Great Yeldham

Last updated

Great Yeldham
White Hart Plus Thirty Years - - 246972.jpg
White Hart Hotel, Great Yeldham
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Great Yeldham
Location within Essex
Population1,841 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TL765385
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HALSTEAD
Postcode district CO9
Dialling code 01787
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
52°00′58″N0°33′46″E / 52.016215°N 0.562706°E / 52.016215; 0.562706 Coordinates: 52°00′58″N0°33′46″E / 52.016215°N 0.562706°E / 52.016215; 0.562706

Great Yeldham is a village in north Essex, England, about 6 miles (10 km) from the Suffolk border. Surrounding villages and towns include Little Yeldham, Tilbury Juxta Clare, Toppesfield, Stambourne, Ridgewell, Sible Hedingham, Castle Hedingham, Halstead and Sudbury (Suffolk). Great Yeldham is situated along the busy main A1017 road (formerly A604) between Braintree and Haverhill.

Essex County of England

Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region.

Little Yeldham village in United Kingdom

Little Yeldham is a small village in north west Essex, approximately one mile north east of Great Yeldham.

Tilbury Juxta Clare village in United Kingdom

Tilbury Juxta Clare is a village and parish in Essex, England. It is part of the Stour Valley North parish cluster. The church dates back to the 15th century and linked to the De Vere estate at this time. The population quoted includes Ovington.

Until 1962 it was served for passenger traffic by Yeldham railway station on the Colne Valley and Halstead Railway line between Chappel and Wakes Colne and Haverhill. The line crossed what was called Station Road at a level crossing. The road has since been renamed 'Toppesfield Road'.

Yeldham railway station was located in Great Yeldham, Essex. It was 62 miles 12 chains (100.02 km) from London Liverpool Street via Marks Tey. It closed in 1962.

The Colne Valley and Halstead Railway (CVHR) was a former railway between Haverhill, Suffolk and Chappel and Wakes Colne, Essex, in England.

Haverhill, Suffolk town in Suffolk, England

Haverhill is a market town and civil parish in the county of Suffolk, England, next to the borders of Essex and Cambridgeshire. It lies about 14 miles (23 km) southeast of Cambridge and 47 miles (76 km) northeast of central London.

The village is where the infant River Colne is joined by a stream from near Stambourne and another that has flowed via Toppesfield. The river flows via Colchester on its 39-mile journey to the sea.

River Colne, Essex river that runs through Essex, England

The River Colne is a small river that runs through Essex, England and passes through Colchester. It is not a tributary of any other river, instead having an estuary that joins the sea near Brightlingsea.

Stambourne village in United Kingdom

Stambourne is a village and civil parish in the Braintree District in north Essex, England. The civil parish population at the 2011 Census was 409. Stambourne's closest neighbouring villages are Ridgewell, Toppesfield, Cornish Hall End and Great Yeldham.

Toppesfield village in United Kingdom

Toppesfield is a village and civil parish in the Braintree district of Essex, England. The village is approximately 19 miles (31 km) north from the county town of Chelmsford, and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west from the village of Great Yeldham. The parish contains the hamlets of Gainsford End and Grass Green.

Great Yeldham contains the "Great Oak", an old preserved oak tree in the centre of the village, which is claimed to have been recorded in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book of 1086.

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

From the 1950s to the 1970s Great Yelham was home to the Whitlock Bros, manufacturers and exporters of Dinkum Diggers (tractors with backhoes and fronthoes, often known these days as 'JCB's). In 1972 Whitlock Bros. was taken over by Hymac, and production subsequently moved to Rymmny in Wales. The Great Yeldham plant closed, resulting in many job losses for the region.

In 1967 Great Yeldham elected a Communist councillor, June Cohen, to the surprise of many in the area.

The land around Great Yeldham is principally used for arable farming and some livestock rearing. From the early 1950s until the mid-1980s Great Yeldham was also known for its apple and strawberry farm called Lark Hill Farm, to which people came from miles around to pick their own fruit.

Related Research Articles

Braintree District Non-metropolitan district in England

Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex, with a population of 147,084. Its main town is Braintree.

Colne Valley Railway

The Colne Valley Railway is a heritage railway based at Castle Hedingham Station, near Halstead in Essex, England. The railway consists of a 1 mile (1.6 km) long running line, with a fully reconstructed station, signal box and railway yard.

Halstead town in Essex, England

Halstead is a town and civil parish in the Braintree District of Essex in England. It has a population of 11,906. The town lies near Colchester and Sudbury, in the Colne Valley. It initially developed on the hill to the north of the river. The name Halstead is said to derive from the Old English hald and stede, meaning "healthy farm", "safe place" or "place of refuge".

Castle Hedingham village in the United Kingdom

Castle Hedingham is a village in northeast Essex, England, located four miles west of Halstead and 3 miles south-east of Great Yeldham in the Colne Valley on the ancient road from Colchester, Essex, to Cambridge.

Saffron Walden (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

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Sturmer, Essex village in Essex, England, United Kingdom

Sturmer is a village in the county of Essex, England, 2 miles (3 km) SE of Haverhill and close to the county border with Suffolk. Its name was originally "Stour Mere", from the River Stour and is explicitly mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. A Tudor illustration of the mere from the summer of 1571 exists in the National Archives. The mere still exists today to the north-east of the village. The village also gives its name to the Sturmer Pippin apple which was raised by Ezekiel Dillistone from 1831, and grown in the orchards of the village.

Sible Hedingham village and civil parish in the Colne Valley in Essex, England, United Kingdom

Sible Hedingham is a large village and civil parish in the Colne Valley in the Braintree District of Essex, in England. It has a population of 3,994 according to the 2011 census. Sible Hedingham lies in the northern corner of Essex, close to both the Suffolk and Cambridgeshire borders. The village covers some 2,123 hectares.

The Stour Valley Railway is a partially closed railway line that ran between Shelford, near Cambridge and Marks Tey in Essex, England. The line opened in sections between 1849 and 1865. The route from Shelford to Sudbury closed on 6 March 1967 leaving only the section from Sudbury to Marks Tey, known as the Gainsborough Line, in operation.

Haverhill South railway station was located in Haverhill, Suffolk. It was a terminus on the Colne Valley and Halstead Railway.

Little Thurlow village in the United Kingdom

Little Thurlow is a village and civil parish in the West Suffolk district of Suffolk in eastern England. Located around a mile north-east of sister village Great Thurlow, and four miles north of Haverhill.

White Colne village in United Kingdom

White Colne is a village and parish in Essex, England, on the north side of the River Colne, opposite Earls Colne, and on the Colchester road, 4 miles East South East of Halstead. It traces its history back to the Domesday book and beyond. There is evidence of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic settlement in the area. White Colne railway station was a station on the Colne Valley and Halstead Railway.

Cornish Hall End village in United Kingdom

Cornish Hall End is on the B1057 road three miles north of Finchingfield and 4 miles (6 km) south of Steeple Bumpstead in the Braintree district of Essex, England. The main part of the village is a ribbon development of about 60 houses on either side of the road with many outlying farms, hamlets and individual houses.

Hinckford (hundred)

The Hinckford Hundred was one of the 19 historic Hundreds of Essex, covering an area of approximately 110566 acres it lies to the north of Essex occupying most of what is now Braintree district.


  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 September 2016.