Grand Tour (cycling)

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In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format being multi-week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races, [1] and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days. [2]

Road bicycle racing bicycle racing sport

Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads. Road racing is the most popular professional form of bicycle racing, in terms of numbers of competitors, events and spectators. The two most common competition formats are mass start events, where riders start simultaneously and race to set finish point; and time trials, where individual riders or teams race a course alone against the clock. Stage races or "tours" take multiple days, and consist of several mass-start or time-trial stages ridden consecutively.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Tour de France Cycling competition

The Tour de France is an annual men's multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tours, it consists of 21 day-long stages over the course of 23 days.

Contents

The Giro d'Italia is generally run in May, the Tour de France in July, and the Vuelta a España in late August and September. The Vuelta was originally held in the spring, usually late April, with a few editions held in June in the 1940s. In 1995, however, the race moved to September to avoid direct competition with the Giro d'Italia, held in May.

The Tour de France is the oldest and most prestigious in terms of points accrued to racers of all three, [1] , and is the most widely attended annual sporting event in the world, [3] while the Giro d'Italia is generally seen as the second-most important. [4] [5] [6] The Tour, the Giro and the Road World Cycling Championship make up the Triple Crown of Cycling.

Giro dItalia cycling road race held in Italy

The Giro d'Italia is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. The first race was organized in 1909 to increase sales of the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport; however it is currently run by RCS Sport. The race has been held annually since its first edition in 1909, except when it was stopped for the two world wars. As the Giro gained prominence and popularity the race was lengthened, and the peloton expanded from primarily Italian participation to riders from all over the world. The Giro is a UCI World Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are mostly UCI ProTeams, with the exception of the teams that the organizers can invite.

The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The UCI Road World Championships consist of events for road race and individual time trial, and as of 2012 Team Time Trials.

The Triple Crown of Cycling is a term used in cycling to denote the achievement of winning three major titles in the same season, usually but not always the Giro d'Italia, the Tour de France and the UCI World Road Race Championship.

The three Grand Tours are events for men only, and no three week races exist on the women's road cycling circuit. The Giro Rosa, the ten stage Italian road race for women is the only race on the current women's circuit treated as broadly equivalent to a Grand Tour, although the defunct women's Tour de France was, in its time, given similar status.

Grande Boucle Féminine Internationale tour

The Grande Boucle Féminine Internationale, formerly known as the Tour Cycliste Féminin, was one of the Grand Tours of women's cycle races. Grande Boucle means "big loop" and describes the individual stages which form a circuit around France.

Description

In their current form, the Grand Tours are held over three consecutive weeks and typically include two rest days near the end of the first and second week. The stages are a mix of long massed start races (sometimes including mountain and hill climbs and descents; others are flat stages favoring those with a sprint finish), as well as individual and team time trials and non-competitive exhibition and rest days. Unlike most one-day races, stages in the Grand Tours are generally under 200 kilometers in length.

Climbing specialist

A climbing specialist or climber, also known as a grimpeur, is a road bicycle racer who can ride especially well on highly inclined roads, such as those found among hills or mountains.

Individual time trial road bicycle race time trial for an individual

An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock on flat or rolling terrain, or up a mountain road such as Alpe d'Huez. There are also track-based time trials where riders compete in velodromes, and team time trials (TTT). ITTs are also referred to as "the race of truth", as winning depends only on each rider's strength and endurance, and not on help provided by teammates and others riding ahead and creating a slipstream. The opening stage of stage race will often be a short individual time trial called a prologue.

Controversy often surrounds which teams are invited to the event. Typically, the Union Cycliste Internationale (International Cycling Union) prefers top-rated professional teams to enter, while operators of the Grand Tours often want teams based in their country or those unlikely to cause controversy. From 2005 to 2007, organisers had to accept all ProTour teams, leaving only two wildcard teams per Tour. However, the Unibet team, a ProTour team normally guaranteed entry, was banned from the three Grand Tours due to gambling advertising laws. In 2008, following numerous doping scandals, some teams were refused entry to the Grand Tours: Astana did not compete at the 2008 Tour de France and Team Columbia did not compete at the 2008 Vuelta a España. Since 2011, under the UCI World Tour rules, all ProTour teams are guaranteed a place in all three events, and obliged to participate.

The Union Cycliste Internationale is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events. The UCI is based in Aigle, Switzerland.

The UCI ProTour was a series of road bicycle races in Europe, Australia and Canada organised by the UCI. Created by Hein Verbruggen, former president of the UCI, it comprises a number of 'ProTour' cycling teams, each of whom are required to compete in every round of the series. It was initially the basis of a season long competition for rankings points, created for 2005 to replace the UCI Road World Cup series, which ended at the end of the 2004 season. The ProTour was the subject of continuing disputes involving the UCI, cycling teams, and the organizers of the world's most prominent bicycle races, and in 2009 and 2010 the ranking element of the ProTour was superseded by the UCI World Ranking. For 2011, the ProTour and World Ranking were fully merged into the UCI World Tour. ProTour status for teams – relabelled UCI ProTeams – will continue as the highest level of registration, and will carry the right and obligation to participate in all World Tour races.

2008 Tour de France

The 2008 Tour de France was the 95th running of the race. The event took place from 5 to 27 July. Starting in the French city of Brest, the tour entered Italy on the 15th stage and returned to France during the 16th, heading for Paris, its regular final destination, which was reached in the 21st stage. The race was won by Carlos Sastre.

The prizes include the individual general classification, the team classification, the King of the Mountains, the points classification, and often the best young rider classification, in addition to other less known classifications. The most contested ones are the individual general classification (general classification in the Tour de France, general classification in the Giro d'Italia, and general classification in the Vuelta a España) ; king of the mountains classification (mountains classification in the Tour de France, mountains classification in the Giro d'Italia, and mountains classification in the Vuelta a España); and points classification (points classification in the Tour de France, points classification in the Giro d'Italia, and points classification in the Vuelta a España). Only three riders have won all three in the same race: Eddy Merckx in the 1968 Giro d'Italia and 1969 Tour de France, Tony Rominger in the 1993 Vuelta a España and Laurent Jalabert in the 1995 Vuelta a España. [7]

The general classification in bicycle racing is the category that tracks overall times for bicycle riders in multi-stage bicycle races. Each stage will have a stage winner, but the overall winner in the GC is the rider who has the fastest time when all the stage results are added together and compounded. Hence, whoever wins the GC is generally reckoned as the winner of the race.

The King of the Mountains is the title given to the best climber in a cycling road race; usually and officially known as the Mountains classification. For women's cycle racing, a similar term, Queen of the Mountains (QoM) is used.

The points classification is a secondary award category in road bicycle racing. Points are given for high finishes and, in some cases, for winning sprints at certain places along the route, most often called intermediate sprints. The points classification is the top prize for many cycling sprinters and is often known as the sprint classification; however, in some stage races these classifications are based on different criteria.

It is rare for cyclists to ride all grand tours in the same year; in 2004, 474 cyclists started in at least one of the grand tours, 68 of them rode two Grand Tours and only two cyclists started in all three grand tours. [8] It is not unusual for sprinters and their leadout men, who do not expect to complete each race, to start each of the Grand Tours and aim for stage wins before the most difficult stages occur. Alessandro Petacchi and Mark Cavendish started all three Grand Tours in 2010 and 2011, respectively, as did some of their preferred support riders. For both riders in both years, only the Tour de France was ridden to its conclusion.

Over the years, 32 riders have completed all three Grand Tours in one year. Of these, Adam Hansen is the only one to do so five times. Marino Lejarreta has done it four times, Bernardo Ruiz three times, Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre twice each, and 27 more riders have achieved the feat once.

The only riders to have finished in the top 10 in each of the three tours during the same year are Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

Only three countries have won all three Grand Tours in a single year: France (1964), Spain (2008) and Great Britain (2018). Out of those three countries, Great Britain completed the set with three different riders.

UCI rules

For the UCI World Tour, more points are given in grand tours than in other races; the winner of the Tour de France receives 1000 points, and the winners of the Giro and Vuelta receive 850 points. Depending on the nature of other races, points vary for the winner of the overall classification [1] The grand tours have a special status for the length: they are allowed to last between 15 and 23 days. [2]

Latest edition details

Grand Tour winners

YearJersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia Jersey yellow.svg Tour de France Jersey red.svg Vuelta a España
1903started in 1909 Flag of France.svg Maurice Garin started in 1935
1904 Flag of France.svg Henri Cornet
1905 Flag of France.svg Louis Trousselier
1906 Flag of France.svg René Pottier
1907 Flag of France.svg Lucien Petit-Breton (1/2)
1908 Flag of France.svg Lucien Petit-Breton (2/2)
1909Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Luigi Ganna  (ITA)Flag of Luxembourg.svg  François Faber  (LUX)
1910Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Carlo Galetti  (ITA)(1/3)Flag of France.svg  Octave Lapize  (FRA)
1911Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Carlo Galetti  (ITA)(2/3)Flag of France.svg  Gustave Garrigou  (FRA)
1912Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Team Atala  (ITA)(Carlo Galetti (3/3),
Giovanni Micheletto & Eberardo Pavesi)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Odile Defraye  (BEL)
1913Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Carlo Oriani  (ITA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(1/3)
1914Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfonso Calzolari  (ITA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(2/3)
1915Not contested due to World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Costante Girardengo  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Firmin Lambot  (BEL)(1/2)
1920Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Gaetano Belloni  (ITA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(3/3)
1921Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(1/3)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Léon Scieur  (BEL)
1922Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(2/3)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Firmin Lambot  (BEL)(2/2)
1923Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Costante Girardengo  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of France.svg  Henri Pélissier  (FRA)
1924Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giuseppe Enrici  (ITA)Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Ottavio Bottecchia  (ITA)(1/2)
1925Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(1/5)Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Ottavio Bottecchia  (ITA)(2/2)
1926Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(3/3)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Lucien Buysse  (BEL)
1927Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(2/5)Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Nicolas Frantz  (LUX)(1/2)
1928Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(3/5)Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Nicolas Frantz  (LUX)(2/2)
1929Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(4/5)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Maurice De Waele  (BEL)
1930Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Luigi Marchisio  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  André Leducq  (FRA)(1/2)
1931Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Francesco Camusso  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Antonin Magne  (FRA)(1/2)
1932Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Antonio Pesenti  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  André Leducq  (FRA)(2/2)
1933Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(5/5)Flag of France.svg  Georges Speicher  (FRA)
1934Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Learco Guerra  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Antonin Magne  (FRA)(2/2)
1935Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Vasco Bergamaschi  (ITA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Romain Maes  (BEL)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Gustaaf Deloor  (BEL)(1/2)
1936Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(1/5)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Sylvère Maes  (BEL)(1/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Gustaaf Deloor  (BEL)(2/2)
1937Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(2/5)Flag of France.svg  Roger Lapébie  (FRA)Not contested due to the Spanish Civil War
1938Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giovanni Valetti  (ITA)(1/2) Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(3/5)
1939Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Giovanni Valetti  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Sylvère Maes  (BEL)(2/2)
1940Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(1/7)Not contested due to World War II
1941Not contested due to World War II Flag of Spain (1938-1945).svg  Julián Berrendero  (ESP)(1/2)
1942Flag of Spain (1938-1945).svg  Julián Berrendero  (ESP)(2/2)
1943Not contested due to World War II
1944
1945Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Delio Rodríguez  (ESP)
1946Flag of Italy.svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(4/5)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Dalmacio Langarica  (ESP)
1947Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(2/7)Flag of France.svg  Jean Robic  (FRA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Edward Van Dijck  (BEL)
1948Flag of Italy.svg  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(1/3)Flag of Italy.svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(5/5)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Bernardo Ruiz  (ESP)
1949Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(3/7)Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(4/7)Not contested due to a lack of interest
1950Flag of Switzerland.svg  Hugo Koblet  (SUI)(1/2)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Ferdinand Kübler  (SUI)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Emilio Rodríguez  (ESP)
1951Flag of Italy.svg  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(2/3)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Hugo Koblet  (SUI)(2/2)Not contested due to a lack of interest
1952Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(5/7)Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(6/7)
1953Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(7/7)Flag of France.svg  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(1/3)
1954Flag of Switzerland.svg  Carlo Clerici  (SUI)Flag of France.svg  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(2/3)
1955Flag of Italy.svg  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(3/3)Flag of France.svg  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(3/3)Flag of France.svg  Jean Dotto  (FRA)
1956Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(1/3)Flag of France.svg  Roger Walkowiak  (FRA)Flag of Italy.svg  Angelo Conterno  (ITA)
1957Flag of Italy.svg  Gastone Nencini  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(1/8)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Jesús Loroño  (ESP)
1958Flag of Italy.svg  Ercole Baldini  (ITA)Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(2/3)Flag of France.svg  Jean Stablinski  (FRA)
1959Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(3/3)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Federico Bahamontes  (ESP)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Antonio Suárez  (ESP)
1960Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(2/8)Flag of Italy.svg  Gastone Nencini  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Frans De Mulder  (BEL)
1961Flag of Italy.svg  Arnaldo Pambianco  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(3/8)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Angelino Soler  (ESP)
1962Flag of Italy.svg  Franco Balmamion  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(4/8)Flag of Germany.svg  Rudi Altig  (GER)
1963Flag of Italy.svg  Franco Balmamion  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(6/8)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(5/8)
1964Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(7/8)Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(8/8)Flag of France.svg  Raymond Poulidor  (FRA)
1965Flag of Italy.svg  Vittorio Adorni  (ITA)Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(1/5)Flag of Germany.svg  Rolf Wolfshohl  (GER)
1966Flag of Italy.svg  Gianni Motta  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Lucien Aimar  (FRA)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Francisco Gabica  (ESP)
1967Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(2/5)Flag of France.svg  Roger Pingeon  (FRA)(1/2)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Jan Janssen  (NED)(1/2)
1968Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(1/11)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Jan Janssen  (NED)(2/2)Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(3/5)
1969Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(4/5)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(2/11)Flag of France.svg  Roger Pingeon  (FRA)(2/2)
1970Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(3/11)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(4/11)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Luis Ocaña  (ESP)(1/2)
1971Flag of Sweden.svg  Gösta Pettersson  (SWE)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(5/11)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Ferdinand Bracke  (BEL)
1972Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(6/11)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(7/11)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  José Manuel Fuente  (ESP)(1/2)
1973Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(9/11)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Luis Ocaña  (ESP)(2/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(8/11)
1974Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(10/11)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(11/11)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  José Manuel Fuente  (ESP)(2/2)
1975Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Bertoglio  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Thévenet  (FRA)(1/2)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Agustín Tamames  (ESP)
1976Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(5/5)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Lucien Van Impe  (BEL)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  José Pesarrodona  (ESP)
1977Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Michel Pollentier  (BEL)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Thévenet  (FRA)(2/2)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Freddy Maertens  (BEL)
1978Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Johan De Muynck  (BEL)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(2/10)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(1/10)
1979Flag of Italy.svg  Giuseppe Saronni  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(3/10)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Joop Zoetemelk  (NED)(1/2)
1980Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(4/10)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Joop Zoetemelk  (NED)(2/2)Flag of Spain.svg  Faustino Rupérez  (ESP)
1981Flag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Battaglin  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(5/10)Flag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Battaglin  (ITA)(1/2)
1982Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(6/10)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(7/10)Flag of Spain.svg  Marino Lejarreta  (ESP)
1983Flag of Italy.svg  Giuseppe Saronni  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of France.svg  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(1/3)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(8/10)
1984Flag of Italy.svg  Francesco Moser  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(2/3)Flag of France.svg  Éric Caritoux  (FRA)
1985Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(9/10)Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(10/10)Flag of Spain.svg  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(1/3)
1986Flag of Italy.svg  Roberto Visentini  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Greg LeMond  (USA)(1/3)Flag of Spain.svg  Álvaro Pino  (ESP)
1987Flag of Ireland.svg  Stephen Roche  (IRL)(1/2)Flag of Ireland.svg  Stephen Roche  (IRL)(2/2)Flag of Colombia.svg  Luis Herrera  (COL)
1988Flag of the United States.svg  Andrew Hampsten  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(2/3)Flag of Ireland.svg  Sean Kelly  (IRL)
1989Flag of France.svg  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(3/3)Flag of the United States.svg  Greg LeMond  (USA)(2/3)Flag of Spain.svg  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(3/3)
1990Flag of Italy.svg  Gianni Bugno  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Greg LeMond  (USA)(3/3)Flag of Italy.svg  Marco Giovannetti  (ITA)
1991Flag of Italy.svg  Franco Chioccioli  (ITA)Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(1/7)Flag of Spain.svg  Melchor Mauri  (ESP)
1992Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(2/7)Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(3/7)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(1/4)
1993Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(4/7)Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(5/7)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(2/4)
1994Flag of Russia.svg  Eugeni Berzin  (RUS)Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(6/7) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(3/4)
1995Flag of Switzerland.svg  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(4/4)Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(7/7)Flag of France.svg  Laurent Jalabert  (FRA)
1996Flag of Russia.svg  Pavel Tonkov  (RUS)Flag of Denmark.svg  Bjarne Riis  (DEN)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Alex Zülle  (SUI)(1/2)
1997Flag of Italy.svg  Ivan Gotti  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Ullrich  (GER)(1/2)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Alex Zülle  (SUI)(2/2)
1998Flag of Italy.svg  Marco Pantani  (ITA)(1/2) Flag of Italy.svg  Marco Pantani  (ITA)(2/2) Flag of Spain.svg  Abraham Olano  (ESP)
1999Flag of Italy.svg  Ivan Gotti  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(1/7) [A] Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Ullrich  (GER)(2/2)
2000Flag of Italy.svg  Stefano Garzelli  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(2/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Roberto Heras  (ESP)(1/4)
2001Flag of Italy.svg  Gilberto Simoni  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(3/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Ángel Casero  (ESP)
2002Flag of Italy.svg  Paolo Savoldelli  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(4/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Aitor González  (ESP)
2003Flag of Italy.svg  Gilberto Simoni  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(5/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Roberto Heras  (ESP)(2/4)
2004Flag of Italy.svg  Damiano Cunego  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(6/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Roberto Heras  (ESP)(3/4)
2005Flag of Italy.svg  Paolo Savoldelli  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(7/7) [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Roberto Heras  (ESP)(4/4)
2006Flag of Italy.svg  Ivan Basso  (ITA)(1/2)Flag of the United States.svg  Floyd Landis  (USA)
Flag of Spain.svg  Óscar Pereiro  (ESP)
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Alexander Vinokourov  (KAZ)
2007Flag of Italy.svg  Danilo Di Luca  (ITA)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(1/7)Flag of Russia.svg  Denis Menchov  (RUS)(1/2)
2008Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(2/7)Flag of Spain.svg  Carlos Sastre  (ESP)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(3/7)
2009Flag of Russia.svg  Denis Menchov  (RUS)(2/2)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(4/7)Flag of Spain.svg  Alejandro Valverde  (ESP)
2010Flag of Italy.svg  Ivan Basso  (ITA)(2/2)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Andy Schleck  (LUX)
Flag of Italy.svg  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(1/4)
2011Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)
Flag of Italy.svg  Michele Scarponi  (ITA)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Cadel Evans  (AUS)Flag of Spain.svg  Juan José Cobo  (ESP)
2012Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Ryder Hesjedal  (CAN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Bradley Wiggins  (GBR)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(5/7)
2013Flag of Italy.svg  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(2/4)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(1/6)Flag of the United States.svg  Chris Horner  (USA)
2014Flag of Colombia.svg  Nairo Quintana  (COL)(1/2)Flag of Italy.svg  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(3/4)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(6/7)
2015Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(7/7)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(2/6)Flag of Italy.svg  Fabio Aru  (ITA)
2016Flag of Italy.svg  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(4/4)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(3/6)Flag of Colombia.svg  Nairo Quintana  (COL)(2/2)
2017Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Tom Dumoulin  (NED)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(4/6)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(5/6)
2018Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)(6/6)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Geraint Thomas  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Simon Yates  (GBR)

A.  a b c d e f g Lance Armstrong was declared winner of seven consecutive tours from 1999 to 2005. However, in October 2012, he was stripped of all titles by the UCI due to his use of performance-enhancing drugs. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books, rather than transfer the win to the second-place finishers each year. However, in October 2014, the Tour de France resumed listing Armstrong as a previous winner of the tour, but with his name crossed out. [9]

Statistics

Most Grand Tour wins per rider

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)115 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974)5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974)1 (1973)
2Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)105 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985)3 (1980, 1982, 1985)2 (1978, 1983)
3Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)85 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964)2 (1960, 1964)1 (1963)
4Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)72 (1949, 1952)5 (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953)0
Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)75 (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995)2 (1992, 1993)0
Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)72 (2007, 2009, 2010 )2 (2008, 2011 , 2015)3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)64 (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017)1 (2018)1 (2017)
8Flag of Italy.svg  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)505 (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933)0
Flag of Italy.svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)52 (1938, 1948)3 (1936, 1937, 1946)0
Flag of Italy.svg  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)51 (1965)3 (1967, 1969, 1976)1 (1968)

Wins by country

Grand Tour general classification wins by country
CountryGiroTourVueltaTotal
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 6910685
Flag of France.svg  France 636951
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 4123349
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 718732
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 32510
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1629
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 2507
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1315
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1225
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0134
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 3014
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1023
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 1113
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1001
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1001
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 0101
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 0101
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 0011

Winners of all three Grand Tours

Seven cyclists have won all three of the Grand Tours during their career: [10]

Hinault and Contador are the only cyclists to have won each Grand Tour at least twice.

Winners of three or more consecutive Grand Tours

Winners of three Grand Tours in the same year

No cyclist has ever won all three Grand Tour events in the same year.

Winners of two Grand Tours in a season

Ten riders have achieved a double by winning two grand tours in the same calendar year.

Seven cyclists have won the Tour and the Giro in the same calendar year: [10]

The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [10]

The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [10]

Of the above ten, Pantani, Roche and Battaglin's doubles were their only Grand Tour victories in their careers. Only two cyclists have placed in the top ten at all three Grand Tours in the same calendar year: Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

Smallest margin between 1st and 2nd placed rider

The margins between the winner of a Grand Tour and the runner-up are often narrow, and rarely larger than a few minutes.

As of 2019, there has been 52 Grand Tours with a winning margin less than one minute. The smallest margins are as follows:

RankWinnerTimeRunner-upMarginRace
1Flag of France.svg  Eric Caritoux  (FRA)90h 08' 03""Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto Fernández  (ESP)+00h 00' 06"Vuelta a España (1984)
2Flag of the United States.svg  Greg LeMond  (USA)87h 38' 35""Flag of France.svg  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)+00h 00' 08"Tour de France (1989)
3Flag of Spain.svg  José Manuel Fuente  (ESP)

Flag of Spain.svg  Fiorenzo Magni  (ESP)

86h 48' 18

124h 51' 52"

Flag of Portugal.svg  Joaquim Agostinho  (PRT)

Flag of Italy.svg  Ezio Cecchi  (ITA)

+00h 00' 11"


Vuelta a España (1974)

Giro d'Italia (1948)

5Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)113h 08' 13"Flag of Italy.svg  Gianbattista Baronchelli  (ITA)+00h 00' 12"Giro d'Italia (1974)
6


Flag of Spain.svg  Juan José Cobo  (ESP)

Flag of Spain.svg  Angelo Conterno  (ESP)

Flag of Italy.svg  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)

84h 59' 31"

105h 37' 52"

108h 56' 12"

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)

Flag of Italy.svg  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)

Flag of Spain.svg  Jesus Loroño  (ESP)

+00h 00' 13"


Vuelta a España (1956)

Vuelta a España (2011)

Giro d'Italia (1955)

9Flag of Spain.svg  Augustín Tamames  (ESP)88h 00" 56'Flag of Spain.svg  Domingo Perurena  (ESP)+00h 00' 14"Vuelta a España (1975)
10Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Ryder Hesjedal  (CAN)91h 39' 02"Flag of Spain.svg  Joaquim Rodríguez  (ESP)+00h 00' 16"Giro d'Italia (2012)

The Grand Tour winner with the biggest margin to the runner-up is Flag of France.svg  Maurice Garin  (FRA), who finished the first Tour de France in 1903 three hours faster than the second placed rider. The biggest win margin in the history of Giro d'Italia was in 1914 when Flag of Italy.svg  Alfonso Calzolari  (ITA) won by almost two hours, and the biggest margin seen in the history of Vuelta a España was in 1945 when Flag of Spain.svg  Delio Rodríguez  (ESP) finished with a 30 minute gap to the runner-up.

Most mountains classification wins

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by two riders – Flag of Spain.svg  Federico Bahamontes  (ESP) and Flag of Colombia.svg  Luis Herrera  (COL).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1Flag of Italy.svg  Gino Bartali  (ITA)92 (1938, 1948)7 (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947)0
Flag of Spain.svg  Federico Bahamontes  (ESP)96 (1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964)1 (1956)2 (1957, 1958)
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Lucien Van Impe  (BEL)86 (1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983)2 (1982, 1983)0
4Flag of France.svg  Richard Virenque  (FRA)77 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004)00

Most points classification wins

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by five riders – Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov  (UZB), Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Mark Cavendish  (GBR), Flag of France.svg  Laurent Jalabert  (FRA), Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL) and Flag of Italy.svg  Alessandro Petacchi  (ITA).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1Flag of Germany.svg  Erik Zabel  (GER)96 (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001)03 (2002, 2003, 2004)
2Flag of Ireland.svg  Sean Kelly  (IRL)84 (1982, 1983, 1985, 1989)04 (1980, 1985, 1986, 1988)
3Flag of France.svg  Laurent Jalabert  (FRA)72 (1992, 1995)1 (1999)4 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)
4Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)63 (1969, 1971, 1972)2 (1968, 1973)1 (1973)
4Flag of Slovakia.svg  Peter Sagan  (SVK)66 (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018)00

Most young rider classification wins

The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by two riders – Flag of Colombia.svg  Nairo Quintana  (COL) and Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Andy Schleck  (LUX). The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider – Flag of Colombia.svg  Miguel Ángel López  (COL).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Andy Schleck  (LUX)43 (2008, 2009, 2010)1 (2007)0
2Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Ullrich  (GER)33 (1996, 1997, 1998)00
Flag of Colombia.svg  Nairo Quintana  (COL)32 (2013, 2015)1 (2014)0

Most Grand Tour stage wins

Three cyclists have won stages in all three of the Grand Tours in the same season: Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Miguel Poblet  (ESP) in 1956, Flag of Italy.svg  Pierino Baffi  (ITA) in 1958 and Flag of Italy.svg  Alessandro Petacchi  (ITA) in 2003. [11]

Cyclists whose names are in bold are still active. [12] This list is complete up to and including the 2017 Vuelta a España.

RankRiderCountryTour [13] GiroVueltaTotal
1 Eddy Merckx Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 3424664
2 Mario Cipollini Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1242357
3 Mark Cavendish Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 3015348
Alessandro Petacchi Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 6222048
5 Alfredo Binda Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 241043
6 Bernard Hinault Flag of France.svg  France 286741
7 Learco Guerra Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 831039
8 Delio Rodríguez Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 003838
9 Rik Van Looy Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 7121837
10 Freddy Maertens Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1571335
11 Fausto Coppi Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 922031
12 Costante Girardengo Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 030030
13 Gino Bartali Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1217029
14 Marino Basso Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 615627
Francesco Moser Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 223227
16 Guido Bontempi Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 616426
Raffaele Di Paco Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1115026
Miguel Poblet Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 320326
19 Franco Bitossi Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 421025
Laurent Jalabert Flag of France.svg  France 431825
André Leducq Flag of France.svg  France 250025
Rik Van Steenbergen Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 415625
23 Roger De Vlaeminck Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 122124
Robbie McEwen Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1212024
Giuseppe Saronni Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 024024
26 André Darrigade Flag of France.svg  France 221023
27 Jacques Anquetil Flag of France.svg  France 165122
Jean Paul van Poppel Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 94922
André Greipel Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 117422
30 Charly Gaul Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 1011021
Sean Kelly Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 501621

The rider with the most Grand Tour wins in one season is {{country data BEL]] | country flagbio | name = Freddy Maertens | variant = | size =BEL]] }} who won 20 Grand Tour stages in 1977. After winning 13 (out of 19) stages in the Vuelta a España, he won 7 stages in the Giro d'Italia before abandoning the race with a broken wrist after a crash on the first of the two half-stages on the eight day of the race.

Grand Tour finishers

Only 34 riders have finished all three Grand Tours in one season. Adam Hansen has done this six times, Marino Lejarreta four times and Bernardo Ruiz achieved it in three different years, while Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre have completed the accomplishment twice. [14] [15]

The rider with most participations on Grand Tours is Matteo Tosatto with 34 (12 Tours, 13 Giros and 9 Vueltas). The rider who has finished most Grand Tours is also Matteo Tosatto, with 28 (12 Tours, 11 Giros and 5 Vueltas). Adam Hansen has finished the most consecutive Grand Tours: 20 tours from 2011 Vuelta a España till 2018 Giro d'Italia. The best average finish was the first time three Grand Tours were finished in one season, when Raphaël Géminiani finished 4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta, respectively.

RiderYearFinal GC position
GiroTourVuelta
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (6)20179311395
Flag of Spain.svg Alejandro Valverde 20163612
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (5)201668100110
Flag of France.svg Sylvain Chavanel 2015365447
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (4)20157711455
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (3)2014736453
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen (2)2013727260
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Hansen 20129481123
Flag of Germany.svg Sebastian Lang 20115611377
Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Sastre (2)20108208
Flag of New Zealand.svg Julian Dean 2009136121132
Flag of Italy.svg Marzio Bruseghin 200832710
Flag of Germany.svg Erik Zabel 2008804349
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Mario Aerts 2007207028
Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Sastre 20064344
Flag of Italy.svg Giovanni Lombardi 200588118114
Flag of Spain.svg Jon Odriozola 2001586983
Flag of Italy.svg Mariano Piccoli 1999385058
Flag of Italy.svg Guido Bontempi 1992407562
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Neil Stephens 1992577466
Flag of Spain.svg Eduardo Chozas (2)1991101111
Flag of Italy.svg Marco Giovannetti 199183018
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (4)19915533
Flag of Spain.svg Inaki Gaston 1991236114
Flag of Spain.svg Alberto Leanizbarrutia 1991643944
Flag of Russia.svg Vladimir Poulnikov 1991118866
Flag of Italy.svg Valerio Tebaldi 1991478987
Flag of Spain.svg Eduardo Chozas 199011633
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (3)19907555
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta (2)198910520
Flag of Spain.svg Luis Javier Lukin 1988328260
Flag of Spain.svg Marino Lejarreta 198741034
Flag of France.svg Philippe Poissonnier 1985869066
Flag of Spain.svg José Luis Uribezubia  [ fr ]1971295027
Flag of Spain.svg Jose Manuel Fuente 1971397254
Flag of Spain.svg Federico Bahamontes 19581786
Flag of Italy.svg Pierino Baffi 1958236337
Flag of Italy.svg Mario Baroni 1957745346
Flag of Italy.svg Gastone Nencini 1957169
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz (3)195755243
Flag of Italy.svg Arrigo Padovan 1956122619
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz (2)1956387031
Flag of Spain.svg José Serra 195626819
Flag of France.svg Raphaël Géminiani 1955463
Flag of Spain.svg Bernardo Ruiz 1955282214
Flag of France.svg Louis Caput 1955685455

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