Guia (Albufeira)

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Guia
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Coat of arms
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Guia
Location in Portugal
Coordinates: 37°07′34″N8°17′56″W / 37.126°N 8.299°W / 37.126; -8.299 Coordinates: 37°07′34″N8°17′56″W / 37.126°N 8.299°W / 37.126; -8.299
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Region Algarve
Intermunic. comm. Algarve
District Faro
Municipality Albufeira
Area
  Total26.80 km2 (10.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total4,376
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Postal code
8200
Area code289
Patron Nossa Senhora da Visitação

Guia is a civil parish in the Portuguese municipality of Albufeira in the Algarve, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the coast. The population in 2011 was 4,376, [1] in an area of 26.80 km². [2]

Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division. In comparison, the word município refers to the organs of State. This differentiation is still in use in Portugal and some of its former overseas provinces, but is no longer in use in Brazil following the abolition of these organs, in favour of the French prefecture system.

Algarve Region in Portugal

The Algarve is the southernmost region of continental Portugal. It has an area of 4,997 km2 (1,929 sq mi) with 451,006 permanent inhabitants, and incorporates 16 municipalities. The region has its administrative centre in the city of Faro, where both the region's international airport and public university, the University of Algarve, are located. Tourism and related activities are extensive and make up the bulk of the Algarve's summer economy. Production of food, which includes fish and other seafood, different types of fruit such as oranges, figs, plums, carob beans, and almonds, are also economically important in the region. Although Lisbon surpasses the Algarve in terms of tourism revenue, the Algarve is still, overall, considered to be the biggest and most important Portuguese tourist region, having received an estimated total of 7.1 million tourists in 2017. Its population triples in the peak holiday season due to seasonal residents. The Algarve is also increasingly sought after, mostly by central and northern Europeans, as a permanent place to settle. A 2016 American-based study concluded that the Algarve was the world's best place to retire.

Contents

History

Oral tradition suggest that the name came from the erection of the hermitage to Nossa Senhora da Guia, where the Virgin appeared to the people. Ecclesiastical records from the Bishop of the Algarve indicate that owing to the sanctuary, the parish was created in 1617.

Geography

This old settlement is located on the flank of a short mount, the Cerro de São Sebastião, with expansion occurring in the second quarter of 20th century. Among the more important localities of the parish of the settlements of Vale Parra, Vale Rabelho, Montes Juntos, Vale Verde, Cortelhas, Vale da Ursa, Tavagueira and Álamos.

The nearest beaches are Laurenco and Gale.

Economy

The tourist attraction of Zoomarine, a water and marine theme park Zoomarine.jpg
The tourist attraction of Zoomarine, a water and marine theme park

The population of the parish has maintained an agricultural tradition, based on a rural society, producing fig, carob, almond, vineyards, wheat, barley and rye, in addition to many legumes.

Carob carob tree or shrub with edible pods, also used in landscaping

The carob is a flowering evergreen tree or shrub in the legume family, Fabaceae. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens and landscapes. The carob tree is native to the Mediterranean region and the Middle East.

Guia is also home to Algarve Shopping, a large shopping centre with hypermarket, Continente, and a 9 screen cinema.

The village of Guia is home to "Zoomarine" a theme park with a primary aim; to educate about the seas and the wildlife within them.

It is known for its numerous chicken piri-piri restaurants, and is known locally as "The Capital of Chicken"; the very first chicken piri-piri was supposedly grilled here in 1974, by José Carlos Ramires, whose eponymous restaurant is still open today. Situated on the N125 (the principal east to west road on the Algarve with the exception of the A22 Motorway) it is a busy but nevertheless attractive place.

Architecture

Military

John III of Portugal Portuguese monarch

John III nicknamed The Colonizer was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 13 December 1521 to 11 June 1557. He was the son of King Manuel I and Maria of Aragon, the third daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. John succeeded his father in 1521, at the age of nineteen.

Religious

1755 Lisbon earthquake Catastrophic earthquake that primarily affected Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon earthquake, occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on the morning of Saturday, 1 November, Feast of All Saints, at around 09:40 local time. In combination with subsequent fires and a tsunami, the earthquake almost totally destroyed Lisbon and adjoining areas. Seismologists today estimate the Lisbon earthquake had a magnitude in the range 8.5–9.0 on the moment magnitude scale, with its epicentre in the Atlantic Ocean about 200 km (120 mi) west-southwest of Cape St. Vincent. Chronologically it was the third known large scale earthquake to hit the city. Estimates place the death toll in Lisbon alone between 10,000 and 100,000 people, making it one of the deadliest earthquakes in history.

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References

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país
  3. Fernandes, Paulo (2002), SIPA (ed.), Torre Velha (PT050801020016) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 5 April 2012
  4. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Igreja de São Sebastião (PT050801020010) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 5 April 2012
  5. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Igreja Paroquial da Guia/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Visitação (PT050801020009) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 5 April 2012
  6. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Guia (PT050801020008) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 5 April 2012