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Guillaume de Jerphanion, born at Pontevès in 1877, died in Rome on 22 October 1948,was a French Jesuit, epigrapher, geographer, photographer, linguist, archaeologist and Byzantinist.
Pontevès is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society. The Greek prefix, "geo," means "earth" and the Greek suffix, "graphy," meaning "description," so a geographer is someone who studies the earth. The word "geography" is a Middle French word that is believed to have been first used in 1540.
He served as an officer-interpreter with the French Légion d'Orient in Cyprus in 1918, and became professor and member of the Pontifical Oriental Institute at Rome. He was elected member of the French Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres in 1947.
The Armenian Legion was a foreign legion unit within the French Army active during and just after World War I which fought against the Ottoman Empire. The original name of the legion was "La Légion d'Orient". It was renamed "La Légion Arménienne" on February 1, 1919. The soldiers in this legion were referred to informally among Armenians as Gamavor (Volunteer).
The Pontifical Oriental Institute or "Orientale" is the premier center for the study of Eastern Christianity in Rome, Italy.
He was the first scholar to undertake systematic explorations in Cappadocia, the results of which he disseminated in the form of numerous publications. Between 1925 and 1942, he published the monumental work Une nouvelle province de l'art byzantin, les églises rupestres de Cappadoce ("A new province of Byzantine art, the rock-cut churches of Cappadocia") in two volumes of text and three of images.
Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey.
Alfred Charles Auguste Foucher (1865–1952), a French scholar, identified the Buddha image as having Greek origins. He has been called the "father of Gandhara studies", and is a much cited scholar on ancient Buddhism in northwest Indian subcontinent and the Hindu Kush region.
Marie Nicolas Sylvestre Guillon, French ecclesiastic, was born in Paris.
Charles-Jean-Melchior de Vogüé was a French archaeologist, diplomat, and member of the Académie française in seat 18.
George Cœdès was a 20th-century French scholar of southeast Asian archaeology and history.
Henri-Irénée Marrou was a leading French historian of the mid-twentieth century. A Christian humanist in outlook, his work was primarily in the spheres of Late Antiquity and the history of education. He is best known for his work History of Education in Antiquity. He also edited the early Christian work Letter to Diognetus for Sources Chrétiennes, a text the only manuscript of which perished in a fire at the University of Strasbourg in the Franco-Prussian War. Marrou edited the collection Patristica Sorbonensia published by Le Seuil. Marrou's work has been criticised by the philosopher Ilsetraut Hadot. Marrou also wrote under the pseudonym of Henri Davenson. His "Carnets manuscrits" were published by his daughter Françoise Flamant in 2006
Ernest Mamboury was a Swiss scholar renowned for his works on the historic structures in Turkish cities, particularly on Byzantine art and architecture in Istanbul.
Louis Finot was a French archeologist and researcher, specialising in the cultures of Southeast Asia. A former director of the Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient, his contribution to the study of Khmer history, architecture and epigraphy is widely recognised.
Louis René Bréhier was a French historian who specialized in Byzantine studies. The philosopher Émile Bréhier was his brother.
Joseph Hajjar, a Melkite Catholic priest of Syrian origin, is particularly known for historical works covering the fortunes of Christians in the Levant concentrating on the nineteenth century. Hajjar's interests cover wider spheres however including the permanent synod in the patriarchate of Constantinople down to the eleventh century, church history in modern times also involving the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and the question of Christian ecclesiastical tribunals in the Muslim world including their suppression in Egypt.
Jules Leroy, French priest and researcher in the domains of Syriac, Coptic and Ethiopian manuscripts, art and architecture.
Yves Morvan is a French archaeologist, specialist of the romanesque art and of the iconography of Blaise Pascal. He is also a restorer, sculptor of religious characters, as well as member of the Academy of Science, Literature and Arts of Clermont-Ferrand.
Noël Duval is a French archaeologist.
André Lemaire is a French epigrapher, historian and philologist. He is Director of Studies at the École pratique des hautes études, where he teaches hebraic and aramean philology and epigraphy. He specializes in West-Semitic old civilization and the origins of monotheism. He is a corresponding member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres.
Louis Demaison was a 19th–20th-century French historiographer, archaeologist, and with Henri Jadart, one of the most significant contributors to the nineteenth/twentieth history of the Marne department.
Jean-Michel Leniaud is a French historian of art. A specialist of architecture and art of the 19th and 20th centuries, he was director of the École Nationale des Chartes from 2011 to 2016.
Nicolas Vatin is a French epigrapher and historian, specialist of the Ottoman Empire. François Vatin, professor of sociology at the Paris West University Nanterre La Défense is his brother.
Yann Le Bohec is a French historian, specializing in ancient Rome, in particular North Africa during Antiquity and military history.
Claude Lepelley was a 20th-21st-century French historian, a specialist of late Antiquity and North Africa during Antiquity. His thesis, Les cités de l'Afrique romaine au Bas-Empire, defended in 1977 under the direction of William Seston, profoundly changed the understanding of the urban world in the third - fourth centuries: far from declining, the cities of Africa had some prosperity at that time.
Alain Erlande-Brandenburg is a French art historian and honorary general curator for heritage, a specialist on Gothic and Romanesque art.
Roland Étienne is a French archaeologist and historian specialising in the history of Greek archaeology, ancient architecture and Hellenistic history.