|• Total||255.8 km2 (98.8 sq mi)|
|Population by ethnicity|
|Population by religion|
|• Roman Catholic||18.4%|
|• Greek Catholic||0.4%|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||(+36) 66|
Gyula (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟulɒ] ( listen ); German : Jula; Romanian : Jula or Giula; Turkish : Göle) is a town in Békés County, Hungary. The town is best known for its Medieval castle and a thermal bath. Ferenc Erkel, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem, and Albrecht Dürer the Elder, the father of Albrecht Dürer, were also born in Gyula.
Gyula is located in the Great Hungarian Plain on the River Fehér-Körös, 235 km (146 mi) southeast from Budapest and 5 km (3 mi) from the border with Romania. The Békéscsaba-Gyula-Kötegyán railway line and Highway 44 also cross the town. Highway 44 is a four-lane expressway between Gyula and the county seat Békéscsaba.
Gyula is named after the Medieval Hungarian ruler Gyula III.Gyula was also a title among the Hungarian tribes and still a popular given name for boys.
The first recorded reference to Gyula was in a document dated 1313 which mentions a monastery called Gyulamonostora (Julamonustra in Latin). By 1332 the settlement around the monastery was called Gyula. The construction of Gyula Castle began in the 14th century but finished only in the mid-16th century.It was the property of the Maróthy family and later John Corvinus, the illegitimate son of Matthias Corvinus. Turks conquered Gyula in 1566 and the town remained part of the Ottoman Empire until liberated by Christian troops in 1694. Due to the wars, most of the native Hungarian population fled from Gyula and Békés County became near uninhabited. The landowner János Harruckern invited German, Hungarian, and Romanian settlers, who re-established the town in the early 18th century. Gyula became a popular tourist destination in the 20th century. The thermal bath was established in 1942 and expanded in 1959, and the castle was restored in 1962.
According to the 2011 census the total population of Gyula was 31,067, of whom there were 25,895 (83.4%) Hungarians, 974 (3.1%) Romanians, 971 (3.1%) Germans and 102 (0.3%) Romani by ethnicity. In Hungary, people can declare more than one ethnicity, so some people declared Hungarian and a minority one together.Gyula is the center of the small native Romanian community in Hungary.
In 2011 there were 5,726 (18.4%) Roman Catholic, 5,560 (17.9%) Hungarian Reformed (Calvinist), 606 (2.0%) Orthodox and 507 (1.6%) Lutheran in Gyula. 8,304 people (26.7%) were irreligious and 453 (1.5%) Atheist, while 9,012 people (29.0%) did not declare their religion.
The current mayor of Gyula is Dr. Ernő István Görgényi of the Fidesz-KDNP party.
The local Municipal Assembly has 14+1 members divided into this political parties and alliances:
|Gyulai Városbarátok Köre||2|
|Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik)||1|
Gyula is twinned with:
Békés is a town in Békés county, Hungary. It lies about 10 km (6 mi) north of Békéscsaba and 190 km (118 mi) east of Budapest.
Arad County was an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania. The county was established along the Maros (Mureș) river in the 11th or the 12th century, but its first head, or ispán, was only mentioned in 1214. Its territory is now part of Romania, except a small area which is part of Hungary. The capital of the county was Arad.
Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.
Józsefváros is the 8th district of Budapest, Hungary. It is the part of the city centre in the wider sense as one of the 18–19th century older suburbs, close to Belváros.
Békés is an administrative division in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.
Cegléd is a city in Pest county, Hungary, approximately 70 km (43 mi) southeast of the Hungarian capital, Budapest.
Kiskunfélegyháza is a city in Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary.
Szarvas is a town in Békés County, Hungary.
Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre is a multi-sports club from Budapest, founded in 1888. It has sections for football, handball, basketball, volleyball, futsal, ice hockey, water polo, cycling, gymnastics, athletics, fencing, canoeing, boxing, wrestling, swimming, rowing, karate, taekwondo, sailing, speed skating, skiing, table tennis, tennis and chess.
Gyomaendrőd is a town in Békés county, Hungary.
Mezőberény is a town in Békés county, Hungary.
Imre Bródy was a Hungarian physicist who invented in 1930 the krypton-filled fluorescent lamps , with fellow-Hungarian inventors Emil Theisz, Ferenc Kőrösy and Tivadar Millner. He developed the technology of the production of krypton bulbs together with Michael Polanyi. He was the nephew of writer Sándor Bródy.
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. Below is a list of public place names of Budapest that refer to famous people, cities or historic events. Generality of Budapest's public place names relate to the Hungarian national history. In Budapest there are about 8,600 named public place.
The Architecture of Hungary is understood as the architecture of the territory of the country of Hungary, and in a wider, of the Kingdom of Hungary, from the conquest to the present day.
Zsámbék is a town in Pest County, in Hungary.
The Yellow Foal is a 1913 Hungarian silent drama film directed by Félix Vanyl and starring Lili Berky, Gyula Nagy and Victor Varconi. It is known by several alternative titles including Son of the Pusta and The Secret of a Blind Man. The film was made by producer Jenő Janovics in partnership with the French company Pathé. The film was a massive success and was exported to nearly forty countries worldwide. On the back of the film's success Janovics built his Corvin Film company into a leading studio, attracting talented Hungarian actors, writer and technicians away from the capital Budapest to work for him in Kolozsvár.
Gyula Koi is a Hungarian legal scholar and lecturer. His main research fields are administrative law, and theory of public administration. His Chinese name is Guo Yi.
The Arad Chapter was a collegiate chapter, established in the 12th century, in the Kingdom of Hungary. It was dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours. The chapter was under the direct jurisdiction of the archbishop of Esztergom. It held landed property in at least seven counties. From the 1220s, the chapter was a place of authentication.
The Hungarian Athletics Association is the governing body for the sport of athletics in Hungary.
Gyula is a district in eastern part of Békés County. Gyula is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gyula .|