GrassBase

Last updated
GrassBase
Type of site
Flora
Owner Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Created by
  • W.D. Clayton
  • M.S. Vorontsova
  • K.T. Harman
  • H. Williamson
Website www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html
Commercialno

GrassBase (or GrassBase – The Online World Grass Flora) is a web-based database of grasses, continually maintained and updated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [1] [2]

World Wide Web System of interlinked hypertext documents accessed over the Internet

The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, which may be interlinked by hypertext, and are accessible over the Internet. The resources of the WWW may be accessed by users by a software application called a web browser.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew non-departmental public body in the UK

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. An internationally important botanical research and education institution, it employs 1,100 staff. Its board of trustees is chaired by Marcus Agius, a former chairman of Barclays.

As of 2015, GrassBase was one of the largest (along with GrassWorld) structured datasets for plants. [2] In the January 2016 update, it had morphological descriptions for 11,369 accepted species of grasses and listings for 64,213 botanical names. [3]

Botanical name scientific name for a plant (or alga or fungus) (ICNafp)

A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP). The code of nomenclature covers "all organisms traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants, whether fossil or non-fossil, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds and photosynthetic protists with their taxonomically related non-photosynthetic groups ."

Authorship of the database is credited to W. D. Clayton, M. S. Vorontsova, K. T. Harman and H. Williamson. [4]

Related Research Articles

<i>Bromus bromoideus</i> species of plant

Bromus bromoideus is an alleged species of grass in the genus Bromus. Genetic studies point out that it rather should be regarded as a variant of B. secalinus.

<i>Urochloa panicoides</i> species of plant

Urochloa panicoides is a fodder grass originating in Southern Africa.

<i>Crypsis schoenoides</i> species of plant

Crypsis schoenoides is a species of grass known by the common names swamp pricklegrass, swamp timothy, and cowpond grass. This grass is native to Europe but it is present in most other continents where it was introduced and took hold. This is an annual grass with purple-tinted green stems which forms mats and low clumps near water. It has wide-sheathed leaves and large sheaths that partially cover the inflorescences. The clublike inflorescence may exceed 4 centimeters in length and two in width. It is chunky and purple or purplish-green.

<i>Enneapogon</i> genus of plants

Enneapogon is a cosmopolitan genus of plants in the grass family.

<i>Spinifex longifolius</i> species of plant

Spinifex longifolius, commonly known as beach spinifex, is a perennial grass that grows in sandy regions along the seacoast. It also lives in most deserts around Australia.

<i>Eragrostis dielsii</i> species of plant

Eragrostis dielsii, commonly known as mallee lovegrass, is a species of grass endemic to Australia.

Setaria dielsii, commonly known as Diels' pigeon grass, is a species of grass native to Australia.

Willkommia is a genus of plants in the grass family. The genus has a disjunct distribution, with species native to Southern Africa, South America, and the United States.

<i>Puelia</i> genus of plants

Puelia is a genus of African grasses, the only genus in the tribe Atractocarpeae. It belongs to the subfamily Puelioideae, one of the early-diverging lineages in the grasses, but used to be considered a bamboo genus.

Anomochloa is a genus of Brazilian plants in the grass family, the only genus in the tribe Anomochloeae.

Littledalea is a genus of Asian plants in the grass family, native to mountains in China and neighboring countries. The genus is placed in its own tribe Littledaleae within subfamily Pooideae. The isolated tribe seems to be sister to the tribes Bromeae and Triticeae.

Streptochaeta is a genus of plants in the grass family. It is the only genus in the tribe Streptochaeteae of the family Poaceae.

<i>Diarrhena</i> genus of plants

Diarrhena (beakgrain) is a genus of Asian and North American plants in the grass family.

Guaduella is a genus of African plants in the grass family, the only genus in the tribe Guaduelleae. It belongs to the subfamily Puelioideae, one of the early-diverging lineages in the grasses, but used to be included in the bamboos.

  1. Guaduella densifloraPilg. - Nigeria, Cabinda, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea
  2. Guaduella dichroaCope - Cabinda
  3. Guaduella humilisClayton - Nigeria, Cameroon
  4. Guaduella macrostachys(K.Schum.) Pilg. - Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon
  5. Guaduella marantifoliaFranch. - Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon
  6. Guaduella oblongaHutch. ex Clayton - Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon, São Tomé, Bioko

Lecomtella is a genus of grasses with the sole species Lecomtella madagascariensis, native to Madagascar. It is the only genus in the tribe Lecomtelleae.

Micraira is the only genus of tribe Micraireae in the grass family, native to Australia.

<i>Phleum phleoides</i> species of plant

Phleum phleoides is a perennial grass native to most of Europe, North Africa, and temperate Asia. Culms are erect and 10–70 centimetres (3.9–27.6 in) in height; leaf blades are 5–12 centimetres (2.0–4.7 in) long by 1–3.5 millimetres (0.039–0.138 in) wide.

<i>Melinis nerviglumis</i> species of plant

Melinis nerviglumis is a species of grass known by the common names mountain red top or bristle-leaved red top. The Latin name refers to the veined glume. It is native from tropical to southern Africa, the western Indian Ocean islands, and Indochina. It is cultivated as a garden ornamental due to its colourful purple flowers. The flowers are produced in summer and fade to white as they mature. By this time the seeds can be harvested for new plantings.

<i>Aristida rufescens</i> species of plant

Aristida rufescens is a grass species native to Madagascar and to Mayotte in the Comoros archipelago. It was described by German agrostologist Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel in 1854.

<i>Loudetia simplex</i> species of plant

Loudetia simplex is a grass species found in tropical and Southern Africa and Madagascar. It was originally described as a Tristachya species by Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck in 1841 and was transferred to Loudetia by Charles Edward Hubbard in 1934.

References

  1. Harman, Kehan T.; Clayton, W. Derek (1 January 2007). "Recent Developments in Kew's Grass Databases (Grassbase)". Kew Bulletin. 62 (3): 375–379. ISSN   0075-5974. JSTOR   20443365.
  2. 1 2 Vorontsova, Maria A.; Clayton, Derek; Simon, Bryan K. (2015). "Grassroots e-floras in the Poaceae: Growing GrassBase and GrassWorld". PhytoKeys. 48 (48): 73–84. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.48.7159. PMC   4408733 . PMID   25941449.
  3. "RBG Kew: GrassBase – the Online World Grass Flora" . Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  4. "GrassBase". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew . Retrieved 18 April 2015.