Gresik Regency

Last updated
Gresik Regency

Kabupaten Gresik
Regional transcription(s)
   Javanese ꦏꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦓꦽꦱꦶꦏ꧀
   Pegon كَبُڤَتَينْ ڬرٚسِكْ
Petrokimia Gresik.jpg
Port of Petrokimia Gresik and Gresik settlements
Lambang Kabupaten Gresik.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
Gresik Berhias Iman
Locator kabupaten gresik.png
Location within East Java
Gresik Regency
Interactive map outlining Gresik Regency
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Gresik Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Gresik Regency
Gresik Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°9′14″S112°39′22″E / 7.15389°S 112.65611°E / -7.15389; 112.65611 Coordinates: 7°9′14″S112°39′22″E / 7.15389°S 112.65611°E / -7.15389; 112.65611
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province East Java
Capital Gresik
Government
  RegentFandi Ahmad Yani
  Vice RegentAminatun Habibah
Area
  Total1,193.76 km2 (460.91 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census) [1]
  Total1,311,215
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (IWST)
Area code (+62) 31
Website gresikkab.go.id

Gresik Regency (older spelling: Grissee, Javanese : ꦏꦧꦸ, romanized: Nggersik) is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia. As well as a large part of the Surabaya northern and western suburbs, it includes the offshore Bawean Island, some 125 km to the north of Java and Madura. The regency's administrative centre is the town of Gresik, about 25 km to the northwest of Surabaya. Gresik Regency (excluding Bawean Island) is also part of Gerbangkertosusila, the metropolitan region of Surabaya.

Contents

Etymology

Thomas Stamford Raffles in his book, The History of Java, reveals that the name of Gresik comes from the word Giri Gisik, which means "mountain near the coast", referring to the hilly topography of the Gresik town center near the coast. [2]

History

Since the 11th century, Gresik has become an international trade center visited by many nations such as, Chinese, Arabs, Champa, and Gujarat. Gresik Regency is also the first entry point for Islam in Java, which among others is marked by the existence of ancient Islamic tombs from Sheikh Maulana Malik Ibrahim and Fatimah bint Maimun. [3] Gresik has become one of the main ports and trade cities that are quite important since the 14th century, as well as being a haven for ships from Maluku to Sumatra and mainland Asia (including India and Persia). This continued until the VOC era. [4]

The port of Gresik-Djaratan has functioned as an important commercial center since the eleventh century, trading with merchants from as far away as China, India, and Arabia. Some of these traders helped spread Islam in the area. In 1487 Sunan Giri, also known as Sultan Ainul Yaqin, began to rule Gresik. In his 1515 book, Suma Oriental, the Portuguese apothecary and traveller Tomé Pires described Gresik as "the jewel of Java in trading ports". [5] Sunan Giri's descendants ruled the area for the following two centuries.

Initially the Gresik region was part of the Surabaya Regency. In 1974, the Central Government issued PP No. 38 of 1974. All government activities began to be gradually transferred to Gresik and the name changed to Gresik Regency with a center of activity in Gresik town. Also in 1974 the Indonesian government made Gresik, now a suburb of Surabaya, part of Gerbangkertosusila Metropolitan Area, official metropolitan region by Government. [4]

21st-century Gresik

The city has a reputation for its many coffee shops, called warkop (from warung kopi). In 2002, Petrokimia Putra (owned by PT Petrokimia Gresik), a soccer club from Gresik, has one national league title.

Administration

The Gresik Regency is divided into eighteen administrative districts (kecamatan). The districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [6] and the 2020 Census [7] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (330 rural desa and 26 urban kelurahan) in each district and its post code.

NameArea
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010 [6]
Pop'n
Census
2020 [8]
Number
of
villages
Post
code
Wringinanom62.6265,41172,8451661176
Driyorejo51.29120,149122,7431661177
Kedamean65.9566,71561,2211561175
Meganti68.73119,278144,0282261174
Cerme71.7369,21781,2152561171
Benjeng61.2657,33662,8452361172
Balongpanggang63.8849,03553,6892561173
Duduksampeyan74.2943,78347,0582361162
Kebomas30.16106,259118,5892161121
-61124
Gresik5.5476,59476,3472161111
-61119
Manyar97.70109,949119,3382361151
Bungah79.8457,68965,2982261152
Sidayu 47.1340,65043,4922161153
Dukun59.0854,38462,7382661155
Panceng62.7739,53550,5251461156
Ujungpangkah94.8241,82848,9551361154
Sangkapura118.2745,75550,6121761181
Tambak78.7024,47529,6771361182
Totals1,193.761,177,0421,311,215356

Sangkapura and Tambak districts together constitute the island of Bawean, lying to the north of Madura but administratively a part of Gresik Regency.

Industry

A large number of industries have established themselves in Gresik, mainly supporting agriculture and agricultural machinery. A lot of home-based industry exists, making caps (songkoks), bags, etc.

One of the largest factories in Gresik are PT. Semen Gresik (Gresik Portland Cement) and PT Petrokimia Gresik. PT. Semen Gresik, the largest cement factory in Indonesia, supplies 41% of the Indonesian market. While PT Petrokimia Gresik, the most complete fertilizer producer in Indonesia, supplies 50% of national subsidized fertilizers.

Climate

Gresik has 44-88% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 88% and the average humidity is 58%. The wind velocity of Gresik is within the range of 0–18 km/hour. The maximum wind velocity is 18 km/hour and the average is 12.6 km/hour. The temperature of this City is within the range of 23 °C-35 °C with the average temperature is 28.5 °C.

Climate data for Gresik, Gresik Regency (elevation 10 m or 33 ft)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.7
(87.3)
30.8
(87.4)
31
(88)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.1
(88.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
31.4
(88.5)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27
(81)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.7
(83.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F)23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(74.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)300
(11.8)
267
(10.5)
263
(10.4)
169
(6.7)
123
(4.8)
63
(2.5)
37
(1.5)
18
(0.7)
23
(0.9)
52
(2.0)
129
(5.1)
242
(9.5)
1,686
(66.4)
Average relative humidity (%)82.382.883.280.1797673.470.568.768.77379.376.4
Source 1: Climate-Data.org (temp & precip) [9]
Source 2: Weatherbase (humidity) [10]

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Raffles, Thomas Stamford (1817). The History of Java: In Two Volumes. Black, Parbury, and Allen : and John Murray.
  3. Buku Potensi Pariwisata dan Produk Unggulan Jawa Timur, 2009
  4. 1 2 "Pemerintah Kabupaten Gresik - Sejarah". gresikkab.go.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  5. Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300 (2nd ed.). London: MacMillan. p. 39. ISBN   0-333-57689-6.
  6. 1 2 Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  9. "Climate: Gresik, Gresik Regency". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  10. "Gresik, Indonesia". Weatherbase. Retrieved 25 March 2019.

Further reading