Grassington

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Grassington
Main Street, Grassington.jpg
Main Street, Grassington
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Grassington
Location within North Yorkshire
Population1,126 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE001639
  London 190 mi (310 km)  SSE
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SKIPTON
Postcode district BD23
Dialling code 01756
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°04′16″N1°59′53″W / 54.071°N 1.998°W / 54.071; -1.998 Coordinates: 54°04′16″N1°59′53″W / 54.071°N 1.998°W / 54.071; -1.998

Grassington is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The population at the 2011 Census was 1,126. [1] Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town is situated in Wharfedale, about 8 miles (10 km) north-west from Bolton Abbey, and is surrounded by limestone scenery. Nearby villages include Linton, Threshfield, Hebden, Conistone and Kilnsey.

Contents

The entrance to an inclined shaft at Yarnbury Lead Mine to the north of Grassington. Inclined Mine Shaft Entrace at Yarnbury.jpg
The entrance to an inclined shaft at Yarnbury Lead Mine to the north of Grassington.

History

The Domesday Book lists Grassington as part of the estate of Gamal Barn including 7 carucates of ploughland (840 acres/350ha) including Grassington, Linton and Threshfield. [2] The Norman conquest of England made it part of the lands of Gilbert Tison. But by 1118 Tison had suffered a demotion and his lands returned to the king before being given to Lord Percy. [3]

Originally the settlement was spelt as Gherinstone and also was documented as Garsington or Gersington. The name Grassington derives variously from the Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon and Gothic languages, and means either the town of the grassy ings or a farmstead surrounded by grass. [4] [5]

Grassington was historically a township in the parish of Linton in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It became a separate civil parish in 1866, [6] and was transferred to North Yorkshire in 1974.

Although often described by local people as a village, Grassington was granted a Royal Charter for a market and fair in 1282 giving it market town status. [7] The market was held regularly until about 1860. A change in land use from the early 17th century, when lead mining began to assume more importance, brought some prosperity, but Grassington's heyday arrived during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The opening of the Yorkshire Dales Railway to Threshfield in 1902 brought new visitors, many of whom settled, some finding work in Skipton or in the developing limestone quarries. The Old Hall at Grassington is reputedly the oldest house in Yorkshire, dating from the late 13th or early 14th century. [8]

Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1908. The club continued until the Second World War. [9]

Culture and community

Grassington is the main residential and tourist centre in Upper Wharfedale. [10] [11] Centred on its small cobbled square are shops, public houses, the village museum, small cafes, restaurants and hotels. Grassington Folk Museum houses a collection which tells the story of Wharfedale. [12] It is an independent museum run and managed by volunteers.

The area is popular with walkers, one of the most popular routes is a circular walk that includes Burnsall. [13] Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association, based in Grassington, is a voluntary mountain rescue organisation which rescues people in trouble on the surrounding fells and in caves. [14]

Grassington Festival is a two-week-long annual event started in 1980, with music, performance and visual arts, held in a number of venues around the village. [15]

Every September since 2011, Grassington has held a 1940s themed weekend. Events include war re-enactments, dances and a variety of military and civilian vehicles on display from the period. [16]

In the winter Grassington holds the Dickensian Festival, with period costumes, Christmas activities and commercial selling. [17]

A Yorkshire Dales National Park information centre is on Hebden Road.

Three miles north of Grassington, at Kilnsey, is the glacially carved overhang of Kilnsey Crag.

Grass Wood, an area of ancient woodland including the Iron-Age fort, Fort Gregory (also known as Gregory's Fort), is situated just over 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Grassington. [18] [19] The town was transformed into the fictional Darrowby for the filming of the 2020 television series of All Creatures Great and Small. [20]

Transport

Grassington is served by the B6265, [21] which runs between Skipton and Green Hammerton via Pateley Bridge and Boroughbridge (being a more circuitous route that the A59 road which connects Skipton and Green Hammerton). [22] Buses connect Grassington with Ilkley and Skipton operating a moderate service to Skipton, but only a three-day a week service to Ilkley. [23]

The town used to have a joint railway station terminus with Threshfield on the Yorkshire Dales Railway. The station was located on the west side of the River Wharfe, so it was not actually in Grassington. The line opened in July 1902 but closed down in September 1930 after only 28 years of service. The station remained open to freight and railtour traffic until 1969 when the tracks were removed south as far as the limestone quarry at Swinden. [24] The site of the railway station is now a housing estate, but the Campaign for Better Transport have listed the Skipton to Grassington line as one which they wish to see re-opened to passenger traffic. [25]

Education

Grassington has a Church of England primary school located in the town and there is another primary school in nearby Threshfield. [26] Secondary education is either at the Upper Wharfedale School, which is a non-selective specialist sports college, or in Skipton at Ermysted's Grammar School (boys only) and Skipton Girls High School, both of which are selective. [27]

Electricity generation

In 1909 Grassington received its first electricity from a hydroelectric plant at Linton Falls, which continued to operate until 1948 when the National Grid arrived in the area. In March 2012 a new hydroelectric power plant was opened using the same but restored turbine house, which provides 500,000 kWh of electricity a year, using two Archimedean screws. [28] [29]

Related Research Articles

River Wharfe

The River Wharfe is a river in Yorkshire, England. For much of its length it is the county boundary between West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire.

Wharfedale Valley in Yorkshire, England

Wharfedale is the valley of the upper parts of the River Wharfe and one of the Yorkshire Dales. It is situated within the boroughs of Craven and Harrogate in North Yorkshire, and the cities of Leeds and Bradford in West Yorkshire. It is the upper valley of the River Wharfe. Towns and villages in Wharfedale include Buckden, Kettlewell, Conistone, Grassington, Hebden, Bolton Abbey, Addingham, Ilkley, Burley-in-Wharfedale, Otley, Pool-in-Wharfedale, Arthington, Collingham and Wetherby. Beyond Wetherby, the valley opens out and becomes part of the Vale of York.

Yorkshire Dales Upland area of the Pennines in Northern England

The Yorkshire Dales is an upland area of the Pennines in the historic county of Yorkshire, England, most of it in the Yorkshire Dales National Park created in 1954.

Craven Non-metropolitan district in England

Craven is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England centred on the market town of Skipton. In 1974, Craven district was formed as the merger of Skipton urban district, Settle Rural District and most of Skipton Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The population of the Local Authority at the 2011 Census was 55,409. It comprises the upper reaches of Airedale, Wharfedale, Ribblesdale, and includes most of the Aire Gap and Craven Basin.

Kettlewell Village in North Yorkshire, England

Kettlewell is a village in Upper Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies 6 miles (10 km) north of Grassington, at the point where Wharfedale is joined by a minor road which leads north-east from the village over Park Rash Pass to Coverdale. Great Whernside rises to the east. The population of the civil parish was 322 at the 2011 census, with an estimated population of 340 in 2015.

Kilnsey Village in North Yorkshire, England

Kilnsey is a small village in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the B6160 road, between the villages of Grassington and Kettlewell, near Arncliffe and just across the River Wharfe from Conistone. The village is 12 miles (19 km) north of Skipton and 3 miles (5 km) south of Kettlewell.

Appletreewick Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Appletreewick is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, 12 miles (19 km) north-east of Skipton, 7 miles (11 km) from Skipton railway station and 16 miles (25.7 km) from Leeds Bradford International Airport.

Burnsall Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Burnsall is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated on the River Wharfe in Wharfedale, and is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park.

Conistone Village in North Yorkshire, England

Conistone is a small village in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies 3 miles (5 km) north of Grassington, 3 miles (5 km) south of Kettlewell and 12 miles (19 km) north of Skipton beside the River Wharfe, in Upper Wharfedale.

Yockenthwaite Hamlet in North Yorkshire, England

Yockenthwaite is a hamlet in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Langstrothdale valley in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Yockenthwaite is 20 miles (32 km) north of Skipton and 8 miles (13 km) south of Hawes. The name of the hamlet is said to derive from Eoghan's clearing in a wood.

Hebden, North Yorkshire Village in North Yorkshire, England

Hebden is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, and one of four villages in the ecclesiastical parish of Linton. It lies near Grimwith Reservoir and Grassington, in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. In 2011 it had a population of 246.

Threshfield Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Threshfield is a small village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England with a population of 980 residents, reducing to 968 at the 2011 census. It borders Grassington, Linton Falls and Skirethorns. Nearby villages are Linton, Cracoe, Rylstone, Hetton, Hebden, Kilnsey, and Greenhow.

Linton, North Yorkshire Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Linton is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The population as of the 2011 census was 176. It is to the immediate south, and across the River Wharfe, from Grassington, near Threshfield and eight miles north of the market town Skipton. The green of this small village is set among an old Vanbrugh almshouse, a pub and three stone bridges over its beck. Not far to its north-east, Linton Beck runs down to the River Wharfe at the limestone Linton Falls, there bridged for walkers on a path up the Wharfe's north bank to Grassington.

Grassington & Threshfield railway station Disused railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Grassington & Threshfield railway station was a railway station that served the villages of Grassington and Threshfield, in North Yorkshire, England.

Yorkshire Dales Railway Railway line in North Yorkshire, England

The Yorkshire Dales Railway was a branch line linking the town of Skipton with the villages of Rylstone, Threshfield and Grassington in North Yorkshire, England. There were two stations on the line - Grassington & Threshfield and Rylstone - and a connection via the Skipton to Ilkley Line to Skipton.

Swinden Quarry

Swinden Quarry is 0.62 miles (1 km) north of the village of Cracoe, and 1.9 miles (3 km) south-west of Grassington in North Yorkshire, England. It is owned by LaFarge Tarmac. The former Skipton-Grassington railway line still serves this location, and in railway terminology, the site is known as Rylstone Quarry.

Kettlewell with Starbotton Civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Kettlewell with Starbotton is a civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England.

Burley Hydro Hydroelectric power station in West Yorkshire, England

Burley Hydro Scheme, also known as Greenholme Mill Hydro is a micro hydroelectric scheme installed on the River Wharfe at Burley-in-Wharfedale, West Yorkshire, England. The power output of the hydro scheme is 330 kW with an annual output of 1,400 MWh and is the fourth hydro scheme on the river after the opening of similar power plants at Linton near Grassington, and two further downstream from Burley at Pool-in-Wharfedale and Garnett Wharfe at Otley. All of these schemes have been located on sites previously used to generate power from the water flow.

Linton Falls Hydro Hydro-electric plant on River Wharfe, England

Linton Falls Hydro is a hydroelectric generating power station located on the Linton Falls Weir of the River Wharfe, near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England. The power station is located on the same site as a hydroelectric scheme that was first opened in 1909, but had closed by 1948. The new scheme, which opened in March 2012, uses the original building which is now a scheduled monument.

Lady Annes Way Long-distance path in Northern England

Lady Anne's Way is a 100-mile (160 km) hiking route between Skipton and Penrith in Northern England. The trail is punctuated by houses and towers once owned by the Clifford family, but is named after Lady Anne Clifford who renovated and repaired the buildings in the 17th century. The route goes through Grassington, Buckden, Askrigg, Garsdale Head, Kirkby Stephen, Great Ormside, Appleby-in-Westmorland and Penrith.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Grassington Parish (1170216750)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  2. Dr. Anne Williams and Prof. G H Martin, ed. (1992). Domesday Book a Complete Translation. Penguin Books. ISBN   978-0-14-143994-5.
  3. Dalton, Paul (1994). "2. The Transformation of Yorkshire 1066-1135; Territorial Consolidation and Administrative Integration". Conquest, Anarchy & Lordship; Yorkshire 1066-1154. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 87–112. ISBN   0-521-45098-5.
  4. Dunham Whitaker, Thomas (1812). The History and Antiquities of the Deanery of Craven. Halifax: Edwards and Son. p. 475. OCLC   5824799.
  5. Speight, Harry (1900). Upper Wharfedale. Being a complete account of the history, antiquities and scenery of the picturesque valley of the Wharfe, from Otley to Langstrothdale. London: E Stock. p. 436. OCLC   7225949.
  6. "Grassington CP/Tn through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  7. Bagshaw, Mike (2010). "2. Craven & Wharfedale". Slow North Yorkshire. Chalfont St Peter: Bradt. p. 43. ISBN   978-1-84162-323-8.
  8. "Grassington Hall, Grassington". BritishListedBuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  9. "Grassington & Threshfield Golf Club". Golf’s Missing Links. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  10. "Grassington". yorkshiredales-trail.co.uk. Yorkshire Dales Trail. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  11. "Wharfedale". yorkshiresdales.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  12. "Welcome to the Grassington Folk Museum in Upper Wharfedale". Grassington Folk Museum. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  13. "Walks in Yorkshire". Walks in Yorkshire. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  14. "Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association". uwfra.org.uk. Upper Wharfedale Fell Rescue Association. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  15. "Grassington Festival". grassingtonfestival.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  16. "Grassington 1940s Weekend". grassington1940sweekend.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  17. "About Grassington's Fabulous Dickensian Christmas Fair". grassingtondickensian.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  18. "Grass Wood" . Retrieved 15 November 2008.
  19. "Wharfedale and Littondale landscape character assessment" (PDF). yorkshiredales.org.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  20. Carr, Flora (2 September 2020). "Where is All Creatures Great and Small filmed?". Radio Times. Retrieved 8 November 2020. Notes: While the original 1970s series used Askrigg as its stand-in for fictional village Darrowby, Channel 5 set their sights on Grassington, in the southern Dales. Various period buildings at Grassington were perfect for the show’s 1930s setting, including local pub The Devonshire, which stood in for the exterior of the fictional The Drovers Arms. Local bookshop The Stripey Badger was also utilised in the show for scenes featuring greengrocer’s G F Endleby.
  21. "98" (Map). Wensleydale & Upper Wharfedale. 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN   9780319261965.
  22. "B6265 (North Yorkshire)". sabre-roads.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  23. "Dalesbus Winter Timetable" (PDF). dalesbus.org. October 2016. pp. 16–21. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  24. Wright, Paul. "Grassington & Threshfield". disused-stations.org. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  25. "Re-opening rail lines". bettertransport.org.uk. Yorkshire & Humber: Campaign for Better Transport. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  26. "Grassington Church Of England Admissions". grassingtonprimary.org.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  27. "Secondary admission arrangements for the Craven area". northyorks.gov.uk. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  28. "Linton Falls hydroelectric plant supplies electricity again". BBC. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  29. Rose, Rhianna. "Linton Falls and Low Wood Hydropower Schemes utilising Scheduled Monuments to harbour modern power generation" (PDF). UK Water Projects Ltd. Retrieved 12 April 2012.