Gravette, Arkansas

Last updated
Gravette, Arkansas
Kansas City Southern caboose in Gravette, AR.jpg
This historic Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 pays homage to the importance of the railroad to Gravette's economy and history.
Benton County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Gravette Highlighted 0528360.svg
Location of Gravette in Benton County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°25′12″N94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250 Coordinates: 36°25′12″N94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Benton
Area
[1]
  Total15.31 sq mi (39.66 km2)
  Land15.31 sq mi (39.65 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,217 ft (371 m)
Population
  Total2,325
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
3,304
  Density215.79/sq mi (83.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72736
Area code(s) 479
FIPS code 05-28360
GNIS feature ID0077061
Website www.cityofgravette-ar.gov

Gravette is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census. [3] It is part of the Fayetteville Springdale Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Benton County, Arkansas County in the United States

Benton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,339, making it the second-most populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Bentonville. The county was formed on September 30, 1836 and was named after Thomas Hart Benton, a U.S. Senator from Missouri. In 2012, Benton County voters elected to make the county wet, or a non-alcohol prohibition location.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Geography

Gravette is located in northwestern Benton County at 36°25′12″N94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250 (36.419962, -94.452584). [4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), all land. [3]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Gravette is situated approximately 105 miles (169 km) east of Tulsa, Oklahoma, 41 miles (66 km) northwest of Fayetteville, and approximately 60 miles south of Joplin, MO.

Tulsa, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 45th-most populous city in the United States. As of July 2016, the population was 413,505, an increase of 12,591 over that reported in the 2010 Census. It is the principal municipality of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area, a region with 991,005 residents in the MSA and 1,251,172 in the CSA. The city serves as the county seat of Tulsa County, the most densely populated county in Oklahoma, with urban development extending into Osage, Rogers, and Wagoner counties.

Fayetteville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Fayetteville is the third-largest city in Arkansas and county seat of Washington County. The city is centrally located within the county and has been home of the University of Arkansas since the institution's founding in 1871. Fayetteville is on the outskirts of the Boston Mountains, deep within the Ozarks. Known as Washington until 1829, the city was named after Fayetteville, Tennessee, from which many of the settlers had come. It was incorporated on November 3, 1836 and was rechartered in 1867. The four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 105th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau. The city had a population of 73,580 at the 2010 Census.

Gravette annexed nearby unincorporated Hiwasse in 2012.

Hiwasse, Arkansas former CDP in Arkansas, United States

Hiwasse was an unincorporated census-designated place in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population is 497. It is the location of Hiwasse Bank Building, which is located at Main St., AR 279 and Banks House, which is located on AR 72 west of Hiwasse. Both are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Early history

The historic Kindley House was built in 1873 and added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1988. Kindley House in Gravette, AR.jpg
The historic Kindley House was built in 1873 and added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1988.

The original name of the first European-American settlement at this location was Nebo. [6] The Nebo area is now referred to as Old Town in Chalk Valley and was the earliest pioneer settlement of the community. The settlement was platted in the 1870s by Joseph P. Covey, who relocated to Southwest City, Missouri, in 1881. Ellis Tillman Gravett opened the Chalk Valley Distillery in Nebo and was also the proprietor of a general merchandise store. In 1891, he moved that store west out of the valley to what is now downtown Gravette. Gravette was incorporated on January 27, 1899. By 1910 the population of Gravette amounted to 569.

Southwest City, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Southwest City is a city in McDonald County, Missouri, United States. The population was 937 at the 2010 census, at which time it was a town. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area and is located in the southwestern corner of the state of Missouri.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 447
1910 56927.3%
1920 75432.5%
1930 8127.7%
1940 8656.5%
1950 8943.4%
1960 855−4.4%
1970 1,15435.0%
1980 1,2185.5%
1990 1,41215.9%
2000 1,81028.2%
2010 2,32528.5%
Est. 20173,304 [2] 42.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of 2010 Gravette had a population of 2,325. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 87.8% non-Hispanic white, 0.6% black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 4.1% from two or more races and 4.0% Hispanic or Latino. [8]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 1,810 people, 697 households, and 471 families residing in the city. The population density was 775.1 people per square mile (298.7/km²). There were 773 housing units at an average density of 331.0 per square mile (127.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.87% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 2.10% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 1.05% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 697 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,881, and the median income for a family was $34,844. Males had a median income of $28,571 versus $18,906 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,241. About 11.5% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public education is provided for elementary and secondary school students by the following school districts:

Media and publishing

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gravette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [10] Gravette is the site of the coldest recorded temperature in Arkansas: -29 °F on February 13, 1905. [11]

According weather data tallied between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 2015 for every location in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's official climate database, Gravette, Arkansas, is the snowiest place in the state of Arkansas with an average of 16 inches of snow per year. [12]

Climate data for Gravette, AR
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)77
(25)
88
(31)
92
(33)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
114
(46)
114
(46)
108
(42)
97
(36)
89
(32)
77
(25)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C)47.5
(8.6)
51.7
(10.9)
61.1
(16.2)
70.8
(21.6)
77.8
(25.4)
85.6
(29.8)
90.9
(32.7)
90.8
(32.7)
83.5
(28.6)
72.9
(22.7)
59.9
(15.5)
49.7
(9.8)
70.2
(21.2)
Average low °F (°C)24.9
(−3.9)
28.1
(−2.2)
36.7
(2.6)
46.1
(7.8)
54.4
(12.4)
62.7
(17.1)
66.4
(19.1)
65.5
(18.6)
58.3
(14.6)
47.2
(8.4)
36.5
(2.5)
28.0
(−2.2)
46.2
(7.9)
Record low °F (°C)−24
(−31)
−29
(−34)
−14
(−26)
15
(−9)
24
(−4)
39
(4)
44
(7)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
−21
(−29)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.44
(62)
2.43
(62)
3.78
(96)
4.53
(115)
5.52
(140)
5.17
(131)
3.43
(87)
3.50
(89)
4.37
(111)
3.68
(93)
3.53
(90)
2.68
(68)
45.06
(1,144)
Average snowfall inches (cm)3.3
(8.4)
2.9
(7.4)
2.4
(6.1)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.2
(5.6)
11.4
(29.05)
Source: https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ar2930

Related Research Articles

Avoca, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Avoca is a town in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 488 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Bella Vista, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Bella Vista is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. First established in 1917 as a summer resort destination, Bella Vista has evolved and redesigned itself over the succeeding years. Bella Vista became a retirement community in 1965, and, after much contention and a 2006 vote of its property owners, became an incorporated city. Following its official incorporation on January 1, 2007, the new city government took over the police department, fire department, streets, trash removal and other city functions, while the Property Owners Association (POA) retained control of the many amenities available to homeowners and their guests. Amenities include numerous parks, clubhouses with workout areas, swimming pools, six 18 hole golf courses, one nine-hole golf course, seven lakes with fishing and boat docks, a marina, swimming beach, putt putt golf courses and tennis courts, dog park, softball field, and extensive hiking and biking trails throughout its beautiful Ozark hills.

Cave Springs, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Cave Springs is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,729 at the 2010 census, up from 1,103 in 2000. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Centerton, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Centerton is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. Located west of Bentonville on Highway 102, Centerton has grown from a railroad stop and fruit orchard community in the early 20th century into a suburban bedroom community within the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas (NWA) region. The city's population has grown from 491 in 1990 to 12,861 in 2016.

Decatur, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Decatur is a city, in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,699 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. This town is named after Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr.

Highfill, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Highfill is a town in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 583 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, which serves all of Northwest Arkansas, including the Bentonville–Fayetteville–Siloam Springs–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Little Flock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Little Flock is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,585 at the 2010 census. It is a small, rural community known as one of the safest cities in Arkansas. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lowell, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Lowell is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. Located within the Ozarks, first settlement was along Old Wire Road in the 1840s, and although destroyed during the Civil War, the community was reestablished by J. H. McClure and thrived when the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway came through the area in the 1880s. Today, the city is a growing bedroom community within the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas region. Lowell is also home to the headquarters of trucking company J.B. Hunt. Lowell's population was 7,327 at the 2010 census, an increase of 46% since 2000.

Sulphur Springs, Benton County, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Sulphur Springs is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 511 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Diamond City, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Diamond City is a city in Boone County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 782 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Harrison Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Eudora, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Eudora is a city in Chicot County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,269 at the 2010 census, down from 2,819 in 2000.

Mountainburg, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Mountainburg is a town in Crawford County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 631.

Mammoth Spring, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Mammoth Spring is a city in Fulton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 977 at the 2010 census.

Cushman, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Cushman is a city in Independence County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 452 at the 2010 census.

Calico Rock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Calico Rock is a city in Izard County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,545 at the 2010 census, up from 991 in 2000.

Keiser, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Keiser is a city in Mississippi County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 808 at the 2000 census.

Waldron, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Waldron is a city in Scott County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 3,618 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Scott County.

Barling, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Barling is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 Census the population was 4,649. According to the 2005 US Census Bureau estimate, the population of Barling was 4,367, ranking it eighth in the Greater Fort Smith Area. Barling was incorporated in 1956.

Johnson, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Johnson is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains and is surrounded by valleys and natural springs. Early settlers took advantage of these natural features and formed an economy based on mining lime, the Johnson Mill and trout. Although a post office was opened in the community in 1887, Johnson did not incorporate until it required the development of a city government to provide utility services in 1961. Located between Fayetteville and Springdale in the heart of the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Johnson has been experiencing a population and building boom in recent years, as indicated by a 46% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gravette city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  6. Gravette early history
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Gravette
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. Climate Summary for Gravette, Arkansas
  11. Enloe. "State Climate Extremes Committee (SCEC) | Extremes | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  12. "The Snowiest Place in Each State" . Retrieved 2015-01-24.