|Interim President of Peru (President of the Provisional Government Junta)|
5 March 1931 –11 March 1931
|Born||5 April 1886|
|Died|| 15 March 1933 46) (aged|
Gustavo Jiménez (Tarma, Peru, 5 April 1886 – 15 March 1933 in Lima) was a Peruvian colonel who served as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, in 1931.
Santa Ana de la Ribera de Tarma is the capital city of Tarma Province in Junín Region, Perú.
Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.
Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City.
Jiménez organised one of several uprisings that led to the fall of the government of Augusto B. Leguía. After the nomination of General Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro as the new provisional president, Jiménez kept his supporters under arms since he did not agree with the decision. Following the replacement of Sánchez Cerro with Ricardo Leoncio Elías Arias, Jiménez returned to Lima on 5 March 1931. After entering the presidential palace and a negotiation with Elías, Jiménez became the new president, even though David Samanez Ocampo had been expected to take over presidential power that day.
Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo was a Peruvian politician who served as the 43rd, the 44th and the first year of the 45th President of Peru.
Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro was a high-ranking Peruvian army officer who served as the 48th President of Peru, from 1931 to 1933 as well as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, from 1930 to 1931. On August 22, 1930, as a lieutenant-colonel, he overturned the eleven-year dictatorship of Augusto B. Leguía after a coup d'état in Arequipa.
Ricardo Leoncio Elías Arias was a Peruvian soldier and politician who briefly served as the Interim President of Peru. officially as the President of the Provisional Government Junta, between March 1 and March 5, 1931.
Due to the continuing unrest in the country and strong resistance against Jiménez from the Navy, Jiménez turned power over to David Samanez Ocampo on 11 March.
David Samanez Ocampo1, the son of José Samanez, served as Interim President of Peru, officially as the President of the Southern Junta, during the transitional period of March to December 1931. He oversaw changes to the electoral statutes that effectively brought the vote to the masses, leading to the critical – if highly controversial – presidential election of December 1931, when Sánchez Cerro defeated Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre. Instrumental in his appointment was his reputation and high prestige among politicians of all factions.
The American Popular Revolutionary Alliance - Peruvian Aprista Party is a centre-left Peruvian political party.
Óscar Raymundo Benavides Larrea was a prominent Peruvian field marshal, diplomat, and politician who served as the 45th and 49th President of Peru.
Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado was a left-wing Peruvian General who served as the 58th President of Peru from 1968 to 1975 under the title "[1st] President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces".
The Government Palace, also known as the House of Pizarro, is the seat of the executive branch of the Peruvian Government, and the official residence of the President of Peru. The palace is a stately government building, occupying the northern side of the Plaza Mayor in Peru's capital city, Lima. Set on the Rímac River, the palace occupies the site of a very large huaca that incorporated a shrine to Taulichusco, the last kuraka of Lima.
The Congress of the Republic of Peru is the unicameral body that assumes legislative power in Peru. The congress consists of 130 members (congresistas), who are elected for five-year periods in office on a proportional representation basis.
The National Jury of Elections of Peru is an autonomous constitutional organism, headquartered in Lima. Its goal is to oversee the legality of electoral processes, guaranteeing the respect for the population's will. Thus, it is the entity in charge of proclaiming the official electoral results and awarding recognitions or credentials to the elected authorities. Furthermore, it passes resolutions to regulate the electoral dispositions.
Domingo Elías Carbajo served as Interim President of Peru for a brief period between June and August 1844.
Manuel María Ponce Brousset who briefly served as the President of Peru in August 1930.
José Benigno Samanez y Ocampo navigated the rivers Apurimac, Ene, Tambo, Urubamba and Ucayali between 1883 and 1884, searching for the best way between the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. Born in Andahuaylas in 1838, he was father of David Samanez Ocampo, president of the transitional government of Perú of 1931. He died in Iquitos in 1887 at the age of 49 of yellow fever while being the city prefect.
The Leticia Incident, also called the Leticia War or the Colombia–Peru War, was a short-lived armed conflict between Colombia and Peru over territory in the Amazon rainforest. At the end, they reached an agreement for Colombia to stay with a part and Peru with another part.
The regions of Peru are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Peru. Since its 1821 independence, Peru had been divided into departments but faced the problem of an increasing centralization of political and economic power in its capital, Lima. After several unsuccessful decentralization attempts, the legal figure of region became official and regional governments were elected to manage the departments on November 20, 2002, until their planned fusion into real regions.
Jorge Basadre Grohmann was a Peruvian historian known for his extensive publications about the independent history of his country. He served during two different administrations as Minister of Education and was also director of the Peruvian National Library.
The Peruvian Republican Guard was a Peruvian security force responsibility for border control, custody of the prisons, and guarding significant government buildings.
José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma, 6th Marquess of Montealegre de Aulestia and 5th of Casa-Dávila was a Peruvian historian, writer and politician who served as Prime Minister of Peru, Minister of Justice and Mayor of Lima.
Germán Arenas y Loayza was a Peruvian lawyer and politician. He was a member of the Civilista Party. He was born in Lima, Peru. He graduated from the National University of San Marcos. He served in the Chamber of Deputies of Peru. He was three times minister of the interior and minister of economy and finance in the Government of Peru. He was twice Prime Minister of Peru.
The Fort of Santa Catalina in Lima, Peru, is a Neoclassical style building that partly survives and it is in a good condition, and it is one of the few examples representative of the military colonial architecture that still exists in Peru. It dates to the 1800s decade and was built on a land called "Huerta de los Llanos" and "Huerta Perdida" or that of the "Cuero", which belonged to the Monasteries of Santa Catalina de Siena and de la Concepción respectively. The property is registered as property of the Peruvian State in the Margesí of National Heritages: Asiento 12, Foja 37, Volume I of the Book of Properties of Lima having, at present, a total area of 25,250 square meters. The Liman traditionalist Ricardo Palma, in one of his tradiciones peruanas, affirms that during the Viceroy Gabriel de Avilés's government the factory of the Barracks of Santa Catalina was started for a artillery barracks, under the direction of the then colonel, and later Viceroy, Don Joaquín de la Pezuela.
Ricardo Leoncio Elías Arias
| Interim President of Peru (President of the Provisional Government Junta) |
March 5, 1931 – March 11, 1931
| Succeeded by|
David Samanez Ocampo
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