Grand Tour (cycling)

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In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format being multi-week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races, [1] and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days. [2]

Contents

The Giro d'Italia is generally run in May, the Tour de France in July, and the Vuelta a España in late August and September. The Vuelta was originally held in the spring, usually late April, with a few editions held in June in the 1940s. In 1995, however, the race moved to September to avoid direct competition with the Giro d'Italia, held in May.

The Tour de France is the oldest and most prestigious in terms of points accrued to racers of all three, [1] , and is the most widely attended annual sporting event in the world, [3] while the Giro d'Italia is generally seen as the second-most important. [4] [5] [6] The Tour, the Giro and the Road World Cycling Championship make up the Triple Crown of Cycling.

The three Grand Tours are events for men only, and no three week races exist on the women's road cycling circuit. The Giro Rosa, the ten stage Italian road race for women is the only race on the current women's circuit treated as broadly equivalent to a Grand Tour, although the Grand Boucle, the defunct women's version of the Tour de France was in its time given similar status.

Description

In their current form, the Grand Tours are held over three consecutive weeks and typically include two rest days near the end of the first and second week. The stages are a mix of long massed start races (sometimes including mountain and hill climbs and descents; others are flat stages favoring those with a sprint finish), as well as individual and team time trials and non-competitive exhibition and rest days. Unlike most one-day races, stages in the Grand Tours are generally under 200 kilometers in length.

Controversy often surrounds which teams are invited to the event. Typically, the Union Cycliste Internationale (International Cycling Union) prefers top-rated professional teams to enter, while operators of the Grand Tours often want teams based in their country or those unlikely to cause controversy. From 2005 to 2007, organisers had to accept all ProTour teams, leaving only two wildcard teams per Tour. However, the Unibet team, a ProTour team normally guaranteed entry, was banned from the three Grand Tours due to gambling advertising laws. In 2008, following numerous doping scandals, some teams were refused entry to the Grand Tours: Astana did not compete at the 2008 Tour de France and Team Columbia did not compete at the 2008 Vuelta a España. Since 2011, under the UCI World Tour rules, all ProTour teams are guaranteed a place in all three events, and obliged to participate.

The prizes include the individual general classification, the team classification, the King of the Mountains, the points classification, and often the best young rider classification, in addition to other less known classifications. The most contested ones are the individual general classification (general classification in the Tour de France, general classification in the Giro d'Italia, and general classification in the Vuelta a España) ; king of the mountains classification (mountains classification in the Tour de France, mountains classification in the Giro d'Italia, and mountains classification in the Vuelta a España); and points classification (points classification in the Tour de France, points classification in the Giro d'Italia, and points classification in the Vuelta a España). Only three riders have won all three in the same race: Eddy Merckx in the 1968 Giro d'Italia and 1969 Tour de France, Tony Rominger in the 1993 Vuelta a España and Laurent Jalabert in the 1995 Vuelta a España. [7]

It is rare for cyclists to ride all grand tours in the same year; in 2004, 474 cyclists started in at least one of the grand tours, 68 of them rode two Grand Tours and only two cyclists started in all three grand tours. [8] It is not unusual for sprinters and their leadout men, who do not expect to complete each race, to start each of the Grand Tours and aim for stage wins before the most difficult stages occur. Alessandro Petacchi and Mark Cavendish started all three Grand Tours in 2010 and 2011, respectively, as did some of their preferred support riders. For both riders in both years, only the Tour de France was ridden to its conclusion.

Over the years, 32 riders have completed all three Grand Tours in one year. Of these, Adam Hansen is the only one to do so five times. Marino Lejarreta has done it four times, Bernardo Ruiz three times, Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre twice each, and 27 more riders have achieved the feat once.

The only riders to have finished in the top 10 in each of the three tours during the same year are Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

UCI rules

For the UCI World Tour, more points are given in grand tours than in other races; the winner of the Tour de France receives 200 points, and the winners of the Giro and Vuelta receive 170 points, while other races give 100 points at most. [1] The grand tours have a special status for the length: they are allowed to last between 15 and 23 days. [2]

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Grand Tour winners

Year Giro d'Italia Tour de France Vuelta a España
1903started in 1909 France Maurice Garin started in 1935
1904 France Henri Cornet
1905 France Louis Trousselier
1906 France René Pottier
1907 France Lucien Petit-Breton (1/2)
1908 France Lucien Petit-Breton (2/2)
1909  Luigi Ganna  (ITA)  François Faber  (LUX)
1910  Carlo Galetti  (ITA)(1/3)  Octave Lapize  (FRA)
1911  Carlo Galetti  (ITA)(2/3)  Gustave Garrigou  (FRA)
1912  Team Atala  (ITA)(Carlo Galetti (3/3),
Giovanni Micheletto & Eberardo Pavesi)
  Odile Defraye  (BEL)
1913  Carlo Oriani  (ITA)  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(1/3)
1914  Alfonso Calzolari  (ITA)  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(2/3)
1915Not contested due to World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919  Costante Girardengo  (ITA)(1/2)  Firmin Lambot  (BEL)(1/2)
1920  Gaetano Belloni  (ITA)  Philippe Thys  (BEL)(3/3)
1921  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(1/3)  Léon Scieur  (BEL)
1922  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(2/3)  Firmin Lambot  (BEL)(2/2)
1923  Costante Girardengo  (ITA)(2/2)  Henri Pélissier  (FRA)
1924  Giuseppe Enrici  (ITA)  Ottavio Bottecchia  (ITA)(1/2)
1925  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(1/5)  Ottavio Bottecchia  (ITA)(2/2)
1926  Giovanni Brunero  (ITA)(3/3)  Lucien Buysse  (BEL)
1927  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(2/5)  Nicolas Frantz  (LUX)(1/2)
1928  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(3/5)  Nicolas Frantz  (LUX)(2/2)
1929  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(4/5)  Maurice De Waele  (BEL)
1930  Luigi Marchisio  (ITA)  André Leducq  (FRA)(1/2)
1931  Francesco Camusso  (ITA)  Antonin Magne  (FRA)(1/2)
1932  Antonio Pesenti  (ITA)  André Leducq  (FRA)(2/2)
1933  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)(5/5)  Georges Speicher  (FRA)
1934  Learco Guerra  (ITA)  Antonin Magne  (FRA)(2/2)
1935  Vasco Bergamaschi  (ITA)  Romain Maes  (BEL)  Gustaaf Deloor  (BEL)(1/2)
1936  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(1/5)  Sylvère Maes  (BEL)(1/2)  Gustaaf Deloor  (BEL)(2/2)
1937  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(2/5)  Roger Lapébie  (FRA)Not contested due to the Spanish Civil War
1938  Giovanni Valetti  (ITA)(1/2)   Gino Bartali  (ITA)(3/5)
1939  Giovanni Valetti  (ITA)(2/2)  Sylvère Maes  (BEL)(2/2)
1940  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(1/7)Not contested due to World War II
1941Not contested due to World War II   Julián Berrendero  (ESP)(1/2)
1942  Julián Berrendero  (ESP)(2/2)
1943Not contested due to World War II
1944
1945  Delio Rodríguez  (ESP)
1946  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(4/5)  Dalmacio Langarica  (ESP)
1947  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(2/7)  Jean Robic  (FRA)  Edward Van Dijck  (BEL)
1948  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(1/3)  Gino Bartali  (ITA)(5/5)  Bernardo Ruiz  (ESP)
1949  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(3/7)  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(4/7)Not contested
1950  Hugo Koblet  (SUI)(1/2)  Ferdinand Kübler  (SUI)  Emilio Rodríguez  (ESP)
1951  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(2/3)  Hugo Koblet  (SUI)(2/2)Not contested
1952  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(5/7)  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(6/7)
1953  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)(7/7)  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(1/3)
1954  Carlo Clerici  (SUI)  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(2/3)
1955  Fiorenzo Magni  (ITA)(3/3)  Louison Bobet  (FRA)(3/3)  Jean Dotto  (FRA)
1956  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(1/3)  Roger Walkowiak  (FRA)  Angelo Conterno  (ITA)
1957  Gastone Nencini  (ITA)(1/2)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(1/8)  Jesús Loroño  (ESP)
1958  Ercole Baldini  (ITA)  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(2/3)  Jean Stablinski  (FRA)
1959  Charly Gaul  (LUX)(3/3)  Federico Bahamontes  (ESP)  Antonio Suárez  (ESP)
1960  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(2/8)  Gastone Nencini  (ITA)(2/2)  Frans De Mulder  (BEL)
1961  Arnaldo Pambianco  (ITA)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(3/8)  Angelino Soler  (ESP)
1962  Franco Balmamion  (ITA)(1/2)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(4/8)  Rudi Altig  (GER)
1963  Franco Balmamion  (ITA)(2/2)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(6/8)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(5/8)
1964  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(7/8)  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)(8/8)  Raymond Poulidor  (FRA)
1965  Vittorio Adorni  (ITA)  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(1/5)  Rolf Wolfshohl  (GER)
1966  Gianni Motta  (ITA)  Lucien Aimar  (FRA)  Francisco Gabica  (ESP)
1967  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(2/5)  Roger Pingeon  (FRA)(1/2)  Jan Janssen  (NED)(1/2)
1968  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(1/11)  Jan Janssen  (NED)(2/2)  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(3/5)
1969  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(4/5)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(2/11)  Roger Pingeon  (FRA)(2/2)
1970  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(3/11)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(4/11)  Luis Ocaña  (ESP)(1/2)
1971  Gösta Pettersson  (SWE)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(5/11)  Ferdinand Bracke  (BEL)
1972  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(6/11)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(7/11)  José Manuel Fuente  (ESP)(1/2)
1973  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(9/11)  Luis Ocaña  (ESP)(2/2)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(8/11)
1974  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(10/11)  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)(11/11)  José Manuel Fuente  (ESP)(2/2)
1975  Fausto Bertoglio  (ITA)  Bernard Thévenet  (FRA)(1/2)  Agustín Tamames  (ESP)
1976  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)(5/5)  Lucien Van Impe  (BEL)  José Pesarrodona  (ESP)
1977  Michel Pollentier  (BEL)  Bernard Thévenet  (FRA)(2/2)  Freddy Maertens  (BEL)
1978  Johan De Muynck  (BEL)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(2/10)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(1/10)
1979  Giuseppe Saronni  (ITA)(1/2)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(3/10)  Joop Zoetemelk  (NED)(1/2)
1980  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(4/10)  Joop Zoetemelk  (NED)(2/2)  Faustino Rupérez  (ESP)
1981  Giovanni Battaglin  (ITA)(2/2)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(5/10)  Giovanni Battaglin  (ITA)(1/2)
1982  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(6/10)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(7/10)  Marino Lejarreta  (ESP)
1983  Giuseppe Saronni  (ITA)(2/2)  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(1/3)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(8/10)
1984  Francesco Moser  (ITA)  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(2/3)  Éric Caritoux  (FRA)
1985  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(9/10)  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)(10/10)  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(1/3)
1986  Roberto Visentini  (ITA)  Greg LeMond  (USA)(1/3)  Álvaro Pino  (ESP)
1987  Stephen Roche  (IRL)(1/2)  Stephen Roche  (IRL)(2/2)  Luis Herrera  (COL)
1988  Andrew Hampsten  (USA)  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(2/3)  Sean Kelly  (IRL)
1989  Laurent Fignon  (FRA)(3/3)  Greg LeMond  (USA)(2/3)  Pedro Delgado  (ESP)(3/3)
1990  Gianni Bugno  (ITA)  Greg LeMond  (USA)(3/3)  Marco Giovannetti  (ITA)
1991  Franco Chioccioli  (ITA)  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(1/7)  Melchor Mauri  (ESP)
1992  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(2/7)  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(3/7)  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(1/4)
1993  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(4/7)  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(5/7)  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(2/4)
1994  Eugeni Berzin  (RUS)  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(6/7)   Tony Rominger  (SUI)(3/4)
1995  Tony Rominger  (SUI)(4/4)  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)(7/7)  Laurent Jalabert  (FRA)
1996  Pavel Tonkov  (RUS)  Bjarne Riis  (DEN)  Alex Zülle  (SUI)(1/2)
1997  Ivan Gotti  (ITA)(1/2)  Jan Ullrich  (GER)(1/2)  Alex Zülle  (SUI)(2/2)
1998  Marco Pantani  (ITA)(1/2)   Marco Pantani  (ITA)(2/2)   Abraham Olano  (ESP)
1999  Ivan Gotti  (ITA)(2/2)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(1/7) [A]   Jan Ullrich  (GER)(2/2)
2000  Stefano Garzelli  (ITA)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(2/7) [A]   Roberto Heras  (ESP)(1/4)
2001  Gilberto Simoni  (ITA)(1/2)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(3/7) [A]   Ángel Casero  (ESP)
2002  Paolo Savoldelli  (ITA)(1/2)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(4/7) [A]   Aitor González  (ESP)
2003  Gilberto Simoni  (ITA)(2/2)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(5/7) [A]   Roberto Heras  (ESP)(2/4)
2004  Damiano Cunego  (ITA)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(6/7) [A]   Roberto Heras  (ESP)(3/4)
2005  Paolo Savoldelli  (ITA)(2/2)  Lance Armstrong  (USA)(7/7) [A]   Roberto Heras  (ESP)(4/4)
2006  Ivan Basso  (ITA)(1/2)  Floyd Landis  (USA)
  Óscar Pereiro  (ESP)
  Alexander Vinokourov  (KAZ)
2007  Danilo Di Luca  (ITA)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(1/7)  Denis Menchov  (RUS)(1/2)
2008  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(2/7)  Carlos Sastre  (ESP)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(3/7)
2009  Denis Menchov  (RUS)(2/2)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(4/7)  Alejandro Valverde  (ESP)
2010  Ivan Basso  (ITA)(2/2)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)
  Andy Schleck  (LUX)
  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(1/4)
2011  Alberto Contador  (ESP)
  Michele Scarponi  (ITA)
  Cadel Evans  (AUS)  Juan José Cobo  (ESP)
2012  Ryder Hesjedal  (CAN)  Bradley Wiggins  (GBR)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(5/7)
2013  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(2/4)  Chris Froome  (GBR)(1/6)  Chris Horner  (USA)
2014  Nairo Quintana  (COL)(1/2)  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(3/4)  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(6/7)
2015  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(7/7)  Chris Froome  (GBR)(2/6)  Fabio Aru  (ITA)
2016  Vincenzo Nibali  (ITA)(4/4)  Chris Froome  (GBR)(3/6)  Nairo Quintana  (COL)(2/2)
2017  Tom Dumoulin  (NED)  Chris Froome  (GBR)(4/6)  Chris Froome  (GBR)(5/6)
2018  Chris Froome  (GBR)(6/6)  Geraint Thomas  (GBR)

A.  a b c d e f g Lance Armstrong was declared winner of seven consecutive tours from 1999 to 2005. However, in October 2012, he was stripped of all titles by the UCI due to his use of performance-enhancing drugs. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books, rather than transfer the win to the second-place finishers each year. However, in October 2014, the Tour de France resumed listing Armstrong as a previous winner of the tour, but with his name crossed out. [9]

Statistics

Most Grand Tour wins per rider

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)115 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974)5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974)1 (1973)
2  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)105 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985)3 (1980, 1982, 1985)2 (1978, 1983)
3  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)85 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964)2 (1960, 1964)1 (1963)
4  Fausto Coppi  (ITA)72 (1949, 1952)5 (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953)0
  Miguel Indurain  (ESP)75 (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995)2 (1992, 1993)0
  Alberto Contador  (ESP)72 (2007, 2009, 2010 )2 (2008, 2011 , 2015)3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
7  Chris Froome  (GBR)64 (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017)1 (2018)1 (2017)
8  Alfredo Binda  (ITA)505 (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933)0
  Gino Bartali  (ITA)52 (1938, 1948)3 (1936, 1937, 1946)0
  Felice Gimondi  (ITA)51 (1965)3 (1967, 1969, 1976)1 (1968)

Wins by country

Grand Tour general classification wins by country
CountryGiroTourVueltaTotal
  Italy 6910685
  France 636951
  Spain 4123349
  Belgium 718732
   Switzerland 32510
  Great Britain 1629
  Luxembourg 2507
  United States 1315
  Netherlands 1225
  Germany 0134
  Russia 3014
  Colombia 1023
  Ireland 1113
  Sweden 1001
  Canada 1001
  Australia 0101
  Denmark 0101
  Kazakhstan 0011

Winners of all three Grand Tours

Seven cyclists have won all three of the Grand Tours during their career: [10]

Hinault and Contador are the only cyclists to have won each Grand Tour at least twice.

Winners of three or more consecutive Grand Tours

No cyclist has ever won all three Grand Tour events in the same season.

Winners of two Grand Tours in a season

Ten riders have achieved a double by winning two grand tours in the same calendar year.

Seven cyclists have won the Tour and the Giro in the same calendar year: [10]

The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [10]

The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists: [10]

Of the above ten, Pantani, Roche and Battaglin's doubles were their only Grand Tour victories in their careers. Only two cyclists have placed in the top ten at all three Grand Tours in the same calendar year: Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

Most mountains classification wins

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by two riders –   Federico Bahamontes  (ESP) and   Luis Herrera  (COL).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1  Gino Bartali  (ITA)92 (1938, 1948)7 (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947)0
  Federico Bahamontes  (ESP)96 (1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964)1 (1956)2 (1957, 1958)
3  Lucien Van Impe  (BEL)86 (1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983)2 (1982, 1983)0
4  Richard Virenque  (FRA)77 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004)00

Most points classification wins

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by five riders –   Djamolidine Abdoujaparov  (UZB),   Mark Cavendish  (GBR),   Laurent Jalabert  (FRA),   Eddy Merckx  (BEL) and   Alessandro Petacchi  (ITA).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1  Erik Zabel  (GER)96 (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001)03 (2002, 2003, 2004)
2  Sean Kelly  (IRL)84 (1982, 1983, 1985, 1989)04 (1980, 1985, 1986, 1988)
3  Laurent Jalabert  (FRA)72 (1992, 1995)1 (1999)4 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)
4  Eddy Merckx  (BEL)63 (1969, 1971, 1972)2 (1968, 1973)1 (1973)
4  Peter Sagan  (SVK)66 (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018)00

Most young rider classification wins

The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by two riders –   Nairo Quintana  (COL) and   Andy Schleck  (LUX). The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider –   Miguel Ángel López  (COL).

RankRiderTotalTourGiroVuelta
1  Andy Schleck  (LUX)43 (2008, 2009, 2010)1 (2007)0
2  Jan Ullrich  (GER)33 (1996, 1997, 1998)00
  Nairo Quintana  (COL)32 (2013, 2015)1 (2014)0

Most Grand Tour stage wins

Three cyclists have won stages in all three of the Grand Tours in the same season:   Miguel Poblet  (ESP) in 1956,   Pierino Baffi  (ITA) in 1958 and   Alessandro Petacchi  (ITA) in 2003. [11]

Cyclists whose names are in bold are still active. [12] This list is complete up to and including the 2017 Vuelta a España.

RankRiderCountryTour [13] GiroVueltaTotal
1 Eddy Merckx   Belgium 3424664
2 Mario Cipollini   Italy 1242357
3 Mark Cavendish   Great Britain 3015348
Alessandro Petacchi   Italy 6222048
5 Alfredo Binda   Italy 241043
6 Bernard Hinault   France 286741
7 Learco Guerra   Italy 831039
8 Delio Rodríguez   Spain 003838
9 Rik Van Looy   Belgium 7121837
10 Freddy Maertens   Belgium 1571335
11 Fausto Coppi   Italy 922031
12 Costante Girardengo   Italy 030030
13 Gino Bartali   Italy 1217029
14 Marino Basso   Italy 615627
Francesco Moser   Italy 223227
16 Guido Bontempi   Italy 616426
Raffaele Di Paco   Italy 1115026
Miguel Poblet   Spain 320326
19 Franco Bitossi   Italy 421025
Laurent Jalabert   France 431825
André Leducq   France 250025
Rik Van Steenbergen   Belgium 415625
23 Roger De Vlaeminck   Belgium 122124
Robbie McEwen   Australia 1212024
Giuseppe Saronni   Italy 024024
26 André Darrigade   France 221023
27 Jacques Anquetil   France 165122
Jean Paul van Poppel   Netherlands 94922
André Greipel   Germany 117422
30 Charly Gaul   Luxembourg 1011021
Sean Kelly   Ireland 501621

Grand Tour finishers

Only 34 riders have finished all three Grand Tours in one season. Adam Hansen has done this six times, Marino Lejarreta four times and Bernardo Ruiz achieved it in three different years, while Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre have completed the accomplishment twice. [14] [15]

The rider with most participations on Grand Tours is Matteo Tosatto with 34 (12 Tours, 13 Giros and 9 Vueltas). The rider who has finished most Grand Tours is also Matteo Tosatto, with 28 (12 Tours, 11 Giros and 5 Vueltas). Adam Hansen has finished the most consecutive Grand Tours: 20 tours from 2011 Vuelta a España till 2018 Giro d'Italia. The best average finish was the first time three Grand Tours were finished in one season, when Raphaël Géminiani finished 4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta, respectively.

RiderYearFinal GC position
GiroTourVuelta
Australia Adam Hansen (6)20179311395
Spain Alejandro Valverde 20163612
Australia Adam Hansen (5)201668100110
France Sylvain Chavanel 2015365447
Australia Adam Hansen (4)20157711455
Australia Adam Hansen (3)2014736453
Australia Adam Hansen (2)2013727260
Australia Adam Hansen 20129481123
Germany Sebastian Lang 20115611377
Spain Carlos Sastre (2)20108208
New Zealand Julian Dean 2009136121132
Italy Marzio Bruseghin 200832710
Germany Erik Zabel 2008804349
Belgium Mario Aerts 2007207028
Spain Carlos Sastre 20064344
Italy Giovanni Lombardi 200588118114
Spain Jon Odriozola 2001586983
Italy Mariano Piccoli 1999385058
Italy Guido Bontempi 1992407562
Australia Neil Stephens 1992577466
Spain Eduardo Chozas (2)1991101111
Italy Marco Giovannetti 199183018
Spain Marino Lejarreta (4)19915533
Spain Inaki Gaston 1991236114
Spain Alberto Leanizbarrutia 1991643944
Russia Vladimir Poulnikov 1991118866
Italy Valerio Tebaldi 1991478987
Spain Eduardo Chozas 199011633
Spain Marino Lejarreta (3)19907555
Spain Marino Lejarreta (2)198910520
Spain Luis Javier Lukin 1988328260
Spain Marino Lejarreta 198741034
France Philippe Poissonnier 1985869066
Spain José Luis Uribezubia  (fr )1971295027
Spain Jose Manuel Fuente 1971397254
Spain Federico Bahamontes 19581786
Italy Pierino Baffi 1958236337
Italy Mario Baroni 1957745346
Italy Gastone Nencini 1957169
Spain Bernardo Ruiz (3)195755243
Italy Arrigo Padovan 1956122619
Spain Bernardo Ruiz (2)1956387031
Spain José Serra 195626819
France Raphaël Géminiani 1955463
Spain Bernardo Ruiz 1955282214
France Louis Caput 1955685455

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