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Borough of Gravesham
Gravesham UK locator map.svg
Gravesham located within Kent
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Non-metropolitan county Kent
Status Borough
Admin HQ Gravesend
Incorporated1 April 1974
  TypeNon-metropolitan District Council
  Body Gravesham Borough Council
  Leadership Member of Parliament (Conservative)
   MP Adam Holloway
  Total38.23 sq mi (99.02 km2)
Area rank216th (of 317)
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Rank223rd (of 317)
  Density2,800/sq mi (1,100/km2)
87.8% White
8.5% S.Asian
1.4% Black
1.3% Mixed Race
1.0% Chinese or Other
Time zone UTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code 29UG (ONS)
E07000109 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ647740
Kent coat of arms Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg
Kent coat of arms

Gravesham ( /ˈɡrvʃəm/ GRAYV-shəm) is a local government district with borough status in north-west Kent, England. Its administrative centre [1] and largest town is Gravesend, which was known as Gravesham in ancient times.


Gravesham was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Gravesend with Northfleet Urban District and part of Strood Rural District, under the Local Government Act 1972. It borders the Borough of Dartford and Sevenoaks District to the west, the Borough of Tonbridge and Malling to the south, the Medway unitary authority to the east and the Thurrock unitary authority of Essex to the north, via the River Thames.

Gravesham is twinned with Cambrai in Hauts-de-France, France. The present borders of Gravesham parliamentary constituency are almost the same as those of the borough.


Robert Heath Hiscock LL.B., F.S.A., Chairman of the Gravesend Historical Society, in the foreword to his book, 'A History of Gravesend' (Phillimore, 1976) wrote:

"The name Gravesham appears only in the Domesday Book, 1086, and was probably the error of a Norman scribe. It was 'Gravesend' in the Domesday Monarchorum c.1100, and 'Gravesende' in the Textus Roffensis c. 1100. It is strange that this "clerical error" should now have been adopted as the name of the new Council".

Housing and architecture

Housing varies from mid rise to low rise, particularly in the villages. The district has 12 buildings listed in the highest category of the national grading system, Grade I, three of which are private residences:

Cobham Hall, also in the highest architectural category, [2] is a stately home which was formerly the seat of the Earls of Darnley: since 1965 it has been an independent girls' school. Cobham Park is Grade II*-listed which is listed separately in the gardens and parklands category of classification approved by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport; [3] and includes the remains of a Roman villa. [4] [5]

The other Grade I-listed buildings in the borough comprise its ancient parish churches.


See also

Related Research Articles

Gravesend Town in Kent, England

Gravesend is an ancient town in northwest Kent, England, situated 21 miles (35 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross on the south bank of the Thames Estuary and opposite Tilbury in Essex. Located in the diocese of Rochester, it is the administrative centre of the Borough of Gravesham.

Sevenoaks District Non-metropolitan district in England

Sevenoaks is a local government district in west Kent, England. Its council is based in the town of Sevenoaks.

Cobham, Kent Human settlement in England

Cobham is a village and civil parish in the borough of Gravesham in Kent, England. The village is located 6 miles (10 km) south-east of Gravesend, and just south of Watling Street, the Roman road from Dover to London. The parish, which includes the hamlet of Sole Street, covers an area of 1,240 hectares and had a population of 1,469 at the 2011 Census, increasing from 1,328 at the 2001 Census.

Meopham Human settlement in England

Meopham is a large linear village and civil parish in the Borough of Gravesham in Kent, England, lying to the south of Gravesend. The parish covers 6.5 square miles (17 km2), and comprises two villages and two smaller settlements; it has a population of 6,427 increasing slightly to 6,722 at the 2011 census. Meopham is sometimes described as the longest settlement in England although others such as Brinkworth, Wiltshire make the same claim. Meopham is one of the longest linear settlements in Europe, being 7 miles (11 km) in length.

Hartley, Sevenoaks Human settlement in England

Hartley is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. It is located 7 miles south west of Gravesend and the same distance south east of Dartford.

Strood Rural District was a rural district in the county of Kent, England.

Luddesdown Human settlement in England

Luddesdown is a civil parish in the Gravesham District of Kent, England.

Darnley Mausoleum

The Darnley Mausoleum, or Cobham Mausoleum as it is often now referred to, is a Grade I Listed building, now owned by the National Trust and situated in Cobham Woods, Kent. It was designed by James Wyatt for the 4th Earl of Darnley of Cobham Hall according to detailed instructions in the will of the 3rd Earl of Darnley. It was never used for interments. The woodland is part of the parkland laid out by Humphry Repton, and is 1.6 km from the North Downs Way.

Lea, Cheshire Human settlement in England

Lea is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England, which lies to the north east of Audlem and to the south of Crewe. The parish is predominantly rural, but it includes the hamlet of Lea Forge. Nearby villages include Betley, Blakenhall, Hough, Walgherton and Wybunbury.

St Georges Church, Gravesend

St George's Church, Gravesend is a Grade II*-listed Anglican church dedicated to Saint George, which is situated near the foot of Gravesend High Street in the Borough of Gravesham. It serves as Gravesend's parish church and is located in the diocese of Rochester, Kent, England.

Grade I listed buildings in Kent Wikimedia list article

The county of Kent is divided into 13 districts. The districts of Kent are Ashford, Canterbury, Dartford, Dover, Gravesham, Maidstone, Medway, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells, Sevenoaks, Shepway, Swale and Thanet.

Dode, Kent Human settlement in England

Dode was a village in England that was wiped out by the Black Death in 1349. All that remains is the deconsecrated church, which was rebuilt in the 1990s.

Town Pier, Gravesend

The Gravesend Town Pier is located in Gravesend, Kent. It was designed by William Tierney Clark and built in 1834 on the site of the earlier Town Quay. Over 3 million passengers were served between 1835 and 1842, but around 1900, this pier fell into disuse due to the arrival of the railways.

Norton, Buckland and Stone Human settlement in England

Norton, Buckland and Stone is a small rural civil parish 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Teynham and 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the centre of Faversham in the borough of Swale, Kent, England. It is bypassed by the M2 to the south and traverses the historic A2, on the route of the Roman road of Watling Street.

Gravesham Borough Council is the local authority for the Borough of Gravesham in Kent.

Toltingtrough was a hundred in the Lathe of Aylesford in the county of Kent, England. This hundred is called, in some ancient writings, Toltetern and Tollentr, and in Domesday, Tollentru. In the return made of the several knights fees throughout England, by inquisition into the exchequer, in the 7th year of king Edward I, the archbishop of Canterbury appears to have been then lord of this Hundred.

Grade II* listed buildings in Kent

The county of Kent is divided into 13 districts. The districts of Kent are Ashford, Canterbury, Dartford, Dover, Folkestone and Hythe, Gravesham, Maidstone, Medway, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells, Sevenoaks, Swale and Thanet.

Milton Chantry

Milton Chantry is a former chantry chapel in Gravesend, Kent England. It houses the Chantry Heritage Centre, displaying a range of exhibits relating to Gravesend, Northfleet, and the nearby villages. It is within the Fort Gardens and is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.

2019 Gravesham Borough Council election

The 2019 Gravesham Borough Council election took place on 2 May 2019 to elect members of the Gravesham Borough Council in Kent, England. It was held on the same day as other local elections. The Labour Party gained control of the council from the Conservative Party.


  1. Reserved, Gravesham Borough Council - All Rights (1 January 2016). "Home".
  2. Cobham Hall Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000182)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  3. "Gravesham Listed Building Guidance Notes". Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  4. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1012964)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  5. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000182)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 1 June 2014.

Coordinates: 51°24′32″N0°23′56″E / 51.409°N 0.399°E / 51.409; 0.399