Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury

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Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury
Native nameহবীবুল্লাহ বাহার চৌধুরী
Born 1906
Feni, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died 15 April 1966(1966-04-15) (aged 59–60)
Occupation Politician, writer
Spouse(s) Anwara Bahar Chowdhury
Children Iqbal Bahar Chowdhury
Selina Bahar Zaman, Tajin Chowdhury, Nasrin Sams.
Parent(s) Mohammad Nurullah (father), Asia Khatun (mother)
Relatives Shamsunnahar Mahmud (sister)
Khan Bahadur Abdul Aziz (grandfather)

Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury (Bengali : হবীবুল্লাহ বাহার চৌধুরী; 1906 — 15 April 1966) was a politician, journalist, sportsman and writer from East Bengal, who served in the political spheres of India and Pakistan. [1]

Bengali language Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Bengali people of South Asia

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. In 2015, 160 million speakers were reported for Bangladesh, and the 2011 Indian census counted another 100 million.

East Bengal eastern wing of Pakistan between 15 August 1947-14 October 1955

East Bengal was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh. With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Burma. It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, China, the Kingdom of Sikkim and the Kingdom of Bhutan. Its capital was Dacca.


Early life and education

Chowdhury was born at Guthuma village in Feni district in 1906. His father, Mohammad Nurullah, was a munsiff. [2] He passed Matriculation in 1922 from Chittagong Municipal School and ISc from Chittagong College in 1924. He then graduated from Calcutta Islamia College in 1928.[ citation needed ]

Chittagong Municipal Model High School, established in 1880, is one of the oldest schools in Bangladesh.The school is located at the Chittagong Biapni Bitan. In fact, it is adjacent to the north boundary wall of the Market which people know as Newmarket in Chittagong.

Chittagong College

Chittagong College is a government college in Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is the second college established in Bangladesh after Dhaka College. It offers Higher Secondary Education (HSC), bachelor's degree and master's degree.


In 1933, Chowdhury took up journalism and along with his sister, Shamsunnahar Mahmud, published the literary journal "Bulbul". [3] Chowdhury actively joined politics as an activist of the Bengal Provincial Muslim League, and was elected a member of its executive committee in 1937. In 1944, he was elected publicity secretary of the League. He was elected a member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly from the Parshuram constituency of Feni district. [1] He was the Health minister of the first Muslim League cabinet in East Pakistan. [1]

Shamsunnahar Mahmud Pakistani politician

Shamsunnahar Mahmud was a writer, politician and educator in Bengal during the early 20th century. She was a leader of the women's rights movement in Bengal after the death of Begum Rokeya.

All-India Muslim League political party within the Indian Empire

The All-India Muslim League was a political party established in 1906 in the British Indian Empire. Its strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, successfully led to the partition of British India in 1947 by the British Empire.

East Pakistan Former province of Pakistan

East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh. Its land borders were with India and Myanmar, with a coastline on the Bay of Bengal.


After suffering a stroke, he resigned from the cabinet position in 1953. Chowdhury started writing books prior to 1947 partition. His works include "Pakistan", "Mohammad Ali Jinnah", "Omar Faruq", and "Ameer Ali". [1]

Personal life

Chowdhury was married to Anwara Bahar Chowdhury (1919–1987). Anwara was a social activist and writer. She established "Habibullah Bahar College" in 1969 after Chowdhury's name. [4] Together they had 4 daughters – Selina Bahar Zaman, Shaheen Westcombe, Nasreen Shams and Tazeen Chowdhury and one son - Iqbal Bahar Chowdhury. [5] Chowdhury's grandfather, Khan Bahadur Abdul Aziz, an educationist, had a close relationship with poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. [6]

Anwara Bahar Chowdhury was a Bangladeshi social activist and writer.

Iqbal Bahar Chowdhury is a Bangladeshi news presenter, elocutionist and voice actor. He served as the head of the Bangla Service, Voice of America during 1972–2010.

Kazi Nazrul Islam Bengali poet

Kazi Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi Bengali poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary from Bengal. He is the national poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, he produced a large body of poetry and music with themes that included religious devotion and rebellion against oppression. Nazrul's activism for political and social justice earned him the title of "Rebel Poet". His compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet. Nazrul and his works are equally commemorated and celebrated in Bangladesh and India, particularly in India's Bengali-speaking states such as West Bengal, parts of Assam, and Tripura.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 Rafiqul Akbar. "Chowdhury, Habibullah Bahar". Banglapedia. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  2. AKM Saifuzzaman. "Mahmud, Shamsunnahar". Banglapedia. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  3. ""Nirbachito Bulbul" Inaugurated in Kolkata". Voice of America. 26 November 2005. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  4. "Remembrance : Anwara Bahar Choudhury : Educationist, Writer and Cultural Activist". The Daily Star. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  5. "The art of recitation: Then and now". The Daily Star. 3 March 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  6. "Iqbal Bahar Chowdhury's recitation evening today". The Daily Star. 6 May 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2016.