Gressoney-Saint-Jean

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Gressoney-Saint-Jean

Greschòney Zer Chilchu  (Walser)
Comune di Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Commune de Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Gemeinde Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Castello di Savoia - Gressoney-St.Jean.jpg
The Savoy castle in Gressoney-St. Jean
Blason ville It Gressoney-Saint-Jean (AO).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Location of Gressoney-Saint-Jean in Italy
Italy Aosta Valley location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Gressoney-Saint-Jean
Gressoney-Saint-Jean (Aosta Valley)
Coordinates: 45°47′N07°49′E / 45.783°N 7.817°E / 45.783; 7.817 Coordinates: 45°47′N07°49′E / 45.783°N 7.817°E / 45.783; 7.817
Country Italy
Region Aosta Valley
Frazioni Bieltschòcke (Bieltschucken), Bode, Chaschtal, Dresal, Loomatto (Loomatten), Méttelteil (Mittelteil), Mettie (Mettien), Noversch, Òbre Biel (Ober Biel), Òbre Champsil (Ober Champsil), Òbro Verdebio (Ober Verdebien), Ònderteil (Unterteil), Òndre Biel (Unter Biel), Òndre Champsil (Unter Champsil), Òndro Verdebio (Unter Verdebien), Perletoa, Predeloasch, Stobene, Trentostäg (Trentosbrück), Tschemenoal (Chemonal), Tschoarde, Tschossil, Woald (Wald)
Area
[1]
  Total69 km2 (27 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2004) [2]
  Total790
  Density11/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11025
Dialing code 0125
Website Official website
The Church of St John Gressoney-St-Jean - ete.JPG
The Church of St John

Gressoney-Saint-Jean (Gressoney Walser : Greschòney Zer Chilchu; Francoprovençal :Gressonèy-Sèn-Dzan; German : Kressenau Sankt Johann) is a town and comune in the Aosta Valley region of north-western Italy.

Contents

Geography

The town is situated in a valley formed by the torrent Lys which is fed by the Lys glacier.

History, Walser culture and language

Kindergarten and elementary school in Gressoney. Kindergarten und Volksschule Kressnau-St-Johann AO.JPG
Kindergarten and elementary school in Gressoney.
Memorial plaque of the 1868 flood written in German and Italian. The plaque shows the high water mark which the river Lys reached on August 17. Plaque inondation Gressoney-St-Jean.JPG
Memorial plaque of the 1868 flood written in German and Italian. The plaque shows the high water mark which the river Lys reached on August 17.

Though Gressoney-Saint-Jean and Gressoney-La-Trinité form two separate comunes they form a Walser German cultural unity known as Greschòney or Creschnau in Greschoneytitsch (or simply Titsch), the local Walser German dialect, or Kressenau in German.

In 1868, the Lys flooded the village.

From 1928 until 1946 the two were united into one commune, officially named Gressoney, which from 1939 onward was Italianized as Gressonei. After WWII, the two former communes were reconstituted.[ citation needed ]

An example of Greschòneytitsch:

Walser GermanGermanEnglish

Endsche Attò
das béscht em Hémmel,
dass héilege sígge Dín Noame.
Chéeme Dín Herrschaft.
[3]

Vater unser
der Du bist im Himmel,
geheiligt werde Dein Name.
Dein Reich komme.

Our Father
in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come,

Points of interest

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. "Das Vaterunser auf Walserisch (Greschòney)" (in Walser). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2006. Retrieved 2011-05-13.