Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford

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The Marquess of Stafford

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1stMarquessOfStafford.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1755–1757
Monarch George II
Prime Minister The Duke of Newcastle
The Duke of Devonshire
Preceded by The Duke of Marlborough
Succeeded by The Earl Temple
In office
1784–1794
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Duke of Rutland
Succeeded by The Earl Spencer
Lord President of the Council
In office
22 December 1767 24 November 1779
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Chatham
The Duke of Grafton
Lord North
Preceded by The Earl of Northington
Succeeded by The Earl Bathurst
In office
19 December 1783 1 December 1784
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Viscount Stormont
Succeeded by The Lord Camden
Personal details
Born4 August 1721 (1721-08-04)
Died26 October 1803 (1803-10-27) (aged 82)
Trentham Hall, Staffordshire
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)(1) Elizabeth Fazakerley
(d. 1746)
(2) Lady Louisa Egerton
(d. 1761)
(3) Lady Susanna Stewart
(d. 1805)
Children
Parents John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower
Lady Evelyn Pierrepont
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, PC (4 August 1721 26 October 1803), known as Viscount Trentham from 1746 to 1754 and as The Earl Gower from 1754 to 1786, was a British politician from the Leveson-Gower family.

Leveson-Gower family British noble family

Leveson-Gower, also Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, is the name of a powerful British noble family. Over time, several members of the Leveson-Gower family were made knights, baronets and peers. Hereditary titles held by the family include the dukedom of Sutherland, as well as the ancient earldom of Sutherland and the earldom of Granville. Several other members of the family have also risen to prominence.

Contents

Background

Stafford was a son of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower (1694–1754) and his wife Lady Evelyn Pierrepont. His maternal grandparents were Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull and his first wife Lady Mary Feilding. Mary was a daughter of William Feilding, 3rd Earl of Denbigh and his wife Mary King. His father was a prominent Tory politician who became the first major Tory to enter government since the succession of George I of Great Britain, joining the administration of John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville in 1742. Gower was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford. [1]

John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower British politician

John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower,, known as The Baron Gower from 1709 to 1746, was a British Tory politician from the Leveson-Gower family, one of the first Tories to enter government after the Hanoverian Succession.

Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull English nobleman and politician

Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull was an English aristocrat.

William Feilding, 3rd Earl of Denbigh, 2nd Earl of Desmond was an aristocrat in the Peerage of England. He was the son of George Feilding, 1st Earl of Desmond, and his wife, the former Bridget Stanhope, daughter of Sir Michael Stanhope.

Lodge at Lilleshall Abbey, home of the Leveson family after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Lilleshall Lodge.jpg
Lodge at Lilleshall Abbey, home of the Leveson family after the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
Coat of arms of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, KG, PC Coat of arms of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, KG, PC.png
Coat of arms of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, KG, PC

Political career

Stafford was elected to parliament in 1744. With the death of his elder brother in 1746, he became known by the courtesy title of Viscount Trentham until he succeeded his father as Earl Gower in 1754. He built the earlier Lilleshall Hall, converting a 17th-century house located in the village of Lilleshall into a country residence around the late 1750s.

Lilleshall Hall

Lilleshall Hall is a large former country house and estate in the fields of Lilleshall, Shropshire, England.

Stafford was associated with the faction of the John Russell, Duke of Bedford, who was his brother-in-law, and as a member of that faction, called the "Bloomsbury Gang", was given many governmental positions. Following Bedford's death in 1771, Gower became leader of the group, and as Lord President in the administration of Frederick North, Lord North, he was a key supporter of a hard-line policy towards the American colonists. Between 1775-1778, Stafford proceeded to make substantial alterations to his home at Trentham Hall based on the designs by Henry Holland.

Bedfordite

The Bedford Whigs were an 18th-century British political faction, led by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. Other than Bedford himself, notable members included John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich; Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Gower; Richard Rigby, who served as principal Commons manager for the group; Thomas Thynne, 3rd Viscount Weymouth; Edward Thurlow; and George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough

John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford 18th-century British statesman

John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, was an 18th-century British statesman. He was the fourth son of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Howland of Streatham, Surrey. Known as Lord John Russell, he married in October 1731 Diana Spencer, daughter of Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland; became Duke of Bedford on his brother's death a year later; and having lost his first wife in 1735, married in April 1737 Lady Gertrude Leveson-Gower, daughter of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower.

Bloomsbury Gang

The Bloomsbury Gang, also known as the Bedford party, was a political party formed in the United Kingdom in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. The group took its name from Bloomsbury, a district of central London now in the London Borough of Camden.

By 1779, Gower resigned from the cabinet being frustrated by what he saw as the North administration's inept handling of the American Revolutionary War. And when North resigned in March 1782, Gower was approached to form a ministry, but he refused, and he refused subsequent overtures from both Lord Shelburne and the Fox-North coalition to enter the government. Instead, he became a key figure in bringing about the fall of the Fox-North coalition, and was rewarded with the position of Lord President once again in the new administration of William Pitt the Younger. Although he soon exchanged this office for that of Lord Privy Seal, and gradually began to withdraw from public affairs, he remained a cabinet minister until his retirement later in 1794. He was elected F.S.A. on 28 April 1784. In 1786, he was created Marquess of Stafford as a reward for his services. [1]

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America.

William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne British Prime Minister

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne,, known as The Earl of Shelburne between 1761 and 1784, by which title he is generally known to history, was an Irish-born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary in 1782 and then Prime Minister in 1782–83 during the final months of the American War of Independence. He succeeded in securing peace with America and this feat remains his most notable legacy. He was also well known as a collector of antiquities and works of art.

Charles James Fox 18th/19th-century British statesman

Charles James Fox, styled The Honourable from 1762, was a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and who was the arch-rival of William Pitt the Younger. His father Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, a leading Whig of his day, had similarly been the great rival of Pitt's famous father William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. He rose to prominence in the House of Commons as a forceful and eloquent speaker with a notorious and colourful private life, though his opinions were rather conservative and conventional. However, with the coming of the American War of Independence and the influence of the Whig Edmund Burke, Fox's opinions evolved into some of the most radical ever to be aired in the Parliament of his era.

He died at Trentham Hall, Staffordshire, on 26 October 1803. [1] He was the last surviving member of the Bloomsbury Gang. [2]

Marriages and children

Trentham Hall, 1880 Trentham Hall from Morriss Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen (1880).JPG
Trentham Hall, 1880

Stafford married three times. He married firstly Elizabeth Fazakerley, daughter of Nicholas Fazakerley, in 1744. Elizabeth died of smallpox two years later. They had no children.

Stafford married secondly Lady Louisa Egerton, daughter of the Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, in 1748. She died in 1761. They were parents to four children:

Stafford married thirdly Lady Susanna Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway, in 1768. They were parents to four children:

When Lord Stafford died at the age of 82, he was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son George from his second marriage who was created Duke of Sutherland in 1833. The Marchioness of Stafford died in August 1805. [1]

Related Research Articles

Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville British Liberal statesman

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Duke of Sutherland

Duke of Sutherland is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom which was created by William IV in 1833 for George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Marquess of Stafford. A series of marriages to heiresses by members of the Leveson-Gower family made the Dukes of Sutherland one of the richest landowning families in the United Kingdom. The title remained in the Leveson-Gower family until the death of the 5th Duke of Sutherland in 1963, when it passed to John Egerton, 5th Earl of Ellesmere.

Earl Granville Noble title of the United Kingdom

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Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland, styled The Honourable Harriet Howard before her marriage, was Mistress of the Robes under several Whig administrations: 1837–1841, 1846–1852, 1853–1858, and 1859–1861; and a great friend of Queen Victoria. She was an important figure in London's high society, and used her social position to undertake various philanthropic undertakings including the protest of the English ladies against American slavery.

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George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland British diplomat

George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland KG, PC, known as Viscount Trentham from 1758 to 1786, as Earl Gower from 1786 to 1803 and as The Marquess of Stafford from 1803 to 1833, was an English politician, diplomat, landowner and patron of the arts from the Leveson-Gower family. He was the wealthiest man in Britain during the latter part of his life. He remains a controversial figure for his role in the Highland Clearances.

George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland English cricketer

George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland, KG, styled Viscount Trentham until 1803, Earl Gower between 1803 and 1833 and Marquess of Stafford in 1833, was a British Whig MP and peer from the Leveson-Gower family.

George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland British politician

George Granville William Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland KG FRS, styled Viscount Trentham until 1833, Earl Gower in 1833 and Marquess of Stafford between 1833 and 1861, was a British politician from the Leveson-Gower family.

Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland son of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland

Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland,, styled Lord Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower until 1858, Earl Gower between 1858 and 1861 and Marquess of Stafford between 1861 and 1892, was a British peer and politician from the Leveson-Gower family.

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville British politician and diplomat

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville,, styled Lord Granville Leveson-Gower from 1786 to 1815 and Viscount Granville from 1815 to 1833, was a British Whig statesman and diplomat from the Leveson-Gower family.

This is a list of people who have served as Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire.

Sir William Leveson-Gower, 4th Baronet was an English politician from the Leveson-Gower family.

Susanna Leveson-Gower, Marchioness of Stafford (1742–1805), styled Lady Susanna Stewart from 1742 to 1768, Countess Gower until 1786, Marchioness of Stafford until 1803 and Dowager Marchioness of Stafford until her death in 1805, was a British noblewoman, who in 1768 became the wife of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford and a member of the Leveson-Gower family.

Charlotte Sophia Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort, formerly Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower, was the wife of Henry Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Barker 1893.
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stafford, Earls and Marquesses of"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 756.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Barker, George Fisher Russell (1893). "Leveson-Gower, Granville (1721-1803)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire

1755–1799
Succeeded by
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Preceded by
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Senior Privy Counsellor
1793–1803
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Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Marquess of Stafford
1786–1803
Succeeded by
George Leveson-Gower
Preceded by
John Leveson-Gower
Earl Gower
1754–1803
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Leveson-Gower
Baron Gower
1754–1799
Succeeded by
George Leveson-Gower