|• Mayor||Sean Livengood|
|• City Manager||Mitch Wagner|
|• Total||7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)|
|• Land||7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||3,123 ft (952 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,600/sq mi (600/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
Guymon is a city in and the county seat of Texas County, Oklahoma.As of the 2010 census, the city population was 11,442, an increase of 6.5 percent from 10,472 in 2000. Cattle feedlots, corporate pork farms, and natural gas dominate its economy, with wind energy production and transmission recently diversifying landowners' farms.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.
Texas County is a county located in the panhandle of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Its county seat is Guymon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,640. It is the second-largest county in the state, based on land area, and is named for Texas, the state that adjoins the county to its south.
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.
Guymon promotes itself with the slogan, "Queen City of the Panhandle." Some cynics apparently have coined another slogan, "Home of the Most Lied-About Weather in the U.S."
In the 1890s, Edward T. “E.T.” Guymon, president of the Inter-State Land and Town Company, purchased a section of land west of the Beaver River, also known as the North Canadian River. The site grew very rapidly after the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway (Rock Island) built a line from Liberal, Kansas to Texhoma, Texas in 1901. A community, first named Sanford by the U.S. Post Office Department, was situated along the line. It was renamed Guymon a month later by postal officials to avoid confusion with the town of Stratford, Texas, which was further down the line. Guymon incorporated in 1901. The town plat was filed in Beaver County, Oklahoma Territory, in 1904.
The Beaver River is the historic name for an intermittent river in Oklahoma that drains most of the Oklahoma Panhandle. It is also known as the North Canadian River; both names are in common use. The Beaver River flows from Union County, New Mexico, entering the Oklahoma Panhandle in Cimarron County, then flowing out of state through Sherman County in the Texas Panhandle for about 15 miles (24 km), then back to the Oklahoma panhandle in Texas County, where it is impounded in Optima Lake near Guymon. Downstream of the dam, it continues through the Oklahoma counties of Beaver and Harper before ending in Woodward County.
The North Canadian River is a tributary of the Canadian River, approximately 441 miles (710 km) long, that flows through New Mexico, Texas and Oklahoma in the United States.
Liberal is the county seat of Seward County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 20,525.
Guymon's growth was helped when most of the businesses moved there from the nearby town of Hardesty. One of these was the newspaper, Hardesty Herald, which owner Richard B. Quinn quickly renamed as the Guymon Herald. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, Guymon claimed 839 residents, and was named county seat of the newly created Texas County. By the 1910 U.S. census, the town had 1,342 residents. It also had three banks, three hotels, four doctors, a flour mill, a grain company and several retail establishments. A second newspaper, the Guymon Democrat, was in business. Agriculture became the basis of Guymon's economy. The 1920 census recorded 1,507 residents, which grew to 2,181 in 1930. By 1932, the town had two cream stations and five grain elevators.
The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s had a negative effect on Guymon. Some old-time residents remember "Black Sunday", April 14, 1935, as the day of the worst dust storm in the area's history. However, discovery of the nearby Hugoton-Panhandle gas field created many new jobs, and brought Guymon's population to 2,290 in 1940.
The Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo has offered tributes to the community’s pioneer spirit every May since 1933. In 2014 the rodeo was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA). In 2006, the rodeo had over 900 contestants with over $385,000 in prize money.
The Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) is the largest American rodeo organization in the world. It sanctions approximately 650 rodeos in 38 American states and three to four Canadian provinces, with members from said countries, as well as others. Its championship event is the National Finals Rodeo. The PRCA is headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States.
The Anchor D Ranch, a large cattle ranch in the No Man's Land section of the Oklahoma-Texas Panhandle, is located nearby.
Located on the High Plains of the central Oklahoma Panhandle Guymon sits 122 miles (196 km) north of Amarillo, Texas and 120 miles (193 km) west-northwest of Woodward, Oklahoma. Optima National Wildlife Refuge, Optima Lake and the state-run Optima Wildlife Management Area lie roughly 16 miles (26 km) to the east along the North Canadian River.
Guymon is located at 3,126 feet (953 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.27%) is water.(36.6828041,-101.4815493) and sits at an elevation of
|Climate data for Guymon, Oklahoma|
|Record high °F (°C)||83|
|Average high °F (°C)||48|
|Average low °F (°C)||21|
|Record low °F (°C)||−19|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.5|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||3.2|
|Average rainy days||1.6||2.6||2.2||4.3||6.2||4.9||6.2||5.4||3.6||3.4||2||2||44.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||75||71||62||67||59||58||58||54||55||61||58||73||63|
|Source #1: weather.com|
|Source #2: Weatherbase.com|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, there were 11,442 people, 3,651 households, and 2,632 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,600 people per square mile (600/km²). There were 3,941 housing units at an average density of 539.4 per square mile (208.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city as of 2016 was 59.0% Hispanic, 35.7% White, 3.0% Black, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% of two or more races, and 0.2% Native American.
There were 3,651 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,333, and the median income for a family was $44,841. Males had a median income of $26,162 versus $20,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,682. About 10.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
In the 2010 census, Guymon had the fourth largest Hispanic population among cities in the state, trailing only Oklahoma City, Tulsa and Lawton.
Guymon is a hub for the local economy, which includes wheat farming, livestock, hog and dairy farming, manufacturing, and oil and natural gas production. A United States soil conservation station is located nearby. Local manufacturers produce agricultural tillage tools, pressure tanks, and formula feeds. The town of Goodwell, Oklahoma, home of Oklahoma Panhandle State University, lies 11 miles (18 km) to the southwest of Guymon.
Opening of the Hugoton-Panhandle Gas Field led to the establishment of two carbon black plants, the Dandee Manufacturing Company (makers of farming equipment), an ice plant, the OK Welding Manufacturing Company, a feed mill, the Phillips Petroleum cracking plant, and the Southwestern Public Service Company generating plant. The Guymon Municipal Hospital (later renamed Memorial Hospital of Texas County) opened in 1949.
The city's largest employer, Seaboard pork processing plant, operates at double shift capacity and processes about 18,000 hogs each day, and its 2,300 employees make up about 20% of the entire city's population. Hitch Ranch, which began opening cattle feed lots during the 1960s, is the city's second largest employer. A Swift and Company packing plant is located near Hitch Ranch. The City of Guymon, the Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, and the hospital round out the list of top employers.
A movement to harness wind power for electricity generation began a large-scale boom in the Guymon area in 2011. The DeWind Company had two 40 megawatt projects online (near Goodwell) in 2012, while a 200 megawatt project has been announced.
Guymon has a council-manager form of government,Mitch Wagner is the City Manager (February, 2018).
Guymon residents are served by the Guymon School District. The school system was begun in 1902-3. The first high school building was built in 1917. Guymon schools were closed for one year during the Great Depression because there were insufficient funds to keep them operating. The school district opened a new high school in 1954. This was replaced with a new facility in 1974.
The city has eight elementary schools, one junior high school and one high school, whose team mascot is the Tiger.
More than 80% of high school students qualify for a reduced-price school lunch, a common proxy for poverty.
About 30% of residents lacking a high school diploma, the city has the lowest educational level in the state.Guymon High School lags behind the state in several measures.
|Subject||State Average||Guymon HS|
|HS Graduation Rate||84%||67%|
|English Language Arts||79%||65%|
Guymon has one newspaper and four radio stations, although one is a translator.
Guymon Municipal Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) west of the central business district of Guymon.
Hemphill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,807. The county seat and only incorporated community in the county is Canadian. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1887. It is named for John Hemphill, a judge and Confederate congressman. Hemphill County is one of six prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas.
Beaver is a town and county seat in Beaver County, Oklahoma, United States. The community is in the Oklahoma Panhandle. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 1,515, a 3.5 percent decrease from 1,570 at the 2000 census.
Sayre is a city in and the county seat of Beckham County, in western Oklahoma, United States. It is halfway between Oklahoma City, and Amarillo, Texas, on Interstate 40 and the former U.S. Route 66. The population was 4,375 at the 2010 census, the largest recorded by a census since Sayre's founding. It was an increase of 6.3 percent from the 2000 census.
Soper is a town in Choctaw County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 261 at the 2010 census. The town was named for P.L. Soper, who was an attorney for the Arkansas and Choctaw Railway.
Gage is a town in Ellis County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 442 at the 2010 census.
Goodwell is a town in Texas County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,293 at the 2010 census. Goodwell is home of Oklahoma Panhandle State University.
Hardesty is a town in Texas County, Oklahoma, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 212.
Optima is a town in Texas County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 356 at the 2010 census.
Woodward is a city in and the county seat of Woodward County, Oklahoma, United States. It is the largest city in a nine-county area. The population was 12,051 at the 2010 census.
Panhandle is the county seat of Carson County, Texas, United States. The population of the town was 2,452 at the 2010 census. Panhandle is part of the Amarillo metropolitan statistical area.
Childress is a city in Childress County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,905 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Childress County.
Clarendon is a city in Donley County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,026 at the 2010 census. The county seat of Donley County, Clarendon is located on U.S. Highway 287 in the Texas Panhandle, 60 miles (97 km) east of Amarillo.
Pampa is a city in Gray County, Texas, United States. The population was 17,994 as of the 2010 census. Pampa is the county seat of Gray County and is the principal city of the Pampa Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes both Gray and Roberts counties.
Wheeler is a city, and the county seat of Wheeler County, Texas, United States, located on the eastern border of the Texas Panhandle. The population was last reported at 1,592 in the 2010 census.
Hydro is a town in Caddo and Blaine counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 969.
Dalhart is a city in Dallam and Hartley Counties in the U.S. state of Texas, and the county seat of Dallam County. The population was 7,930 at the 2010 census.
The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico to the west and Oklahoma to the north and east. The Handbook of Texas defines the southern border of Swisher County as the southern boundary of the Texas Panhandle region.
The Oklahoma Panhandle is the extreme northwestern region of the U.S. state of Oklahoma, consisting of Cimarron County, Texas County and Beaver County, from west to east. As with other salients in the United States, its name comes from the similarity of its shape to the handle of a pan.
Coldwater Creek is an intermittently-flowing stream in northeastern New Mexico, and the panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas. One source says that Coldwater Creek is also known as Rabbit Ears Creek, because it rises near Rabbit Ears, a pair of mountain peaks in Union County, New Mexico. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Coldwater Creek drains an area of 1,903 square miles (4,930 km2). As of 2015, Coldwater Creek is essentially a dry stream because of prolonged drought.
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