Groups of Traditional Buildings

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Groups of Traditional Buildings (伝統的建造物群, Dentōteki Kenzōbutsu-gun) is a Japanese category of historic preservation introduced by a 1975 amendment of the law which mandates the protection of groups of traditional buildings which, together with their environment, form a beautiful scene. They can be post towns, castle towns, mining towns, merchant quarters, ports, farming or fishing villages, etc. [1] The Japanese government's Agency for Cultural Affairs recognizes and protects the country's cultural properties under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties.

Contents

Municipalities can designate items of particular importance as Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings (伝統的建造物群保存地区, Dentōteki Kenzōbutsu-gun Hozon-chiku) and approve measures to protect them. Items of even higher importance are then designated Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings (重要伝統的建造物群保存地区, Jūyō Dentōteki Kenzōbutsu-gun Hozon-chiku) by the central government. [1] The Agency for Cultural Affairs then provides guidance, advice, and funds for repairs and other work. Additional support is given in the form of preferential tax treatment.

As of May 31, 2021, 126 districts have been classified as Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings.

List of Important Preservation Districts

Criteria

Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings are designated according to three criteria: [2]

  1. Groups of traditional buildings that show excellent design as a whole
  2. Groups of traditional buildings and land distribution that preserve the old state of affairs well
  3. Groups of traditional buildings and their surrounding environment that show remarkable regional characteristics

Statistics

TypeNo. of
Districts
[note 1]
Brewers town4
Casters town1
Castle town4
Dyeing and weaving town2
Farming village5
Fishing village2
Hot-spring town1
Jinaimachi [note 2] 2
Lacquerware town1
Merchant quarter28
Mining town2
Mountain village15
Porcelain-maker town1
Port quarter13
Post town 11
Salt works town1
Sericulture community5
Ship-owner quarter2
Shrine quarter1
Tea house quarter3
Temple town8
Textile town1
Samurai quarter14
Wax maker quarter1
Zaigō town [note 3] 12
PrefectureCityNo. of
Districts
Aichi Nagoya 1
Toyota 1
Akita Semboku 1
Yokote 1
Aomori Hirosaki 1
Kuroishi 1
Chiba Katori 1
Ehime Seiyo 1
Uchiko 1
Fukui Obama 1
Wakasa 1
Minamiechizen 1
Fukuoka Asakura 1
Ukiha 2
Yame 2
Fukushima Kitakata 1
Minamiaizu 1
Shimogō 1
Gifu Ena 1
Gujō 1
Mino 1
Shirakawa 1
Takayama 2
Gunma Kiryū 1
Nakanojō 1
Hiroshima Fukuyama 1
Hatsukaichi 1
Kure 1
Takehara 1
Hokkaidō Hakodate 1
Hyōgo Kōbe 1
Sasayama 2
Tatsuno 1
Toyooka 1
Yabu 1
Ibaraki Sakuragawa 1
Ishikawa Hakusan 1
Kaga 2
Kanazawa 4
Wajima 1
Iwate Kanegasaki 1
Kagawa Marugame 1
Kagoshima Izumi 1
Minamikyūshū 1
Satsumasendai 1
Minamisatsuma 1
Kōchi Aki 1
Muroto 1
Kyoto Ine 1
Kyoto 4
Nantan 1
Yosano 1
Mie Kameyama 1
Miyagi Murata 1
Miyazaki Hyuga 1
Nichinan 1
Shiiba 1
Nagano Chikuma 1
Hakuba 1
Nagiso 1
Shiojiri 2
Togakushi 1
Tōmi 1
Nagasaki Hirado 1
Nagasaki 2
Unzen 1
Nara Gojō 1
Kashihara 1
Uda 1
Niigata Sado 1
Ōita Hita 1
Kitsuki 1
Okayama Kurashiki 1
Takahashi 1
Tsuyama 2
Yakage 1
Okinawa Taketomi 1
Tonaki 1
Osaka Tondabayashi 1
Saga Arita 1
Kashima 2
Ureshino 1
Saitama Kawagoe 1
Shiga Higashiōmi 1
Hikone 1
Ōmihachiman 1
Ōtsu 1
Shimane Ōda 2
Tsuwano 1
Shizuoka Yaizu 1
Tochigi Tochigi 1
Tokushima Mima 1
Miyoshi 1
Mugi 1
Tottori Daisen 1
Kurayoshi 1
Wakasa 1
Toyama Nanto 2
Takaoka 3
Wakayama Yuasa 1
Yamaguchi Hagi 4
Yanai 1
Yamanashi Hayakawa 1
Kōshū 1
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Usage

The table's columns (except for Remarks and Images) are sortable by table headings. The following gives an overview of what is included in the table and how the sorting works.

List

NameTypeCriterionAreaRemarksLocationImages
Motomachi and Suehiro-chō (函館市元町末広町, Hakodate-shi Motomachi Suehiro-chō) [4] [5] port quarter314.5 ha
(36 acres)
Old Hakodate port area, which was among the first ports to be opened during the bakumatsu period at the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Due to a fire in the Meiji period, the district consists of a mix of western, Japanese, and eclectic style town houses, religious and community buildings from the Meiji to the early Shōwa period. Hakodate, Hokkaidō
41°45′56.7″N140°42′45.02″E / 41.765750°N 140.7125056°E / 41.765750; 140.7125056 (Hakodate, Motomachi and Suehiro-chō)
Kanemori Red Brick Warehouse Hakodate Hokkaido pref Japan05s3.jpg
Nakachō (弘前市仲町, Hirosaki-shi Nakamachi) [6] samurai quarter210.6 ha
(26 acres)
Former samurai castle town of the Tsugaru Domain dating to the Keichō era (1596–1615) with principal houses, the front gate, sawara hedges and wooden fences. Hirosaki, Aomori
40°36′46.43″N140°28′1.07″E / 40.6128972°N 140.4669639°E / 40.6128972; 140.4669639 (Hirosaki, Nakachō)
Hirosaki City Nakacho1.jpg
Nakamachi (黒石市中町, Kuroishi-shi Nakamachi) [7] merchant quarter13.1 ha
(7.7 acres)
Merchant town and transportation center along the coastal road that prospered since the establishment of the Kuroishi Tsugaru family by Tsugaru Nobufusa in 1656. Kuroishi, Aomori
40°38′41.43″N140°35′47.65″E / 40.6448417°N 140.5965694°E / 40.6448417; 140.5965694 (Kuroishi, Nakamachi)
Komise Kuroishi Aomori.jpg
Jōnai Suwa-kōji (金ケ崎町城内諏訪小路, Kanegasaki-chō Jōnai Suwa-kōji) [8] samurai quarter234.8 ha
(86 acres)
Samurai town at the order of the Date Domain established in strategic position on the Kitakami River with thatched houses and hedges. Kanegasaki, Iwate
39°11′48.32″N141°7′19.36″E / 39.1967556°N 141.1220444°E / 39.1967556; 141.1220444 (Kanegasaki, Jōnai Suwa-kōji)
Murata (村田町村田, Murata-machi Murata) [9] merchant quarter17.4 ha
(18 acres)
Trading center in Sennan (仙南) dealing in safflower during the Edo and in cocoons starting from the Meiji period. Murata, Miyagi
38°7′7.22″N140°43′30.67″E / 38.1186722°N 140.7251861°E / 38.1186722; 140.7251861 (Murata)
Kuranomatunami.jpg
Masuda (横手市増田, Yokote-shi Masuda) [10] [11] zaigō town [note 3] 210.6 ha
(26 acres)
Edo period town noted for its uchigura, storage and community space that is incorporated into the building itself. Yokote, Akita
39°12′10.75″N140°32′45.65″E / 39.2029861°N 140.5460139°E / 39.2029861; 140.5460139 (Yokote, Masuda)
Matsuchiyo3.jpg
Kakunodate (仙北市角館, Senboku-shi Kakunodate) [12] samurai quarter26.9 ha
(17 acres)
Large number of samurai residences, a front gate and wooden fences of a former castle town created by a branch of the Satake clan. Semboku, Akita
39°35′37.67″N140°33′55.87″E / 39.5937972°N 140.5655194°E / 39.5937972; 140.5655194 (Senboku, Kakunodate)
Bukeyashiki Street in Kakunodate 20161106b.jpg
Ōuchi-juku (下郷町大内宿, Shimogō-machi Ōuchi-juku) [13] post town 311.3 ha
(28 acres)
Part of the Aizu Nishi Kaidō. Consisting of about 450 m (1,480 ft) road lined by large equally spaced thatched wooden buildings. Shimogō, Fukushima
37°20′1.68″N139°51′39.91″E / 37.3338000°N 139.8610861°E / 37.3338000; 139.8610861 (Shimogō, Ōuchi-juku)
Ja-fukushima-ohuchijuku-4.jpg
Maezawa (南会津町前沢, Minamiaizu-machi Maezawa) [14] mountain village313.3 ha
(33 acres)
Village built from the late Meiji to the early Shōwa period with thatched houses in the chūmon style. [note 4] Minamiaizu, Fukushima
37°6′7.88″N139°31′11.4″E / 37.1021889°N 139.519833°E / 37.1021889; 139.519833 (Minamiaizu, Maezawa)
Maezewa minamiaidu fukushima japan 01.jpg
Otazuki (喜多方市小田付, kitakata-shi otazuki) [16] zaigō town [note 3] and brewers quarter215.5 ha
(38 acres)
Developed as a market town in 1582, in recent times brewing of sake, soy sauce and miso was practiced. Kitakata, Fukushima
37°39′10.98″N139°52′49.99″E / 37.6530500°N 139.8805528°E / 37.6530500; 139.8805528 (Kitakata, Otazuki)
Makabe (桜川市真壁, Sakuragawa-shi Makabe) [17] zaigō town [note 3] 217.6 ha
(43 acres)
Town appeared around Makabe Castle in the Sengoku period and was further developed by the Kasama clan during the Edo period. Japanese and western style town houses from the Edo period from after a Tenpō era (1830–1844) fire remain. Plots are fenced in with a yakuimon [note 5] providing access and some town houses feature a sodegura [note 6] storehouse. Makabe, Sakuragawa, Ibaraki
36°16′38.03″N140°6′6.86″E / 36.2772306°N 140.1019056°E / 36.2772306; 140.1019056 (Sakuragawa, Makabe)
Hashimoto Ryokan at Makabe.jpg
Kauemon-chō (栃木市嘉右衛門町, Tochigi-shi Kauemon-chō) [20] zaigō town [note 3] 29.6 ha
(24 acres)
Residential and storehouses from the end of the Edo period onward, that formed alongside the Nikkō Reiheishi Kaidō. Tochigi, Tochigi
36°23′14.85″N139°44′3.84″E / 36.3874583°N 139.7344000°E / 36.3874583; 139.7344000 (Tochigi, Kauemon-chō)
Kauemon-cho.JPG
Kiryū Shin Machi (桐生市桐生新町, Kiryū-shi Kiryū Shin Machi) [21] weaving town213.4 ha
(33 acres)
Edo period rural market town with machiya and textile related storehouses laid out along a main street. Kiryū, Gunma
36°25′0.39″N139°20′30.28″E / 36.4167750°N 139.3417444°E / 36.4167750; 139.3417444 (Kiryū, Kiryū Shin Machi)
Nokoyane.jpg
Kuni -Akaiwa (中之条町六合赤岩, Nakanojō-machi Kuni Akaiwa) [22] [23] mountain village and sericulture community363.0 ha
(156 acres)
Meiji era sericulture farming village noted for its two or three-storied buildings. Component of The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage. Nakanojō, Gunma
36°34′30.8″N138°37′41.34″E / 36.575222°N 138.6281500°E / 36.575222; 138.6281500 (Nakanojō, Kuni Akaiwa)
Kuni-Akaiwa settlement02.JPG
Kawagoe (川越市川越, Kawagoe-shi Kawagoe) [24] merchant quarter17.8 ha
(19 acres)
Machiya and storehouses from after a great fire in 1893 and post Taishō period western style buildings. Kawagoe, Saitama
35°55′23.18″N139°28′58.57″E / 35.9231056°N 139.4829361°E / 35.9231056; 139.4829361 (Kawagoe)
Store of the godown style,Kawagoe-city,Japan.jpg
Sawara (香取市佐原, Katori-shi Sawara) [25] merchant quarter37.1 ha
(18 acres)
River port prospering from the Edo to the Taishō period with a variety of town houses, storehouses and western style architecture. Katori, Chiba
35°53′25.11″N140°29′52.39″E / 35.8903083°N 140.4978861°E / 35.8903083; 140.4978861 (Katori, Sawara)
A view of Sawara-Honmachi.JPG
Shukunegi (佐渡市宿根木, Sado-shi Shukunegi) [26] port quarter328.5 ha
(70 acres)
Edo period boat builder and ship owner quarter of dense two-story houses that look plain from the outside with luxurious interior. Sado, Niigata
37°48′25.04″N138°14′36.71″E / 37.8069556°N 138.2435306°E / 37.8069556; 138.2435306 (Sado, Shukunegi)
Sado Shukunegi.jpg
Kanaya-machi (高岡市金屋町, Takaoka-shi Kanaya-machi) [27] casters town16.4 ha
(16 acres)
Town houses, storehouses and workshops of a metal caster community that formed around Takaoka Castle. Takaoka, Toyama
36°45′2.47″N137°0′21.18″E / 36.7506861°N 137.0058833°E / 36.7506861; 137.0058833 (Takaoka, Kanaya-machi)
Takaoka-shi Kanayamachi, Toyama, historic industrial town(metal).JPG
Yamachō-suji (高岡市山町筋, Takaoka-shi Yamachō-suji) [28] merchant quarter15.5 ha
(14 acres)
Traditional buildings from the Meiji to the early Shōwa period, such as: storehouses, town houses, western style buildings and rick structures. Takaoka, Toyama
36°44′49.49″N137°0′39.22″E / 36.7470806°N 137.0108944°E / 36.7470806; 137.0108944 (Takaoka, Yamachō-suji)
Toyama Bank Head Office.jpg
Yoshihisa (高岡市吉久, Takaoka-shi Yoshihisa) [29] zaigō town [note 3] 24.1 ha
(10 acres)
Established in 1655, Yoshihisa prospered as a rice distribution center of the Kaga Domain. Takaoka, Toyama
36°46′48.85″N137°3′24.34″E / 36.7802361°N 137.0567611°E / 36.7802361; 137.0567611 (Takaoka, Yoshihisa)
Suganuma (南砺市菅沼, Nanto-shi Suganuma) [30] mountain village34.4 ha
(11 acres)
Village with 9 gasshō-zukuri houses and itakura (板倉) store houses. Part of the World Heritage Site Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama Nanto, Toyama
36°24′15.74″N136°53′11.77″E / 36.4043722°N 136.8866028°E / 36.4043722; 136.8866028 (Nanto, Suganuma0)
Gokayama Japanese Old Village 001.jpg
Ainokura (南砺市相倉, Nanto-shi Ainokura) [31] mountain village318 ha
(44 acres)
Village with 20 gasshō-zukuri houses and itakura (板倉) store houses. Part of the World Heritage Site Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama Nanto, Toyama
36°25′34.35″N136°56′8.78″E / 36.4262083°N 136.9357722°E / 36.4262083; 136.9357722 (Nanto, Ainokura)
Ainokura in Gokayama area.jpg
Kaga-hashidate (加賀市加賀橋立, Kaga-shi Kaga-hashidate) [32] ship-owner quarter211 ha
(27 acres)
Residences of ship owners and boatsmen of kitamaebune ships which were active from about the late Edo to the mid Meiji period. Kaga, Ishikawa
36°21′1.49″N136°18′33.8″E / 36.3504139°N 136.309389°E / 36.3504139; 136.309389 (Kaga, Kaga Hashidate)
Ishikawa Kaga Kagahashidate00.jpg
Kaga-higashitani (加賀市加賀東谷, Kaga-shi Kaga-higashitani) [33] mountain village3151.8 ha
(375 acres)
Four charcoal maker villages that prospered from early modern times to the early Shōwa period. Kaga, Ishikawa
36°14′17.2″N136°26′34.75″E / 36.238111°N 136.4429861°E / 36.238111; 136.4429861 (Kaga, Kaga Higashitani)
Utatsu-sanroku (金沢市卯辰山麓, Kanazawa-shi Utatsu-sanroku) [34] temple town222.1 ha
(55 acres)
Neighborhood that developed along the approach roads ( sandō ) between the Hokkoku Kaidō and temples or shrines. Kanazawa, Ishikawa
36°34′28.1″N136°40′9.71″E / 36.574472°N 136.6693639°E / 36.574472; 136.6693639 (Kanazawa, Utatsu-sanroku)
Kanazawa-shi Utatsu-sanroku, Ishikawa, temple district.JPG
Teramachi-dai (金沢市寺町台, Kanazawa-shi Tera-machi-dai) [35] temple town222 ha
(54 acres)
Temple town formed in early modern times along the Noda and Tsurugi roads. Myōryū-ji, popularly known as Ninja-dera ("Ninja temples") is located here. Kanazawa, Ishikawa
36°33′7.44″N136°39′0.96″E / 36.5520667°N 136.6502667°E / 36.5520667; 136.6502667 (Kanazawa, Teramachi-dai)
Kanazawa Tsurugimichi 20160618a.jpg
Kazue-machi (金沢市主計町, Kanazawa-shi Kazue-machi) [36] tea house quarter10.6 ha
(1.5 acres)
Tea house neighborhood that developed from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period with tall two-storied houses to which in recent times a third level has been added. The site is said to have been the residence of a Kaga Domain deputy, giving the district its name. Kanazawa, Ishikawa
36°34′20.23″N136°39′48.2″E / 36.5722861°N 136.663389°E / 36.5722861; 136.663389 (Kanazawa, Kazue-machi)
Ishikawa Kanazawa Kazuemachi00.jpg
Higashiyama-higashi (金沢市東山ひがし, Kanazawa-shi Higashiyama-higashi) [37] tea house quarter11.8 ha
(4.4 acres)
Tea house neighborhood with two-storied houses that was created in 1820 by moving buildings from central Kanazawa. Kanazawa, Ishikawa
36°34′21.64″N136°40′1.33″E / 36.5726778°N 136.6670361°E / 36.5726778; 136.6670361 (Kanazawa, Higashiyama-higashi)
Higashiyama-higashi Kanazawa Ishikawa01n4272.jpg
Kuroshima district (輪島市黒島地区, Wajima-shi kuroshima-chiku) [38] ship-owner quarter220.5 ha
(51 acres)
Early 16th century settlement that grew with the developeent of the shipping industry in the Sea of Japan during the Edo period. The district contains residences of ship-owners and sailors, temples, shrines, storehouses and gardens. Wajima, Ishikawa
37°16′53.96″N136°44′4.39″E / 37.2816556°N 136.7345528°E / 37.2816556; 136.7345528 (Wajima, Kuroshima)
Wajima-shi Kuroshima-chiku, Ishikawa,Japan.JPG
Shiramine (白山市白峰, Hakusan-shi Shiramine) [39] sericulture community310.7 ha
(26 acres)
Sericultrue village in a narrow valley location. Hakusan, Ishikawa
36°10′28.88″N136°37′33.52″E / 36.1746889°N 136.6259778°E / 36.1746889; 136.6259778 (Hakusan, Shiramine)
Shiramine old town01.jpg
Kumagawa-juku (若狭町熊川宿, Wakasa-chō Kumagawajuku) [40] post town 310.8 ha
(27 acres)
Located on the Saba Kaidō, which connected Wakasa Province with the capital in Kyoto. Wakasa, Fukui
35°26′36.85″N135°54′5.33″E / 35.4435694°N 135.9014806°E / 35.4435694; 135.9014806 (Wakasa, Kumagawa)
Kumagawa-juku16n4592.jpg
Obama-nishigumi (小浜市小浜西組, Obama-shi Obama-nishigumi) [41] merchant and tea house quarter219.1 ha
(47 acres)
Merchant houses and tea houses in an old port town that served as a relay point for goods from the Japan Sea side to Kyoto. Obama, Fukui
35°29′32.05″N135°44′13.69″E / 35.4922361°N 135.7371361°E / 35.4922361; 135.7371361 (Obama, Obama-nishigumi)
Obama nishigumi.JPG
Imajō (南越前町今庄宿, Minamiechizen-chō Imajō) [42] [43] post town 29.2 ha
(23 acres)
Minamiechizen, Fukui
35°46′25.29″N136°11′47.08″E / 35.7736917°N 136.1964111°E / 35.7736917; 136.1964111 (Minamiechizen, Imajō)
Kamijō Shimo-odawara Enzan (甲州市塩山下小田原上条, Kōshū-shi Enzan Shimo-odawara Kamijō) [44] mountain village and sericulture community315.1 ha
(37 acres)
Dry field farming village during the Edo period that turned into silk farming in the mid Meiji period. To accommodate the silk worm culture, the central part of the roof was raised. Kōshū, Yamanashi
35°44′14.99″N138°46′14.65″E / 35.7374972°N 138.7707361°E / 35.7374972; 138.7707361 (Kōshū, Kamijō Shimo-odawara Enzan)
Kamijo settlement 1.JPG
Akazawa (早川町赤沢, Hayakawa-chō Akazawa) [45] mountain village, post town for pilgrims325.6 ha
(63 acres)
Lodgings for pilgrims going to Kuon-ji, head temple of Nichiren-shū. Located between Mount Shichimen and the temple's sacred mountain, Mount Minobu. Hayakawa, Yamanashi
35°23′50.74″N138°22′39.08″E / 35.3974278°N 138.3775222°E / 35.3974278; 138.3775222 (Hayakawa, Akazawa)
Old accommodations Osakaya in Akasawa.JPG
Narai (塩尻市奈良井, Shiojiri-shi Narai) [46] post town 317.6 ha
(43 acres)
Post station of the Nakasendō and largest of the Kisoji with buildings from the Edo until the Meiji period. Shiojiri, Nagano
35°57′53.84″N137°48′39.05″E / 35.9649556°N 137.8108472°E / 35.9649556; 137.8108472 (Shiojiri, Narai)
Nakasendo Narai-juku03n4272.jpg
Kiso-Hirasawa (塩尻市木曾平沢, Shiojiri-shi Kiso-hirasawa) [47] lacquerware town212.5 ha
(31 acres)
Town houses and storehouse where Kiso lacquerware continues to be produced by traditional methods. Shiojiri, Nagano
35°58′49.48″N137°49′55.6″E / 35.9804111°N 137.832111°E / 35.9804111; 137.832111 (Shiojiri, Kiso-hirasawa)
Kiso-Hirasawa01n3200.jpg
Inariyama (千曲市稲荷山, Chikuma-shi Inariyama) [48] merchant quarter213 ha
(32 acres)
Originally founded during the Tenshō era as a castle town, Inariyama became a post station after the castle was abandoned in the Keichō era. Commercialization started in the 19th century and it turned into a distribution center for raw silk and textile products at the start of modern Japan. Chikuma, Nagano
36°32′11.62″N138°6′16.8″E / 36.5365611°N 138.104667°E / 36.5365611; 138.104667 (Chikuma, Inariyama)
Inariyama-juku Kurashikan 1.jpg
Togakushi (長野市戸隠, Nagano-shi Togakushi) [49] temple lodging (shukubō), temple town273.3 ha
(181 acres)
Shukubō temple lodgings and houses of lay devotees around the lower and middle shrine of Togakushi Shrine. Togakushi, Nagano
36°44′10.13″N138°4′55.23″E / 36.7361472°N 138.0820083°E / 36.7361472; 138.0820083 (Nagano, Togakushi)
Unno-juku (東御市海野宿, Tōmi-shi Unno-juku) [50] post town and sericulture community113.2 ha
(33 acres)
Post station on the Hokkoku Kaidō established in 1625. From the Meiji period, the spacious rooms have been reused for silk farming. Tōmi, Nagano
36°21′42.97″N138°18′46.99″E / 36.3619361°N 138.3130528°E / 36.3619361; 138.3130528 (Tōmi, Unno-juku)
Unno-juku.jpg
Tsumago-juku (南木曽町妻籠宿, Nagiso-machi Tsumago-juku) [51] post town 31,245.4 ha
(3,077 acres)
One of the 69 Stations of the Nakasendō and part of the Kisoji. In addition to the late Edo early Meiji period inn town, the designation includes part of the rural surroundings and three villages. Nagiso, Nagano
35°34′37.58″N137°35′42.02″E / 35.5771056°N 137.5950056°E / 35.5771056; 137.5950056 (Nagiso, Tsumago)
Tsumago 2009 5.JPG
Aoni (白馬村青鬼, Hakuba-mura Aoni) [52] mountain village359.7 ha
(148 acres)
Small mountain village with thatched houses and storehouses, about 200 rice fields, an irrigation channel from the late Edo, early Meiji period. Hakuba, Nagano
36°43′12.93″N137°53′48.58″E / 36.7202583°N 137.8968278°E / 36.7202583; 137.8968278 (Hakuba, Aoni)
Aoni.jpg
Gujō Hachiman Kita-machi (郡上市郡上八幡北町, Gujō-shi Gujō Hachiman kitamachi) [53] castle town314.1 ha
(35 acres)
Dense town of two-storied houses below Gujō Hachiman Castle with a water supply system surrounded on all sides by mountains and a river. Gujō, Gifu
35°45′11.11″N136°57′25.91″E / 35.7530861°N 136.9571972°E / 35.7530861; 136.9571972 (Gujō, Gujō Hachiman Kita-machi)
Gujo-shi Gujo-hachiman kitamachi, Gifu, castle town.JPG
Hondōri Iwamura-chō (恵那市岩村町本通り, Ena-shi Iwamura-chō hondōri) [54] merchant quarter314.6 ha
(36 acres)
Merchant district of a former castle town that prospered during the Edo period as a political, cultural and economic center of the Tōnō region Ena, Gifu
35°21′58.25″N137°26′21.35″E / 35.3661806°N 137.4392639°E / 35.3661806; 137.4392639 (Ena, Iwamura-chō Hondōri)
Iwamura-cho.jpg
Shimoninomachi and Ōshinmachi (高山市下二之町大新町, Takayama-shi Shimoninomachi Ōshinmachi) [55] merchant quarter16.6 ha
(16 acres)
Edo and Meiji period merchant houses in a former castle town. Takayama, Gifu
36°8′49.72″N137°15′31.7″E / 36.1471444°N 137.258806°E / 36.1471444; 137.258806 (Takayama, Shimoninomachi Ōshinmachi)
Shimoninomachi Takahaya Gifu pref01s3s3870.jpg
Sanmachi (高山市三町, Takayama-shi Sanmachi) [56] merchant quarter14.4 ha
(11 acres)
Edo period merchant houses in a former castle town. Takayama, Gifu
36°8′28.13″N137°15′38.19″E / 36.1411472°N 137.2606083°E / 36.1411472; 137.2606083 (Takayama, Sanmachi)
Sanmachi Takayama02ds3872.jpg
Ogimachi (白川村荻町, Shirakawa-mura Ogimachi) [57] mountain village345.6 ha
(113 acres)
Farming village with gasshō-zukuri houses, paddy and other fields. Part of the World Heritage Site Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama Shirakawa, Gifu
36°16′3.71″N136°54′8.46″E / 36.2676972°N 136.9023500°E / 36.2676972; 136.9023500 (Shirakawa, Ogimachi)
Ogi Shirakawa-go, Gifu, Japan.jpg
Mino-machi (美濃市美濃町, Mino-shi Minomachi) [58] merchant quarter19.3 ha
(23 acres)
Former castle town that prospered as a commercial center during the Edo period. Mino, Gifu
35°32′43.75″N136°54′43.54″E / 35.5454861°N 136.9120944°E / 35.5454861; 136.9120944 (Mino, Mino-machi)
Udatsu Preservation.JPG
Hanazawa (焼津市花沢, Yaizu-shi hanazawa) [59] mountain village319.5 ha
(48 acres)
Village located in a river valley along a former main transportation road farming citrus fruits, tea and tobacco using seasonally occupied farmwork huts. Yaizu, Shizuoka
34°54′21.89″N138°19′49.45″E / 34.9060806°N 138.3304028°E / 34.9060806; 138.3304028 (Yaizu, Hanazawa)
Yaizu hanazono area 01.JPG
Asuke (豊田市足助, Toyota-shi Asuke) [14] merchant quarter121.5 ha
(53 acres)
An example of a commercial center in a mountain location that prospered through the circulation of goods. Large number of Edo period town houses . Toyota, Aichi
35°8′13.26″N137°19′12.17″E / 35.1370167°N 137.3200472°E / 35.1370167; 137.3200472 (Toyota, Asuke)
Manrin Kouji Alley in Asuke toyota aichi japan.jpg
Arimatsu (名古屋市有松, Nagoya-shi Arimatsu) [60] dyeing and weaving town17.3 ha
(18 acres)
Founded in 1608 where the Tōkaidō crosses the Owari Hills between Chiryū-juku and Narumi-juku, the town prospered through the invention of Arimatsu Shibori (tie-dye) which continues to be produced here. Nagoya, Aichi
35°4′0.12″N136°58′13.96″E / 35.0667000°N 136.9705444°E / 35.0667000; 136.9705444 (Nagoya, Arimatsu)
Arimatsu Historic Townscape, Midori Ward Nagoya 2013.jpg
Seki-juku (亀山市関宿, Kameyama-shi Sekijuku) [61] post town 325 ha
(62 acres)
Post station on the Tōkaidō extending for 1.8 km (1.1 mi) in east-west direction including two-storied town houses and the military headquarters. Kameyama, Mie
34°51′7.78″N136°23′27.19″E / 34.8521611°N 136.3908861°E / 34.8521611; 136.3908861 (Kameyama, Seki-juku)
Tokaido Seki Juku Kameyama City Mie JPN 001.jpg
Hachiman (近江八幡市八幡, Ōmihachiman-shi Hachiman) [62] merchant quarter113.1 ha
(32 acres)
Built on the east side of Lake Biwa at the intersection of the Hokkoku Kaidō with the Nakasendō the town was used as a base by Ōmi merchants which is reflected in the large number of elegant town and storehouses. Ōmihachiman, Shiga
35°8′18.69″N136°5′26.65″E / 35.1385250°N 136.0907361°E / 35.1385250; 136.0907361 (Ōmihachiman)
Omihachiman shimmatidori01s3200.jpg
Sakamoto (大津市坂本, Ōtsu-shi Sakamoto) [63] monks' dwellings and temple town328.7 ha
(71 acres)
Temple town and study place for monks from Hiyoshi Taisha and Enryaku-ji. Ōtsu, Shiga
35°4′14.25″N135°52′16.1″E / 35.0706250°N 135.871139°E / 35.0706250; 135.871139 (Ōtsu, Sakamoto)
Sakamoto Otsu04s4592.jpg
Kawaramachi and Serimachi district (彦根市河原町芹町地区, Hikone-shi Kawaramachi Serimachi-chiku) [60] merchant quarter25.0 ha
(12 acres)
Business district south east of the castle town of Hikone Castle that prospered from the Edo to the early Shōwa period. Hikone, Shiga
35°15′47.71″N136°15′28.87″E / 35.2632528°N 136.2580194°E / 35.2632528; 136.2580194 (Hikone, Kawaramachi and Serimachi)
Hikone Teishinsha201606.jpg
Gokashō -kondō (東近江市五個荘金堂, Higashiōmi-shi Gokashō-kondō) [64] farming village332.2 ha
(80 acres)
Farming village with a core of residences of Ōmi merchants surrounded by traditional farm houses developed from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period. Higashiōmi, Shiga
35°9′15.16″N136°10′50.78″E / 35.1542111°N 136.1807722°E / 35.1542111; 136.1807722 (Higashiōmi, Gokashō-kondō)
Akindo street Kondo-cho Gokasho01nbs4592.jpg
Ine -ura (伊根町伊根浦, Ine-chō Ine-ura) [65] fishing village3310.2 ha
(767 acres)
Fishing village located on an inlet that is surrounded on three sides by mountains. Built from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period, the residential part of the town houses are built on top of the boat shed. Ine, Kyoto
35°40′16.08″N135°17′9.25″E / 35.6711333°N 135.2859028°E / 35.6711333; 135.2859028 (Kyoto, Ine)
Inefunaya2.jpg
Gion -shinbashi (京都市祇園新橋, Kyōto-shi Gion-shinbashi) [66] tea house quarter11.4 ha
(3.5 acres)
Pleasure quarter centered around Shinbashi-dori with buildings constructed just after a great fire in 1865. Kyoto, Kyoto
35°0′20.09″N135°46′25.67″E / 35.0055806°N 135.7737972°E / 35.0055806; 135.7737972 (Kyoto, Gion Shinbashi)
Kyoto gion02.jpg
Saga-Toriimoto (京都市嵯峨鳥居本, Kyōto-shi Saga-toriimoto) [67] temple town32.6 ha
(6.4 acres)
Temple town with thatched houses centered around Adashino Nenbutsu-ji along the Atago Highway which leads to the Atago Shrine. Kyoto, Kyoto
35°1′37.01″N135°39′56.38″E / 35.0269472°N 135.6656611°E / 35.0269472; 135.6656611 (Kyoto, Saga-Toriimoto)
Toriimoto03s3200.jpg
Sannei-zaka (京都市産寧坂, Kyōto-shi Sannei-zaka) [68] temple town38.2 ha
(20 acres)
Former temple town serving among others, Hokan-ji, Kiyomizu-dera and Yasaka Shrine. The stretch from Sannei-zaka towards Ninen-zaka is lined by single-storied shops and tea houses with mushikomado (虫籠窓) latticed windows. From Sannei-zaka to Kōdai-ji there are two-storied Taishō period buildings in sukiya-zukuri style. Kyoto, Kyoto
34°59′56.81″N135°46′50.62″E / 34.9991139°N 135.7807278°E / 34.9991139; 135.7807278 (Kyoto, Sannei-zaka)
Stone stairway Kiyomizu-dera.JPG
Kamigamo (京都市上賀茂, Kyōto-shi Kamigamo) [69] shrine quarter32.7 ha
(6.7 acres)
Residential neighborhood for the head priests of Kamigamo Shrine including a stone bridge, earthen walls, gates, front gardens and single storied houses with sangawarabuki tile roofs, [note 7] Kyoto, Kyoto
35°3′28.19″N135°45′18.73″E / 35.0578306°N 135.7552028°E / 35.0578306; 135.7552028 (Kyoto, Kamigamo)
Kamigamohondori1.JPG
Kita Miyama-chō (南丹市美山町北, Nantan-shi Miyama-chō Kita) [71] mountain village3127.5 ha
(315 acres)
Village with about 50 thatched roof houses and hardened stone walls extending for about 600 m × 300 m (1,970 ft × 980 ft) along the upper stream of the Yura River. Nantan, Kyoto
35°18′48.3″N135°37′23.58″E / 35.313417°N 135.6232167°E / 35.313417; 135.6232167 (Nantan, Miyama Kita)
Kayabukinosato01.JPG
Kaya (与謝野町加悦, Yosano-chō Kaya) [72] textile town212 ha
(30 acres)
Former castle town that developed in early modern Japan until the early Shōwa period as a production center for Tango chirimen silk crêpe. Yosano, Kyoto
35°30′16.13″N135°5′33.63″E / 35.5044806°N 135.0926750°E / 35.5044806; 135.0926750 (Yosano, Kaya)
Yosano-cho Kaya, Kyoto, historic industrial town.JPG
Tondabayashi (富田林市富田林, Tondabayashi-shi Tondabayashi) [16] [73] jinaimachi town, [note 2] zaigō town [note 3] 111.2 ha
(28 acres)
Founded as an Ikkō Jōdo Shinshū jinaimachi in the late Muromachi period on a terrace of the Ishi river and centered around Kōshō-ji Betsuin temple. In the Edo period it became a zaigō town with large town houses lining the street. Tondabayashi, Osaka
34°30′1.41″N135°36′4.25″E / 34.5003917°N 135.6011806°E / 34.5003917; 135.6011806 (Osaka, Tondabayashi)
Tondabayashi jinaicho 2006 1229 153448.JPG
Sasayama (篠山市篠山, Sasayama-shi Sasayama) [74] castle town240.2 ha
(99 acres)
Samurai houses, merchant houses and the early Edo period Sasayama Castle founded by Tokugawa Ieyasu. Sasayama, Hyōgo
35°4′16.4″N135°13′18.89″E / 35.071222°N 135.2219139°E / 35.071222; 135.2219139 (Sasayama, Sasayama)
Sasayama Okachi-machi05st3200.jpg
Fukusumi (篠山市福住, Sasayama-shi Fukusumi) [75] post town, farming village豊岡市出石325.2 ha
(62 acres)
Post town and farming community that developed along a major road with two storied tile roofed and single storied thatched houses, with entrances on the gable end. Sasayama, Hyōgo
35°4′20.49″N135°21′27.25″E / 35.0723583°N 135.3575694°E / 35.0723583; 135.3575694 (Sasayama, Fukusumi)
Sasayama fukuzumi001.JPG
Ōya-chō Ōsugi (養父市大屋町大杉, yabu-shi ōya-chō ōsugi) [76] [77] mountain village and sericulture community35.8 ha
(14 acres)
Formerly one of the leading silk farming centers in Tajima Province prospering from the late Meiji to the early Shōwa period. Yabu, Hyōgo
35°19′52.46″N134°39′2.95″E / 35.3312389°N 134.6508194°E / 35.3312389; 134.6508194 (Yabu, Ōya-chō Ōsugi)
Kitano-chō and Yamamoto-dōri (神戸市北野町山本通, Kōbe-shi Kitano-chō Yamamoto-dōri) [78] port quarter19.3 ha
(23 acres)
District of foreign residences from the late Meiji and early Taishō Period that were established after the opening of the Port of Kobe in 1867. Kōbe, Hyōgo
34°42′1.39″N135°11′20.94″E / 34.7003861°N 135.1891500°E / 34.7003861; 135.1891500 (Kōbe, Kitano-chō and Yamamoto-dōri)
Choueke house02 1920.jpg
Izushi (豊岡市出石, Toyooka-shi Izushi)castle town223.1 ha
(57 acres)
Town houses, temples, shrines, and samurai residences, that appeared in connection with the construction of Izushi Castle by Koide Yoshihide in 1604. Toyooka, Hyōgo
35°27′46.68″N134°52′26.79″E / 35.4629667°N 134.8741083°E / 35.4629667; 134.8741083 (Toyooka, Izushi)
Izushi Toyooka02nt3200.jpg
Tatsuno (たつの市龍野, Tatsuno-shi Tatsuno) [79] merchant quarter and brewers quarter115.9 ha
(39 acres)
Castle town beneath Tatsuno Castle that developed into a merchant district during the Edo period and a major producer of soy sauce with a tradition dating back to the 17th century. Tatsuno, Hyōgo
34°51′59.21″N134°32′47.84″E / 34.8664472°N 134.5466222°E / 34.8664472; 134.5466222 (Tatsuno, Tatsuno)
Matsuyama (宇陀市松山, Uda-shi Matsuyama) [80] merchant quarter117 ha
(42 acres)
Located between Mount Shiroyama and the Uda River, Matsuyama developed from a castle town to a political and economic center of the Uda District. The town houses date from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period. Uda, Nara
34°28′45.87″N135°55′58.57″E / 34.4794083°N 135.9329361°E / 34.4794083; 135.9329361 (Uda, Matsuyama)
Uda Matsuyama18s3872.jpg
Imai-chō (橿原市今井町, Kashihara-shi Imai-chō) [81] jinaimachi town, [note 2] zaigō town [note 3] 117.4 ha
(43 acres)
Originating as an autonomous religious community centered around Shōnen-ji (称念寺) during the Muromachi Period, the town was formerly surrounded by a moat. Kashihara, Nara
34°30′25.86″N135°47′10.35″E / 34.5071833°N 135.7862083°E / 34.5071833; 135.7862083 (Kashihara, Imai-chō)
Imaicho Kashihara JPN 002.jpg
Gojō-shinmachi (五條市五條新町, Gojō-shi Gojō-shinmachi)merchant quarter17 ha
(17 acres)
Large number of Edo period town houses of a flourishing merchant town of south Yamato. Gojō, Nara
34°20′53.94″N135°41′31.78″E / 34.3483167°N 135.6921611°E / 34.3483167; 135.6921611 (Gojō, Gojō-Shinmachi)
130629 Gojo Shinmachi Gojo Nara pref Japan14s3.jpg
Yuasa (湯浅町湯浅, Yuasa-chō Yuasa) [82] brewers quarter26.3 ha
(16 acres)
Soy sauce maker district that flourished at the end of the 16th century, with shops and storehouses dating to the Edo period, the oldest are two-storied structures with gabled roof and hongawara tiles [note 8] Yuasa, Wakayama
34°2′11.68″N135°10′28.56″E / 34.0365778°N 135.1746000°E / 34.0365778; 135.1746000 (Yuasa, Yuasa)
Yuasa01s3200.jpg
Utsubuki-tamagawa (倉吉市打吹玉川, Kurayoshi-shi Utsubuki-tamagawa) [84] merchant quarter19.2 ha
(23 acres)
Commercial and industrial city that prospered from the Edo to the Taishō period. The preservation district consists of town house, storehouses with white plaster walls and reddish roofs. Kurayoshi, Tottori
35°25′56.1″N133°49′23.12″E / 35.432250°N 133.8230889°E / 35.432250; 133.8230889 (Kurayoshi, Utsubuki-tamagawa)
Kurayoshi Utsubuki-Tamagawa17nt3200.jpg
Tokorogo (大山町所子, Daisen-chō Tokorogo) [85] farming village325.8 ha
(64 acres)
Farming village with river irrigation from the Amida River, consisting of large scale main buildings and affiliated houses from the early modern period until the early Shōwa period including the Kadowaki Family House (門脇家住宅). Daisen, Tottori
35°28′58.99″N133°28′0.81″E / 35.4830528°N 133.4668917°E / 35.4830528; 133.4668917 (Daisen, Tokorogo)
Kadowaki Residence.jpg
Wakasa (若桜町若桜, Wakasa-chō Wakasa) [43] merchant quarter39.5 ha
(23 acres)
Wakasa, Yazu District Tottori
35°20′38.25″N134°23′51.13″E / 35.3439583°N 134.3975361°E / 35.3439583; 134.3975361 (Wakasa, Wakasa)
Yunotsu (大田市温泉津, Ōda-shi Yunotsu) [86] port quarter, hot-spring town236.6 ha
(90 acres)
The hot spring area developed from medieval times as port for the Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine (a World Heritage Site). The current townscape of hot spring ryokan located in a narrow and steep valley date from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period. Ōda, Shimane
35°5′44.3″N132°20′52.12″E / 35.095639°N 132.3478111°E / 35.095639; 132.3478111 (Ōda, Yunotsu)
  180505 Yunotsu of Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine Oda Shimane pref Japan01s5.jpg
Ōmori-ginzan (大田市大森銀山, Ōda-shi Ōmori-ginzan) [87] mining town3162.7 ha
(402 acres)
Townscape around the Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine (a World Heritage Site) with a mixture of samurai residences and town houses built from the Edo period onward. Ōda, Shimane
35°6′51.31″N132°26′42.9″E / 35.1142528°N 132.445250°E / 35.1142528; 132.445250 (Ōda, Ōmori-ginzan)
180504 Omori of Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine Oda Shimane pref Japan01bs4.jpg
Tsuwano (津和野町津和野, Tsuwano-chō Tsuwano) [88] samurai quarter, merchant quarter211.1 ha
(27 acres)
Developed in the early Edo period as a castle town of Tsuwano Castle, Tsuwano contains residences of senior vassals and a merchant district centered along the old San'indō. Tsuwano, Shimane
34°27′59.12″N131°46′19.02″E / 34.4664222°N 131.7719500°E / 34.4664222; 131.7719500 (Tsuwano, Tsuwano)
Tsuwano street 003.JPG
Fukiya (高梁市吹屋, Takahashi-shi Fukiya) [89] mining town36.4 ha
(16 acres)
Copper mining town and leading producer of copper in Chūgoku from the Muromachi to the Meiji period. With the decline of copper production in the Edo period, production shifted to Red Iron Oxide (Bengala) which prospered until the Taishō period. The houses feature red clay tile roofs, rouge mud walls and latticework. Takahashi, Okayama
34°51′39.96″N133°28′13.64″E / 34.8611000°N 133.4704556°E / 34.8611000; 133.4704556 (Takahashi, Fukiya)
Fukiya01s3200.jpg
Kurashiki-gawahan (倉敷市倉敷川畔, Kurashiki-shi Kurashiki-gawahan) [90] merchant quarter115 ha
(37 acres)
Founded by Ukita Hideie, it later became the port of the Bitchū-Matsuyama Domain and served as relay point for goods to Kyoto. The townscape consists of glazed tile roofs and canals. Kurashiki, Okayama
34°35′46.96″N133°46′17.34″E / 34.5963778°N 133.7714833°E / 34.5963778; 133.7714833 (Kurashiki, Kurashiki-gawahan)
Kurashikikahan06bs4592.jpg
Jōsai (津山市城西, Tsuyama-shi Jōsai) [91] merchant quarter, temple town212 ha
(30 acres)
Edo period temple town with large scale temples in the western part of the old castle town and a commercial district along the Izumo Kaidō. Tsuyama, Okayama
35°4′8.86″N134°0′15.61″E / 35.0691278°N 134.0043361°E / 35.0691278; 134.0043361 (Tsuyama, Jōsai)
Jōtō (津山市城東, Tsuyama-shi Jōtō) [92] merchant quarter18.1 ha
(20 acres)
Merchant district that developed from the castle town of Tsuyama Castle, with buildings constructed from the Edo to the Shōwa period, featuring kōshiirimado (格子入窓) and mushikomado (虫籠窓) latticed windows, namako walls and sodekabe (袖壁) side walls. Tsuyama, Okayama
35°3′45.55″N134°0′51.55″E / 35.0626528°N 134.0143194°E / 35.0626528; 134.0143194 (Tsuyama, Jōtō)
Joto Tsuyama Okayama10n3200.jpg
Yakage (矢掛町矢掛宿, Yakage-chō Yakage-juku) [93] post town 211.5 ha
(28 acres)
Post station on the San'yōdō containing a sub-honjin from the Edo period. Yakage, Okayama
34°38′5.9″N133°34′37.21″E / 34.634972°N 133.5770028°E / 34.634972; 133.5770028 (Yakage)
160320 Yakage-juku Yakage Okayama pref Japan05n.jpg
Mitarai Yutaka-machi (呉市豊町御手洗, Kure-shi Yutaka-machi Mitarai) [94] port quarter26.9 ha
(17 acres)
With the development of the Western Circuit (西廻り航路, nishimawari kōro) shipping route through the Seto Inland Sea in the Edo period, Yutaka-machi Mitarai grew as a port for ships waiting for rising tide or favourable winds. The town includes gabled houses with sangawarabuki roofs [note 7] and is dotted with western style house. The port area retains its historical character with groynes, stepped piers and a lighthouse. Kure, Hiroshima
34°10′45.57″N132°52′1.7″E / 34.1793250°N 132.867139°E / 34.1793250; 132.867139 (Kure, Yutakamachi Mitarai)
Osaki-shimojima Mitarai 2013-08A.JPG
Takehara district (竹原市竹原地区, Takehara-shi Takehara-chiku) [95] salt works town15 ha
(12 acres)
Market and port town that prospered with the introduction of salt pans in 1650. From the late Edo period and backed by the economic development the town became a center of learning, tea ceremony and other refined cultural activities. The current townscape with hongawarabuki roofs [note 8] and solid plastered fire-resistant wall (漆喰塗籠, shikkui nurigome) dates from the Edo to the early Shōwa period. Takehara, Hiroshima
34°20′48.45″N132°54′36.08″E / 34.3467917°N 132.9100222°E / 34.3467917; 132.9100222 (Takehara, Takehara)
Taketsuru house Takehara.jpg
Tomo-chō (福山市鞆町, fukuyama-shi tomo-chō) [96] port quarter28.6 ha
(21 acres)
Port town along the main shipping routes along the Seto Inland Sea with Edo period town houses, temples, shrines, stone structures and harbour facilities. Fukuyama, Hiroshima
34°23′1.36″N133°22′54.37″E / 34.3837111°N 133.3817694°E / 34.3837111; 133.3817694 (Fukuyama, Tomo)
Miyajima (廿日市市宮島町, Hatsukaichi-shi Miyajima-chō) [43] temple town216.8 ha
(42 acres)
Miyajima, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
34°17′49.76″N132°19′14.99″E / 34.2971556°N 132.3208306°E / 34.2971556; 132.3208306
Hamasaki (萩市浜崎, Hagi-shi Hamasaki) [97] port quarter210.3 ha
(25 acres)
Port town formed together with a castle town at the mouth of the Abu River. It flourished in early modern Japan in the shipbuilding and fishery industry and prospered from the Taishō to the early Shōwa period as a trading center for small dried sardines (イリコ) and Natsumikan. Hagi, Yamaguchi
34°25′10.02″N131°24′0.24″E / 34.4194500°N 131.4000667°E / 34.4194500; 131.4000667 (Hagi, Hamasaki)
Hamasaki Hagi 01.JPG
Hiyako district (萩市平安古地区, Hagi-shi Hiyako-chiku) [98] samurai quarter24 ha
(9.9 acres)
Samurai residences near the Hashimoto River that were created with the development of the castle. In addition to residential architecture the district includes a Nagayamon gate and storehouses. Hagi, Yamaguchi
34°24′14.07″N131°23′20.85″E / 34.4039083°N 131.3891250°E / 34.4039083; 131.3891250 (Hagi, Hiyako)
Hagi-hiyako yamaguchi japan.JPG
Horiuchi district (萩市堀内地区, Hagi-shi Horiuchi-chiku) [99] samurai quarter277.4 ha
(191 acres)
This district covers almost the whole area of the third bailey of Hagi Castle founded by Mōri Terumoto in 1608. It contained the domain's offices and residences of Mōri's household and high ranked samurai. Hagi, Yamaguchi
34°24′45.96″N131°23′13.66″E / 34.4127667°N 131.3871278°E / 34.4127667; 131.3871278 (Hagi, Horiuchi)
Hagi-shi Horiuchi-chiku, Yamaguchi, samurai quarter.JPG
Sasanamiichi (萩市佐々並市, Hagi-shi Sasanamiichi) [14] post town 220.8 ha
(51 acres)
A former post town set among rice fields and situated along the main highway of the Hagi Domain. The town was redeveloped by the appearance of tea houses in early modern times. Houses with thatched and sangawarabuki roofs [note 7] Hagi, Yamaguchi
34°17′13.66″N131°27′48.2″E / 34.2871278°N 131.463389°E / 34.2871278; 131.463389 (Hagi, Sasanamiichi)
Hagi-shi Sasanamiichi, Yamaguchi, post town.JPG
Furuichi and Kanaya (柳井市古市金屋, Yanai-shi Furuichi-Kanaya) [100] merchant quarter11.7 ha
(4.2 acres)
Due to its strategic location on the Seto Inland Sea and on Yanai River, Yanai flourished since ancient times as a trading center. Merchant houses with hongawarabuki roofs [note 8] and solid plastered fire-resistant wall (漆喰塗籠, shikkui nurigome). Yanai, Yamaguchi
33°58′9.63″N132°6′29.92″E / 33.9693417°N 132.1083111°E / 33.9693417; 132.1083111 (Yanai, Furuichi and Kanaya)
Yanai City 01.JPG
Ochiai Higashiiyayama-son (三好市東祖谷山村落合, Miyoshi-shi Higashiiyayamason Ochiai) [101] mountain village332.3 ha
(80 acres)
Village and farmland on a steep mountain slope supported by dry-stone walls with private houses dating to the 18th century. Miyoshi, Tokushima
33°52′56.69″N133°56′3.65″E / 33.8824139°N 133.9343472°E / 33.8824139; 133.9343472 (Miyoshi, Ochiai Higashiiyayama-son)
Higashi-Iya Ochiai 201303-1.JPG
Minami-machi Wakimachi (美馬市脇町南町, Wakimachi Minami-machi) [102] merchant quarter15.3 ha
(13 acres)
A district that preserves private houses from each period after the beginning of the 18th century. The houses have a distinctive design with tile roofs, decorative udatsu (卯建) posts and the frame cased in a fireproof coat of plaster (大壁造, ōkabe-zukuri). Mima, Tokushima
34°4′7.5″N134°8′47.63″E / 34.068750°N 134.1465639°E / 34.068750; 134.1465639 (Mima, Minami-machi Waki-machi)
Wakimachi Minami-machi in Mima Tokushima pref01.jpg
Mugi , Teba Island (牟岐町出羽島, Mugi-chō Teba-jima)fishing village33.7 ha
(9.1 acres)
Fishing village formed around a cove at the northern end of Teba Island from 1800 due to the immigration policy of the Tokushima Domain. From the Meiji to the prewar Shōwa period it prospered through bonito and tuna fishing. Teba Island, Mugi, Tokushima
33°38′13″N134°25′25.52″E / 33.63694°N 134.4237556°E / 33.63694; 134.4237556 (Muugi, Teba Island)
Tebajima 2.jpg
Kasajima Shiwakuhonjima -chō (丸亀市塩飽本島町笠島, Marugame-shi Shiwakuhonjima-chō Kasajima) [103] port quarter313.1 ha
(32 acres)
A former castle town with houses from the mid-Edo to the Meiji period, where members of the Shiwaku Suigun lived. Marugame, Kagawa
34°23′40.02″N133°47′15.28″E / 34.3944500°N 133.7875778°E / 34.3944500; 133.7875778 (Marugama, Shiwakuhonjima-chō Kasajima)
Kasajima01s3872.jpg
Unomachi Uwa-chō (西予市宇和町卯之町, Seiyo-shi Uwa-chō Unomachi) [104] zaigō town [note 3] 24.9 ha
(12 acres)
Former zaigō hometown of the Uwajima Domain originating from a castle town of Matsuba Castle (松葉城) that functioned during the Edo period as a trading center for agricultural produce and hinoki cypress as well as a post station on the Uwajima road and gateway to Meiseki-ji on the Shikoku Pilgrimage. The preservation district includes remains of town houses from the Edo to the Shōwa Period as well as western style churches and schools. Seiyo, Ehime
33°21′50.15″N132°30′42.83″E / 33.3639306°N 132.5118972°E / 33.3639306; 132.5118972 (Seiyo, Unomachi Uwa-chō)
Unomachi town b.jpg
Yōkaichi-gokoku (内子町八日市護国, Uchiko-chō Yōkaichi-gokoku) [105] wax maker quarter33.5 ha
(8.6 acres)
Wax maker town with houses from the Edo and Meiji Period that developed along the Konpira road of the Shikoku Pilgrimage. The buildings line a 750 m (2,460 ft) long street and have plastered fireproof walls (漆喰塗大壁). Uchiko, Ehime
33°33′24.37″N132°39′12.43″E / 33.5567694°N 132.6534528°E / 33.5567694; 132.6534528 (Uchiko, Yōkaichi-gokoku)
Uchiko1,Uchiko-town,Japan.JPG
Doikachū (安芸市土居廓中, Aki-shi Doikachū) [106] samurai quarter29.2 ha
(23 acres)
Samurai town with narrow ordered streets, hedges, fences and houses from the late Edo to the early Shōwa period. Aki, Kōchi
33°31′10.41″N133°54′44.78″E / 33.5195583°N 133.9124389°E / 33.5195583; 133.9124389 (Aki, Doikachū)
Noradokei 02.JPG
Kiragawa-chō (室戸市吉良川町, Muroto-shi Kiragawa-chō) [107] zaigō town [note 3] 118.3 ha
(45 acres)
Residential town with merchant and store houses on a narrow plot along the road connecting Kōchi with Muroto. Buildings have white plastered walls and characteristic water-draining tiles (水切り瓦). Muroto, Kōchi
33°19′52.9″N134°5′56.3″E / 33.331361°N 134.098972°E / 33.331361; 134.098972 (Muroto, Kiragawa-chō)
Kiragawacho 03.JPG
Niikawa and Tagomori (うきは市新川田篭, Ukiha-shi Niikawa Tagomori) [108] mountain village371.2 ha
(176 acres)
Villages with irrigation channel rice farming along the Kumanoue River valley in the Minō Mountains. The villages contain houses with thatched yosemune style [note 9] roofs as well as irimoya style tile-roofed houses that gained popularity starting in the Meiji period. In addition the preservation district includes stone walls, main and wayside Shinto shrines. Ukiha, Fukuoka
33°16′36.41″N130°49′56.04″E / 33.2767806°N 130.8322333°E / 33.2767806; 130.8322333 (Ukiha, Niikawa and Tagomori)
Niikawa Tagomori.jpg
Chikugo-yoshii (うきは市筑後吉井, Ukiha-shi Chikugo-yoshii) [110] zaigō town [note 3] 320.7 ha
(51 acres)
A former post station along the Bungo Road that, in the second half of the Edo period, developed into a residential town and economic center of the Chikugo district. After a large fire in 1867, houses received plaster fireproofing walls. Ukiha, Fukuoka
33°20′33.56″N130°45′26.83″E / 33.3426556°N 130.7574528°E / 33.3426556; 130.7574528 (Ukiha, Chikugo-yoshii)
Chikugo-Yoshii04s5s3200.jpg
Kurogi (八女市黒木, Yame-shi Kurogi) [111] zaigō town [note 3] 318.4 ha
(45 acres)
Rural town with water irrigation channels. Yame, Fukuoka
33°12′45.56″N130°40′9.89″E / 33.2126556°N 130.6694139°E / 33.2126556; 130.6694139 (Yame, Kurogi)
Yame-kurogi fukuoka japan.JPG
Akizuki (朝倉市秋月, Asakura-shi Akizuki) [112] castle town258.6 ha
(145 acres)
Former castle town of the Akizuki branch of the Kuroda clan established in the early Edo period. The district includes merchant houses and residences of samurai and of Shinto priests. Asakura, Fukuoka
33°28′5.5″N130°41′30.07″E / 33.468194°N 130.6916861°E / 33.468194; 130.6916861 (Asakura, Akizuki)
Route322 old Akizuki.JPG
Yame-fukushima (八女市八女福島, Yame-shi Yame-fukushima) [113] merchant quarter219.8 ha
(49 acres)
Townscape with storehouses in a former castle town of the Yanagawa Domain Fukushima Castle. Later with the abandonment of the castle it was taken over by the Kurume Domain and flourished as a trading center for locally produced agricultural products. Yame, Fukuoka
33°12′40.18″N130°33′42.18″E / 33.2111611°N 130.5617167°E / 33.2111611; 130.5617167 (Yame, Yame-fukushima)
Yame-fukushima fukuoka japan.JPG
Shiotatsu (嬉野市塩田津, Ureshino-shi Shiotatsu) [114] merchant quarter212.8 ha
(32 acres)
Former river port town utilizing the tidal movement which flourished as a trading center for rice, ceramics, raw materials and Amakusa pottery. Ureshino, Saga
33°7′50.91″N130°3′36.05″E / 33.1308083°N 130.0600139°E / 33.1308083; 130.0600139 (Ureshino, Shotatsu)
Shiota-tsu, Saga, Japan.JPG
Hamashozu-machi and Hamakanaya-machi (鹿島市浜庄津町浜金屋町, Kashima-shi Hamashōzu-machi Hamakanaya-machi) [115] port quarter and zaigō town [note 3] 22 ha
(4.9 acres)
Districts with thatched and sangawarabuki roofs [note 7] that developed in connection with a river port. Kashima, Saga
33°5′27.72″N130°7′12.93″E / 33.0910333°N 130.1202583°E / 33.0910333; 130.1202583 (Kashima, Hamashozu-machi and Hamakanaya-machi)
Hamasyuku kashima saga japan.JPG
Hachihongi-shuku Hamanaka-machi (鹿島市浜中町八本木宿, Kashima-shi Hamanaka-machi Hachihongi-shuku) [116] brewers town16.7 ha
(17 acres)
Town on the Nagasaki Kaidō where sake brewing became popular in the mid Edo period and towards the late Edo period there were around ten buildings involved in this business. The remaining structures date from the late Edo to the Shōwa period. Kashima, Saga
33°5′34.43″N130°6′53.96″E / 33.0928972°N 130.1149889°E / 33.0928972; 130.1149889 (Kashima, Hachihongi-shuku)
Happongi kashima saga japan.JPG
Arita-uchiyama (有田町有田内山, Arita-machi Arita-uchiyama) [117] porcelain-maker town315.9 ha
(39 acres)
Arita's townscape was formed after the great Bunsei era fire of 1828 and consists of a mixture of machiya town houses and western architecture. Arita, Saga
33°11′23.03″N129°53′52.37″E / 33.1897306°N 129.8978806°E / 33.1897306; 129.8978806 (Arita, Arita-uchiyama)
Donbai Wall.jpg
Kōjiro-kūji (雲仙市神代小路, Unzen-shi Kōjiro-kūji) [118] samurai quarter29.8 ha
(24 acres)
Edo period samurai district centered around the Nabeshima Residence including waterways, stone walls and hedges. Unzen, Nagasaki
32°52′7.62″N130°16′3.27″E / 32.8687833°N 130.2675750°E / 32.8687833; 130.2675750 (Unzen, Kōjiro-kūji)
Kojirokuji Unzen Nagasaki pref.jpg
Higashi-yamate (長崎市東山手, Nagasaki-shi Higashi-yamate) [119] port quarter27.5 ha
(19 acres)
Stone paving, brick walls and western houses from the Meiji to the Taishō period along the Dutch Slope. Nagasaki, Nagasaki
32°44′13.89″N129°52′26.08″E / 32.7371917°N 129.8739111°E / 32.7371917; 129.8739111 (Nagasaki, Higashi-yamate)
Dong Shan Shou orandaBan (20090302).jpg
Minami-yamate (長崎市南山手, Nagasaki-shi Minami-yamate) [120] port quarter217 ha
(42 acres)
Foreign settlement that opened during the bakmatsu on a gentle slope with western style houses from the end of the Edo to the Meiji period. Nagasaki, Nagasaki
32°43′58.44″N129°52′7.08″E / 32.7329000°N 129.8686333°E / 32.7329000; 129.8686333 (Nagasaki, Minami-yamate)
Nagasaki-Glover-Garden-5415.jpg
Kōnoura Ōshima-mura (平戸市大島村神浦, Hirado-shi Ōshima-mura Kōnoura) [121] port quarter221.2 ha
(52 acres)
In the middle ages, the port of call of kenminsen in the Genkai Sea and later the headquarter of the whaling industry. The town includes gabled houses with sangawarabuki roofs [note 7] and trapezoidal floor plans matching the curved streets. Hirado, Nagasaki
33°28′42.46″N129°33′24.13″E / 33.4784611°N 129.5567028°E / 33.4784611; 129.5567028 (Hirado, Ōshima-mura Kōnoura)
Konoura hirado nagasaki japan.JPG
Mameda-machi (日田市豆田町, Hita-shi Mameda-machi) [122] merchant quarter210.7 ha
(26 acres)
Developed from a castle town to the political and economical center of Kyushu after becoming under the jurisdiction of the bakufu shogunate in 1639. Houses from different eras are preserved and form an orderly townscape with two streets running north-south crossed by five streets in east-west direction. Hita, Ōita
33°19′38.51″N130°56′12.47″E / 33.3273639°N 130.9367972°E / 33.3273639; 130.9367972 (Hita, Mameda-machi)
Hita-city Mameda01.jpg
Kita-dai and Minami-dai (杵築市北台南台, Kitsuki-shi kita-dai minami-dai) [96] samurai quarter216.1 ha
(40 acres)
Residential neighborhood for upper and middle-class samurai from the Kitsuki Domain around Kitsuki Castle. It consists of two parts, Kita-dai and Minami-dai separated by a valley and connected via stone steps and slopes of masonry. Kitsuki, Ōita
33°24′59.77″N131°37′5.54″E / 33.4166028°N 131.6182056°E / 33.4166028; 131.6182056 (Kitsuki, Kita-dai and Minami-dai)
Zuo Wu noBan /Chu Zhu  - panoramio.jpg
Tonegawa (椎葉村十根川, Shiibason Tonegawa) [123] mountain village339.9 ha
(99 acres)
Settlement on a terraced hillside in the central part of the Kyushu mountain range. Shiiba, Miyazaki
32°30′45.67″N131°11′33.38″E / 32.5126861°N 131.1926056°E / 32.5126861; 131.1926056 (Shiiba, Tonegawa)
Shiibamura miyazaki japan.JPG
Mimitsu (日向市美々津, Hyuga-shi Mimitsu) [124] port quarter27.2 ha
(18 acres)
Port town that flourished as a ship building center from the bakumatsu to the Taishō period. The townscape consists of gabled houses along three main streets and fire prevention road known as tsukinuke. Hyuga, Miyazaki
32°20′11.6″N131°36′43.49″E / 32.336556°N 131.6120806°E / 32.336556; 131.6120806 (Hyuga, Mimitsu)
Mimitsu Hyuga 2008.JPG
Obi (日南市飫肥, Nichinan-shi Obi) [125] samurai quarter219.8 ha
(49 acres)
Samurai district of a former castle town of the Itō clan with stone walls, the castle front gate (大手門, ōtemon), gates for the samurai residences (長屋門, nagayamon) and other gates. Nichinan, Miyazaki
31°37′36.21″N131°21′11.46″E / 31.6267250°N 131.3531833°E / 31.6267250; 131.3531833 (Nichinan, Obi)
Obi06.jpg
Iriki -fumoto (薩摩川内市入来麓, Satsumasendai-shi Iriki-fumoto) [126] samurai quarter219.2 ha
(47 acres)
Samurai district with pebble fences and hedges on stone walls, located between Kiyoshiki Castle and the Hiwaki River. Satsumasendai, Kagoshima
31°48′28.36″N130°25′48.57″E / 31.8078778°N 130.4301583°E / 31.8078778; 130.4301583 (Satsumasendai, Iriki-fumoto)
Iriki Fumoto 01.JPG
Izumi-fumoto (出水市出水麓, Izumi-shi Izumi-fumoto) [127] samurai quarter243.8 ha
(108 acres)
Oldest and largest among the outer castles established by the Satsuma Clan. Izumi, Kagoshima
32°4′40.96″N130°21′37.83″E / 32.0780444°N 130.3605083°E / 32.0780444; 130.3605083 (Izumi, Izumi-fumoto)
Tatebaba dori Izumi.JPG
Chiran (南九州市知覧, Minamikyūshū-shi Chiran) [128] samurai quarter218.6 ha
(46 acres)
Part of the outer castles established by the Satsuma Clan and in possession of the Chiran-Shimazu Clan (Sata Clan), the district is centered around the feudal lord's residence. Minamikyūshū, Kagoshima
31°22′41.27″N130°26′44.81″E / 31.3781306°N 130.4457806°E / 31.3781306; 130.4457806 (Minamikyūshū, Chiran)
Chiran Fumoto 01.JPG
Kasedafumoto (南さつま市加世田麓, Minamisatsuma-shi Kasedafumoto) [79] samurai quarter220.0 ha
(49 acres)
An outer castle in possession of the Shimazu clan since the 15th century. Minamisatsuma, Kagoshima
31°24′48.92″N130°19′8.75″E / 31.4135889°N 130.3190972°E / 31.4135889; 130.3190972 (Satsuma Kasedafumoto)
Tonaki Island (渡名喜村渡名喜島, Tonaki-son Tonaki-jima) [129] farming village321.4 ha
(53 acres)
Village with red tile roofs and streets of white sand in the flat central part of Tonaki Island. Tonaki, Okinawa
26°22′17.54″N127°8′31.69″E / 26.3715389°N 127.1421361°E / 26.3715389; 127.1421361 (Tonaki Island)
View of Tonaki Island.jpg
Taketomi (竹富町竹富島, Taketomi-chō Taketomi-jima) [130] farming village338.3 ha
(95 acres)
Traditional composition and arrangement of wooden one-storey residential houses with red tile roofs surrounded by stone walls. Taketomi, Okinawa
24°19′49.14″N124°5′11.86″E / 24.3303167°N 124.0866278°E / 24.3303167; 124.0866278 (Taketomi)
Village in Taketomi Island - located at southwest Japan.jpg

See also

Notes

  1. The total in this column is larger than the number of designated groups, because some of the designated properties belong to more than one type.
  2. 1 2 3 A jinai-machi, jinai-chō (寺内町) is an autonomous religious community that appeared in the Muromachi Period.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 During the Edo period, zaigō towns (在郷町, zaigō-machi) were areas in the countryside where artisans and merchants lived under the administration of a nearby village's magistrate (bugyō).
  4. (chūmon-zukuri, 中門造): a type of minka , vernecular house, with one or more wings projecting at right angles from the main house [15]
  5. (yakuimon, 薬医門): a gate with a gabled roof, two square or rectangular main posts and two square or circular secondary posts [18]
  6. (sodegura, 袖蔵): a type of storehouse flanking the main shop with the roofs at right angles to the main building [19]
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 (sangawarabuki, 桟瓦葺): a roof tile combining a broad concave tile with a semi-cylindrical convex tile into one tile. The tile is square undulating from concave to convex. [70]
  8. 1 2 3 (hongawarabuki, 本瓦葺): a tile roof composed of flat broad concave tiles and semi-cylindrical convex tiles covering the seams of the former [83]
  9. (yosemune-zukuri, 寄棟造): a hipped roof where the front and back are trapezoidal and the sides triangular in shape; in Japan generally used for buildings of less importance [109]

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Tondabayashi Jinaimachi (富田林寺内町) is a popular name of the old temple-based town (Jinaimachi) located in Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It is one of the Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings in Tondabayashi-shi Tondabayashi (富田林市富田林重要伝統的建造物群保存地区). The town has remains of old town blocks from the Sengoku period, and a number of old machiyas built from the mid-Edo period on. A large portion of the historical townscape was selected in 1997 as an Important Preservation District for Groups of Traditional Buildings. In 2018, the rest of the area was added.

Mount Unebi

Mount Unebi is a mountain in the city of Kashihara, in the central-western part Nara Prefecture, Japan. Together with Mount Amanokagu and Mount Miminashi, it belongs to the so-called "Yamato Sanzan", in which it is the highest. At the foot of the mountain are gneiss new rocks, and part of the middle slope and higher are biotite and andesite. At the top is a funnel of an extinct crater.

Protected Forests are areas of national forest in Japan so designated in an effort to conserve biodiversity. Japan's Protected Forest system includes three categories of protected forests: Forest Biosphere Reserves; Biotic Community Protection Forests; and Rare Population Protection Forests. Some of these national forests are linked by a network of Green Corridors that are also included in the system. Established in 1915, the system was overhauled in 2015 and expanded in 2019.

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