Grand Tour (cycling)

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The seven cyclists who have won all three tours. (Tour de France) (Giro d'Italia) (Vuelta a España). Of them, only Contador and Hinault have won each grand tour at least twice.

In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Giro d'Italia, Tour de France, and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format being three week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races, [1] and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days. [2]

Contents

The Giro d'Italia is generally run in May, the Tour de France in July, and the Vuelta a España in late August and September. The Vuelta was originally held in the spring, usually late April, with a few editions held in June in the 1940s. In 1995, however, the race moved to September to avoid direct competition with the Giro d'Italia.

The Tour de France is the oldest and most prestigious in terms of points accrued to racers of all three, [1] and is the most widely attended annual sporting event in the world. [3] The Tour, the Giro and the Road World Cycling Championship make up the Triple Crown of Cycling.

The three Grand Tours are men's events, and no three week races exist on the women's road cycling circuit. The Giro Rosa, the ten stage Italian road race for women is the only race on the current women's circuit treated as broadly equivalent to a Grand Tour, although the Tour de France Femmes will be held from 2022.

Description

In their current form, the Grand Tours are held over three consecutive weeks and typically include two rest days near the beginning of the second and third weeks. If the opening stages are in a country not neighboring the home nation of the race, there is sometimes an additional rest day after the opening weekend to allow for transfers. The stages are a mix of long massed start races (sometimes including mountain and hill climbs and descents; others are flat stages favoring those with a sprint finish) and individual and team time trials. Stages in the Grand Tours are generally under 200 kilometers in length.

Controversy often surrounds which teams are invited to the event. Typically, the Union Cycliste Internationale (International Cycling Union) prefers top-rated professional teams to enter, while operators of the Grand Tours often want teams based in their country or those unlikely to cause controversy. From 2005 to 2007, organisers had to accept all ProTour teams, leaving only two wildcard teams per Tour. However, the Unibet team, a ProTour team normally guaranteed entry, was banned from the three Grand Tours for violating gambling advertising laws. In 2008, following numerous doping scandals, some teams were refused entry to the Grand Tours: Astana did not compete at the 2008 Tour de France and Team Columbia did not compete at the 2008 Vuelta a España. Since 2011, under the UCI World Tour rules, all UCI WorldTeams are guaranteed a place in all three events, and obliged to participate, and the organisers are free to invite wild card teams of UCI ProContinental status to make up the 22 teams that usually compete.[ citation needed ]

The main competition is the individual general classification, decided on aggregate time (sometimes after allowance of time bonuses). There are also classifications for teams and young riders, and based on climbing and sprinting points, and other minor competitions. Five riders have won three individual classifications open to all riders (general, mountains, young and points classifications) in the same race: Eddy Merckx in the 1968 Giro d'Italia and 1969 Tour de France and 1973 Vuelta a España, Tony Rominger in the 1993 Vuelta a España, Laurent Jalabert in the 1995 Vuelta a España, Marco Pantani in the 1998 Giro d'Italia, and Tadej Pogačar in the 2020 Tour de France and 2021 Tour de France.

It is rare for cyclists to ride all grand tours in the same year; in 2004, 474 cyclists started in at least one of the grand tours, 68 of them rode two Grand Tours and only two cyclists started in all three grand tours. [4] It is not unusual for sprinters to start each of the Grand Tours and aim for stage wins before the most difficult stages occur. Alessandro Petacchi and Mark Cavendish started all three Grand Tours in 2010 and 2011, respectively, as did some of their preferred support riders. For both riders in both years, only the Tour de France was ridden to its conclusion.

Over the years, 34 riders have completed all three Grand Tours in one year: Adam Hansen did so six years in a row.

The only riders to have finished in the top 10 in each of the three tours during the same year are Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

In cycling history riders from the same country having won all three Grand Tours in a single year has happened only on three occasions. In 1964 with French riders Jacques Anquetil and Raymond Poulidor and in 2008 with Spanish riders Alberto Contador and Carlos Sastre. 2018 marked the only time three different riders from the same country won all three Tours, these being British riders Chris Froome, Geraint Thomas and Simon Yates.

UCI rules

For the UCI World Tour, more points are given in grand tours than in other races; the winner of the Tour de France receives 1000 points, and the winners of the Giro and Vuelta receive 850 points. Depending on the nature of other races, points vary for the winner of the overall classification [1] The grand tours have a special status for the length: they are allowed to last between 15 and 23 days. [2]

General Classification winners

Wins per year

Legend
Rider won 3 Grand Tours in the same year
Rider won 2 Grand Tours in the same year
Flag icon key: List of National Flags
YearJersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia Jersey yellow.svg Tour de France Jersey red.svg Vuelta a España
1903started in 1909 Flag of France.svg Maurice Garin (1/1)started in 1935
1904 Flag of France.svg Henri Cornet (1/1)
1905 Flag of France.svg Louis Trousselier (1/1)
1906 Flag of France.svg René Pottier (1/1)
1907 Flag of France.svg Lucien Petit-Breton (1/2)
1908 Flag of France.svg Lucien Petit-Breton (2/2)
1909 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Luigi Ganna (1/1) Flag of Luxembourg.svg François Faber (1/1)
1910 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Carlo Galetti (1/3) Flag of France.svg Octave Lapize (1/1)
1911 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Carlo Galetti (2/3) Flag of France.svg Gustave Garrigou (1/1)
1912 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Team Atala (Carlo Galetti (3/3),
Giovanni Micheletto (1/1) & Eberardo Pavesi (1/1))
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Odile Defraye (1/1)
1913 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Carlo Oriani (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Philippe Thys (1/3)
1914 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfonso Calzolari (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Philippe Thys (2/3)
1915Not contested during World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Costante Girardengo (1/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Firmin Lambot (1/2)
1920 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Gaetano Belloni (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Philippe Thys (3/3)
1921 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giovanni Brunero (1/3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Léon Scieur (1/1)
1922 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giovanni Brunero (2/3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Firmin Lambot (2/2)
1923 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Costante Girardengo (2/2) Flag of France.svg Henri Pélissier (1/1)
1924 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giuseppe Enrici (1/1) Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Ottavio Bottecchia (1/2)
1925 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfredo Binda (1/5) Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Ottavio Bottecchia (2/2)
1926 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giovanni Brunero (3/3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lucien Buysse (1/1)
1927 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfredo Binda (2/5) Flag of Luxembourg.svg Nicolas Frantz (1/2)
1928 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfredo Binda (3/5) Flag of Luxembourg.svg Nicolas Frantz (2/2)
1929 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfredo Binda (4/5) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Maurice De Waele (1/1)
1930 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Luigi Marchisio (1/1) Flag of France.svg André Leducq (1/2)
1931 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Francesco Camusso (1/1) Flag of France.svg Antonin Magne (1/2)
1932 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Antonio Pesenti (1/1) Flag of France.svg André Leducq (2/2)
1933 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Alfredo Binda (5/5) Flag of France.svg Georges Speicher (1/1)
1934 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Learco Guerra (1/1) Flag of France.svg Antonin Magne (2/2)
1935 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Vasco Bergamaschi (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Romain Maes (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gustaaf Deloor (1/2)
1936 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Gino Bartali (1/5) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Sylvère Maes (1/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gustaaf Deloor (2/2)
1937 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Gino Bartali (2/5) Flag of France.svg Roger Lapébie (1/1)Not contested during the Spanish Civil War
1938 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giovanni Valetti (1/2) Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Gino Bartali (3/5)
1939 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giovanni Valetti (2/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Sylvère Maes (2/2)
1940 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Fausto Coppi (1/7)Not contested during World War II
1941Not contested during World War II Flag of Spain (1938-1945).svg Julián Berrendero (1/2)
1942 Flag of Spain (1938-1945).svg Julián Berrendero (2/2)
1943Not contested during World War II
1944
1945 Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Delio Rodríguez (1/1)
1946 Flag of Italy.svg Gino Bartali (4/5) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Dalmacio Langarica (1/1)
1947 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (2/7) Flag of France.svg Jean Robic (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Edward Van Dijck (1/1)
1948 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorenzo Magni (1/3) Flag of Italy.svg Gino Bartali (5/5) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Bernardo Ruiz (1/1)
1949 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (3/7) Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (4/7)Not contested for lack of interest
1950 Flag of Switzerland.svg Hugo Koblet (1/2) Flag of Switzerland.svg Ferdinand Kübler (1/1) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Emilio Rodríguez (1/1)
1951 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorenzo Magni (2/3) Flag of Switzerland.svg Hugo Koblet (2/2)Not contested for lack of interest
1952 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (5/7) Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (6/7)
1953 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi (7/7) Flag of France.svg Louison Bobet (1/3)
1954 Flag of Switzerland.svg Carlo Clerici (1/1) Flag of France.svg Louison Bobet (2/3)
1955 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorenzo Magni (3/3) Flag of France.svg Louison Bobet (3/3) Flag of France.svg Jean Dotto (1/1)
1956 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Charly Gaul (1/3) Flag of France.svg Roger Walkowiak (1/1) Flag of Italy.svg Angelo Conterno (1/1)
1957 Flag of Italy.svg Gastone Nencini (1/2) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (1/8) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Jesús Loroño (1/1)
1958 Flag of Italy.svg Ercole Baldini (1/1) Flag of Luxembourg.svg Charly Gaul (2/3) Flag of France.svg Jean Stablinski (1/1)
1959 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Charly Gaul (3/3) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Federico Bahamontes (1/1) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Antonio Suárez (1/1)
1960 Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (2/8) Flag of Italy.svg Gastone Nencini (2/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Frans De Mulder (1/1)
1961 Flag of Italy.svg Arnaldo Pambianco (1/1) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (3/8) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Angelino Soler (1/1)
1962 Flag of Italy.svg Franco Balmamion (1/2) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (4/8) Flag of Germany.svg Rudi Altig (1/1)
1963 Flag of Italy.svg Franco Balmamion (2/2) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (6/8) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (5/8)
1964 Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (7/8) Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil (8/8) Flag of France.svg Raymond Poulidor (1/1)
1965 Flag of Italy.svg Vittorio Adorni (1/1) Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi (1/5) Flag of Germany.svg Rolf Wolfshohl (1/1)
1966 Flag of Italy.svg Gianni Motta (1/1) Flag of France.svg Lucien Aimar (1/1) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Francisco Gabica (1/1)
1967 Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi (2/5) Flag of France.svg Roger Pingeon (1/2) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jan Janssen (1/2)
1968 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (1/11) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jan Janssen (2/2) Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi (3/5)
1969 Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi (4/5) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (2/11) Flag of France.svg Roger Pingeon (2/2)
1970 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (3/11) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (4/11) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Luis Ocaña (1/2)
1971 Flag of Sweden.svg Gösta Pettersson (1/1) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (5/11) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Ferdinand Bracke (1/1)
1972 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (6/11) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (7/11) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg José Manuel Fuente (1/2)
1973 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (9/11) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Luis Ocaña (2/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (8/11)
1974 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (10/11) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx (11/11) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg José Manuel Fuente (2/2)
1975 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Bertoglio (1/1) Flag of France.svg Bernard Thévenet (1/2) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Agustín Tamames (1/1)
1976 Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi (5/5) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lucien Van Impe (1/1) Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg José Pesarrodona (1/1)
1977 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Michel Pollentier (1/1) Flag of France.svg Bernard Thévenet (2/2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Freddy Maertens (1/1)
1978 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Johan De Muynck (1/1) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (2/10) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (1/10)
1979 Flag of Italy.svg Giuseppe Saronni (1/2) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (3/10) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Joop Zoetemelk (1/2)
1980 Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (4/10) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Joop Zoetemelk (2/2) Flag of Spain.svg Faustino Rupérez (1/1)
1981 Flag of Italy.svg Giovanni Battaglin (2/2) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (5/10) Flag of Italy.svg Giovanni Battaglin (1/2)
1982 Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (6/10) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (7/10) Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (1/1)
1983 Flag of Italy.svg Giuseppe Saronni (2/2) Flag of France.svg Laurent Fignon (1/3) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (8/10)
1984 Flag of Italy.svg Francesco Moser (1/1) Flag of France.svg Laurent Fignon (2/3) Flag of France.svg Éric Caritoux (1/1)
1985 Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (9/10) Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault (10/10) Flag of Spain.svg Pedro Delgado (1/3)
1986 Flag of Italy.svg Roberto Visentini (1/1) Flag of the United States.svg Greg LeMond (1/3) Flag of Spain.svg Álvaro Pino (1/1)
1987 Flag of Ireland.svg Stephen Roche (1/2) Flag of Ireland.svg Stephen Roche (2/2) Flag of Colombia.svg Luis Herrera (1/1)
1988 Flag of the United States.svg Andrew Hampsten (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Pedro Delgado (2/3) Flag of Ireland.svg Sean Kelly (1/1)
1989 Flag of France.svg Laurent Fignon (3/3) Flag of the United States.svg Greg LeMond (2/3) Flag of Spain.svg Pedro Delgado (3/3)
1990 Flag of Italy.svg Gianni Bugno (1/1) Flag of the United States.svg Greg LeMond (3/3) Flag of Italy.svg Marco Giovannetti (1/1)
1991 Flag of Italy.svg Franco Chioccioli (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (1/7) Flag of Spain.svg Melcior Mauri (1/1)
1992 Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (2/7) Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (3/7) Flag of Switzerland.svg Tony Rominger (1/4)
1993 Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (4/7) Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (5/7) Flag of Switzerland.svg Tony Rominger (2/4)
1994 Flag of Russia.svg Eugeni Berzin (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (6/7) Flag of Switzerland.svg Tony Rominger (3/4)
1995 Flag of Switzerland.svg Tony Rominger (4/4) Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain (7/7) Flag of France.svg Laurent Jalabert (1/1)
1996 Flag of Russia.svg Pavel Tonkov (1/1) Flag of Denmark.svg Bjarne Riis (1/1) Flag of Switzerland.svg Alex Zülle (1/2)
1997 Flag of Italy.svg Ivan Gotti (1/2) Flag of Germany.svg Jan Ullrich (1/2) Flag of Switzerland.svg Alex Zülle (2/2)
1998 Flag of Italy.svg Marco Pantani (1/2) Flag of Italy.svg Marco Pantani (2/2) Flag of Spain.svg Abraham Olano (1/1)
1999 Flag of Italy.svg Ivan Gotti (2/2) No winner [A] Flag of Germany.svg Jan Ullrich (2/2)
2000 Flag of Italy.svg Stefano Garzelli (1/1) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Roberto Heras (1/4)
2001 Flag of Italy.svg Gilberto Simoni (1/2) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Ángel Casero (1/1)
2002 Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Savoldelli (1/2) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Aitor González (1/1)
2003 Flag of Italy.svg Gilberto Simoni (2/2) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Roberto Heras (2/4)
2004 Flag of Italy.svg Damiano Cunego (1/1) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Roberto Heras (3/4)
2005 Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Savoldelli (2/2) No winner [A] Flag of Spain.svg Roberto Heras (4/4)
2006 Flag of Italy.svg Ivan Basso (1/2) Flag of Spain.svg Óscar Pereiro (1/1) [5] Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Alexander Vinokourov (1/1)
2007 Flag of Italy.svg Danilo Di Luca (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (1/7) Flag of Russia.svg Denis Menchov (1/2)
2008 Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (2/7) Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Sastre (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (3/7)
2009 Flag of Russia.svg Denis Menchov (2/2) Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (4/7) Flag of Spain.svg Alejandro Valverde (1/1)
2010 Flag of Italy.svg Ivan Basso (2/2) Flag of Luxembourg.svg Andy Schleck (1/1) Flag of Italy.svg Vincenzo Nibali (1/4)
2011 Flag of Italy.svg Michele Scarponi (1/1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Cadel Evans (1/1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (1/7) [6]
2012 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Ryder Hesjedal (1/1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Bradley Wiggins (1/1) Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (5/7)
2013 Flag of Italy.svg Vincenzo Nibali (2/4) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (2/7) Flag of the United States.svg Chris Horner (1/1)
2014 Flag of Colombia.svg Nairo Quintana (1/2) Flag of Italy.svg Vincenzo Nibali (3/4) Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (6/7)
2015 Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador (7/7) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (3/7) Flag of Italy.svg Fabio Aru (1/1)
2016 Flag of Italy.svg Vincenzo Nibali (4/4) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (4/7) Flag of Colombia.svg Nairo Quintana (2/2)
2017 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Tom Dumoulin (1/1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (5/7) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (6/7)
2018 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome (7/7) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Geraint Thomas (1/1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Simon Yates (1/1)
2019 Flag of Ecuador.svg Richard Carapaz (1/1) Flag of Colombia.svg Egan Bernal (1/2) Flag of Slovenia.svg Primož Roglič (1/3)
2020 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tao Geoghegan Hart (1/1) Flag of Slovenia.svg Tadej Pogačar (1/2) Flag of Slovenia.svg Primož Roglič (2/3)
2021 Flag of Colombia.svg Egan Bernal (2/2) Flag of Slovenia.svg Tadej Pogačar (2/2) Flag of Slovenia.svg Primož Roglič (3/3)
2022 2022 Giro d'Italia 2022 Tour de France 2022 Vuelta a España
YearJersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia Jersey yellow.svg Tour de France Jersey red.svg Vuelta a España

A.  a b c d e f g Lance Armstrong was declared the winner of seven consecutive tours from 1999 to 2005. However, on 22 October 2012, he was stripped of all his titles by the UCI for his use of performance-enhancing drugs. The organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books, rather than transfer the win to the second-place finishers each year. [7]

Wins per rider

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx 115 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974)5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974)1 (1973)
2 Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault 105 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985)3 (1980, 1982, 1985)2 (1978, 1983)
3 Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil 85 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964)2 (1960, 1964)1 (1963)
4 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi 72 (1949, 1952)5 (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953)
Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Indurain 75 (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995)2 (1992, 1993)
Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Contador 72 (2007, 2009)2 (2008, 2015)3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Chris Froome 74 (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017)1 (2018)2 (2011, 2017)
8 Flag of Italy.svg Alfredo Binda 55 (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933)
Flag of Italy.svg Gino Bartali 52 (1938, 1948)3 (1936, 1937, 1946)
Flag of Italy.svg Felice Gimondi 51 (1965)3 (1967, 1969, 1976)1 (1968)
11 Flag of Switzerland.svg Tony Rominger 41 (1995)3 (1992, 1993, 1994)
Flag of Spain.svg Roberto Heras 44 (2000, 2003, 2004, 2005)
Flag of Italy.svg Vincenzo Nibali 41 (2014)2 (2013, 2016)1 (2010)

Wins by country

Grand Tour general classification wins by country
CountryGiroTourVueltaTotal
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 6910685
Flag of France.svg  France 636951
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 4123248
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 718732
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 26311
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 32510
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 2507
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1315
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1225
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 2125
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 0235
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0134
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 3014
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 1113
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1001
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1001
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 1001
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 0101
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 0101
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 0011

Winners of all three Grand Tours

Seven cyclists have won all three of the Grand Tours during their career: [8]

Hinault and Contador are the only cyclists to have won each Grand Tour at least twice.

Winners of three or more consecutive Grand Tours

During Fausto Coppi achievement, the Vuelta a Espana didn't run (1951-1954).

During Eddy Merckx and Bernard Hinault achievements, the Vuelta a Espana was the first Grand Tour of the season.

Winners of all three Grand Tours in a single year

No rider has won all three Grand Tours in a single year.

Winners of multiple Grand Tours in a single year

Ten riders have achieved a double by winning two grand tours in the same calendar year.

Seven cyclists have won the Tour and the Giro in the same calendar year: [8]

The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [8]

The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [8]

Of the above ten, Pantani, Roche and Battaglin's doubles were their only Grand Tour victories in their careers.

Finished in the top ten in all three Grand Tours in a single year

Few riders have finished all three in a single year, of whom two finished in the top ten in each: Raphaël Géminiani (4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta in 1955) and Gastone Nencini (1st, 6th and 9th in 1957).

Smallest margin between 1st and 2nd placed rider

The margins between the winner of a Grand Tour and the runner-up are often narrow, and rarely larger than a few minutes.

As of 2019, there have been 51 Grand Tours with a winning margin less than one minute. The smallest margins are as follows:

RankWinnerTimeRunner-upMarginRace
1 Flag of France.svg Eric Caritoux 90h 08' 03"" Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Fernández +00h 00' 06"Vuelta a España (1984)
2 Flag of the United States.svg Greg LeMond 87h 38' 35"" Flag of France.svg Laurent Fignon +00h 00' 08"Tour de France (1989)
3 Flag of Spain.svg José Manuel Fuente 86h 48' 18 Flag of Portugal.svg Joaquim Agostinho +00h 00' 11"Vuelta a España (1974)
Flag of Italy.svg Fiorenzo Magni 124h 51' 52" Flag of Italy.svg Ezio Cecchi Giro d'Italia (1948)
5 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx 113h 08' 13" Flag of Italy.svg Gianbattista Baronchelli +00h 00' 12"Giro d'Italia (1974)
6 Flag of Italy.svg Angelo Conterno 105h 37' 52" Flag of Spain.svg Jesús Loroño +00h 00' 13"Vuelta a España (1956)
Flag of Italy.svg Fiorenzo Magni 108h 56' 12" Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi Giro d'Italia (1955)
8 Flag of Spain.svg Augustín Tamames 88h 00" 56' Flag of Spain.svg Domingo Perurena +00h 00' 14"Vuelta a España (1975)
9 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Ryder Hesjedal 91h 39' 02" Flag of Spain.svg Joaquim Rodríguez +00h 00' 16"Giro d'Italia (2012)

The biggest winning margin in a Grand Tour was 2h 59' 21" in Maurice Garin's win at the first Tour de France in 1903. The biggest margin in the history of Giro d'Italia was in 1914 when Alfonso Calzolari won by 1h 57' 26", and the biggest margin in the history of Vuelta a España was in 1945 when Delio Rodríguez finished 30' 08" clear.

Points classification winners

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by five riders – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Mark Cavendish, Laurent Jalabert, Eddy Merckx and Alessandro Petacchi.

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1 Flag of Germany.svg Erik Zabel 96 (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001)03 (2002, 2003, 2004)
2 Flag of Ireland.svg Sean Kelly 84 (1982, 1983, 1985, 1989)04 (1980, 1985, 1986, 1988)
Flag of Slovakia.svg Peter Sagan 87 (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019)1 (2021)0
4 Flag of France.svg Laurent Jalabert 72 (1992, 1995)1 (1999)4 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)
5 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx 63 (1969, 1971, 1972)2 (1968, 1973)1 (1973)

Mountains classification winners

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by two riders – Federico Bahamontes and Luis Herrera.

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1 Flag of Italy.svg Gino Bartali 92 (1938, 1948)7 (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947)0
Flag of Spain.svg Federico Bahamontes 96 (1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964)1 (1956)2 (1957, 1958)
3 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lucien Van Impe 86 (1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983)2 (1982, 1983)0
4 Flag of France.svg Richard Virenque 77 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004)00
5 Flag of Spain.svg Julio Jiménez 63 (1965, 1966, 1967)03 (1963, 1964, 1965)

Young rider classification winners

The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by three riders – Egan Bernal, Nairo Quintana and Andy Schleck. The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider – Miguel Ángel López. The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider – Tadej Pogačar.

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Andy Schleck 43 (2008, 2009, 2010)1 (2007)0
2 Flag of Germany.svg Jan Ullrich 33 (1996, 1997, 1998)00
Flag of Colombia.svg Nairo Quintana 32 (2013, 2015)1 (2014)0
Flag of Colombia.svg Miguel Ángel López 302 (2018, 2019)1 (2017)
Flag of Slovenia.svg Tadej Pogačar 32 (2020, 2021)01 (2019)

Grand Tour stage wins

Three cyclists have won stages in all three of the Grand Tours in the same season: Miguel Poblet in 1956, Pierino Baffi in 1958 and Alessandro Petacchi in 2003. [9]

Cyclists whose names are in bold are still active. [10] This list is complete up to and including the 2021 Tour de France.

RankRiderTourGiroVueltaTotal
1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eddy Merckx 3424664
2 Flag of Italy.svg Mario Cipollini 1242357
3 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Mark Cavendish 3416353
4 Flag of Italy.svg Alessandro Petacchi 6222048
5 Flag of Italy.svg Alfredo Binda 241043
6 Flag of France.svg Bernard Hinault 286741
7 Flag of Italy.svg Learco Guerra 831039
8 Flag of Spain.svg Delio Rodríguez 003939
9 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Rik Van Looy 7121837
10 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Freddy Maertens 1571335
11 Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Coppi 922031
12 Flag of Italy.svg Costante Girardengo 030030
13 Flag of Italy.svg Gino Bartali 1217029
14 Flag of Italy.svg Marino Basso 615627
Flag of Italy.svg Francesco Moser 223227
16 Flag of Italy.svg Guido Bontempi 616426
Flag of Italy.svg Raffaele Di Paco 1115026
Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Poblet 320326
Flag of Italy.svg Giuseppe Saronni 024226
20 Flag of Italy.svg Franco Bitossi 421025
Flag of France.svg Laurent Jalabert 431825
Flag of France.svg André Leducq 250025
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Rik Van Steenbergen 415625
24 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Roger De Vlaeminck 122124
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Robbie McEwen 1212024
26 Flag of France.svg André Darrigade 221023
27 Flag of France.svg Jacques Anquetil 165122
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jean Paul van Poppel 94922
Flag of Germany.svg André Greipel 117422
30 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Charly Gaul 1011021
Flag of Ireland.svg Sean Kelly 501621

The rider with the most Grand Tour wins in one season is Freddy Maertens who won 20 Grand Tour stages in 1977: 13 stages in the Vuelta a España and 7 in the Giro d'Italia.

Grand Tour finishers

Only 35 riders have finished all three Grand Tours in one season. Adam Hansen has done this six times, Marino Lejarreta four times and Bernardo Ruiz achieved it in three different years, while Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre have completed the accomplishment twice. [11] [12]

The rider with most participations on Grand Tours is Matteo Tosatto with 34 (12 Tours, 13 Giros and 9 Vueltas). The rider who has finished most Grand Tours is also Matteo Tosatto, with 28 (12 Tours, 11 Giros and 5 Vueltas). Adam Hansen has finished the most consecutive Grand Tours: 20 tours from 2011 Vuelta a España till 2018 Giro d'Italia. The best average finish was the first time three Grand Tours were finished in one season, when Raphaël Géminiani finished 4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta, respectively. Bernardo Ruiz was the first rider to ride every tour of a season on three occasions which he completed in 1957. Marino Lejarreta completed every grand tour of the season for the 4th time in 1991 and of these 12 tours he finished in the top 10 of eight of them. His record of 4 was not passed until Adam Hansen completed the Vuelta in 2016.

RiderYearFinal GC position
GiroTourVuelta
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thomas De Gendt 2019516056
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (6)20179311395
Flag of Spain.svg Alejandro Valverde 20163612
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (5)201668100110
Flag of France.svg Sylvain Chavanel 2015365447
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (4)20157711455
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (3)2014736453
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (2)2013727260
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen 20129481123
Flag of Germany.svg Sebastian Lang 20115611377
Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Sastre (2)20108208
Flag of New Zealand.svg Julian Dean 2009136121132
Flag of Italy.svg Marzio Bruseghin 200832710
Flag of Germany.svg Erik Zabel 2008804349
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Mario Aerts 2007207028
Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Sastre 20064344
Flag of Italy.svg Giovanni Lombardi 200588118114
Flag of Spain.svg Jon Odriozola 2001586983
Flag of Italy.svg Mariano Piccoli 1999385058
Flag of Italy.svg Guido Bontempi 1992407562
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Neil Stephens 1992577466
Flag of Spain.svg Eduardo Chozas (2)1991101111
Flag of Italy.svg Marco Giovannetti 199183018
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (4)19915533
Flag of Spain.svg Inaki Gaston 1991236114
Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Leanizbarrutia 1991643944
Flag of Russia.svg Vladimir Poulnikov 1991118866
Flag of Italy.svg Valerio Tebaldi 1991478987
Flag of Spain.svg Eduardo Chozas 199011633
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (3)19907555
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (2)198910520
Flag of Spain.svg Luis Javier Lukin 1988328260
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta 198741034
Flag of France.svg Philippe Poissonnier 1985869066
Flag of Spain.svg José Luis Uribezubia 1971295027
Flag of Spain.svg Jose Manuel Fuente 1971397254
Flag of Spain.svg Federico Bahamontes 19581786
Flag of Italy.svg Pierino Baffi 1958236337
Flag of Italy.svg Mario Baroni 1957745346
Flag of Italy.svg Gastone Nencini 1957169
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz (3)195755243
Flag of Italy.svg Arrigo Padovan 1956122619
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz (2)1956387031
Flag of Spain.svg José Serra 195626819
Flag of France.svg Raphaël Géminiani 1955463
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz 1955282214
Flag of France.svg Louis Caput 1955685455

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