Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand

Last updated

Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand

Rōpū Kākāriki o Aotearoa, Niu Tireni (Māori)
General SecretaryGwen Shaw [1]
Co-leaders James Shaw
Marama Davidson
Founded1990;29 years ago (1990)
Preceded by Values Party
Headquarters17 Garrett St,
Te Aro, Wellington
Youth wing Young Greens of Aotearoa New Zealand
Ideology Green politics
Political position Left-wing [2] [3]
Regional affiliation Asia Pacific Greens Federation [4]
International affiliation Global Greens [5]
Colours     Green
SloganLove New Zealand [6]
MPs in the House of Representatives
8 / 120
Website
greens.org.nz

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand (Māori : Rōpū Kākāriki o Aotearoa, Niu Tireni) is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. [2] [3] Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence. [7] It also accepts Te Tiriti o Waitangi as the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand and recognises Māori as Tangata Whenua. [8]

Māori language Polynesian language spoken by New Zealand Māori

Māori, also known as te reo, is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand. Closely related to Cook Islands Māori, Tuamotuan, and Tahitian, it gained recognition as one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987. The number of speakers of the language has declined sharply since 1945, but a Māori language revitalisation effort slowed the decline, and the language has experienced a revival, particularly since about 2015.

Green party type of political party

A Green party is a formally organized political party based on the principles of green politics, such as social justice, environmentalism and nonviolence.

Ecology Scientific study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment

Ecology is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment. Objects of study include interactions of organisms that include biotic and abiotic components of their environment. Topics of interest include the biodiversity, distribution, biomass, and populations of organisms, as well as cooperation and competition within and between species. Ecosystems are dynamically interacting systems of organisms, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment. Ecosystem processes, such as primary production, pedogenesis, nutrient cycling, and niche construction, regulate the flux of energy and matter through an environment. These processes are sustained by organisms with specific life history traits. Biodiversity means the varieties of species, genes, and ecosystems, enhances certain ecosystem services.

Contents

The party's ideology combines environmentalism with left-wing economic policies, including well-funded, locally controlled public services within the confines of a steady-state economy. [9] Internationally, it is affiliated to the Global Greens. [5]

Environmentalism broad philosophy, ideology and social movement concerning environmental wellbeing

Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter. While environmentalism focuses more on the environmental and nature-related aspects of green ideology and politics, ecology combines the ideology of social ecology and environmentalism. Ecology is more commonly used in continental European languages while ‘environmentalism’ is more commonly used in English but the words have slightly different connotations.

Steady-state economy economy made up of constant physical wealth and population size

A steady-state economy is an economy made up of a constant stock of physical wealth (capital) and a constant population size, or one where these grow at constant rates. In effect, such an economy does not grow in the course of time. The term usually refers to the national economy of a particular country, but it is also applicable to the economic system of a city, a region, or the entire world. Early in the history of economic thought, classical economist Adam Smith of the 18th century developed the concept of a stationary state of an economy: Smith believed that any national economy in the world would sooner or later settle in a final state of stationarity.

Global Greens international network of Green parties and political movements

The Global Greens (GG) is an international network of political parties and movements which work to implement the Global Greens Charter. It consists of various national Green political parties, partner networks, and other organizations associated with green politics.

The Green Party has co-leaders: one male and one female. James Shaw is the party's male co-leader. The party's female co-leader is Marama Davidson, who was announced as the new co-leader on 8 April 2018.

James Shaw (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician, born 1973

James Peter Edward Shaw is a New Zealand politician and a leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Voters elected Shaw to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a list representative of the Green Party. The party selected Shaw as its male co-leader in May 2015. Following Metiria Turei's resignation in August 2017, Shaw became the party's sole leader for the duration of the 2017 general election.

Marama Davidson New Zealand politician

Marama Mere-Ana Davidson is a New Zealand politician who entered New Zealand parliament in 2015 as a representative of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand and is also the female co-leader of the Green Party.

In the 2017 general election, the Green Party secured 6.3% of the party vote and returned eight MPs. [10] This is down from 10.7% and 14 seats in the 2014 general election. [11] In addition, the Green Party contests local government elections throughout New Zealand, including Auckland where it campaigns under the City Vision banner together with the Labour Party. [12] It is currently the fourth largest political party in the House of Representatives, [10] and has agreed to support the Sixth Labour Government.

2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Principles and policies

The Green Party was founded to counter what it sees as the threats to the natural environment and environmental issues remain its main focus. In recent times, it has expressed concerns about mining of national parks, [13] fresh water, [14] climate change, [15] peak oil [16] and the release of genetically engineered organisms. [17] The party also spoken out in support of human rights [18] and against military operations conducted by the United States and other countries in Afghanistan and Iraq. [19]

Mining in New Zealand

Mining in New Zealand began when the Māori quarried rock such as argillite in times prior to European colonisation. Mining by Europeans began in the latter half of the 19th century.

National parks of New Zealand Wikimedia list article

The national parks of New Zealand are protected areas administered by the Department of Conservation. Although the national parks contain some of New Zealand's most beautiful scenery, the first few established were all focused on mountain scenery. Since the 1980s the focus has been on developing a more diverse representation of New Zealand landscapes. The parks are all culturally significant and many also contain historic features. Tongariro National Park is one of the World Heritage Sites that are of both cultural and natural significance, while four of the South Island national parks form Te Wahipounamu, another World Heritage Site. There are currently 13 national parks; a 14th, Te Urewera National Park, was disestablished in 2014.

Water in New Zealand

Water is relatively abundant in New Zealand due to the temperate climate and maritime weather patterns. In recent years, water pollution and draw-down of aquifers have become important environmental issues.

In its economic policies, the Green Party stresses factors such as sustainability, taxing the indirect costs of pollution, and fair trade. It also states that measuring economic success should concentrate on measuring well-being rather than analysing economic indicators. [20]

Economy of New Zealand National economy

The economy of New Zealand, a highly-developed market economy, is the 53rd-largest national economy in the world when measured by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and the 68th-largest in the world when measured by purchasing power parity (PPP). New Zealand has one of the most globalised economies and depends greatly on international trade – mainly with Australia, the European Union, the United States, China, South Korea, Japan and Canada. New Zealand's 1983 Closer Economic Relations agreement with Australia means that the economy aligns closely with that of Australia. A regional and emerging power, New Zealand has a large GDP for its size and population.

Sustainability process of maintaining change in a balanced fashion

Sustainability is the ability to exist constantly. In the 21st century, it refers generally to the capacity for the biosphere and human civilisation to coexist. Defined also as the process of people maintaining change in a balanced environment, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations. For many in the field, sustainability is defined through the following interconnected domains or pillars: environment, economic and social, which according to Fritjof Capra is based on the principles of Systems Thinking. Sub-domains of sustainable development have been considered also: cultural, technological and political. While sustainable development may be the organizing principle for sustainability for some, for others, the two terms are paradoxical. Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Brundtland Report for the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) introduced the term of sustainable development.

A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures. A failure to pay, along with evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law. Taxes consist of direct or indirect taxes and may be paid in money or as its labour equivalent. The first known taxation took place in Ancient Egypt around 3000–2800 BC.

The party said that if it formed a government in the 2017 election, it would legalise cannabis. [21] It would also "remove penalties for any person with a terminal illness, chronic or debilitating condition to cultivate, possess or use cannabis and/or cannabis products for therapeutic purposes, with the support of a registered medical practitioner". [22]

Structure

Executive

The Executive is the party's administrative body, responsible for the day to day overall administration of the party, instructed by and answerable to the membership, provinces and Conference. [23]

Provinces

A province is a collection of branches which has sufficient sense of common identity defined by natural geographical boundaries. [23]

Branches

Branches are a collection of members with an electorate-based geographical area of responsibility. [23]

Networks

There are a number of identity or interest-based networks across the party. These include:

History

Foundations

Former Green Party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons Jeanette Fitzsimons.jpg
Former Green Party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons

The Green Party traces its origins to the Values Party, [24] the world's first national-level environmentalist party. [25] [26] The Values Party originated in 1972 at Victoria University of Wellington. [24] [27] While it gained a measure of public support in several elections, the then first-past-the-post electoral system meant that the party did not win any seats in parliament. Some of the founding members of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, notably Jeanette Fitzsimons, Rod Donald and Mike Ward, had been active members of the Values Party at the outset of the Green movement in the 1970s.

In May 1990, remnants of the Values Party merged with a number of other environmentalist organizations to form the modern Green Party. This sparked a resurgence of support, with the new group winning 6.85% of the vote (but no seats) in the 1990 election.

The Alliance years

The following year, the Greens became co-founder members of the Alliance, a five-party grouping that also consisted of the Democrats, Liberals, Mana Motuhake and NewLabour Party. [24] The Greens contested the 1993 and 1996 elections as part of the Alliance.

Until the 1995 annual conference in Taupo, the Greens had no elected leaders. At that conference, Fitzsimons was elected unopposed as female co-leader, and Donald defeated Joel Cayford and Mike Smith in a three-way contest to become male co-leader.

With the adoption of the mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system in 1996, the Alliance gained entry to parliament, bringing three Green MPs with them: Fitzsimons, Donald and Phillida Bunkle.

In 1997, feeling that membership of the Alliance had subsumed their identity, the Greens took the decision to stand candidates independently of the Alliance at the next election. [24] While most of the Green party members left the Alliance, some decided instead to leave the Green Party and stay in the Alliance (notably MP Phillida Bunkle). Conversely, some of the Alliance party members who joined the Alliance via other parties decided to leave the Alliance and join the Green Party, notably Sue Bradford and Keith Locke, who both joined the Alliance via NewLabour.

Green Party in Parliament

Former Green Party co-leader Rod Donald. RodDonaldGreenMP.jpg
Former Green Party co-leader Rod Donald.

1999 election

In the 1999 election, the Greens gained 5.16% of the vote and seven seats in Parliament. Jeanette Fitzsimons also won the electorate seat of Coromandel, believed to be a world-first in a first-past-the-post election. [28] However, the final result only became clear after the counting of special votes, so the Greens had a 10-day wait before officials could confirm their election to Parliament. During this time, Labour concluded a coalition agreement with the Alliance which excluded the Greens. However, the party supported the government on confidence and supply in return for some input into the budget and legislation. This led to the Greens gaining a $15 million energy efficiency and environmental package in the new government's first budget. [29] Over the term, the Greens developed a good working relationship with the government and also had some input into policy, notably Sue Bradford's amendments to the ERC legislation.[ clarification needed ][ citation needed ]

2002 election

In the 2002 election, the Greens polled 7.00%, increasing their strength in parliament to nine seats, although they lost the Coromandel electorate. [30] [31] The electoral campaign featured strong tensions between the Greens and Labour. The Greens sharply criticised Labour for its plans to allow a moratorium on genetic engineering to expire, and believing that Labour would require their support to form a government, intended to make the extension of this moratorium a non-negotiable part of any deal. After the election, however, Labour and their coalition partner, the Jim Anderton-led Progressive Coalition, opted to rely on support from United Future, a party with conservative Christian overtones, shutting the Greens out of power.

Although the Greens no longer had any input into the budget, they maintained a close working relationship with the government, and the Greens remained involved in the legislation process. Often the government needed to rely on Green votes in the House to pass legislation not approved by United Future, a conservative family-values party. The government won praise from political commentators for juggling the two diametrically-opposed parties.

While the moratorium on genetic modification has now expired, the Greens remain heavily involved in attempts to prevent any GM releases under the new regulatory framework, and genetic engineering remains a major topic for the party.

2005 election

In the 2005 election, the Greens won 5.30%, returning six of their MPs to Parliament. Despite expressing clear support for a Labour-led government during the campaign, [32] [33] they were excluded from the resulting coalition, due to a refusal by United Future and NZ First to work with the Greens in cabinet.[ citation needed ] They were however able to negotiate a cooperation agreement which saw limited input into the budget and broad consultation on policy. [34] Both co-leaders were appointed as government spokespeople outside cabinet, with Fitzsimons responsible for Energy Efficiency, and Donald responsible for the Buy Kiwi Made campaign.

After Donald's death the day before Parliament was due to sit, [35] Nándor Tánczos took up the vacant list position. [36] The position of government spokesperson on Buy Kiwi Made was filled by Sue Bradford. The co-leader position remained vacant until a new co-leader, Russel Norman was elected at their 2006 annual general meeting. The other contenders for the position were Nándor Tánczos, David Clendon and former MP Mike Ward. [37]

Child Discipline Act

The Child Discipline Act was introduced by Green Party member Sue Bradford. It sought to outlaw the legal defence of "reasonable force" for parents prosecuted for assault against children, and was drawn from the ballot in 2005. It led to widespread debate and accusations that MPs supporting the bill were fostering a 'nanny state' approach. Despite this, the Bill became law after it passed its third reading on 16 May 2007 with an overwhelming majority of 113 votes for and 7 votes against. [38]

2008 election

In the 2008 election the Greens increased their share of the vote to 6.72%, enough for 9 MPs, even though there was a swing throughout the country to the National Party. This initially gave the Greens two extra MPs, but counting the special votes brought in a third. [39] They became the third largest parliamentary party in New Zealand.

Metiria Turei was elected at the 2009 annual general meeting after former female co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons left the party in February 2009. [40] [41]

2011 election

In the 2011 election, the Green Party received nearly a quarter of a million party votes (247,372), equating to 11.06% of the total valid party votes nationwide, earning them 14 seats in the new 50th Parliament. Preliminary results on election night showed them with 10.6% of the vote, equivalent to 13 seats, but special votes increased their support enough to gain an extra seat. [42] They remained the third largest parliamentary party in New Zealand. [43]

2014 election

In the 2014 general election, the Green Party's share of the party vote fell slightly to 10.70%. Despite this, they retained all of their 14 seats and remained the third largest party in parliament.

James Shaw was elected at the party's 2015 annual general meeting over fellow MPs Gareth Hughes and Kevin Hague, and party member Vernon Tava. He succeeds Russel Norman, who resigned in November 2015 to work as Executive Director of Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand. [44]

2017 election

The Green Party announced their final list of candidates for the 2017 election on 30 May 2017, with a number of lower listed members becoming one of the top 14–15 members most likely to enter parliament after the election. [45] During the party's campaign launch on 9 July, the Green Party proposed charging bottling companies a ten percent tax for exporting water with the resulting revenue being split between local councils and Māori tribes or iwi. In addition, the Greens announced that they would ban new resource consents for bottling companies until the establishment of a new comprehensive commercial water pricing scheme. [46]

In July 2017, the Green Party Co-Leader Metiria Turei criticised the populist New Zealand First party and its leader Winston Peters for its alleged racism, particularly towards immigration. [47] Coates also penned an article in the left-wing "The Daily Blog" claiming that the Greens would call a snap election rather than be excluded from a prospective Labour and New Zealand First coalition government. [48] Turei and Coates' comments were fiercely criticised by both Peters and Deputy Leader Tracey Martin, who warned that this would affect post-election negotiations between the two parties. Fellow Co-Leader Shaw later clarified that Coates' remarks did not represent Green Party policy. [49] [50]

On 16 July, in order to raise awareness of the inadequacies of the welfare system, Turei disclosed that she had committed benefit fraud in the past. [51] Turei also advocated raising the domestic purposes benefit for families during the Green Party's electoral campaign. Her disclosure generated considerable interest from the media, politicians, and the New Zealand blogosphere. [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] On 7 August, two Green MPs Kennedy Graham and party whip David Clendon resigned as Green Party candidates due to their disagreement with Turei's actions and handling of the situation. They formally resigned from the Green Party's parliamentary caucus the following day after the Party made moves to remove them "involuntarily." [58] [59]

On 9 August, Turei resigned as Co-leader and as a List MP; stating that the media scrutiny on her family had become unbearable. Co-leader James Shaw will remain the Green Party's sole leader for the 2017 election. [60] [61] Clendon has stated that he would not be returning to the Green Party list despite Turei's resignation. On 12 August, the Green Party Executive declined Graham's application to return to the Party list following Turei's explanation. Leader James Shaw indicated that there was considerable animosity within the Party towards Clendon and Graham for their actions. [62] [63]

On 17 August, it was reported that the Green Party had fallen by 11 points to 4 percent in the 1 News–Colmar Brunton Poll. This could mean that the Party would fall short of the five percent threshold needed to enter Parliament under New Zealand's Mixed Member Proportional system. The Party's sharp drop in the opinion poll was attributed to negative publicity around the Green Party's infighting and the ascension of Jacinda Ardern as leader of the center-left Labour Party, the Greens' nominal ally. [64] [65] By contrast, the Roy Morgan opinion poll placed public support for the Green Party at 9 percent. [66]

During the 2017 general election, the Green Party's party vote dropped to 6.3% with the Party gaining eight seats in the House of Representatives. [10] The Green parliamentary caucus' newest members are Chlöe Swarbrick, who is currently the youngest member of the House, and Golriz Ghahraman, the first refugee member of the House. [67] [68] Following the election results, Party Leader Shaw stated that the Greens would not be seeking a coalition with the National Party. He added that the Party was pursuing a coalition rather than a support agreement with the Labour and socially-conservative New Zealand First parties. [69]

On 9 October, the Greens leader Shaw took part in negotiations with the Labour Party. [70] During the coalition–forming negotiations, NZ First leader Peters turned down Shaw's invitation for the two parties to negotiate directly on the grounds that the Greens and Labour had campaigned together under a memorandum of understanding during the 2017 election. [71] [72]

The Green Party in Government

In October 2017, the Greens entered a confidence and supply arrangement with the Labour Party which gives them three ministers outside cabinet and one under secretary role. [73] This marks the first time the Greens have been in government. [74] Party leader James Shaw was appointed Minister for Climate Change and Statistics and Associate Minister of Finance. Julie Anne Genter was made Minister for Women and Associate Minister of Health and Transport. Eugenie Sage was made Minister of Conservation and Land Information and Associate Minister for the Environment. Jan Logie was appointed Parliamentary Undersecretary to the Minister of Justice Andrew Little with a focus on domestic and sexual violence issues. [75]

As a support partner of the Labour-New Zealand First coalition government, the Greens secured several policies and concessions including a proposed Zero Carbon Act, a referendum on legalizing personal cannabis use by 2020, establishing a proposed Climate Commission, a proposed Green Transport Card to reduce public transportation costs, investing in rail and cycle infrastructure, light rail construction to Auckland Airport, increasing the Department of Conservation's funding, eliminating "excessive" benefit sanctions and the gender pay gap, a rent-to-own-scheme as part of KiwiBuild, and re-establishing the Mental Health Commission. [76]

Local body elections

2013 local elections

In the 2013 local elections, Greens won three city council and two regional council seats in Wellington, [77] a council seat in Dunedin, [78] and also enjoyed success in Christchurch and Gisborne.

2016 local body elections

During the 2016 local elections, Green Dunedin candidate Aaron Hawkins was re-elected to the Dunedin City Council. [79] During the 2016 Wellington local election, four Green candidates Sue Kedgley, Iona Pannett, Sarah Free, and David Lee were elected onto the Greater Wellington Regional Council and the Lambton, Eastern, and Southern Wards of the Wellington City Council. [80] [81] Several Green candidates also contested seats on the Auckland Council, local boards, and licensing trusts during the 2016 Auckland local body elections. [82] [83] [84]

Electoral results

Parliament

Election year# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
Placing# of
overall seats won
+/–Government
1990 124,9156.93rd
0 / 97
Steady2.svgN/A
19931996
Part of the Alliance
1999 106,5605.25th
7 / 120
Increase2.svg 7Supported Fifth Labour Government
2002 [30] 142,2507.05th
9 / 120
Increase2.svg 2Opposition
2005 120,5215.34th
6 / 121
Decrease2.svg 3Supported Fifth Labour Government
2008 157,6136.73rd
9 / 122
Increase2.svg 3Opposition
2011 247,37211.13rd [85]
14 / 121
Increase2.svg 5
2014 257,356 [86] 10.73rd
14 / 121
Steady2.svg
2017 162,443 [10] 6.34th
8 / 120
Decrease2.svg 6Supported Sixth Labour Government

Office holders

Male Co-leaders

Male co-leader James Shaw James Shaw, 2014.jpg
Male co-leader James Shaw

Female Co-leaders

Female co-leader Marama Davidson Marama Davidson.jpg
Female co-leader Marama Davidson

Male Co-convenors

Equivalent to the organisational president of other parties. The Green Party constitution bars co-convenors from standing for parliament. There is always one male co-convenor and one female co-convenor.

Female Co-convenors

Male Policy Co-Convenors

The Policy Co-Convenors are the leaders of the Policy Committee, which is autonomous from both the caucus and the party executive. While lower in profile than the party Co-Convenors, the policy co-convenors are considered to have the same status as the party co-convenors, and are elected in the same way. There is always one male policy co-convenor and one female policy co-convenor.

Female Policy Co-Convenors

Current members of parliament

The Green Party won 8 seats in the 2017 general election.

The MPs are, in order of their 2017 election list ranking:

RankNameTerm in officePortfolios & Responsibilities [88]
1 James Shaw 2014–present
2 Marama Davidson 2015–present
  • Female Co-leader of the Green Party
  • Deputy-Musterer
  • Spokesperson for Housing
  • Spokesperson for Māori Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Disability
  • Spokesperson for Auckland Issues
  • Spokesperson for Sports and Recreation
  • Spokesperson for Pacific Peoples
  • Spokesperson for Ethnic Affairs
3 Julie Anne Genter 2011–present
  • Minister for Women
  • Associate Minister of Health
  • Associate Minister of Transport
  • Spokesperson for Christchurch Issues
4 Eugenie Sage 2011–present
5 Gareth Hughes 2010–present
  • Musterer
  • Spokesperson for Energy and Resources
  • Spokesperson for ICT
  • Spokesperson for Primary Industries
  • Spokesperson for Commerce and Consumer Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Wellington Issues
  • Spokesperson for Economic Development
  • Spokesperson for Tourism
  • Spokesperson for Animal welfare
  • Spokesperson for Technology, Research, Development and Science
6 Jan Logie 2011–present
  • Under-Secretary to the Minister of Justice
  • Spokesperson for Workplace Relations and Safety
  • Spokesperson for Social Development
  • Spokesperson for Te Tiriti
  • Spokesperson for Superannuation
  • Spokesperson for ACC
  • Spokesperson for Community and Voluntary Sector
  • Spokesperson for State Services
  • Spokesperson for Rainbow Issues
  • Spokesperson for Senior Citizens
7 Chlöe Swarbrick 2017–present
  • Spokesperson for Education
  • Spokesperson for Tertiary Education
  • Spokesperson for Broadcasting
  • Spokesperson for Local Government
  • Spokesperson for Arts, Culture and Heritge
  • Spokesperson for Small Business
  • Spokespeson for Youth
  • Spokesperson for Internal Affairs
8 Golriz Ghahraman 2017–present
  • Spokesperson for Human Rights
  • Spokesperson for Immigration
  • Spokesperson for Global Affairs
  • Spokesperson for Trade
  • Spokesperson for Defence, Security and Intelligence
  • Spokesperson for Corrections
  • Spokesperson for Police
  • Spokesperson for Overseas Development Aid
  • Spokesperson for Justice (including Electoral)

Past Members of Parliament

1. ^ Stayed with the Alliance when the Greens left.

See also

Related Research Articles

New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand, first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998 and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.

Jeanette Fitzsimons New Zealand politician

Jeanette Mary Fitzsimons is a New Zealand politician and environmentalist. She was the co-leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand from 1995 to 2009, and was a Member of Parliament from 1996 to 2010.

Metiria Turei New Zealand politician

Metiria Leanne Agnes Stanton Turei is a former New Zealand politician. She was a Member of Parliament from 2002 to 2017 and the female co-leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand from 2009 to 2017. Turei resigned from the co-leader position on 9 August 2017 amid a political controversy arising from her admission to lying to the Ministry of Social Development to receive higher payments when she was on the Domestic Purposes Benefit and later, to being enrolled to vote in an electorate where she was not eligible when she was 23.

Sue Bradford New Zealand politician

Sue Bradford is a New Zealand activist, academic, and former New Zealand politician who served as a list Member of Parliament representing the Green Party from 1999 to 2009.

Deborah Morris New Zealand politician

Deborah Morris-Travers is a former New Zealand politician. She was a list MP for New Zealand First from 1996 to 1999.

Russel Norman New Zealand politician

Russel William Norman is a New Zealand politician and environmentalist. He was a Member of Parliament and former co-leader of the Green Party. Norman resigned as an MP in October 2015 to work as Executive Director of Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand.

Kennedy Graham New Zealand politician

Kennedy Gollan Montrose Graham is a New Zealand politician and former Member of Parliament for the Green Party. He has served in the New Zealand Foreign Service for sixteen years, and lectured at the University of Canterbury and Victoria University of Wellington.

David Clendon New Zealand politician

David James Clendon is a New Zealand politician and member of the Green Party. Following the resignation of Sue Bradford, Clendon became a member of the House of Representatives on 2 November 2009.

Gareth Hughes (politician) New Zealand politician

Gareth Thomas Llewelyn Hughes is a New Zealand politician and member of the Green Party. He took a seat in Parliament as the next person on the Green party list following the retirement of Jeanette Fitzsimons in February 2010.

Steffan Browning New Zealand politician

Steffan John Browning is a New Zealand politician of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. He was elected as a member of the House of Representatives in 2011 and retired in 2017.

51st New Zealand Parliament

The 51st New Zealand Parliament was elected at the 2014 general election. This Parliament consists of 121 members and was in place from September 2014 until August 2017, followed by the 2017 New Zealand general election. Following the final vote count John Key was able to continue to lead the Fifth National Government.

Barry Coates New Zealand politician

Robert Barry Hobson Coates is a New Zealand politician who was a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives as a representative of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand.

2015 Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand male co-leadership election

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand male co-leadership election, 2015 was held to determine the future leadership of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. The election was won on the first ballot by first term List MP James Shaw.

Party lists in the 2017 New Zealand general election Wikimedia list article

The 2017 New Zealand general election was held on Saturday, 23 September 2017, to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. Parliament has 120 seats, and 71 were filled by electorate MPs, with the remaining 49 from ranked party lists. Writ day, i.e. the day when the Governor-General issues a formal direction to the Electoral Commission to hold the election, was set for Wednesday, 23 August 2017. As stipulated in section 127 of the Electoral Act 1993, the writ will set a date by which registered parties must submit a "list of candidates for election to the seats reserved for those members of Parliament elected from lists". Party lists must have been submitted by Monday, 28 August, at noon. On Wednesday, 30 August, the Electoral Commission released details of candidates for election, party lists, and the polling places. This page lists candidates by party, including their ranking on a list.

2018 Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand female co-leadership election

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand female co-leadership election, 2018 is an election that took place between 26 March and 7 April 2018 to determine the future leadership of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand.

The Teal Deal is a hypothetical blue–green political alliance between the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand and the New Zealand National Party. The term Teal Deal is a reference to the medium blue-green colour teal, which combines the political colours that represent the two parties.

Young Greens of Aotearoa New Zealand youth wing of New Zealand Green Party

The Young Greens of Aotearoa New Zealand is the youth wing of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, and a member of the Global Young Greens. The Young Greens represent Green Party members 35 years of age or under. The Young Greens were founded by MP and then Young Green Gareth Hughes in 2006.

References

  1. "Green Party contacts". home.greens.org.nz. Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  2. 1 2 Miller, Raymond (2015). Democracy in New Zealand. Auckland University Press. p. 169.
  3. 1 2 Mazzoleni, Juliet Roper; Christina Holtz-Bacha; Gianpietro (2004). The politics of representation : election campaigning and proportional representation. New York, NY [u.a.]: Lang. p. 40. ISBN   9780820461489.
  4. "Green Parties". Asia Pacific Greens. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  5. 1 2 "Member Parties". Global Greens. 14 October 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  6. Kirk, Stacey (13 August 2017). "Greens relaunch with new slogan, avoiding a painful irony". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  7. Kitschelt, Herbert P. (1 January 1985). "Review of The Global Promise of Green Politics". Theory and Society: 525–533. JSTOR   657226.
  8. "The Green Charter". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  9. "A Sustainable Economy for New Zealand" (PDF). Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  10. 1 2 3 4 "2017 General Election – Official Result". New Zealand Electoral Commission . Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  11. "New Zealand 2014 General election results". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. "Who We Are". City Vision . Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. "NZ Greens Conservation Mining". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  14. "Campaigns: Water". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  15. "NZ Greens: Campaigns: Climate Change". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  16. "NZ Greens: Campaigns: Peak Oil". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  17. "NZ Greens: Campaigns: Genetic Engineering". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  18. "NZ Greens: Campaigns: Human Rights". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 29 June 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  19. "NZ Greens: Campaigns: JustPeace". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  20. "Greens Call For Dinosaur GDP To Go". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 27 March 2000. Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  21. "Legal cannabis in NZ? Green Party offers green light to pot smokers". Stuff. Stuff NZ . Retrieved 1 September 2017. Under [the party's] proposal, people would be able to legally grow and possess marijuana for personal use.
  22. "Drug Law Reform Policy". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  23. 1 2 3 4 "Constitution of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand" (PDF). elections.org.nz. 2016.
  24. 1 2 3 4 Christine Dann. "Greens in Time and Space: The History of The Green Party 1972–1999". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  25. "History | Green Party of Canada". www.greenparty.ca. The first national green party in the world, the Values Party, was started in the early 1970s in New Zealand.
  26. Barry, John; Frankland, E. Gene (2014). International Encyclopedia of Environmental Politics. Routledge. p. 461. ISBN   9781135553968.
  27. O'Brien, Tova (1 June 2012). "Forty years since first green party". Newshub . Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  28. "The History of The Green Party". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  29. "Green Budget Package far reaching". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 15 June 2000. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  30. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Overall Status". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  31. "Official Count Results – Coromandel". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  32. "Greens talk about coalition options". NZCity. 12 September 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  33. "Interview: Jeanette Fitzsimons, Green Party co-leader". New Zealand Herald. 6 August 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  34. "Labour led Government Co-operation Agreement with the Green Party" (PDF). 17 October 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  35. "Greens co-leader dies". New Zealand Herald. 6 November 2006. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  36. "New list MP for Green Party". New Zealand Electoral Commission. 14 November 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  37. "Green Co-Leader announced". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 3 June 2006. Archived from the original on 23 November 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  38. "Anti-smacking bill becomes law". NZPA. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2007.
  39. "Special votes see Greens gain seat, Nats lose". New Zealand Herald. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
  40. "Fitzsimons to Pass Co-leadership Torch in June". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  41. "Turei picked as new Greens co-leader". TVNZ. 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  42. "First deaf MP to join Parliament". New Zealand Herald. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  43. "Official Count". Stuff. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  44. Edwards, Brent (31 October 2015). "Russel Norman quits Greens for Greenpeace". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  45. "Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand List 2017". Green Party of Aoteraroa New Zealand. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  46. Heron, Mei (9 July 2017). "Green Party proposes tighter rules for water sales". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  47. Trevett, Claire (9 July 2017). "Green Party's Metiria Turei 'racist' call riles NZ First's Winston Peters". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  48. Coates, Barry. "Great Together". The Daily Blog. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  49. "Green MP's comments on NZ First the 'height of stupidity' – Winston Peters". New Zealand Herald. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  50. Lynch, Jenna (13 July 2017). "Green MP threatens new election if Labour goes with NZ First". Newshub . Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  51. Green Party. "Mending the Safety Net – Metiria Turei's speech to the Green Party 2017 AGM". Scoop. Scoop Media. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  52. Kirk, Stacey (16 July 2017). "Benefit raise, tax cuts for poorest and hikes for wealthy in new Greens policy". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  53. "'We can never condone breaking the rules' – Andrew Little won't support Metiria Turei's stance of not condemning benefit fraudsters". 1 News. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  54. Soper, Barry (25 July 2017). "Metiria Turei vs Barry Soper: Listen to heated debate". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  55. Gower, Patrick (26 July 2017). "Patrick Gower: Metiria Turei's political fraud is ripping off the New Zealand public". Newshub. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  56. Trotter, Chris. "Sins Of Admission – critiquing John Armstrong's attack on Metiria". The Daily Blog. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  57. Bradbury, Martyn. "The importance of what Metiria has done and why we should all support her". The Daily Blog. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  58. "Rogue Green MPs withdraw from caucus – party 'united' behind co-leader Metiria Turei". Stuff.co.nz. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  59. "Joint Statement David Clendon and Kennedy Graham". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017 via Scoop.co.nz.
  60. Davison, Isaac (9 August 2017). "Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei resigns". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  61. "Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei resigns". Radio New Zealand. 9 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  62. "David Clendon not planning return to Green Party list". TVNZ. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  63. "Kennedy Graham denied Green candidacy". Radio New Zealand. 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  64. Small, Vernon (17 August 2017). "Green Party out of Parliament, Labour surges in new poll". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  65. "Greens could be out of Parliament, poll reveals". Newshub. 17 August 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  66. Keall, Chris (19 August 2017). "Roy Morgan poll better news for Greens". National Business Review . Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  67. Flahive, Brad (24 September 2017). "Chloe Swarbrick set to become New Zealand's youngest MP in 42 years". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  68. "Meet Golriz Ghahraman, the Green Party's newest Member of Parliament". The New Zealand Herald . 7 October 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  69. Davison, Isaac (24 September 2017). "Green Party leader James Shaw rules out contacting National". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  70. "'I know it's frustrating'- James Shaw leaves media without answers following Labour talks". 1 News. 9 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  71. Chang, Derek (10 October 2017). "Winston Peters dismisses idea of meeting with Greens" . Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  72. "Rub of the Greens: Winston Peters heaps scorn on Labour's partner". New Zealand Herald. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  73. Greens set to enter confidence and supply deal
  74. Roy, Eleanor Ainge. "Jacinda Ardern to be New Zealand's next PM after Labour coalition deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  75. "Ministerial List". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet . Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  76. "NZ First, Green Party, Labour coalition deals revealed". Stuff.co.nz. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  77. "2013 election results". Greater Wellington Regional Council . Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  78. "2013 Dunedin City Council Final Results". Dunedin City Council . Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  79. "Dunedin City Council Final Results – 2016 Triennial Elections". Dunedin City Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  80. "2016 Triennial Elections" (PDF). Greater Wellington Regional Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  81. "Wellington City Council 2016 Triennial Elections" (PDF). Wellington City Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  82. "Ward Councillors" (PDF). Auckland Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  83. "Local board members" (PDF). Auckland Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  84. "Licensing trusts" (PDF). Auckland Council . Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  85. New Zealand Electoral Commission (17 December 2011). "Official Count Results – Overall Status". Electionresults.org.nz. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  86. "Election Results – Overall Status". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  87. "James Shaw named Greens new co-leader". The New Zealand Herald . 30 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  88. "Our People". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 17 November 2017.