Guy Ligier

Last updated

Guy Ligier
Guy Ligier.jpg
Ligier in 2014
Born(1930-07-12)12 July 1930
Vichy, Allier, France
Died23 August 2015(2015-08-23) (aged 85)
Nevers, Nièvre, France
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality Flag of France.svg French
Active years 19661967
Teamsprivateer Cooper, privateer Brabham
Entries13 (12 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums0
Career points1
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First entry 1966 Monaco Grand Prix
Last entry 1967 Mexican Grand Prix

Guy Camille Ligier (12 July 1930 – 23 August 2015) was a French racing driver and team owner. He maintained many varied and successful careers over the course of his life, including a racing driver and Formula One team owner.

Contents

The early years

The son of a farmer, Ligier was orphaned at 7 years of age. He left school in his mid-teens and went to work as a butcher's assistant in his home town of Vichy. [1] [2]

Athletic and competitive, he became French rowing champion in 1947. He also had a passion for rugby, and was good enough to play for the French Army during National Service and earn a place on the French national B team. [1] His rugby career was cut short due to injuries. [3]

Determined to become successful, Ligier saved all of the money he earned working as a butcher to fund his aspirations. In 1960 he rented a backhoe, and a short time later bought a bulldozer of his own and went into the construction business. [4]

With help from Pierre Coulon, Vichy's Mayor, he founded the public works company "Ligier Travaux Publics". [4] With motorway construction booming in France, Ligier was able to rapidly expand his business. By 1961 he had 1200 employees and 500 machines and had also diversified into bridges, dams and development. During this period his business contacts allowed him to make important friends in (then) local politicians François Mitterrand and Pierre Bérégovoy. [1]

François Mitterrand 21st President of the French Republic

François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand was a French statesman who served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office in French history. As First Secretary of the Socialist Party, he was the first left-wing politician to be elected President of France under the Fifth Republic.

Pierre Bérégovoy French politician

Pierre Eugène Bérégovoy was a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France under President François Mitterrand from 2 April 1992 to 29 March 1993. He was a member of the Socialist Party.

When his rugby career ended he switched to racing, but on motorcycles. He would win the French Motorbike Championship in the 500cc class riding a Norton Manx "LA" in 1959 and in 1960.

Racing driver

Ford Mustang GT350 of the 1965 Ford France team. Paris - RM Auctions - 5 fevrier 2014 - Ford Mustang 289 Racing Car - 1965 - 002.jpg
Ford Mustang GT350 of the 1965 Ford France team.

Ligier made an early foray into auto racing with a Simca 1300 at the 1957 Parisian Salon Cups in Montlhéry, but it was in 1960 that he first tried his hand at single-seater racing with a Formula Junior Elva-DKW, which he drove at Monaco and Montlhéry. [5] [6] [7]

Formula Junior

Formula Junior is an open wheel formula racing class first adopted in October 1958 by the CSI. The class was intended to provide an entry level class where drivers could use inexpensive mechanical components from ordinary automobiles. The idea to form the new class came from Count Giovanni "Johnny" Lurani who saw the need of a class for single-seater racing cars where younger drivers could take their first steps. It is often speculated that this class was founded as a reaction to Italy's lack of success in the 500cc Formula Three, and although Italian marques dominated the first year of the formula, they were soon overtaken by British constructors.

Elva (car manufacturer) company

Elva was a sports and racing car manufacturing company based in Bexhill, then Hastings and Rye, East Sussex, United Kingdom. The company was founded in 1955 by Frank G. Nichols. The name comes from the French phrase elle va.

DKW

DKW is a German car and motorcycle marque. DKW was one of the four companies that formed Auto Union in 1932 and is hence an ancestor of the modern day Audi company.

By 1964 Ligier was racing Porsche sportscars as part of Auguste Veuillet's team, starting with a 356 and then a 904 Carrera GTS, in which he placed 7th with Robert Buchet at the 1964 24 Hours of Le Mans. [8] That same year Ford France signed Ligier to drive one of two Formula 2 Brabham BT6 cars. These were year-old models, but one would be replaced by a newer Brabham BT10 during the season. Ligier's teammate was Jo Schlesser. [4] Ligier finished fifth in his debut at Enna-Pergusa. [9] So at the relatively late age of 34 Ligier began his "real" career as a driver. [4]

Porsche in motorsport factory motorsports team representing Porsche in various disciplines


Porsche has been successful in many branches of motorsport of which most have been in long distance races.

Porsche 356 1948-1965 sports car

The Porsche 356 is a sports car which was first produced by Austrian company Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH (1948–1949), and then by German company Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH (1950–1965). It was Porsche's first production automobile. Earlier cars designed by the Austrian company include Cisitalia Grand Prix race car, the Volkswagen Beetle, and Auto Union Grand Prix cars.

Porsche 904 car model

The Porsche 904 is an automobile which was produced by Porsche in Germany in 1964 and 1965. It was officially called Porsche Carrera GTS due to the same naming rights problem that required renaming the Porsche 901 to Porsche 911.

In 1965 he won the 24th Grand Prix de Albi Sports in a GT40 for Ford. [10] In 1966 he drove Shelby Mustang GT350 chassis 5R209 rented to Martial Delalande to a second-place finish in the 14th "Rallye des Routes du Nord". [11] [12]

Ligier broke into Formula One as a privateer, entering his own Cooper-Maserati T81 in the 1966 Monaco Grand Prix. [13] In five starts with this car he either ran unclassified or out of the points. That year he and Schlesser also joined forces to become the exclusive importer of Ford-Shelby products to France. [14] [15]

Teaming with Schlesser in a Ford France GT40 again that year produced good results – a fifth-place finish at the Nürburgring 1000 km. [16] Although his year was ended by a knee broken while practicing for the German GP, things could have been worse. Following the crash doctors had wanted to amputate and it was only through the intervention of Schlesser that the leg was saved. [4]

In 1967 Ligier fielded another car of his own, a Brabham-Repco BT20, in the British Grand Prix. His (effective) sixth-place finish in Germany produced the only championship point of his F1 career. [16] Ligier also won the 12 Hours of Reims when sharing a GT40 Mk IIB with Schlesser. [17]

In 1968 Ligier drove a Ford Escort TC in the Coupes de Vitesse. That was the same year that Ford France was winding down its motorsports involvement, so Ligier partnered with Schlesser and José Behra to launch Ecurie InterSport with a pair of McLaren Formula 2 cars. [18] [19] Schlesser was killed that year in his Formula One debut at the French Grand Prix while at the wheel of the magnesium-bodied air-cooled Honda RA302 Formula One car. [20] The shocking loss of his friend prompts Ligier to retire from racing.

Ligier had one outing in a Ford Escort TC in the 1969 Coupes de l'ACIF, but he returned to regular competition in 1970 for the 24 Hours of Le Mans in a car bearing his own name, the Ligier JS1, and continued to participate in various endurance races with his own cars until 1974. [16]

In total Ligier participated in thirteen Grand Prix Formula 1 races, getting one point in the drivers' world championship with an eighth-place finish in the German Grand Prix in 1966 due to the two finishers in front of him being F2 cars, and so ineligible for F1 points. [21]

Other racing wins

Constructor and Team owner

Ligier JS2 Ligier JS2 v red.jpg
Ligier JS2

In 1968 Ligier established "Ligier Cars" to build his own sports-racing cars in fulfillment of the dream that he and former teammate, business partner and close friend, the late Jo Schlesser had shared to build a "good car". [22] Ligier hired Michel Têtu to design the cars, and the first car produced was the JS1 prototype, the "JS" in this and all subsequent names being a tribute to Schlesser. Only three JS1s were built before production switched to its successor, the JS2.

The JS3 racing prototype was actually built in the time between the JS1 and JS2. Following limited success in the sports-racing field Ligier turned his attention to Formula 1 when he bought the assets of Equipe Matra Sports. With the experienced team, including designer Gerard Ducarouge and the Matra V12 engine Ligier formed Equipe Ligier in 1976. [23] The team became successful in the early 1980s with drivers Jacques Laffite, Patrick Depailler and Didier Pironi.

Jacques Laffite in a JS5 - 1976. Jacques Laffite GP Italia 1976.jpg
Jacques Laffite in a JS5 - 1976.

In 1981 Ligier's old friend François Mitterrand became President of France. When Ligier ran into trouble in 1983 the President ordered that government-owned companies such as Elf, Gitanes and Loto should supply sponsorship. [24] Ligier also had preferential treatment when it came to engines, political pressure being applied to Renault to force the company to supply the team, which used Renault engines from 1984 to 1986 and from 1992 to 1994.

The Ligier-Mitterrand-Bérégovoy alliance reached its peak in the early 1990s with the reconstruction of the Magny-Cours racing circuit as a new headquarters for Ligier and as a racing circuit to host the French Grand Prix. President Mitterrand and Prime Minister Bérégovoy backed the idea. [25]

Oliver Panis in 1995. Olivier Panis 1995 Britain.jpg
Oliver Panis in 1995.

At the 1996 Grand Prix of Monaco driver Olivier Panis wins the ninth and final Formula 1 victory for Ligier. [26]

Equipe Ligier managed to contest 326 Grand Prix races, make 50 podiums appearances, notch 9 victories, claim second place in the 1980 World Championship and build over 20 Formula 1 cars. [27] It was also home to an illustrious list of drivers over the eighteen years that it competed under the Ligier name.

Post-Formula 1 life

Following the demise of the Monica car company in 1975, Ligier purchased the French assets and remaining unassembled vehicles. [28] Ligier did not resume production of the Monica.

1980 Ligier JS4, the company's first microcar 1980 Ligier JS4 (3448605638).jpg
1980 Ligier JS4, the company's first microcar

Having built a variety of sports-racing and Formula 1 cars, Ligier began to diversify his automobile company in the 1980s. Beginning with tractor cabs, the Ligier Group later began production of "voitures sans permis" or "voiturettes", a class of microcar in France that may be driven without an operator's license, with the release of the Ligier JS4. [29] The two-door JS4 has a nearly cubic steel monococque and a glass rear door, and was originally equipped with a 49 cc Motobécane engine. [30] It was short and quite wide, reflecting recent legal changes allowing "voitures sans permis" to seat two rather than just one. [30]

In 1992 Ligier realized that the socialist government would not last forever and sold his team to Cyril de Rouvre (The team was sold again in 1994 to Flavio Briatore). [25] Ligier used the money from the sale to corner the market in natural fertilizer in central France and set about building another fortune. [24]

Within a few months Mitterrand's Socialist Party experienced a major loss in the elections and Bérégovoy committed suicide on May 1, 1993. [31] Ligier remained involved with the old Formula 1 team in an ambassadorial role until it was sold yet again, this time to Alain Prost in February 1997 and renamed Prost Grand Prix. [32]

In 2004, Ligier acquired a majority shareholding in Automobiles Martini, adding his "Ligier JS" naming to new models such as the Ligier JS49, JS51 and JS53. [33]

The name Ligier returned to the motor racing spotlight in 2014 when Jacques Nicolet's Onroak Automotive began building cars. [34] Some were campaigned by Nicolet's own OAK Racing, which fielded a Ligier JS P2 prototype running in FIA World Endurance Championship and 24 Hours of Le Mans with Nicolet and Jean-Marc Merlin driving.

Ligier's son had also become a constructor of Formula 3 cars. [35]

Following his death on 23 August 2015 in Nevers his funeral took place at the church of St. Blaise de Vichy on 28 August 2015. [22] [36] [37] [38]

Ligier was survived by his wife and their two children, son Philippe and daughter Pascale. [39]

Honours

Member/Chevalier of the Legion of Honour [40] [41]

Racing record

24 Hours of Le Mans results

YearTeamCo-DriversCarClassLapsPos.Class
Pos.
1964 Flag of France.svg Auguste Veuillet Flag of France.svg Robert Buchet Porsche 904/4 GTSGT
2.0
3237th1st
1965 Flag of France.svg Ford France S.A. Flag of France.svg Maurice Trintignant Ford GT40 P
5.0
11DNFDNF
1966 Flag of France.svg Ford France S.A. Flag of the United States.svg Bob Grossman Ford GT40 S
5.0
205DNFDNF
1967 Flag of France.svg Ford France S.A. Flag of France.svg Jo Schlesser Ford Mk IIB P
+5.0
183DNFDNF
1970 Flag of France.svg Automobiles Ligier Flag of France.svg Jean-Claude Andruet Ligier JS1-Ford Cosworth P
2.0
65DNFDNF
1971 Flag of France.svg Automobiles Ligier Flag of France.svg Patrick Depailler Ligier JS3-Ford Cosworth P
3.0
270NCNC
1972 Flag of France.svg Automobiles Ligier Flag of France.svg Jean-François Piot Ligier JS2-Maserati S
3.0
7DNFDNF
1973 Flag of France.svg Automobiles Ligier Flag of France.svg Jacques Laffite Ligier JS2-Maserati S
3.0
24DSQDSQ
Source: [42]

Formula One World Championship results

(key)

YearEntrantChassisEngine1234567891011WDC Pts
1966 Guy Ligier Cooper T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 MON
NC
BEL
NC
FRA
NC
GBR
10
NED
9
GER
DNS
ITA USA MEX NC0
1967 Guy Ligier Cooper T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 RSA MON NED BEL
10
FRA
NC
19th1
Brabham BT20 Repco 620 3.0 V8 GBR
10
GER
8 1
CAN ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
11
Source: [43]
Notes

Formula One Non-Championship results

(key)

YearEntrantChassisEngine123456
1966 Guy Ligier Cooper T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 RSA SYR
NC
INT
DNS
OUL
1967 Guy Ligier Cooper T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 ROC
DNS
SPR INT
Ret
SYR OUL ESP
Source: [44]

Complete European Formula Two Championship results

(key)

YearEntrantChassisEngine123456789Pos.Pts
1968 Ecurie Inter-Sport McLaren M4A Ford HOC
Ret
THR
8
JAR
Ret
PAL
DNS
TUL ZAN PER HOC VAL NC0
Source: [44]

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References

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Other references