Grave, Netherlands

Last updated

Grave
Grave skyline maaskade.jpg
Grave town centre
Grave vlag.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Grave.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0786 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°46′N5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733 Coordinates: 51°46′N5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Lex Roolvink (VVD)
Area
[2]
  Total28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)
  Land27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)
  Water0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (January 2019) [4]
  Total12,483
  Density459/km2 (1,190/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5360–5364, 5438
Area code 0486
Website www.grave.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Grave, June 2015 Gem-Grave-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Grave, June 2015

Grave (Dutch:  [ˈɣraːvə] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant. The municipality had a population of 12,483 in 2019. Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities.

Contents

The municipality includes the following towns : Grave (capital), Velp, Escharen and Gassel.

History

Grave received city rights in 1233.

The municipality Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place.

This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and Escharen. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.

Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to Gelderland, spanning the river Maas. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in Operation Market Garden; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant John S. Thompson who commanded the platoon of the 82nd Airborne Division that captured the bridge.

The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.

Notable people

Mary of Guelders MaryofGuelders.jpg
Mary of Guelders

Nobility

and

Images

See also

Related Research Articles

Year 1455 (MCDLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Arnhem City and municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Arnhem is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of Gelderland and located on both banks of the rivers Nederrijn and Sint-Jansbeek, which was the source of the city's development. Arnhem had a population of 159,265 in 2019 and is one of the larger cities of the Netherlands. The municipality is part of the Arnhem–Nijmegen metropolitan area which has a combined 736,500 inhabitants.

Gelderland Province of the Netherlands

Gelderland, also known as Guelders in English, is a province of the Netherlands, occupying the centre-east of the country. With a total area of 5,136 km2 (1,983 sq mi) of which 173 km2 (67 sq mi) is water, it is the largest province of the Netherlands. Gelderland shares borders with six other provinces and the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Zutphen City and municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Zutphen is a city and municipality located in the province of Gelderland, Netherlands. It lies some 30 km northeast of Arnhem, on the eastern bank of the river IJssel at the point where it is joined by the Berkel. First mentioned in the 11th century, the place-name appears to mean "south fen". In 2005, the municipality of Zutphen was merged with the municipality of Warnsveld, retaining its name. In 2019, the municipality had a population of 47,609.

Hof van Twente Municipality in Overijssel, Netherlands

Hof van Twente is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, province Overijssel. The municipality was established 1 January 2001 as the result of the merger of the municipalities of Diepenheim, Goor, Markelo, Ambt Delden, and Stad Delden.

Doesburg Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Doesburg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Gelderland. Doesburg received city rights in 1237 and had a population of 11,148 in 2019. The city is situated on the right bank of river IJssel, at the confluence of river Oude IJssel. The municipality of Doesburg is part of the Arnhem-Nijmegen agglomeration region.

Harderwijk Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Harderwijk is a municipality and city almost at the exact geographical centre of the Netherlands.

Hattem Municipality and city in Gelderland, Netherlands

Hattem is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. The municipality had a population of 12,173 in 2019. The municipality includes the hamlet of 't Zand.

Lochem City and municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Lochem is a city and municipality in the province of Gelderland in the Eastern Netherlands. In 2005, it merged with the municipality of Gorssel, retaining the name of Lochem. As of 2019, it had a population of 33,590.

Rheden Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Rheden is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands.

Bergen, North Holland Municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Bergen is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Its North Sea beaches make it a popular destination for tourists. In 2001, the municipality was formed from a merger of the former municipalities of Egmond, Schoorl, and the smaller community of Bergen proper that had existed since 1811.

Brielle Municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

Brielle, also called Den Briel in Dutch and Brill in English, is a town, municipality and historic seaport in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland, on the north side of the island of Voorne-Putten, at the mouth of the New Maas. The municipality covers an area of 31.14 km2 (12.02 sq mi) of which 3.59 km2 (1.39 sq mi) is water. In 2019 its population was 17,182.

Charles II, Duke of Guelders 15th-16th century Dutch duke and count

Charles II was a member of the House of Egmond who ruled as Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen from 1492 until his death. He was the son of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon. He had a principal role in the Frisian peasant rebellion and the Guelders Wars.

Montferland Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Montferland is a municipality in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It was created on 1 January 2005 from the amalgamation of the former municipalities of Bergh and Didam.

House of Egmond

The House of Egmond or Egmont is named after the Dutch town of Egmond, province of North Holland, and played an important role in the Netherlands during the Middle Ages.

Mary of Guelders Queen consort of Scotland

Mary of Guelders was the queen of Scotland by marriage to King James II of Scotland. She ruled as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463.

Arnold, Duke of Guelders

Arnold of Egmond was Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen.

Guelders Wars Series of conflicts in the Low Countries

The Guelders Wars were a series of conflicts in the Low Countries between the Duke of Burgundy, who controlled Holland, Flanders, Brabant, and Hainaut on the one side, and Charles, Duke of Guelders, who controlled Guelders, Groningen, and Frisia on the other side.

William I of Guelders and Jülich Duke of Guelders

William was Duke of Guelders, as William I, from 1377 and Duke of Jülich, as William III, from 1393. William was known for his military activities, participating in the Prussian crusade five times and battling with neighbors in France and Brabant throughout his rule. His allies included Holy Roman Emperors, Charles IV and Wenceslaus, Richard II of England, and Conrad Zöllner von Rothenstein, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. During his reign the duchies of Guelders and Jülich were temporarily unified.

Adolf, Duke of Guelders

Adolf of Egmond was a Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen from 1465–1471 and in 1477.

References

  1. "College" [Board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Grave. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5361CV". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.