of mountain ranges in southeastern France, west of the main chain of the Alps. Mountain ranges within the Dauphiné Alps include the Massif des Écrins, Belledonne, the Taillefer range and the mountains of Matheysine.

Maritime Alps

The Maritime Alps are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and the Italian regions of Piedmont and Liguria. They are the southernmost part of the Alps.

Cottian Alps

The Cottian Alps are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between France and Italy (Piedmont). The Fréjus Road Tunnel and Fréjus Rail Tunnel between Modane and Susa are important transportation arteries between France and Italy (Turin).

Pennine Alps

The Pennine Alps, also known as the Valais Alps, are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. They are located in Switzerland (Valais) and Italy.

Savoie Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. Located in the French Alps, its prefecture is Chambéry. In 2017, Savoie had a population of 431,174.

Gran Paradiso

The Gran Paradiso or Grand Paradis is a mountain in the Graian Alps in Italy, located between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions.

French Alps Portion of the Alps mountain range within France

The French Alps are the portions of the Alps mountain range that stand within France, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur regions. While some of the ranges of the French Alps are entirely in France, others, such as the Mont Blanc massif, are shared with Switzerland and Italy.

Ligurian Alps

The Ligurian Alps are a mountain range in northwestern Italy. A small part is located in France. They form the south-western extremity of the Alps, separated from the Apennines by the Colle di Cadibona. The Col de Tende and the Vermenagna valley separate them from the Maritime Alps. They form the border between Piedmont in the north and Liguria in the south.

Geography of the Alps

The Alps cover a large area. This article describes the delimitation of the Alps as a whole and of subdivisions of the range, follows the course of the main chain of the Alps and discusses the lakes and glaciers found in the region.

Gran Paradiso National Park

Gran Paradiso National Park, is an Italian national park in the Graian Alps, between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions. The park is named after Gran Paradiso mountain, which is located in the park, and is contiguous with the French Vanoise national park. The land the park encompasses was initially protected in order to protect the Alpine ibex from poachers, as it was a personal hunting ground for king Victor Emmanuel II, but now also protects other species.

Maurienne Former Savoy province

Maurienne is one of the provinces of Savoy, corresponding to the arrondissement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in France. It is also the original name of the capital of the province, now Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne.

Western Alps

The Western Alps are the western part of the Alpine range including the southeastern part of France, the whole of Monaco, the northwestern part of Italy and the southwestern part of Switzerland. In the southeast the range is bounded by the Italian Padan Plain. In the west, the valley of the Rhone river separates it from the Massif Central. The northernmost part of the Western Alps - in the wide meaning of the term - is formed by the Swiss Prealps sub-range.

Mont Avic

Mont Avic is a mountain in the Graian Alps, in the Aosta Valley, north-western Italy. It has an elevation of 3,006 m. It is included in the Gran Paradiso massif.

Petit Col Ferret

The Petit Col Ferret is an Alpine pass between the canton of Valais and the Aosta Valley.

Partizione delle Alpi

The Partizione delle Alpi is a classification of the mountain ranges of the Alps, that is primarily used in Italian literature, but also in France and Switzerland. It was devised in 1926.

Testa del Rutor

Testa del Rutor or Tête du Ruitor (3,486m) is a mountain of the Graian Alps in Aosta Valley, north-western Italy. It is the highest summit of the Rutor-Léchaud Group, lying roughly between the Mont Blanc Massif and the Vanoise Massif. The huge Glacier del Rutor lies on its slopes. The mountain is rarely climbed except by Italy's mountain troops, the Alpini, who use it for training.

France–Italy border

The France–Italy border is the international boundary between France and Italy.

Mont Tout Blanc Mountain in Italy

The Mont Tout Blanc is a 3,438.2 metres high mountain belonging to the Italian side of Graian Alps.

Punta Leynir Mountain in Italy

The Punta Leynir is a 3,238 metres high mountain belonging to the Italian side of Graian Alps.

Punta Bes Mountain in Italy

The Punta Bes is a 3,177 metres high mountain belonging to the Italian side of Graian Alps.

References

  1. Il territorio piemontese nel periodo preromano, on-line text on www.leganordavigliana.com
  2. "Revue celtique de Toronto, Tome III" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
  3. Mont Blanc shrinks by 45cm in two years
  4. Les chiffres clés du Parc national de la Vanoise, National park official web-site www.parcnational-vanoise.fr Archived 2012-01-21 at the Wayback Machine (accessed on April 2012)
  5. Il parco compie 90 anni, National park official web-site www.pngp.it (accessed on April 2012)
  6. Parco del Mont Avic, home page on www.montavic.info (accessed on April 2012)