Gram panchayat

Last updated

Gram-panchayat
Polity type
  • Local governmentLocal government institute
Part ofPanchayat Raj system [1] [2]
Legislative branch
NameGram-sabha [2]

Gram Panchayat (English: Village council) is a basic village-governing institute in Indian villages. It is a democratic structure at the grass-roots level in India. It is a political institute, acting as cabinet of the village. The Gram Sabha work as the general body of the Gram Panchayat. The members of the Gram Panchayat are elected by the Gram Sabha. [3]

Contents

There are about 250,000 Gram Panchayats in India. [4] [5]

History

Established in various states of India, the Panchayat Raj system has three tiers: Zila Parishad, at the district level; Nagar Palika, at the block level; and Gram Panchayat, at the village level. Rajasthan was the first state to establish Gram Panchayat, Nagur village being the first village where Gram Panchayat was established, on 2 October 1959. [6]

The failed attempts to deal with local matters at the national level caused, in 1992, the reintroduction of Panchayats for their previously used purpose as an organisation for local self-governance. [7]

Structure

Gram Panchayats are at the lowest level of Panchayat Raj institutions (PRIs), whose legal authority is the 73rd Constitutional Amendment of 1992, which is concerned with rural local governments. [8]

The Gram Panchayat is divided into wards and each ward is represented by a Ward Member or Commissioner, also referred to as a Panch or Panchayat Member, who is directly elected by the villagers. [9] The Panchayat is chaired by the president of the village, known as a Sarpanch [10] . The term of the elected representatives is five years. The Secretary of the Panchayat is a non-elected representative, appointed by the state government, to oversee Panchayat activities. [11]

Structure
Republic of India
States Union Territories
Divisions
Districts
Blocks
(Tehsils/Talukas)
Municipal Corporations
(Nagar Nigam/Maha Nagar Palika)
Municipalities
(Nagar Palika)
City Councils
(Nagar Panchayat)
Villages
(Gram Panchayat/Gram Sabha)
Wards

Meetings

According to Section. 6 (3) of the Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act of 1994 , that state's gram sabha has to conduct a meeting at least twice a year. [12]

Election

A Gram panchyat's term of office is five years. Every five years elections take place in the village. All people over the age of 18 who are residents of the territory of that village's Gram panchayat can vote. [13] [3]

For women's empowerment and to encourage participation of women in the democratic process, the government of India has set some restrictions on Gram panchayat elections, reserving one-third of the seats for women, as well as reserving seats for scheduled castes and tribes. [3]

Functions

See also

Related Research Articles

A sarpanch or gram pradhan or mukya is a decision-maker, elected by the village-level constitutional body of local self-government called the Gram Sabha in India. The sarpanch, together with other elected panchayat members, constitute gram panchayats and zilla panchayats. The sarpanch is the focal point of contact between government officers and the village community and retains power for five years.

Panchayat samiti is a rural local government (panchayat) body at the intermediate tehsil (taluka/mandal) level in India. It works for the villages of the tehsil that together are called a development block. It has been said to be the "panchayat of panchayats".

Panchayati raj in India

Panchayati Raj is the system of local self-government of villages in rural India as opposed to urban and suburban municipalities.

Appikatla Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Appikatla is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Bapatla mandal of Tenali revenue division.

Local government. in Maharashtra State follows the general structure of Local Governance in India and is broadly classified into two categories: Urban Local Governance and Rural Local Governance.

Sangam Jagarlamudi Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Sangam Jagarlamudi is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Tenali mandal of Tenali revenue division. It forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

Amruthalur Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Amruthalur is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Amruthaluru mandal in Tenali revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Attalur Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Attalur is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amaravathi mandal of Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Kattevaram Neighborhood in Andhra Pradesh, India

Kattevaram is an area of the Tenali in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Tenali mandal of Tenali revenue division. It forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

Pedapalem Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Pedapalem is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Atchampet mandal in Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Nemalikallu Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Nemalikallu is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amaravathi mandal of Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Local self government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state. India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central, state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Since 1992, local government in India takes place in two very distinct forms. Urban localities, covered in the 74th amendment to the Constitution, have Nagar Palika but derive their powers from the individual state governments, while the powers of rural localities have been formalized under the panchayati raj system, under the 73rd amendment to the Constitution.

Burripalem Neighborhood in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Burripalem is an area of Tenali in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Tenali, Tenali mandal of Tenali revenue division. It forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

Chamarru Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Chamarru is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Atchampet mandal in Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

"Right To Recall (RTR)" are existing laws in some states of India that allow citizens to remove or replace public servants holding posts of Sarpanch, Mukhiya, Corporator and Mayor in the government.

Ambadipudi Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Ambadipudi is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Atchampet mandal in Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Panchayati raj Indian political system

The Panchayat raj (panchayat "village council", raj "rule") is a political system, originating from the Indian subcontinent, found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. It is the oldest system of local government in the Indian subcontinent, and historical mentions date to the 250 CE period. The word raj means "rule" and panchayat means "assembly" (ayat) of five (panch). Traditionally, Panchayats consisted of wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the local community. These assemblies settled disputes between both individuals and villages. However, there were varying forms of such assemblies.

Jupudi Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Jupudi is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amaravathi mandal of Guntur revenue division. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.

Chinaravuru Neighborhood in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Chinaravuru is an area of Tenali in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Tenali Mandal of Tenali revenue division. It has now become the attractive and one of the important parts of the Tenali city. The park named Chinnaravuru park located here is the biggest attractive part of the Tenali. It forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

Block Pramukh (president) are Panchayats at the Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions.

References

  1. "Gram Sabha and its Functions". www.manifestias.com. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  2. 1 2 "The Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992". Government of India – Ministry of Law and Justice – Legislative Department. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Panchayati Raj System in India | Definition, Examples, Diagrams". www.toppr.com. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  4. Chaturvedi, Mahesh Chandra (2012). India's waters. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 74. ISBN   978-1439872833 . Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  5. "Ground Rules". Scroll.in . Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  6. "Panchayati Raj - History". www.rajpanchayat.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  7. Sapra, Ipsita (February 2013). "Living in the villages". Rural Democracy. D+C Development and Cooperation . Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  8. Benoy Banerjee; Irfaan Khan; Rajeev Kumar et al. (2006). "Chapter Eight: Local Governments". India Constitution at Work: Textbook in Political Science for Class XI. Aglasem.com. National Council of Educational Research and Training. ISBN   81-7450-550-4 . Retrieved 29 August 2020.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  9. Seetharam, Mukkavilli (1 January 1990). Citizen Participation in Rural Development. Mittal Publications. p. 34. ISBN   9788170992271.
  10. "Rajasthan Sarpanch Salary 2021 - What is the Salary Of Sarpanch". Exam Craze. 30 January 2021. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  11. Social Science. Vk Publications. p. 117. ISBN   9788179732144.
  12. "The Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1994" (PDF). Lawsofindia.org. 2002. Section 6.(3). Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  13. https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/community-power/role-of-gram-sabha/what-is-gram-sabha