Grave, Netherlands

Last updated

Grave
Grave skyline maaskade.jpg
Grave town centre
Grave vlag.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Grave.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0786 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°46′N5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733 Coordinates: 51°46′N5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Lex Roolvink (VVD)
Area
[2]
  Total28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)
  Land27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)
  Water0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (August 2017) [4]
  Total12,395
  Density456/km2 (1,180/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5360–5364, 5438
Area code 0486
Website www.grave.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Grave, June 2015 Gem-Grave-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Grave, June 2015

Grave ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  , formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant. The municipality had a population of 12,395 in 2017. Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

North Brabant Province of the Netherlands

North Brabant, also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, and Belgium to the south. The northern border follows the Meuse westward to its mouth in the Hollands Diep strait, part of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

Contents

The municipality includes the following towns : Grave (capital), Velp, Escharen and Gassel.

Velp, North Brabant Place in North Brabant, Netherlands

Velp is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Grave, about 2 km southwest of the city.

Escharen Place in North Brabant, Netherlands

Escharen is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Grave.

Gassel Place in North Brabant, Netherlands

Gassel is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Grave.

History

The municipality Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place.

This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and Escharen. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.

Grave received city rights in 1233.

Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to Gelderland, spanning the river Maas. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in Operation Market Garden; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant John S. Thompson who commanded the platoon of the 82nd Airborne Division that captured the bridge.

John S. Thompsonbrug bridge in North Brabant

The John S. Thompsonbrug is a bridge over the Maas River between Grave and Nederasselt in the Netherlands.

Gelderland Province of the Netherlands

Gelderland, also known as Guelders in English, is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. With a land area of nearly 5,000 km2, it is the largest province of the Netherlands and shares borders with six other provinces and Germany.

Meuse river in western Europe

The Meuse or Maas is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea from the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta. It has a total length of 925 km.

The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.

Notable people

Mary of Guelders queen consort of Scotland

Mary of Guelders was the queen consort of Scotland by marriage to King James II of Scotland. She served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463.

James II of Scotland Scottish king

James II was a member of the House of Stewart who reigned as King of Scotland from 1437 until his death.

Anna van Egmont first wife of William the Silent

Anna van Egmont was a Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange.

Images

Fish ladder structure that allows fish and other organisms to pass artificial or natural barriers at watercourses

A fish ladder, also known as a fishway, fish pass or fish steps, is a structure on or around artificial and natural barriers to facilitate diadromous fishes' natural migration. Most fishways enable fish to pass around the barriers by swimming and leaping up a series of relatively low steps into the waters on the other side. The velocity of water falling over the steps has to be great enough to attract the fish to the ladder, but it cannot be so great that it washes fish back downstream or exhausts them to the point of inability to continue their journey upriver.

See also

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References

  1. "College" [Board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Grave. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5361CV". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.