Greschòney Zer Chilchu (Walser)
|Comune di Gressoney-Saint-Jean|
Commune de Gressoney-Saint-Jean
The Savoy castle in Gressoney-St. Jean
|Frazioni||Bieltschòcke (Bieltschucken), Bode, Chaschtal, Dresal, Loomatto (Loomatten), Méttelteil (Mittelteil), Mettie (Mettien), Noversch, Òbre Biel (Ober Biel), Òbre Champsil (Ober Champsil), Òbro Verdebio (Ober Verdebien), Ònderteil (Unterteil), Òndre Biel (Unter Biel), Òndre Champsil (Unter Champsil), Òndro Verdebio (Unter Verdebien), Perletoa, Predeloasch, Stobene, Trentostäg (Trentosbrück), Tschemenoal (Chemonal), Tschoarde, Tschossil, Woald (Wald)|
|• Total||69 km2 (27 sq mi)|
|• Density||11/km2 (30/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Gressoney-Saint-Jean (Gressoney Walser : Greschòney Zer Chilchu; Francoprovençal :Gressonèy-Sèn-Dzan; German : Kressenau Sankt Johann) is a town and comune in the Aosta Valley region of north-western Italy.
The town is situated in a valley formed by the torrent Lys which is fed by the Lys glacier.
Though Gressoney-Saint-Jean and Gressoney-La-Trinité form two separate comunes they form a Walser German cultural unity known as Greschòney or Creschnau in Greschoneytitsch (or simply Titsch), the local Walser German dialect, or Kressenau in German.
In 1868, the Lys flooded the village.
From 1928 until 1946 the two were united into one commune, officially named Gressoney, which from 1939 onward was Italianized as Gressonei. After WWII, the two former communes were reconstituted.[ citation needed ]
An example of Greschòneytitsch:
The Aosta Valley is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy. It is bordered by Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France, to the west, Valais, Switzerland, to the north, and by Piedmont, Italy, to the south and east. The regional capital is Aosta.
The Walser are the speakers of the Walser German dialects, a variety of Highest Alemannic. They inhabit the Alps of Switzerland and Liechtenstein, as well as the fringes of Italy and Austria. The Walser people are named after the Wallis (Valais), the uppermost Rhône valley, where they settled from roughly the 10th century in the late phase of the migration of the Alamanni, crossing from the Bernese Oberland; because of linguistic differences among the Walser dialects, it is supposed that there were two independent immigration routes.
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