Guyuan

Last updated
Guyuan

固原市 · ﻗُﻮْﻳُﻮًا شِ

Kuyuan; Kuyüan
Gu Yuan Xu Mi Shan Shi Ku Di 5Ku Da Fo Lou .JPG
Location of Guyuan Prefecture within Ningxia (China).png
Guyuan City (yellow) within Ningxia
China Ningxia location map.png
Red pog.svg
Guyuan
Location of the city center in Ningxia
Coordinates(Zhongxin Park (中心公园)): 36°00′36″N106°15′25″E / 36.010°N 106.257°E / 36.010; 106.257 Coordinates: 36°00′36″N106°15′25″E / 36.010°N 106.257°E / 36.010; 106.257
Country People's Republic of China
Region Ningxia
Municipal seat Yuanzhou District
Area
  Total14,412.83 km2 (5,564.82 sq mi)
Elevation
1,777 m (5,830 ft)
Population
 (2007)
  Total1,455,200
  Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
756000
Area code(s) (0)954
ISO 3166 code CN-NX-04
Licence plate prefixes宁D
Website www.nxgy.gov.cn
"Cou-yuen-tcheou" and other "second-order" towns of Shaan-Gan from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on reports from Jesuit missionaries Du Halde - Description de la Chine - Villes de second ordre de la province de Chensi.jpg
"Cou-yuen-tcheou" and other "second-order" towns of Shaan-Gan from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China , based on reports from Jesuit missionaries

Loudspeaker.svg Guyuan   (Chinese :固原; pinyin :Gùyuán), formerly known as Xihaigu (Chinese :西海固; pinyin :xīhǎigù), is a prefecture-level city in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It occupies the southernmost section of the region, bordering Gansu province to the east, south, and due west. This is also the site of Mount Sumeru Grottoes (须弥山), which is among the ten most famous grottoes in China. [1] As of the end of 2018, the total resident population in Guyuan was 1,124,200. [2]

Contents

History

During the Warring States Period, Guyuan belonged to the territory of Qin state, later Qin Dynasty. The original name of the city began in the Ming dynasty (1452 AD). Because of the importance of its transportation in history, Guyuan was a war gate where Chinese soldiers trained and prepared to fight with northwestern minorities. In the Tang dynasty, most of the dealers from middle Asia need to go through this gate, then went to the capital, Chang’an. [3]

According to the First Founder's Biography in History of Yuan Dynasty, Genghis Khan died in Liupan Mountain in Guyuan in 1227 AD, after a war with the Xixia dynasty for two decades. [4]

Liupanshan National Forest Park

Liupanshan National Forest Park is one of the most important features of Guyuan, with more than 530 species of wild medicinal plants. There are a number of diversified animals inhabited in the forest, for instance, the national first-class protected animal golden leopard, the third-class protected animal forest musk deer, golden eagle, and red-bellied golden pheasant. [5]

Administrative divisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population (2003 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
Yuanzhou District 原州区Yuánzhōu Qūﻳُﻮًاﺟِﻮْ ٿُو490,0004,96599
Xiji County 西吉县Xījí Xiànثِکِ ﺷِﯿًﺎ460,0003,985115
Longde County 隆德县Lóngdé Xiànﻟْﻮدْ ﺷِﯿًﺎ190,0001,269150
Jingyuan County 泾源县Jīngyuán Xiànدٍﻳُﻮًا ﺷِﯿًﺎ120,000961125
Pengyang County 彭阳县Péngyáng Xiànپْعیْا ﺷِﯿًﺎ250,0003,24177

Geography and climate

Guyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, cold, dry winters, and warm, rainier summers. With temperatures cooled by the elevation that exceeds 1,770 metres (5,810 ft), highs average slightly below freezing in January and reach only 25 °C (77 °F) in July. Much of the year's precipitation is delivered from June to September.


Climate data for Guyuan (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)13.1
(55.6)
18.3
(64.9)
22.8
(73.0)
30.1
(86.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90.0)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
31.5
(88.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F)−0.4
(31.3)
2.1
(35.8)
7.4
(45.3)
15.1
(59.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.2
(73.8)
25.0
(77.0)
23.7
(74.7)
18.7
(65.7)
13.0
(55.4)
6.9
(44.4)
1.5
(34.7)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−8.1
(17.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.0
(33.8)
8.2
(46.8)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
18.9
(66.0)
17.8
(64.0)
12.8
(55.0)
6.6
(43.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
6.4
(43.5)
Average low °C (°F)−14.2
(6.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.9
(35.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.3
(50.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.3
(54.1)
7.7
(45.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F)−27.0
(−16.6)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−12.0
(10.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
0.1
(32.2)
4.0
(39.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
−11.2
(11.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−30.9
(−23.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)3.0
(0.12)
4.0
(0.16)
11.8
(0.46)
24.9
(0.98)
43.8
(1.72)
61.8
(2.43)
88.8
(3.50)
102.2
(4.02)
56.1
(2.21)
29.7
(1.17)
7.0
(0.28)
2.1
(0.08)
435.2
(17.13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.12.94.33.45.98.712.211.98.14.42.61.968.4
Source: Weather China

Transportation

The city is served by Guyuan Liupanshan Airport, though travelers may also choose Zhongwei Xiangshan Airport and Yinchuan Hedong International Airport as well. The G70 Fuzhou–Yinchuan Expressway passes through the area on its way to the regional capital of Yinchuan.

As there is no high-speed railways to Guyuan, one of the fastest ways to travel[ citation needed ] to Guyuan from a major city is an approximately 4-hour drive from Yinchuan, which is actually faster than traveling by train, which takes at least 5 hours[ citation needed ].

Related Research Articles

Ningxia Autonomous region of China

Ningxia, officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is a landlocked autonomous region in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was separated from Gansu in 1958 and was reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China. Twenty percent of China's Hui population lives in Ningxia.

Taiyuan Prefecture-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Taiyuan is the capital and largest city of Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It is one of the main manufacturing bases of China. Throughout its long history, Taiyuan was the capital or provisional capital of many dynasties in China, hence the name Lóngchéng.

Jiangling County County in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Jiangling is a county in southern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Administratively, it is under the jurisdiction of Jingzhou City.

Shangluo Prefecture-level city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Shangluo is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northeast and Hubei to the southeast. Part of the Shannan region of the province, it is located in the eastern part of the Qin Mountains. The name, Shangluo, comes from Han Dynasty when four famous people were settled in Shang Mountain to avoid war and famine.

Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County Autonomous county in Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County is a county of Kashgar Prefecture in Western Xinjiang, China. The county seat is the town of Tashkurgan.

Fengdu County County in Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China

Fengdu County is a county located in Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China. The county was established as Fengdu County (豐都縣) during the Sui Dynasty. The name was changed to Fengdu County (酆都縣) during the Ming Dynasty. In 1958, the name was changed back to Fengdu County (豐都縣).

Anshun Prefecture-level city in Guizhou, Peoples Republic of China

Anshun is a prefecture-level city located in southwestern Guizhou province, southwest China, near the Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339. The city proper had a population of 765,313. Within the prefecture are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and the Getu River.

Hancheng County-level & Sub-prefectural city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Hancheng is a city in Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China, about 125 miles northeast of Xi'an, at the point where the south-flowing Yellow River enters the Guanzhong Plain. It is a renowned historic city, containing numerous historic mansions and streets as well as over 140 protected historical sites that range from the Tang to the Qing dynasties. As of 2005, it has a population of around 385,000 people.

Weinan Prefecture-level city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Weinan is a prefecture-level city in the east central Shaanxi province, China. The city lies on the lower section of the Wei River confluencing into the Yellow River, about 60 km (37 mi) east of the provincial capital Xi'an, and borders the provinces of Shanxi and Henan to the east.

Xiantao County-level & Sub-prefectural city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Xiantao is a sub-prefecture-level city in the east of Hubei province, China. Located at the Jianghan Plain in the middle of Hubei province and spanning 112°55' – 113°49' east longitude and 30°04' – 30°32' north latitude, Xiantao City covers an area of 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi). Xiantao is the hometown of author Chi Li and entrepreneur Lei Jun.

Songzi County-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Songzi is a city in the southwest of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, located in the middle reach and southern bank of the Yangtze River. It is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Jingzhou, and controls 16 townships and 2 development zones, 235,000 households and a population of 765,911. It is a long-historied but young and robust city.

Gushi County Place in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Gushi is a county of 1,023,857 people directly governed by Henan province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Xinyang.

Yongxiu County County in Jiangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Yongxiu is a county under the administration of Jiujiang City in northern Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China, on the western shores of Poyang Lake. As of 2005, the county has a total population of 361,000 residing in an area of 2,035 square kilometres (786 sq mi). Bordering counties are Duchang, Xingzi, De'an, Wuning, Jing'an, Xinjian, and Anyi, while the county seat is 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Nanchang, the provincial capital, and 80 km (50 mi) south-southwest of downtown Jiujiang.

Baota District District in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Baota District, is a district in Yan'an, Shaanxi, China. The district has an area of 3,537.6 km2 and a population of 476,900 as of 2012. Baota District is also home to the Yan'an City Government's offices. The district's zoning code is 610602000000.

Hejian County-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Hejian is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Cangzhou, in the east-central part of Hebei province, China. As of 2004, the population was ca. 770,000 inhabitants and the city territory was 1,333 km2 (515 sq mi). Hejian is situated along China National Highway 106.

Hanchuan County-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Hanchuan is a county-level city in east-central Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Xiaogan City.

Xisaishan District District in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Xisaishan District is a district of the city of Huangshi, Hubei, People's Republic of China. On April 19, 2012, a major reform of the district's administrative divisions was carried out. The district received the Chang'an Cup award in 2017.

Guyuan Liupanshan Airport

Guyuan Liupanshan Airport is an airport serving Guyuan, a city in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. It is located in Zhonghe Township, 8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi) from the city center. The airport cost 458 million yuan to build and started operation on 26 June 2010.

Names of Beijing

"Beijing" is the atonal pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of the Chinese characters 北京, the Chinese name of the capital of China.

References

  1. "Guyuan Travel Guide: Location, Things to Do, Weather, Map". www.travelchinaguide.com.
  2. 固原市2018年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 - 中国统计信息网. www.tjcn.org.
  3. 历史沿革_固原市政府. Guyuan People's Government. 2017-08-25.
  4. 国学原典·史部·二十四史系列·元史·卷一. www.guoxue.com.
  5. 自然地理_固原市政府. Guyuan People's Government. 2017-08-25.