Guymon, Oklahoma

Last updated
Guymon, Oklahoma
Texas County Oklahoma incorporated and unincorporated areas Guymon highlighted.svg
Location within Texas County and Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°40′58″N101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167 Coordinates: 36°40′58″N101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167 [1]
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Texas
Incorporated 1901
Government
  Type Council–Manager
   Mayor Sean Livengood
  City ManagerMitch Wagner
Area
  Total7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
  Land7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
[1]
3,123 ft (952 m)
Population
  Total11,442
  Estimate 
(2016)
11,703
  Density1,600/sq mi (600/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73942
Area code 580
FIPS code 40-31750 [1] [4]
GNIS ID 1093452 [1]
Website GuymonOK.org

Guymon is a city in and the county seat of Texas County, Oklahoma. [1] [5] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 11,442, [2] an increase of 6.5 percent from 10,472 in 2000. [6] Cattle feedlots, corporate pork farms, and natural gas dominate its economy, with wind energy production and transmission recently diversifying landowners' farms.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Texas County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Texas County is a county located in the panhandle of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Its county seat is Guymon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,640. It is the second-largest county in the state, based on land area, and is named for Texas, the state that adjoins the county to its south.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Guymon promotes itself with the slogan, "Queen City of the Panhandle." Some cynics apparently have coined another slogan, "Home of the Most Lied-About Weather in the U.S." [7]

History

In the 1890s, Edward T. “E.T.” Guymon, president of the Inter-State Land and Town Company, purchased a section of land west of the Beaver River, also known as the North Canadian River. The site grew very rapidly after the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway (Rock Island) built a line from Liberal, Kansas to Texhoma, Texas in 1901. A community, first named Sanford by the U.S. Post Office Department, was situated along the line. It was renamed Guymon a month later by postal officials to avoid confusion with the town of Stratford, Texas, which was further down the line. Guymon incorporated in 1901. The town plat was filed in Beaver County, Oklahoma Territory, in 1904. [6]

The Beaver River is the historic name for an intermittent river in Oklahoma that drains most of the Oklahoma Panhandle. It is also known as the North Canadian River; both names are in common use. The Beaver River flows from Union County, New Mexico, entering the Oklahoma Panhandle in Cimarron County, then flowing out of state through Sherman County in the Texas Panhandle for about 15 miles (24 km), then back to the Oklahoma panhandle in Texas County, where it is impounded in Optima Lake near Guymon. Downstream of the dam, it continues through the Oklahoma counties of Beaver and Harper before ending in Woodward County.

North Canadian River river in Oklahoma

The North Canadian River is a tributary of the Canadian River, approximately 441 miles (710 km) long, that flows through New Mexico, Texas and Oklahoma in the United States.

Liberal, Kansas City and county seat in Kansas, United States

Liberal is the county seat of Seward County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 20,525.

Texas County Courthouse, 2012 Texas County, Oklahoma courthouse from E 1.JPG
Texas County Courthouse, 2012

Guymon's growth was helped when most of the businesses moved there from the nearby town of Hardesty. One of these was the newspaper, Hardesty Herald, which owner Richard B. Quinn quickly renamed as the Guymon Herald. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, Guymon claimed 839 residents, and was named county seat of the newly created Texas County. By the 1910 U.S. census, the town had 1,342 residents. It also had three banks, three hotels, four doctors, a flour mill, a grain company and several retail establishments. A second newspaper, the Guymon Democrat, was in business. Agriculture became the basis of Guymon's economy. The 1920 census recorded 1,507 residents, which grew to 2,181 in 1930. By 1932, the town had two cream stations and five grain elevators. [6]

The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s had a negative effect on Guymon. Some old-time residents remember "Black Sunday", April 14, 1935, as the day of the worst dust storm in the area's history. However, discovery of the nearby Hugoton-Panhandle gas field created many new jobs, and brought Guymon's population to 2,290 in 1940. [6]

The Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo has offered tributes to the community’s pioneer spirit every May since 1933. In 2014 the rodeo was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA). In 2006, the rodeo had over 900 contestants with over $385,000 in prize money. [8]

Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association American rodeo organization

The Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) is the largest American rodeo organization in the world. It sanctions approximately 650 rodeos in 38 American states and three to four Canadian provinces, with members from said countries, as well as others. Its championship event is the National Finals Rodeo. The PRCA is headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States.

The Anchor D Ranch, a large cattle ranch in the No Man's Land section of the Oklahoma-Texas Panhandle, is located nearby.

Geography

Located on the High Plains of the central Oklahoma Panhandle Guymon sits 122 miles (196 km) north of Amarillo, Texas and 120 miles (193 km) west-northwest of Woodward, Oklahoma. Optima National Wildlife Refuge, Optima Lake and the state-run Optima Wildlife Management Area lie roughly 16 miles (26 km) to the east along the North Canadian River.

Guymon is located at 36°40′58″N101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167 (36.6828041,-101.4815493) [1] [9] and sits at an elevation of 3,126 feet (953 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.27%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Guymon, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
84
(29)
93
(34)
96
(36)
102
(39)
108
(42)
107
(42)
108
(42)
106
(41)
98
(37)
86
(30)
86
(30)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C)48
(9)
52
(11)
58
(14)
69
(21)
78
(26)
89
(32)
93
(34)
92
(33)
85
(29)
74
(23)
59
(15)
51
(11)
71
(22)
Average low °F (°C)21
(−6)
25
(−4)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
50
(10)
61
(16)
65
(18)
65
(18)
56
(13)
44
(7)
30
(−1)
24
(−4)
43
(6)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−11
(−24)
−7
(−22)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
46
(8)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
4
(−16)
0
(−18)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.5
(13)
0.9
(23)
0.8
(20)
1.7
(43)
3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
3.5
(89)
2.8
(71)
1.9
(48)
1.8
(46)
0.8
(20)
0.6
(15)
20.9
(530)
Average snowfall inches (cm)3.2
(8.1)
3.9
(9.9)
3.3
(8.4)
1
(2.5)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.3
(3.3)
3.5
(8.9)
16.5
(42)
Average rainy days1.62.62.24.36.24.96.25.43.63.42244.4
Average relative humidity (%)75716267595858545561587363
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 1,342
1920 1,50712.3%
1930 2,18144.7%
1940 2,2905.0%
1950 4,718106.0%
1960 5,76822.3%
1970 7,67433.0%
1980 8,49210.7%
1990 7,803−8.1%
2000 10,47234.2%
2010 11,4429.3%
Est. 201611,703 [11] 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the 2010 census, there were 11,442 people, 3,651 households, and 2,632 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,600 people per square mile (600/km²). There were 3,941 housing units at an average density of 539.4 per square mile (208.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city as of 2016 was 59.0% Hispanic, 35.7% White, 3.0% Black, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% of two or more races, and 0.2% Native American. [13]

There were 3,651 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,333, and the median income for a family was $44,841. Males had a median income of $26,162 versus $20,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,682. About 10.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

In the 2010 census, Guymon had the fourth largest Hispanic population among cities in the state, trailing only Oklahoma City, Tulsa and Lawton. [6]

Economy

Guymon is a hub for the local economy, which includes wheat farming, livestock, hog and dairy farming, manufacturing, and oil and natural gas production. A United States soil conservation station is located nearby. Local manufacturers produce agricultural tillage tools, pressure tanks, and formula feeds. The town of Goodwell, Oklahoma, home of Oklahoma Panhandle State University, lies 11 miles (18 km) to the southwest of Guymon.

Opening of the Hugoton-Panhandle Gas Field led to the establishment of two carbon black plants, the Dandee Manufacturing Company (makers of farming equipment), an ice plant, the OK Welding Manufacturing Company, a feed mill, the Phillips Petroleum cracking plant, and the Southwestern Public Service Company generating plant. The Guymon Municipal Hospital (later renamed Memorial Hospital of Texas County) opened in 1949. [6]

The city's largest employer, Seaboard pork processing plant, operates at double shift capacity and processes about 18,000 hogs each day, and its 2,300 employees make up about 20% of the entire city's population. Hitch Ranch, which began opening cattle feed lots during the 1960s, is the city's second largest employer. A Swift and Company packing plant is located near Hitch Ranch. The City of Guymon, the Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, and the hospital round out the list of top employers. [6]

A movement to harness wind power for electricity generation began a large-scale boom in the Guymon area in 2011. The DeWind Company had two 40 megawatt projects online (near Goodwell) in 2012, while a 200 megawatt project has been announced. [14]

Government

Guymon has a council-manager form of government, [6] Mitch Wagner is the City Manager (February, 2018). [15]

Education

Guymon residents are served by the Guymon School District. The school system was begun in 1902-3. The first high school building was built in 1917. Guymon schools were closed for one year during the Great Depression because there were insufficient funds to keep them operating. The school district opened a new high school in 1954. This was replaced with a new facility in 1974. [6]

The city has eight elementary schools, one junior high school and one high school, whose team mascot is the Tiger. [16]

Elementary Schools
Middle School
High School

More than 80% of high school students qualify for a reduced-price school lunch, a common proxy for poverty. [17]

About 30% of residents lacking a high school diploma, the city has the lowest educational level in the state. [18] Guymon High School lags behind the state in several measures.

SubjectState AverageGuymon HS [19]
HS Graduation Rate84%67%
English Language Arts79%65%
Math exam74%47%

Media

Guymon has one newspaper and four radio stations, although one is a translator.

Recreation

Infrastructure

Transportation

Guymon Municipal Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) west of the central business district of Guymon.

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Guymon, Oklahoma; United States Geological Survey (USGS); December 18, 1979.
  2. 1 2 "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  3. 2012 Census estimates for Guymon; census.gov Archived 2013-12-25 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Larry O'Dell, "Guymon," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed August 4, 2015
  7. Etter, Jim. "Catchy Slogans Strive to Put Towns on Map." The Oklahoman. October 20, 1985. Accessed November 3, 2016.
  8. "Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo" . Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. "Historical Weather for Guymon, Oklahoma, United States".
  11. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" . Retrieved July 2, 2016.[ dead link ]
  12. "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  13. http://www.city-data.com/city/Guymon-Oklahoma.html
  14. "Oklahoma Wind Energy Projects." Kansas Energy Information Network. Accessed August 4, 2015.
  15. City of Guymon web page. Archived 2016-10-05 at the Wayback Machine Accessed October 3, 2016
  16. "Guymon Public Schools District Home". Guymon Public Schools District. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  17. "Guymon High School". National Center for Educational Statisitics. US Department of Education. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  18. "Educational Attainment by Place in Oklahoma". Statisitcal Atlas. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  19. "Guymon High School in Guymon, Oklahoma". Startclass.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.[ permanent dead link ]
  20. "About The Guymon Daily Herald". Guymon Daily Herald. 2006-09-08. Archived from the original on 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2008-04-23.