Guildford, Western Australia

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Guildford
Perth,  Western Australia
Guildford gnangarra 040415-128.jpg
James Street
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Guildford
Coordinates 31°54′00″S115°58′23″E / 31.9°S 115.973°E / -31.9; 115.973 Coordinates: 31°54′00″S115°58′23″E / 31.9°S 115.973°E / -31.9; 115.973
Population2,011 (2016 census) [1]
Established1829
Postcode(s) 6055
Location13 km (8 mi) NE of Perth
LGA(s) City of Swan
State electorate(s) Midland
Federal Division(s) Division of Hasluck
Suburbs around Guildford:
Eden Hill Caversham Woodbridge
Bassendean Guildford Hazelmere
Bassendean South Guildford Hazelmere

Guildford is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 12 km northeast of the city centre within the City of Swan. Guildford was founded in 1829 as one of the earliest settlements of the Swan River Colony. It is one of only three towns in the metropolitan area listed on the Register of the National Trust.

Contents

History

Guildford was established in 1829 at the confluence of the Helena River and Swan River, being sited near a permanent fresh water supply.

During Captain Stirling's exploration for a suitable site to establish a colony on the western side of the Australian continent in the late 1820s, the exploration party of boats found a fresh water stream across the river from the site of Guildford which they called Success Hill.

Guildford was originally the centre of the Swan River Colony before Perth succeeded in being the dominant location on the Swan Coastal Plain.[ citation needed ]

Guildford was the home of Lew Whiteman and his family. The Whiteman family were responsible for the establishment of various industries. The Whiteman family established Mussel Pool as a picnic area for their employees. This land and the purchase of surrounding land by the State Government in 1978 was used to create Whiteman Park. The original home of the Whiteman family are now tea rooms; the house is one of the oldest standing homes in Western Australia.

Guildford was originally the political centre of what is now called the City of Swan. The original council chambers have been converted to a library. Alongside the library stands the town hall; behind this is the stables built for the councillors while attending meetings and as a depot for council equipment. These stables have been converted and are now the home of the Garrick Theatre, which is the oldest operating theatre group in Western Australia. The original structure is still visible. The roof still has its original shingles in place, though from the outside they have been covered by corrugated galvanised iron .

It also houses the oldest government funded primary school in Western Australia.

Notable residents

Alfred's Kitchen Alfreds Kitchen Guildford 9387.JPG
Alfred's Kitchen

See also

Notes

  1. "2016 Census QuickStats: Guildford (WA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  2. Abdullah, Yasmin Jill (2007). "Abdullah, George Cyril (1919–1984)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. ADU. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  3. Smith, Kevin P. (1983). "Harper, Charles Walter (1880–1956)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. ANU. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  4. Medcalf, M (2005). "Wood, Malvina Evalyn (1893–1976)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. UDA. Retrieved 30 March 2015.

Related Research Articles

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City of Swan Local government area in Western Australia

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William Mitchell (missionary)

William Mitchell was a Church of England priest who was the second ordained person, after The Rev Louis Giustiniani to provide religious services in the Swan Valley area of the Swan River Colony. He worked in the Swan Parish for over 20 years before moving to Perth to take up a position working with convicts and prisoners in the Perth Gaol in Beaufort Street.

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Henry Trigg (1791–1882) was the Superintendent of Public Works in Western Australia from 1839 to 1851 and founder of the Congregational Church in Perth.

Richard Goldsmith Meares (1780-1862) was an early landholder and public official at the Swan River Colony in Western Australia.

Samuel Edward Moore was a prominent early settler in colonial Western Australia, a merchant, pastoralist and a politician.

George Cyril Abdullah was an Aboriginal community leader who promoted Indigenous rights by participating in a number of Perth organisations and committees.

Malvina Evalyn Wood (1893-1976), university librarian and college warden, was born in Guildford, Western Australia, daughter of a railway porter. Genealogy records show that the family's name was initially Shell, but was changed to Wood for unknown reasons.

The Reverend Dr Louis Giustiniani was the first missionary to the Swan River Colony. He was zealous in defending the interests of aborigines but alienated the colony and was removed from office.

References