Gramsh, Elbasan

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Gramsh
Sotira Waterfall, full.jpg
Sotira Waterfall from a distance
Stema e Bashkise Gramsh.svg
Emblem
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Gramsh
Coordinates: 40°52′N20°11′E / 40.867°N 20.183°E / 40.867; 20.183
CountryFlag of Albania.svg  Albania
County Elbasan
Government
   Mayor Klodian Tace (PS)
Area
  Municipality739.75 km2 (285.62 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Municipality
24,231
  Municipality density33/km2 (85/sq mi)
  Municipal unit
8,440
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code
3301
Area Code(0)513
Website Official Website
Gramsh from the air Gramsh from the air.jpg
Gramsh from the air

Gramsh (definite Albanian form : Gramshi) is a town and a municipality in Elbasan County, central Albania. The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Gramsh, Kodovjat, Kukur, Kushovë, Lenie, Pishaj, Poroçan, Skënderbegas, Sult and Tunjë, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Gramsh. [1] The total population is 24,231 (2011 census), [2] in a total area of 739.75 km2. [3] The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 8,440. [2]

Contents

The town is connected with Elbasan, Korça, Pogradec, Skrapar, Librazhd and Berat. The town is crossed by the river Devoll.

Etymology

During the Ottoman period and before the Albanian Declaration of Independence in 1912, it was known as Grameç in Turkish. [4]

History

Gramsh has been inhabited since ancient times, as is confirmed by archaeological findings in the Tumulus of Cëruja.
In the Middle Ages, the area was under the possession of Prince George Arianiti. During Ottoman rule, it was a kaza administrative division within the Sanjak of Elbasan of the Monastir Vilayet. [4]
From 1912 until 1947, this was the center of Gramsh area. With the new administrative division, it became the center of Gramsh District, in which were placed various state institutions. Gramsh was declared a city on July 10, 1960. Since 1965, it has been a municipality.

Historically the southern part of the district was part of the ethnographic region of Tomorrica, and its population was primarily Bektashi, a Sufi order linked to Shiism, while the northern part of the district was more heavily Sunni, [5] but there is also a Bektashi tekke in the town of Dushk, in the Sult municipality. There are also Orthodox Christians in addition to Muslims in the southeastern region of Lenie, especially in historically Aromanian towns such as Grabovë. [5] There were ethnically Albanian Orthodox Christians from in the nearby Shpat region of the former Elbasan district, which borders Gramsh. Many of Gramsh's municipalities saw less than 50% of the population declare themselves for any religion, including Tunjë, Sult, Poroçan, Gramsh the city itself, and Kodovjat, as well as the neighboring Mollas region which is historically linked to Gramsh although it wasn't part of the municipality recently. [6]

Economy

The city was home of one of the main military weaponry factories during the communist era. Devolli Hydro Power started in 1980, but was left between work due to the death of communist leader Enver Hoxha, and the beginning of a Transitional period until the 1990s that culminated in the overthrow of that system.
In October 2013, it was reported that the municipality debt was high and the municipality was close to bankruptcy due to poor management of funds by former mayor, Dritan Bici. [7]

Sports

The football (soccer) club is KF Gramshi that is in the Albanian Second Division.

Notable people

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Gramsh may refer to:

References

  1. "Law nr. 115/2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
  2. 1 2 "Population and housing census - Elbasan 2011" (PDF). INSTAT . Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  3. "Correspondence table LAU – NUTS 2016, EU-28 and EFTA / available Candidate Countries" (XLS). Eurostat . Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  4. 1 2 HÜSNÜ YAZICI – Yazdiği Konular
  5. 1 2 Çarçani, Leonard. Besimet Fetare në Prefekturën e Elbasanit. Page 24
  6. Albanian 2018 census data by municipality
  7. GRAMSH, BASHKIA 800 mln BORXHE [Gramsh, the municipality in debt of 800 mill LEK] (YouTube) (in Albanian). Skampa TV. 9 Oct 2013. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013.