Gyula Mándi

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Gyula Mándi
Mandi Gyula.jpg
Personal information
Date of birth(1899-01-21)21 January 1899
Place of birth Budapest, Hungary
Date of death 18 October 1969(1969-10-18) (aged 70)
Place of death Budapest, Hungary
Playing position(s) Defender
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1919–29 MTK Hungária FC 324 (12)
1929–37 Hungária FC
National team
1921–1934 Hungary 32 (0)
Teams managed
1950–1956 Hungary
1957–1958 America FC (RJ)
1959–1963 Israel
1964 Israel
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Gyula Mándi, also referred to as Mándi Gyula or Julius Mandel (21 January 1899 – 18 October 1969) was a Hungarian Olympic national team (for whom he played 32 matches) and club footballer (with whom he won 10 league titles), who played as a defender and fullback/ [1] [2] [3] [1] He was also a manager of club and national teams. [4] He was Jewish. [5] [6] [4]

Contents

Playing career

Club

Mándi was born in Budapest, Hungary. [4] As a footballer, he was dubbed "the artist of positioning, and world champion of timing." [7] Playing club football, he won 10 league titles. [1]

He was part of the greatest era of MTK, the 1920s and 1930s. [8] [7] He was signed by MTK in 1919 at 20 years of age. [9] He played alongside the likes of Franz Platko, Béla Guttmann, Gusztáv Sebes, Jenő Kálmár, Imre Schlosser, Iuliu Baratky and Ferenc Sas. Between 1919 and 1925 he won seven consecutive championships with MTK.

The professionalisation of the game in Hungary weakened MTK's absolute dominance, but they remained amongst the leading sides. Until the end of his career in 1937, he could celebrate three more championships. Between 1923 and 1933, he also won cups with the club; altogether, Mándi made 325 appearances for MTK.

International

1924 Maygar team; Karoly Fogl, Zoltan Opata, Ferenc Hirzer, Rudolf Jeny, Jozsef Eisenhoffer, Bela Guttmann, Gyula Mandi, Gabor Obitz, Jozsef Braun, Gyorgy Orth, Janos Biri, and Gyula Kiss 1924 valogatott.jpg
1924 Maygar team; Károly Fogl, Zoltán Opata, Ferenc Hirzer, Rudolf Jeny, József Eisenhoffer, Béla Guttmann, Gyula Mándi, Gábor Obitz, József Braun, György Orth, János Biri, and Gyula Kiss

Mándi's career with the Hungarian national football team commenced in June 1921 with a match against Germany. Soon he featured regularly in the side, forming the defense together with Károly Fogl. [4] He won 32 international caps. [1]

Hungary participated in the football tournament of the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris. [9] Hungary's hopes rose after a decisive first round win over Poland. However, a sensational 0–3 defeat at the hands of Egypt in the second stage ended the aspirations of the Magyars. Mándi played in both matches. [10]

A knee injury prevented Mándi from continuing his international career until 1929, when he again featured regularly until 1932, including five matches for the Central European International Cup. After missing out on further nominations for a two years, he returned once more to the Hungarian side for a World Cup qualifier against Bulgaria in 1934. Altogether he played 32 times for his country. [7] [9]

Nazi occupation

Mandi survived the Holocaust during the Nazi occupation of Poland in World War II with the assistance of his Christian brother-in-law, György Szomolányi. [1] Szomolányi was the managing director of a paper mill that had been converted to produce wooden stocks for rifles to support the Nazi war effort. [1] He was able to employ whomever he wished. [1]

In 1942 he saved Mándi from a Jewish labor detail by giving Mándi papers to work in his factory. [1] Two years later, however, Mándi couldn’t avoid labor service. [1] He was sent on a train bound for Ukraine, but wrote a postcard to Szomolányi and threw it from the train. [1] Someone found it and mailed it, but when it arrived it had been torn, and all that could be read was the word ‘KELPUSZTA’. [1] Szomolányi realised this must be Ekelpuszta, where a transit camp had been set up. [1] He donned his World War I officer’s uniform, strode into the camp, and demanded that he be given five men for an essential task. [1] Impressed, the guards told him to take his pick. [1] Szomolányi selected Mándi and four others. [1]

Coaching career

After retiring as a player, Mándi became a coach and was the manager of the Hungary national football team during the era of the Mighty Magyars. [11] [4] [12] His training regimen for the team was unusual for the time, as he encouraged the men to practice athletics and mountaineering, and to train with the ball and in match situations. [4] [12]

From 1956 to 1958 he coached Brazil. [4]

In mid-August 1957 Mándi became coach of America FC in Rio de Janeiro. [13] His spell there with a mid-table placing at the State Championship of Rio 1957 and a joint last place at the Rio-São Paulo Tournament of 1958 was considered unsatisfactory and ended at the end of April 1958.

Between 1959 and 1964, Mandi had two spells as coach of Israel, with whom he reached the final of the 1960 Asian Cup. [8] [14] [6] [4]

Honours

MTK Hungária FC

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "How Hungary's stars left their football mark with Olympic success | Jonathan Wilson". the Guardian. 15 August 2019.
  2. Gyula Mándi at National-Football-Teams.com
  3. Gyula Mándi at WorldFootball.net
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Jewish Sports Legends; The International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame
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  6. 1 2 Naor, Mordechay (19 September 1998). "The Twentieth Century in Eretz Israel: A Pictorial History". Steimatzky via Google Books.
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  8. 1 2 Bolchover, David (18 May 2017). "The Greatest Comeback: From Genocide To Football Glory: The Story of Béla Guttman". Biteback Publishing via Google Books.
  9. 1 2 3 The Names Heard Long Ago; How the Golden Age of Hungarian Soccer Shaped the Modern Game
  10. "Gyula MANDI - Olympic Football | Hungary". International Olympic Committee. 13 June 2016.
  11. Glanville, Brian (6 May 2010). "The Story of the World Cup: The Essential Companion to South Africa 2010". Faber & Faber via Google Books.
  12. 1 2
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Sources