Grouville

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Grouville
Royal Bay of Grouville, Jersey.jpg
View south across the Royal Bay of Grouville
Flag of Grouville Parish, Jersey.svg
Blason ville uk Grouville (Jersey).svg
Grouville in Jersey.svg
Location of Grouville in Jersey
Crown Dependency Jersey, Channel Islands
Government
[1]
   Connétable John Le Maistre [2]
Area
  Total7.8 km2 (3.0 sq mi)
  Rank Ranked 10th
Population
 (2011)
  Total4,866
  Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone GMT
  Summer (DST) UTC+01
Postcode district
JE3
Postcode sector
9
Website www.parish.gov.je/grouville/

Grouville is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. The parish is around 3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi) east of St Helier. The parish covers a surface area of 4,354 vergées (7.8 km²). The parish includes the south-east portion of the main island of the Bailiwick of Jersey, as well as the Minquiers islets several miles to the south, and is dominated by the broad sweep of the Royal Bay of Grouville. It borders St. Clement, St. Saviour and St. Martin.

Contents

History

Restoration work has reconstructed the entrance to the passage tomb of La Hougue Bie. The chapel sits on top of the mound La Hougue Bie entrance and chapel, Jersey.jpg
Restoration work has reconstructed the entrance to the passage tomb of La Hougue Bie. The chapel sits on top of the mound

The parish of Grouville shares, with the neighbouring parish of St. Martin, a dedication to St. Martin of Tours. The ecclesiastical parish and parish church are dedicated to "St. Martin de Grouville" to distinguish them from the parish of St. Martin (historically 'St. Martin le Vieux'). The Church of St Peter la Rocque was built in the 19th century.

The name 'Grouville' may derive from:

the name Groult or Gueroult is often found today in Normandy and is believed to derive from the ancient probably Norman name Gueroalt (Geirroalt)

The Royal Bay of Grouville gained its royal epithet when it impressed Queen Victoria during her visit in 1846. The bay is popular with tourists for its broad sandy beach and shallow, warm water. It is also the main oyster producing area of Jersey, and was also formerly noted for the production of vraic (seaweed fertiliser). The cottage industry formerly practised by Grouvillais of burning vraic gave rise to the traditional nickname of les Enfuntchis (the smoky ones, or the dim ones, in Jèrriais) shared by the Grouvillais and their neighbours in St. Clement.

Inland, the parish is also home to Jersey's most noted archaeological site at La Hougue Bie, now a museum run by the Jersey Heritage Trust. A prehistoric artificial mound covers a passage grave aligned for the equinox. A mediaeval chapel, Notre Dame de la Clarté, built on the Neolithic mound was converted in the 18th century to a folly-like Gothic Revival residence, the Prince's Tower (demolished in the 1920s). During the German occupation of the Channel Islands in the Second World War, the German forces and imported labourers constructed bunkers in and alongside the ancient mound, now also transformed for museum interpretation.

La Rocque was the site of the landing of the French forces on 6 January 1781. The skirmish at La Platte Rocque was ancillary to the Battle of Jersey.

Governance

Grouville parish hall Grouville - Salle paroissiale 20181231.jpg
Grouville parish hall

The parish is a first-level administrative division of the Bailiwick of Jersey, a British Crown dependency. The highest official in the parish is the Connétable of Grouville. The incumbent office holder is John Le Maistre, who has held the office since 2013. [3] The parish administration is headquartered at the Parish Hall next to the parish church.

At present, the parish forms one electoral district for States Assembly elections and elects one Deputy, as well as eight Senators in an islandwide constituency. The current Deputy for Grouville is Carolyn Labey. [4] Under the proposed electoral reform, it will form part of the North East electoral district consisting of St. Martin and Grouville, which will collectively elect three representatives (the least of any constituency) alongside the parishes' Connétables. [5]

Grouville is divided for administrative purposes into vingtaines as follows:

Geography

The Minquiers are in Grouville Peter Colback August 2013 Minquiers Dodger 09.JPG
The Minquiers are in Grouville
Homes along the beach Grouville beach.jpg
Homes along the beach

The main part of the parish is in the south-east of the island of Jersey, part of the Channel Islands archipelago. It borders St. Clement, St. Saviour and St. Martin. The parish hall is located around 3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi) east of the Royal Square in St Helier. The parish is dominated by the sweeping Royal Bay of Grouville (part of which is often called Gorey Bay), stretching from Mont Orgeuil Castle in St. Martin, which dominates the skyline to the north, out to the sea in the south at La Rocque. It is the third smallest parish, only measuring 8 square kilometres (4560 vergées). [6] The Minquiers are also part of the parish of Grouville.

The parish is quite urbanised, with 22% of the parish built-up, but is also quite an agricultural parish. Its mix of land uses can be compared closely to that of St. Lawrence. [6] The parish population is mostly located along the coastal part to the east of La Grande Route des Sablons along the coast, with the 'village centre' of the parish located at Ville-ès-Renauds, which has a number of shops and the parish school. Further inland, the parish rises up to the Mont de Grouville. The parish church and hall are located further inland at the foot of the hill along the main road to St. Helier. The parish also includes the more residential 'village' part of Gorey, with the more touristic 'pier' part in St. Martin.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19914,297    
19964,658+8.4%
20014,702+0.9%
20114,866+3.5%

Culture and community

Mont Orgeuil dominates the skyline over the Royal Golf Club Le Vier Chate veu du terrain d'golf, Jerri 2.jpg
Mont Orgeuil dominates the skyline over the Royal Golf Club

The parish is makes up the majority of the catchment area for its namesake primary school, however which also takes students from a small part of St. Martin. Grouville Primary School is a feeder school for Le Rocquier. [7]

The parish features a large golf course, known as the Royal Jersey Golf Course, however lacks any other significant sporting facilities.

Economy

Royal Bay of Grouville View of Royal Bay of Grouville.JPG
Royal Bay of Grouville

In modern times, Grouville has been a popular holiday destination, and features a number of hotels. These include the Beausite Hotel, which is a later 20th century structure but incorporates a small structure dating back to 1636 which now serves as the hotel's bar.

Landmarks

The Royal Jersey Golf Club is located on Grouville Common. It was founded in 1878 and granted its royal charter by Queen Victoria. [8] The Pembroke Hotel, near the 16th tee, was a former clubhouse, once called the 'Golf Inn'. During the Occupation, the course was turned into a mine field. There are two German gun emplacements along the opening hole. The club's most famous player is Harry Vardon; he won the Open Championship a record six times. [9]

Within the Royal Bay, there are a number of Martello towers, built during the Napoleonic Wars, including the offshore Seymour and Icho towers. [8]

Queen's Valley offers a encircling walk Queen's Valley Reservoir footpath.jpg
Queen's Valley offers a encircling walk

Queen's Valley (French : La Vallée des Moulins) is located in the north of the parish, very partly shared with St Saviour. In 1987, it was described as "left unspoiled, with just one very minor road traversing it". There were once three water mills along its length, recorded as early 1274. Both Victor Hugo and George Eliot have written about the valley. [8]

In 1976, the Jersey water company proposed to flood the valley to increase water storage capacity. This was met with protests; three campaign groups - Concern, Friends of Queen's Valley and Save our Valley - were supported by thousands of islanders opposing the flooding, with alternative suggestions such as capping the population at 80,000, installing water meters and desalination. TV presenter David Bellamy led a protest walk attended by 2,000 islanders. [10] However in 1986, in the tenth States debate on the matter, the States agreed to flood the valley in the face of possible water shortages, were new capacity not provided. [8] The reservoir opened in November 1991 and has a capacity of 1,193 megalitres (enough to supply the whole island for 48 days). It is two reservoirs and there is a 1.9 miles (3.1 km) public footpath encircling both reservoirs, with natural flora and fauna. [11]

Twin towns

A sign welcoming people to Grouville in Gorey Grouville Welcome.jpg
A sign welcoming people to Grouville in Gorey

Grouville is twinned with:

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jersey</span> British Crown Dependency and island in the English Channel

Jersey, officially the Bailiwick of Jersey, is an island country and self-governing Crown Dependency near the coast of north-west France. It is the largest of the Channel Islands and is 14 miles (23 km) from the Cotentin Peninsula in Normandy. The Bailiwick consists of the main island of Jersey and some surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks including Les Dirouilles, Les Écréhous, Les Minquiers, and Les Pierres de Lecq.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transport in Jersey</span> Overview and history of transport in Jersey

Transport in Jersey is primarily through the motor vehicle. The island, which is the largest of the Channel Islands has 124,737 registered vehicles (2016). The island is committed to combatting climate change, having declared a climate emergency, and policy is focused on reducing dependence on the car. The island has a cycle network and bus service. The primary modes of transport for leaving the island are by air or sea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Helier</span> Capital of Jersey

St Helier is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in the English Channel. St Helier has a population of 35,822 – over one-third of the total population of Jersey – and is the capital of the island. The town of St Helier is the largest settlement and only town of Jersey. The town consists of the built-up areas of St Helier, including First Tower, and parts of the parishes of St Saviour and St Clement, with further suburbs in surrounding parishes. The greater part of St Helier is rural.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Saviour, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Saviour is a parish of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is located directly east of St Helier. It has a population of 13,580. It has a land surface area of 3.6 square miles and has a very small coastline at Le Dicq.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Clement, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Clement is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. Its parish hall is around 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) south-east of St Helier. The parish has a population of 9,221 and is the second most densely populated.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Martin, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Martin is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) north-east of St Helier. It has a population of 3,763. The parish covers 10.3 km2 (4.0 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Trinity, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

Trinity is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is 5.8 kilometres (3.6 mi) north of St Helier. It has a population of 3,156. The parish covers 6,975 vergées. Les Platons in the north of the parish is the highest point in Jersey. The parish borders St John, St Helier, St Saviour and St Martin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St John, Jersey</span> Parish in northern Jersey

St John is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey and is around 7.3 kilometres (4.5 mi) north of St Helier on the north coast of the island. It has a surface area of 8.7 km2. St John's Village is also the name of the main village in the parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint Mary, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Mary is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey, Channel Islands. It is 7.7 kilometres (4.8 mi) north-west of St Helier. It is the smallest parish by surface area, with an area of 3,604 vergées (6.5 km2). The parish is rural, with a low population of only 1,818 in 2021, with a single sparse village. It borders four other parishes: St Ouen, St John, St Peter and St Lawrence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint Ouen, Jersey</span> Parish in northwestern Jersey

St Ouen is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is around 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) north-west of St Helier. It has a population of 4,097. The parish is the largest parish by surface area, covering 8,525 vergées (15 km2), and is located in part on a peninsula.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Peter, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Peter is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is around 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) north-west of St Helier. The parish has a population of 5,003. It has a surface area of 10.6 square kilometres (4.1 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Lawrence, Jersey</span> Jersey parish

St Lawrence is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is located 8.0 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of St Helier. The parish covers 5,258 vergées (9.5 km2) and occupies the centre of the Island. St Lawrence Village is also the name of a village in the parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vingtaine</span>

A vingtaine is a political subdivision of Jersey. They are subdivisions of the various parishes of Jersey, and one, La Vingtaine de la Ville, in Saint Helier is further divided into two cantons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parishes of Jersey</span> Administrative district of Jersey in the Channel Islands

The parishes of Jersey are the civil and religious administrative districts of Jersey in the Channel Islands. Jersey has a unitary system of governance and all the powers and administration of the parishes are governed by laws enacted by the States Assembly. All have access to the sea and share a name with their ancient parish churches.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vingtaine de la Rocque</span> Vingtaine in Grouville

Vingtaine de la Rocque is one of the four vingtaines of Grouville Parish on the Channel Island of Jersey. It includes the uninhabited Minquiers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vingtaine du Rouge Bouillon</span> Vingtaine in Saint Helier

Vingtaine du Rouge Bouillon is one of the six vingtaines of St Helier in Jersey, Channel Islands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Jersey</span> Overview of and topical guide to Jersey

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jersey:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vingtaine de Faldouet</span>

Vingtaine de Faldouet is one of the five vingtaines of St Martin in the Channel Island of Jersey. The vingtaine is situated in the north-east of the parish, bordering the coast.

References

  1. "Grouville Homepage". Parish.gov.je. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  2. "BBC News - Jersey parish of Grouville vote for John Le Maistre". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  3. "Members". statesassembly.gov.je. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  4. "Results 2018". Vote.je - States of Jersey Elections. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. https://statesassembly.gov.je/assemblypropositions/2020/p.139-2020.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  6. 1 2 "Size and land cover of Jersey". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  7. "Jersey School Catchement areas". statesofjersey.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 28 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. 1 2 3 4 Stevens, Joan; Jee, Nigel (1987). The Channel Islands. Great Britain: Michael Joseph. ISBN   071812765X.
  9. "ROYAL JERSEY GOLF CLUB". www.royaljersey.com. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  10. Queen's Valley. 'Power, People and Protest' exhibition: Jersey Museum. 2021.
  11. Queen's Valley Reservoir Fact Sheet (PDF). Jersey Water.