Group 7 (racing)

Last updated

Group 7 was a set of regulations for automobile racing created by the Commission Sportive Internationale (CSI), a division of the modern Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.


There were two distinct sets of Group 7 regulations:

Group 7 two-seater racing cars (1966 to 1975)

A field of Group 7 cars participating in a Can-Am race in 1973 Can-Am Edmonton 1973.jpg
A field of Group 7 cars participating in a Can-Am race in 1973

The FIA’s new Appendix J regulations for 1966 listed a category for “Group 9 two-seater racing cars” in its draft versions, but this was amended to “Group 7 two-seater racing cars” by the time of publication of the 1966 FIA Yearbook. [1] The new Group 7 regulations specified that cars must be fitted with fenders, windshield, two seats, two doors, headlights, taillights, rollbar, a dual braking system and a self-starter and that they must utilize commercial gasoline. [1]

Group 7 cars were defined as "two-seater competition vehicles built exclusively for speed races on closed circuit". [2] There was no minimum production requirement necessary to earn homologation. As such, the regulations allowed manufacturers and teams freedom to create unique racing cars with no limitations on engines, tires, aerodynamics, or dimensions, as long as the car had room for two seats and was enclosed in bodywork. Races for Group 7 cars were generally short sprints, with few accommodations made for driver comfort.

Although the formula only existed for ten years, Group 7 was embraced by several series around the world, with the Sports Car Club of America running its United States Road Racing Championship for Group 7 cars from 1966 to 1968. Its Canadian-American Challenge Cup, better known as Can-Am, was also open to Group 7 cars from 1966 to 1974. In Europe, the Nordic Challenge Cup ran in 1969, replaced by the Interserie in 1970 before the series later adopted a Formula Libre format. Early editions of the Japanese Grand Prix were dominated by Group 7 cars built by Japanese manufacturers.

Many manufacturers became involved in Group 7, with McLaren and Porsche building the most dominant cars in the category. Manufacturers Lola, Chaparral, Ferrari, BRM, Shadow, Nissan, Toyota, and Isuzu all built Group 7 cars, while big-block Chevrolet and Ford motors were the engines of choice throughout the world.

The formula was current through to 1975, [3] with two-seater racing cars defined under Group 6 regulations from 1976. [4]

Group 7 international formula racing cars (1976 to 1981)

From 1976 the FIA used the Group 7 designation for international formula racing cars. [4] The new Group 7 encompassed International Formulae Nos 1, 2 and 3, [4] better known as Formula 1, Formula 2 and Formula 3 respectively. It remained current through to 1981. [5]

Groups 1-9

Appendix J Classifications and Definitions 1955 - 1965
Group 1 I. TouringNormal series productionI. TouringNormal series productionA. TouringNormal series production
Group 2 "Grand Touring" series prodModified series prodModified series prod
Group 3 Special series productionSpecial series productionB. Grand TouringGrand Touring Cars
Group 4 II. SportsSeries productionII Grand


Normal GT series prodC. SportsSports Car
Group 5 InternationalModified GT series prod--
Group 6 --GT specials
Source: [6]
Appendix J Classifications and Definitions 1966 - 1981 (production requirement)
Group 1 A.



Series Touring (5000)A.

Production Cars

Series Touring (5000)A.

Production Cars

Series Touring (5000)A.

Production Cars

Series Touring (5000)
Group 2 Touring (1000)Special Touring (1000)Special Touring (1000)Special Touring (1000)
Group 3 Grand Touring (500)Series Grand Touring (1000)Series Grand Touring (1000)Series Grand Touring (1000)
Group 4 Sportscars (50/25)Special Grand Touring (500)Special Grand Touring (500)Grand Touring (400)
Group 5 B. Special


Special Touring CarsSports cars (50)B. ...Sports carsSpecial cars derived from Groups 1-4
Group 6 Prototype sportscarsB. ...Prototype sports cars--B.

Racing Cars

Two-seater racecars
Group 7 C. Racing


Two-seater racecarsC.

Racing Cars

Two-seater racecarsC.

Racing Cars

Two-seater racecarsInternational formula
Group 8Formula racing carsFormula racing carsInternational formulaFormula libre racing cars
Group 9Formula libre racing carsFormula libre racing carsFormula libre racing cars--
Source: [6]

Related Research Articles

Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile International sport governing body

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile is an association established on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events, such as the well-known Formula One. The FIA also promotes road safety around the world.

Motorsport Sport primarily involving the use of motorized vehicles

Motorsport, motorsports or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles. The terminology can also be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross.

The FIA Super Licence is a driver's qualification allowing the holder to compete in the Formula One World Championship.

Super Touring, Class 2 or Class II was a motor racing Touring Cars category defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) for national touring car racing in 1993. It was based on the "2 litre Touring Car Formula" created for the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC) in 1990. The FIA organised a World Cup for the category each year from 1993 to 1995, and adopted the term "Super Tourer" from 1995.

FIA World Motor Sport Council

The World Motor Sport Council (WMSC) is a major organ within the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's governance structure. Its primary role is amending current regulations and drafting new regulations for all of international motor sport. One of the main duties of the WMSC is to allow motor sport to: Continue to develop with an emphasis on maintaining safety for the drivers and spectators, and to encourage competitive motoring innovation which adheres to environmental standards. The FIA's largest motorsport championships include the FIA Formula One World Championship, the World Endurance Championship (WEC), and the FIA World Rally Championship. The World Motor Sport Council's membership is chosen by the FIA General Assembly, which contains representatives from national automobile clubs (ASNs) throughout the world. It is one of two FIA World Councils; the other council is responsible for administrating "issues affecting the automobile in society. The World Motor Sport Council meets a minimum of three times a year to consider proposals from specialist FIA Commissions and subsidiaries. It has a current membership of 28 members, including the FIA President Mohammed bin Sulayem and Formula One chairman Stefano Domenicali.

Group N

In relation to international motorsport governed by the FIA, Group N refers to regulations providing 'standard' large scale series production vehicles for competition. They are limited in terms of modifications permitted to the standard specification by the manufacturer making them a cost effective method of production vehicle motorsport. Often referred to as the "showroom class", Group N contrasts with Group A which has greater freedom to modify and tune the cars to be more suitable to racing. Both Groups may have the same or similar models homologated by a manufacturer.

World Sportscar Championship Defunct auto racing series

The World Sportscar Championship was the world series run for sports car racing by the FIA from 1953 to 1992.

The International Sporting Code (ISC) is a set of rules which are valid for all auto racing events that are governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). North American domestic racing, such as NASCAR and IndyCar are outside the FIA's jurisdiction and hence not governed by the ISC. Motorcycle sport is also exempt since the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) is responsible for this sport, not the FIA.

Production vehicle Mass-produced, identical units of a vehicle model

Production vehicles or production cars are mass-produced identical models, offered for sale to the public, and able to be legally driven on public roads. Legislation and other rules further define the production vehicle within particular countries or uses. There is no single fixed global definition of the term.

Group 5 was an FIA motor racing classification which was applied to four distinct categories during the years 1966 to 1982. Initially Group 5 regulations defined a Special Touring Car category and from 1970 to 1971 the classification was applied to limited production Sports Cars restricted to 5 litre engine capacity. The Group 5 Sports Car category was redefined in 1972 to exclude the minimum production requirement and limit engine capacity to 3 litres. From 1976 to 1982 Group 5 was for Special Production Cars, a liberal silhouette formula based on homologated production vehicles.

Group 4 (racing) Group 4 (racing)

The Group 4 racing class referred to regulations for cars in sportscar racing, GT racing and rallying, as regulated by the FIA. The Group 4 class was replaced by Group B for the 1983 season.

The Group 3 racing class referred to a set of regulations for Grand Touring Cars competing in sportscar racing and rallying events regulated by the FIA. These regulations were active, in various forms, from 1957 to 1981

Group 6 was the official designation applied by the FIA to two motor racing classifications, the Prototype-Sports Car category from 1966 to 1971 and the Two-Seater Racing Cars class from 1976 to 1982.

Group 2 (racing)

The Group 2 racing class referred to regulations for cars in touring car racing and rallying, as regulated by the FIA. Group 2 was replaced by Group A in 1982.

Group 1 (racing)

The Group 1 racing class referred to FIA regulations for cars in touring car racing and rallying. Throughout their existence the group retained a definition of being standard, series production touring cars, and of having a character of being unmodified or not specifically prepared for racing. The class was introduced in the then new Appendix J of the International Sporting Code in 1955 and was replaced by Group N in 1982.

Group E is a formula racing class governed by the FIA for racing cars. Group E was first mentioned in Appendix J of the International Sporting Code in 1990.

Formula 4 Open-wheel racing car category intended for junior drivers

FIA Formula 4, also called FIA F4, is an open-wheel racing car category intended for junior drivers. There is no global championship, but rather individual nations or regions can host their own championships in compliance with a universal set of rules and specifications.

Group N-GT Motor racing category

The Group N-GT was a motor racing category launched by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile in 2000. The first cars were homologated on 1 March, 2000 by Porsche and Ferrari. A total of eight different models from six marques were homologated throughout the class existence.

Within the motorsport discipline of rallying, Group Rally1 is a formula of rally car specifications for use at the highest level of international rallying in the World Rally Championship (WRC) as determined by the FIA. Despite the use of the word 'Group' in the name, there are not multiple classes or subclasses of car and so 'Rally1' may be used alone with the same definition. Rally1 cars were used for the first time in the 2022 WRC season and replaced the outgoing World Rally Car used in the manufacturer's championship. Though they may run on any individual rally as permitted by the organiser, they will not be used in any other championship.


  1. 1 2 Part 6: Is it 1966 Already? Finally!, Retrieved on 29 October 2014
  2. Appendix J to the International Sporting Code 1968, Retrieved on 1 November 2014
  3. Appendix J to the International Sporting Code 1975, Retrieved on 1 November 2014
  4. 1 2 3 Appendix J to the International Sporting Code 1976, Retrieved on 1 November 2014
  5. Appendix J to the International Sporting Code 1981, Retrieved on 1 November 2014
  6. 1 2 "Regulations - Period Appendix J | FIA Historic Database". Retrieved 2022-05-19.