Gyöngyös

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Gyöngyös
Matra-Muzeum1.jpg
Orczy palace of Orczy family
Flag of Gyongyos.svg
Flag
Coa Hungary Town Gyongyos.svg
Coat of arms
Hungary physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Gyöngyös
Location of Gyöngyös
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Red pog.svg
Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°47′00″N19°56′00″E / 47.7833°N 19.9333°E / 47.7833; 19.9333
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Heves
District Gyöngyös
Area
  Total54.1 km2 (20.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
  Total33,553
  Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3200
Area code (+36) 37
Website www.gyongyos.hu

Gyöngyös (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈɟøɲɟøʃ] ) is a town in Heves county in Hungary, 80 km (50 mi) east of Budapest. Situated at the foot of the Sár-hegy and Mátra mountains, it is the home of numerous food production plants, including milk production and sausage factories. It is also the home of many vineyards on the slopes of the Sárhegy.

Contents

The Art-Nouveau and Baroque buildings around the main square were reconstructed after a disastrous fire started in the local hospital in 1917, [1] destroying a number of buildings housing important Jewish institutions and leaving in all around 8,000 homeless. [2]

Name

Baroque Church of Saint Bernard of Gyongyos Eglise Szent Bertalan de Gyongyos.jpg
Baroque Church of Saint Bernard of Gyöngyös
Gyongyos 1938 Szent Bertalan utca a Kossuth Lajos utca fele nezve. Fortepan 721.jpg
Gyöngyös 1938

The meaning of the town's name is "Made of Pearls"; Croats from Hungary call this city Đunđuš (pronounced as "Dyun-dyush"[ needs Croatian IPA ]). The 16/17th-century historian Miklós Istvánffy wrote that the name of the town comes from the Hungarian word for mistletoe (fagyöngy literally "wood-pearl"), which is abundant in the local woods.

History

Gyöngyös was home to a large Jewish community before World War II. In 1942, anti-Jewish laws were adopted in the province, affecting the Jews of the town. [3] Following the occupation of Hungary by the German army in March 1944, 1800 Jews were locked in a ghetto. Some were saved by Hungarian Righteous Among the Nations personnel but most of them were deported to Auschwitz and killed. [4]

Sights to visit

There are many monuments and places of interest in the town, such as the Orczy mansion, home of the Mátra Museum, Saint Bartholomew's Church (Saint Bartholomew Church, Gyöngyös, Hungary) in the center of town, and its Treasury.

Notable residents

Politics

Sports

Twin towns – sister cities

Gyöngyös is twinned with: [5]

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References

  1. Charles Hebbert; Norm Longley; Dan Richardson (2002). Hungary (Rough Guide Travel Guides). Rough Guides Ltd. p. 323. ISBN   1-85828-917-3.
  2. Adrian Phillips, Jo Scotchmer (2010). Bradt Travel Guides. Hungary. p. 222. ISBN   978-1-84162-285-9.
  3. "Horváth Kálmán". The Righteous Among the Nations Database. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  4. "המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה – יד ושם". www.yadvashem.org (in Hebrew).
  5. "Gyöngyös testvérvárosai". gyongyos.hu (in Hungarian). Gyöngyös. Retrieved 29 March 2021.

Coordinates: 47°47′N19°56′E / 47.783°N 19.933°E / 47.783; 19.933