Greenwich Street

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Coordinates: 40°43′18.96″N74°0′35.44″W / 40.7219333°N 74.0098444°W / 40.7219333; -74.0098444

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

Contents

Looking south from near North Moore Street Greenwich Street Tribeca.JPG
Looking south from near North Moore Street
753-57 Greenwich Street at West 11th Street 753-757 Greenwich Street.jpg
753-57 Greenwich Street at West 11th Street
The corner of Greenwich and Barclay, facing East, near the destroyed World Trade Center after the September 11 attacks in 2001 LOC unattributed Ground Zero photos, September 11, 2001 - item 064.jpg
The corner of Greenwich and Barclay, facing East, near the destroyed World Trade Center after the September 11 attacks in 2001

Greenwich Street is a north-south street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It extends from the intersection of Ninth Avenue and Gansevoort Street in the Meatpacking District at its northernmost end to its southern end at Battery Park.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Ninth Avenue (Manhattan) North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Ninth Avenue, known as Columbus Avenue between West 59th and 110th Streets, is a thoroughfare on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City. Traffic runs downtown (southbound) along the full stretch from Chelsea to the Upper West Side, except for the lowermost three blocks where traffic runs northbound carrying traffic from Greenwich Street.

Main east-west streets crossed include, from north to south, Christopher Street, Houston Street, Canal Street, and Chambers Street. Greenwich Street travels through the Meatpacking District, the West Village, Hudson Square, and Tribeca. North of Canal Street, traffic travels northbound on Greenwich Street; south of Canal Street, it travels southbound.

Canal Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Canal Street is a major east–west street in Lower Manhattan, New York City, running from East Broadway between Essex and Jefferson Streets in the east, to West Street between Watts and Spring Streets in the west. It runs through the neighborhood of Chinatown, and forms the southern boundaries of SoHo and Little Italy as well as the northern boundary of Tribeca. The street acts as a major connector between Jersey City, New Jersey, via the Holland Tunnel (I-78), and Brooklyn in New York City via the Manhattan Bridge. It is a two-way street for most of its length – from West Street to the Manhattan Bridge – with two unidirectional stretches between Forsyth Street and the Manhattan Bridge.

Chambers Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Chambers Street is a two-way street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.

Meatpacking District, Manhattan neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan

The Meatpacking District is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan that runs roughly from West 14th Street south to Gansevoort Street, and from the Hudson River east to Hudson Street. The Meatpacking Business Improvement District extends further north to West 17th Street, east to Eighth Avenue, and south to Horatio Street.

History

The earliest documentation of Greenwich Street came in the 1790s, when it ran parallel to the Hudson River. At that time it was called 'Road to Greenwich', as it was the only continuous road from Lower Manhattan to Greenwich Village other than Broadway.

Hudson River river in New York State, draining into the Atlantic at New York City

The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States. The river originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York, flows southward through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City. It eventually drains into the Atlantic Ocean at New York Harbor. The river serves as a political boundary between the states of New Jersey and New York at its southern end. Further north, it marks local boundaries between several New York counties. The lower half of the river is a tidal estuary, deeper than the body of water into which it flows, occupying the Hudson Fjord, an inlet which formed during the most recent period of North American glaciation, estimated at 26,000 to 13,300 years ago. Tidal waters influence the Hudson's flow from as far north as the city of Troy.

Greenwich Village Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Manhattan, New York City, within Lower Manhattan. Broadly, Greenwich Village is bounded by 14th Street to the north, Broadway to the east, Houston Street to the south, and the Hudson River to the west. Greenwich Village also contains several subsections, including the West Village west of Seventh Avenue and the Meatpacking District in the northwest corner of Greenwich Village.

Broadway (Manhattan) Avenue in New York

Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York. Broadway runs from State Street at Bowling Green for 13 mi (21 km) through the borough of Manhattan and 2 mi (3.2 km) through the Bronx, exiting north from the city to run an additional 18 mi (29 km) through the municipalities of Yonkers, Hastings-On-Hudson, Dobbs Ferry, Irvington, and Tarrytown, and terminating north of Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County.

By the late 18th century, lower Greenwich Street had become part of one of the most fashionable residential neighborhoods in the city, lined with four-story Federal-style mansions, although upper Greenwich street was home to artisans, shopkeepers and an enclave of free blacks. [1] Greenwich Street still maintained its status as a choice address in 1820, [2] but by the 1850s, the wealthy residents had fled uptown, and private residences on the street became unusual. One who stayed for a time was hotel owner Amos Eno, who left once he was "surrounded by immigrant boarding houses," according to his daughter. [3] In 1873, the Butter and Cheese Exchange opened on the street, not far from where dairy products arrived daily at the freight railroad terminals. [4] By 1882, a steam generation plant of the New York Steam Company was located at Greenwich and Dey Streets. [5]

Amos Eno American merchant

Amos Richards Eno was an American real estate investor and capitalist in New York City. He built the Fifth Avenue Hotel and many other developments on the streets of Broadway and Fifth Avenue, where he established a prominent family fortune of 20 to 40 million U.S dollars.

In the early 19th century, circus impresario John Bill Ricketts opened his "New Amphitheatre" on Greenwich streets, designed by Joseph-François Mangin, where sell-out crowds watched his "Equestrian Circus" which featured "clowns, tightrope walkers, tumblers, acrobatic riders, mounted Indians and fireworks." [6] This continued a tradition for the area, as 150 years earlier "Vauxhall Gardens", which boasted a wax museum and fireworks and served afternoon teas, was put up by Samuel Fraunces, of Fraunces Tavern, near the present corner of Greenwich and Warren Streets. [7]

Joseph-François Mangin was born on June 10, 1758 in Dompaire, in the Vosges region of France. He was a French-American architect who is noted for designing New York City Hall and St. Patrick's Old Cathedral in New York City.

Samuel Fraunces American restaurateur

Samuel Fraunces was an American restaurateur and the owner/operator of Fraunces Tavern in New York City. During the Revolutionary War, he provided for prisoners held during the seven-year British occupation of New York City (1776-1783), and claimed to have been a spy for the American side. At the end of the war, it was at Fraunces Tavern that General George Washington said farewell to his officers. Fraunces later served as steward of Washington's presidential household in New York City (1789–1790) and Philadelphia (1791–1794).

Fraunces Tavern tavern, restaurant and museum in Manhattan, New York

Fraunces Tavern is a landmark museum and restaurant in New York City, situated at 54 Pearl Street at the corner of Broad Street. The location played a prominent role in history before, during and after the American Revolution, serving as a headquarters for George Washington, a venue for peace negotiations with the British, and housing federal offices in the Early Republic. It has been owned since 1904 by Sons of the Revolution in the State of New York Inc., which carried out a major conjectural reconstruction, and claim it is Manhattan's oldest surviving building. The museum interprets the building and its history, along with varied exhibitions of art and artifacts. The tavern is a tourist site and a part of the American Whiskey Trail and the New York Freedom Trail.

In 1824, painter Thomas Cole, who had arrived in the U.S. in 1818, maintained his residence in a garret on Greenwich Street, exhibiting his paintings in local shops. [8] Poet and writer Edgar Allan Poe lived in a boardinghouse on the street briefly between 1844 and 1845, but did not like the neighborhood, complaining of dirty streets and the noise made by clam-and-catfish vendors. [9]

Also located on Greenwich Street in the mid-1800s was one of the many outlets of "Madame Restell", actually Ann Lohman, who sold pills for aborting unwanted pregnancies. The Greenwich Street location doubled as a lying-in facility for women who wanted to bear their child. In 1846 an angry mob, riled up by Restell's competitors and false claims of murder, descended on her Greenwich Street headquarters and attempted to evict her from the city; 40 policemen restored order. Restell, who got rich running her enterprises, was arrested a number of times, but was able to buy her way out of trouble, and eventually built a mansion at Fifth Avenue and 52nd Street. [10]

In 1867, engineer Charles T. Harvey managed to get permission from the New York State Legislature to build a short stretch of elevated track as an experiment. Located on Greenwich Street north of Battery Place, the half-mile single-track set-up, which had two stationary engines at each end, attached by cables to a car which the motors shuttled back and forth, was ready for testing by June 1868. Harvey himself went bankrupt in the Black Friday of 1869 caused by the speculations of Jay Gould and James Fisk, but the company he set up went through a number of reorganizations and emerged in 1872 as the New York Elevated Railway Company, which utilized steam locomotives to pull cars on a single elevated track that ran up Greenwich and Ninth Avenue to 30th Street, where a connection could be made at the terminal of the Hudson River Railroad. [11] Eventually, this would become the Ninth Avenue El, which was demolished in 1940.

At the current location of the World Trade Center site, Greenwich Street once ran through a neighborhood called Radio Row, which specialized in selling radio parts. The neighborhood was demolished in 1962, when the area was condemned to make way for the construction of the World Trade Center. [12] After the World Trade Center was destroyed in the September 11 attacks, the public supported rebuilding a street grid through the World Trade Center site. [13] [14] [15] It was ultimately decided to rebuild Cortlandt, Fulton, and Greenwich Streets, which had been destroyed during the original World Trade Center's construction. [14]

Etymology

Both Greenwich Street originally called Greenwich Road [16] and Greenwich Avenue, with which it is sometimes confused, derive their names from the formerly independent country village of Greenwich, which was subsumed by New York City as the city grew northward. "Greenwich" means "Green village", with the "wich" derived from Latin vicus through Saxon wick. Of the two roads, Greenwich Street was the shorter, more scenic and popular [16] route to the village, but often flooded [17] until the 19th century, when landfill moved the river's edge farther away. [16]

Transportation

Subway

The IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line runs under Greenwich Street from Vesey Street south to its end. The Cortlandt Street and Rector Street stations ( 1 train) serve it directly. Other subway stations serve Greenwich Street from nearby. These include (from north to south) the 14th Street–Eighth Avenue station ( A , C , E , and L trains); the Christopher Street–Sheridan Square (local), Houston Street (local), Canal Street (local), Franklin Street (local) and Chambers Street (express) stations on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line ( 1 , 2 , and 3 trains); and the Chambers Street–World Trade Center station ( A , C , and E trains). [18]

The Christopher Street PATH train station (HOB–33, JSQ–33, and JSQ–33 (via HOB) trains) is located on Christopher Street just east of Greenwich Street. [19] The World Trade Center PATH station (NWK–WTC and HOB–WTC trains) is located at Vesey and Greenwich Streets. [20]

The World Trade Center Transportation Hub, located between Greenwich and Church Streets, connects the five stations at the World Trade Center site ( 2 , 3 , A , C , E , N , R , and W trains, as well as PATH trains). [20] [21] The combined station connects via the Dey Street Passageway with the Fulton Center ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , A , C , J , and Z trains). [22]

Bus

The uptown M11 bus travels on Greenwich Street from Bethune Street to Gansevoort Street. [23]

Two buses intersect with, but do not stop on, the street:

See also

Related Research Articles

World Trade Center site Grounds of the World Trade Center in New York City

The World Trade Center site, formerly referred to as "Ground Zero" or "the Pile" immediately after the September 11 attacks, is a 14.6-acre (5.9 ha) area in Lower Manhattan in New York City. The site is bounded by Vesey Street to the north, the West Side Highway to the west, Liberty Street to the south, and Church Street to the east. The Port Authority owns the site's land. The previous World Trade Center complex stood on the site until it was destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

PATH (rail system) Public rapid transit system connecting communities in New Jersey with Manhattan

Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) is a rapid transit system connecting the metropolitan northern New Jersey cities of Newark, Harrison, Hoboken, and Jersey City with the lower and midtown in New York City. The PATH is operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. PATH trains run around the clock year round; four lines operate during the daytime on weekdays, while two operate during weekends, late nights, and holidays.

14th Street may refer to several locations in the United States:

23rd Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

23rd Street is a broad thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Manhattan, one of the major two-way, east-west streets in the borough's grid. As with Manhattan's other "crosstown" streets, it is divided into its east and west sections at Fifth Avenue. The street runs from Avenue C and FDR Drive in the east to Eleventh Avenue in the west.

Sixth Avenue North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Sixth Avenue – officially Avenue of the Americas, although this name is seldom used by New Yorkers – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown". It is commercial for much of its length.

34th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

34th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs the width of Manhattan Island from West Side Highway on the West Side to the FDR Drive on the East Side. 34th Street is used as a crosstown artery between New Jersey to the west and Queens to the east, connecting the Lincoln Tunnel to New Jersey with the Queens Midtown Tunnel to Long Island.

WTC Cortlandt station New York City Subway station in Manhattan

WTC Cortlandt, additionally signed as World Trade Center on walls and formerly known as Cortlandt Street and Cortlandt Street–World Trade Center, is a station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan. The station is located under the intersection of Greenwich Street and Cortlandt Way within the World Trade Center. It is served by the 1 train at all times.

Exchange Place station (PATH) Port Authority Trans-Hudson rail station

Exchange Place is a station on the PATH system. Located at Exchange Place near the Hudson River waterfront in the Paulus Hook neighborhood of Jersey City, New Jersey, it is served by the Newark–World Trade Center line at all times and by the Hoboken–World Trade Center line on weekdays. The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has a stop outside the PATH station, which is also called Exchange Place.

World Trade Center station (PATH) Port Authority Trans-Hudson rail station

World Trade Center is a terminal station on the PATH system. It is located in the World Trade Center complex, within the Financial District neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. It is served by the Newark–World Trade Center line on weekdays and holiday weekends, as well as by the Hoboken–World Trade Center line on weekdays, and is the eastern terminus of both.

9th Street station (PATH) Port Authority Trans-Hudson rail station

9th Street is a station on the PATH system. Located at the intersection of 9th Street and Sixth Avenue in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, it is served by the Hoboken–33rd Street and Journal Square–33rd Street lines on weekdays, and by the Journal Square–33rd Street line on weekends.

Newark–World Trade Center rapid transit service in New Jersey and New York City

The Newark–World Trade Center is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH). It is colored red on the PATH service map and trains on this service display red marker lights. This service operates from Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey, by way of the Downtown Hudson Tubes to the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York. Operating 24 hours a day, the 8.9-mile (14.3 km) trip takes 22.5 minutes to complete.

Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken) rapid transit service in New Jersey and New York City

Journal Square–33rd Street via Hoboken is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) railroad. It is colored yellow and blue on the PATH service map, and trains on this service display both yellow and blue marker lights. This service operates from Journal Square in Jersey City, New Jersey by way of the Uptown Hudson Tubes to 33rd Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York, with trains reversing direction mid-route at Hoboken Terminal. The 6.7-mile (10.8 km) trip takes 26 minutes to complete.

Fulton Center New York City Subway station in Manhattan, New York

Fulton Center is a transit center and retail complex centered at the intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The name also refers to the $1.4 billion project by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public agency of the state of New York, to rehabilitate the New York City Subway's Fulton Street station. The work involved constructing new underground passageways and access points into the complex, renovating the constituent stations, and erecting a large station building that doubles as a part of the Westfield World Trade Center mall.

Washington Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Washington Street is a north-south street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs in several distinct pieces, from its northernmost end at 14th Street in the Meatpacking District to its southern end at Battery Place in Battery Park City. Washington Street is, for most of its length, the westernmost street in lower Manhattan other than West Street. The exceptions are a one-block segment in the West Village where Weehawken Street lies between West and Washington Streets, and in Battery Park City).

5 World Trade Center skyscraper

5 World Trade Center is a planned skyscraper at the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The site is across Liberty Street, to the south of the main 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site. As of June 2018, the project is on standby while the Port Authority explores a potential sale of the lot to a developer and looks for tenants to occupy the skyscraper. The proposed building shares its name with the original 5 World Trade Center, which was heavily damaged as a result of the collapse of the North Tower during the September 11 attacks and was later demolished. The Port Authority has no plans to construct a building at 130 Liberty Street, although it is open to future development of the site as office, retail, hotel, residential or some mix of those uses.

4 World Trade Center Skyscraper in Manhattan, New York City

4 World Trade Center is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978-foot-tall (298 m) building. It houses the headquarters of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).

Vesey Street Street in Manhattan, New York

Vesey Street is a street in New York City that runs east-west in Lower Manhattan. The street is named after Rev. William Vesey (1674-1746), the first rector of nearby Trinity Church.

World Trade Center (2001–present) set of buildings built on the site of the former Word Trade Center site in New York City after 2001

The World Trade Center is a mostly completed complex of buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks. The site is being rebuilt with up to six new skyscrapers, four of which have been completed; a memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks; the elevated Liberty Park adjacent to the site; and a transportation hub. The 104-story One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, is the lead building for the new complex.

Cortlandt Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Cortlandt Street is located in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City. It has varied in length over time, but it currently runs east to west for the one block from Broadway to Church Street, then continues an additional block as the non-vehicular Cortlandt Way from Church to Greenwich Street. At its eastern end, the street continues as Maiden Lane.

Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street station New York City Subway station complex in Manhattan

Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street is a New York City Subway station complex on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, and BMT Broadway Line. Located on Church Street between Chambers and Cortlandt Streets in Lower Manhattan, it is served by the:

References

Notes

  1. Burrows and Wallace, p.372
  2. Burrows and Wallace, p.456
  3. Burrows and Wallace, p.715
  4. Burrows and Wallace, p.940
  5. Burrows and Wallace, p.1053
  6. Burrows and Wallace, pp.369; 403-404
  7. Burrows and Wallace, p.176
  8. Burrows and Wallace, p.469
  9. Burrows and Wallace, pp.700-01
  10. Burrows and Wallace, pp.808-810
  11. Burrows and Wallace, p.832
  12. Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric (2003). City in the Sky. Times Books. pp. 63–64. ISBN   978-0-8050-7691-2.
  13. "WTC will be test for urbanism". CNU. 2002-09-01. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  14. 1 2 Dunlap, David W. (2014-08-01). "At World Trade Center Site, Rebuilding Recreates Intersection of Long Ago". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  15. Greenspan, E. (2013). Battle for Ground Zero: Inside the Political Struggle to Rebuild the World Trade Center. St. Martin's Press. p. 121. ISBN   978-0-230-34138-8 . Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  16. 1 2 3 Federal Writers' Project (1939), New York City Guide, New York: Random House, ISBN   0-403-02921-X (Reprinted by Scholarly Press, 1976; often referred to as WPA Guide to New York City), p.77
  17. Moscow, Henry (1978), The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins, New York: Hagstrom Company, ISBN   0823212750 , p.55
  18. "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  19. "Christopher Street Station - PATH". The Port Authority of NY & NJ. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  20. 1 2 "World Trade Center Station - PATH". The Port Authority of NY & NJ. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  21. Yee, Vivian (November 9, 2014). "Out of Dust and Debris, a New Jewel Rises". New York Times.
  22. Altamirano, Angy (May 26, 2016). "MTA opens passage connecting Fulton Center to WTC PATH station". Metro. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  23. 1 2 3 "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.

Bibliography