Gulf of Anadyr

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NOAA Chart, Cape Navarin at the left center Anadyr chart.gif
NOAA Chart, Cape Navarin at the left center

The Gulf of Anadyr, or Anadyr Bay (Russian : Анадырский залив), is a large bay on the Bering Sea in far northeast Siberia.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

Bering Sea Marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Alaska, Eastern Russia and the Aleutian Islands

The Bering Sea is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. It comprises a deep water basin, which then rises through a narrow slope into the shallower water above the continental shelves.

Contents

Location

The bay is roughly rectangular and opens to the southeast. The corners are (clockwise from the south) Cape Navarin (another source says the adjacent Cape Thaddeus), Anadyr Estuary, Kresta Bay and Cape Chukotsky on the Chukchi Peninsula. It is about 250 miles (400 km) across. A long gravel bar runs along the northeast shore for about 45 miles (72 km) east from Kresta Bay. The Gulf of Anadyr is covered with ice normally 10 months a year. Whales such as Bowhead and Gray may appear close to shores.

Kresta Bay

Kresta Bay or Kresta Gulf is a large bay of the Gulf of Anadyr on the southern coast of the Chukotka Peninsula, Russian Federation. Administratively the bay is part of the Iultinsky District of Chukotka.

Cape Chukotsky

Cape Chukotsky is located in the south-east of the Chukotka Peninsula, at the east entrance to the Providence Bay and the northern boundary of Gulf of Anadyr; it borders the Bering Sea and Bering Strait. This rocky cape hosts a bird colony with a population of one thousand northern fulmars, pelagic cormorants, black-legged kittiwakes, Urias, pigeon guillemots and horned puffins.

Chukchi Peninsula peninsula in the extreme North-Eastern Russia

The Chukchi Peninsula, at about 66° N 172° W, is the easternmost peninsula of Asia. Its eastern end is at Cape Dezhnev near the village of Uelen. It is bordered by the Chukchi Sea to the north, the Bering Sea to the south, and the Bering Strait to the east. The peninsula is part of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia. The peninsula is traditionally the home of tribes of the indigenous peoples of Siberia as well as some Russian settlers.

Civilization

The town of Anadyr, the administrative centre of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, is located on the Anadyr Estuary. Provideniya, on Komsomolskaya Bay (formerly Emma Harbor; a branch of Provideniya Bay), and Egvekinot, on Kresta Bay are the next largest coastal settlements.

Anadyr (town) Town in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia

Anadyr is a port town and the administrative center of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located at the mouth of the Anadyr River at the tip of a peninsula that protrudes into Anadyrsky Liman. Anadyr is the easternmost town in Russia; more easterly settlements, such as Provideniya and Uelen, do not have town status. It was previously known as Novo–Mariinsk.

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug First-level administrative division of Russia

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug or Chukotka (Чуко́тка) is a federal subject of Russia. It is geographically located in the Far East region of the country, and is administratively part of the Far Eastern Federal District. Chukotka is the 2nd-least-populated federal subject at 50,526 (2010) and the least densely populated.

Provideniya Urban-type settlement in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia

Provideniya is an urban locality and the administrative center of Providensky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on Komsomolskaya Bay in the northeastern part of the autonomous okrug, across the Bering Strait from Alaska, and very close to the International Date Line. The population has declined in recent decades: 1,970 (2010 Census); 2,723 (2002 Census); 5,432 (1989 Census).

Notes

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    Anadyr River river in Russia

    Anadyr is a river in the far northeast Siberia which flows into Anadyr Bay of the Bering Sea and drains much of the interior of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Its basin corresponds to the Anadyrsky District of Chukotka.

    Gulf of Saint Lawrence The outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean

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    Egvekinot Urban-type settlement in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia

    Egvekinot is an urban locality and the administrative center of Iultinsky District in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. Population: 2,790 (2010 Census); 2,413 (2002 Census); 5,478 (1989 Census).

    Provideniya Bay Airport airport in Russia


    Provideniya Bay Airport is a small airport in Chukotka, Russia located 3 km southwest of Provideniya. It services primarily small transport aircraft. A concrete apron contains four parking spaces.

    The Velikaya River, also known as Bolshaya and Onemen, is a 556 km long river in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia. It flows north-eastwards from the Koryak Range through the Anadyrskiy Liman into the Bering Sea at the Gulf of Anadyr. The area of its drainage basin is 31,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi). Velikaya (Великая) translates to great in the Russian Language. Bolshaya (Большая) translates to big in Russian.

    The Avtatkuul River is a stream in Far East Siberia. It flows through the Nizhneanadyrskaya lowlands, a region of wetlands, small lakes and tundra into the Bering Sea at the Anadyr Bay. Its mouth is close to the Velikaya River's estuary

    Anadyrsky Liman

    Anadyrskiy Liman or Anadyr Estuary is an estuary on the Gulf of Anadyr in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Siberia, the Russian Federation. It is called a liman because it is separated from the Gulf of Anadyr by the Russkaya Koshka spit in the north and another spit in the south. The channel into the Gulf of Anadyr through the bar is located at 64°29′51″N178°23′29″E.

    Neskynpilgyn Lagoon lagoon in Russia

    The Neskynpil'gyn Lagoon is a shallow coastal lake in the Chukchi Sea at the northern shore of the Chukotka Peninsula, Russia. 30 km to the east is Kolyuchinskaya Bay and 25 km west, Cape Serdtse-Kamen.

    Kent Peninsula peninsula

    The Kent Peninsula is a large peninsula, almost totally surrounded by water, in Nunavut's northern Canadian Arctic mainland. Were it not for a 5-mile isthmus at the southeast corner it would be a long island parallel to the coast. From the isthmus it extends 105 mi (169 km) westward into the Coronation Gulf. To the south, Melville Sound separates it from the mainland. To the north is Dease Strait and then Victoria Island. To the west is Coronation Gulf and to the east, Queen Maud Gulf. Cape Flinders marks the western tip of the peninsula, Cape Franklin is at the northwestern point, and Cape Alexander marks the northeastern point.

    Russkaya Koshka

    Russkaya Koshka is a spit that divides the Anadyr Estuary from the Gulf of Anadyr. The name literally translates as "the Russian cat"; but in fact koshka is the dialectal word for "sand spit". The spit is 16 km long and up to 2 km wide. It has an average elevation of 3 to 4 meters. An unusually low lighthouse stands at the end of the spit. The southern tip of the spit is Cape St. Basil in old sources. The bay between the spit and the mainland is called Klinkowstroem Bay, an arm of the Anadyr Estuary.

    Providence Bay

    Providence Bay is a fjord in the southern coast of the Chukchi Peninsula of northeastern Siberia. It was a popular rendezvous, wintering spot, and provisioning spot for whalers and traders in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Emma Harbor is a large sheltered bay in the eastern shore of Providence Bay. Provideniya and Ureliki settlements and Provideniya Bay Airport stand on the Komsomolskaya Bay. Plover Bay in English sources sometimes refers specifically to the anchorage behind Napkum Spit within Providence Bay but was commonly used as a synonym for Providence Bay; Russian 19th century sources used the term for an anchorage within Providence Bay.

    Anadyrsky District District in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia

    Anadyrsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the six in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is located in the central and southern parts of the autonomous okrug and borders with Chaunsky District in the northwest, Iultinsky District in the north and northeast, the Gulf of Anadyr in the east, Koryak Okrug in the south, and with Bilibinsky District in the west and northwest. It also completely surrounds the territory of the town of okrug significance of Anadyr. The area of the district is 287,900 square kilometers (111,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Anadyr. Population: 6,935 (2010 Census); 8,007 (2002 Census); 40,475 (1989 Census).

    Providensky District District in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia

    Providensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the six in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the autonomous okrug, in the southern half of the Chukchi Peninsula with a northwest extension reaching almost to the Kolyuchinskaya Bay on the Arctic. It borders with Chukotsky District in the north, the Bering Sea in the east and south, and with Iultinsky District in the west. The area of the district is 26,800 square kilometers (10,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Provideniya. Population: 3,923 (2010 Census); 4,660 (2002 Census); 9,778 (1989 Census). The population of Provideniya accounts for 50.2% of the district's total population.

    The Enmyvaam is a river located in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in northeast Siberia, about 150 km (93 mi) southeast of Chaunskaya Bay. It is fed by and is the main and only outflow of Lake Elgygytgyn, draining into the Belaya River (Chukotka).

    References

    International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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    Further reading

    Coordinates: 64°00′N178°00′W / 64.000°N 178.000°W / 64.000; -178.000

    Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

    A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.