|• Chosŏn'gŭl||해 주 시|
|• Hancha||海 州 市|
|• Revised Romanization||Haeju-si|
Views of Haeju
Map of South Hwanghae showing the location of Haeju
|Province||South Hwanghae Province|
|Administrative divisions||25 tong, 4 ri|
|• Total||206.9 km2 (79.9 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Haeju [hɛ.dzu] ) is a city located in South Hwanghae Province near Haeju Bay in North Korea. It is the administrative centre of South Hwanghae Province. As of 2008, the population of the city is estimated to be 273,300. At the beginning of the 20th century, it became a strategic port in Sino-Korean trade. Haeju has chemical-related enterprises and a cement factory.(Korean pronunciation:
The area around Haeju is known to have been inhabited since the Neolithic period, as shellmounds, pottery, and stone tools have been found at Ryongdangp'o. During the early Three kingdoms period, it was briefly governed by a small chieftain, when it was known as "Naemihol" (內 米 忽 郡). In 757, however, it was conquered by the Goguryeo kingdom, who later lost it to Silla. It was under the Goryeo dynasty's King T'aejo that it received its current name.
Sohyon Academy (소현서원) was a Confucian academy founded near Haeju by the famous scholar Yi I (1536–84) after his retirement. It is situated in Unbyong Valley, a part of Soktamgugok (Nine valleys of pools and rocks.
According to the North Korean government, the North Korean attack on South Korea on 25 June 1950 was a response to a two-day long bombing by the South Koreans and their surprise attacks on Haeju and other places. Early in the morning of 25 June, before the dawn counterattack in the North Korean account, the South Korean Office of Public Information announced that the Southern forces had captured Haeju.The South Korean government later denied capturing the town and blamed the report on an exaggerating officer. Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union proposed that North Korea would be invited to the UN Security Council to present its side of the story. Both proposals were voted down.
Haeju City is located on the westernmost edge of the Korean Peninsula, 60 km north of the Military Demarcation Line and 100 km south of Pyongyang. The city, being not very mountainous, is composed mostly of plains. All the mountains located within the city are under 1,000 m in elevation.
Haeju has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa), with cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers.
|Climate data for Haeju (1981–2010, extremes 1957–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||12.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.9|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−3.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||−7.2|
|Record low °C (°F)||−18.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.7|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.6||3.0||4.7||5.3||7.6||8.0||13.8||10.7||5.9||4.6||5.4||5.2||78.8|
|Average snowy days||6.8||3.6||1.7||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||2.1||5.6||20.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||67.0||63.8||63.4||64.1||70.4||76.0||85.5||80.7||72.1||67.3||68.6||68.6||70.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||188||184||213||224||235||197||133||188||210||215||164||169||2,320|
|Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration|
|Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), Meteo Climat (extremes)|
Haeju is divided into several urban neighborhoods ("dong") and several rural villages ("ri").
|Changch'un-dong||장춘동||長 春 洞|
|Haech'ŏng-dong||해청동||海 清 洞|
|Hakhyŏn-dong||학현동||鶴 峴 洞|
|Kuje-dong||구제동||九 齊 洞|
|Kwangha-dong||광하동||廣 河 洞|
|Kwangsŏk-tong||광석동||廣 石 洞|
|Kyŏlsŏng-dong||결성동||結 城 洞|
|Namsan-dong||남산동||南 山 洞|
|Okkye-dong||옥계동||玉 溪 洞|
|Ryongdang-dong||룡당동||龍 塘 洞|
|Saegŏri-dong||새거리동||새 거리 洞|
|Sami-dong||사미동||四 美 洞|
|Sansŏng-dong||산성동||山 城 洞|
|Sŏae-dong||서애동||西 艾 洞|
|Sŏkch'ŏn-dong||석천동||石 川 洞|
|Sŏkmi-dong||석미동||石 美 洞|
|Sŏnsan-dong||선산동||仙 山 洞|
|Sŭngma-dong||승마동||乘 馬 洞|
|Taegok-tong||대곡동||大 谷 洞|
|Ŭpp'a-dong||읍파동||邑 波 洞|
|Yangsa-dong||양사동||養 社 洞|
|Yŏnggwang-dong||영광동||榮 光 洞|
|Yŏnha-dong||연하동||煙 下 洞|
|Chakch'ŏl-li||작천리||鵲 川 里|
|Changbang-ri||장방리||長 芳 里|
|Singwang-ri||신광리||神 光 里|
|Yŏngyang-ri||영양리||迎 陽 里|
Famous tourist attractions in the city center include Puyong Pavilion, the Haeju Dharani Monument, the Haeju Sokbinggo, and several trees classified as living monuments. Farther out, scenic spots include Suyangsan Falls, the Sokdamgugok scenic area, Suyangsan Fortress and the Sohyon Academy.
Haeju Special Economic Zone was announced in the Second Inter-Korean summit meeting between the South Korean president Roh Moo-Hyun and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il. It was to be a Special Economic Zone centered on the Haeju port. The zone would have consisted of 16.5 km2 of development, and also the expansion of the Haeju port. This project was estimated to cost over US$4.5 billion.
This economic agreement between South Korea and North Korea would have allowed trading across the Northern Limit Line km apart. Recent military skirmishes make any revival of this deal unlikely for the time being.between the ports of Incheon and Haeju, only 110
Haeju has a military and civilian dual purposes air station (HAE), with a 12/30 runway (Haeju Airport). Haeju also has one of the major economic and military ports in North Korea. It is connected to Sariwŏn via the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.
Haeju is home to Haeju University of Education, Haeju College of Art, and Kim Je Won Haeju University of Agriculture. Sohyon Academy (소현서원) was a Confucian academy founded by the famous scholar Yi Yulgok (1536–84). It is situated in the Unbyong Valley west of Haeju.
The Korean Central Broadcasting Station airs on AM 1080 kHz using a 1.5-megawatt mediumwave transmitter. [ citation needed ]
Haeju is the home of the Haeju Choi and the Haeju Oh clan.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haeju .|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Haeju .|
Largest cities or towns in North Korea
|Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.||Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.|
|1||Pyongyang||Pyongyang Capital City||3,255,288||11||Sunchon||South Pyongan||297,317|
|2||Hamhung||South Hamgyong||768,551||12||Pyongsong||South Pyongan||284,386|
|3||Chongjin||North Hamgyong||667,929||13||Haeju||South Hwanghae||273,300|
|4||Nampo||South Pyongan Province||366,815||14||Kanggye||Chagang||251,971|
|6||Sinuiju||North Pyongan||359,341||16||Tokchon||South Pyongan||237,133|
|7||Tanchon||South Hamgyong||345,875||17||Kimchaek||North Hamgyong||207,299|
|8||Kaechon||South Pyongan||319,554||18||Rason||Rason Special Economic Zone||196,954|
|9||Kaesong||North Hwanghae||308,440||19||Kusong||North Pyongan||196,515|
Hwanghae Province was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon. Hwanghae was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Haeju. The regional name for the province was Haeseo.
The Donghak Peasant Revolution, also known as the Donghak Peasant Movement, Donghak Rebellion, Peasant Revolt of 1894, Gabo Peasant Revolution, and a variety of other names, was an armed rebellion in Korea led by peasants and followers of the Donghak religion, a panentheistic religion viewed by many rebels as a political ideology.
South Hwanghae Province is a province in western North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Haeju.
Kaesong is a special city in the southern part of North Korea, and the capital of Korea during the Taebong kingdom and subsequent Goryeo dynasty. The city is near the Kaesong Industrial Region close to the border with South Korea and contains the remains of the Manwoldae palace. Called Songdo while it was the ancient capital of Goryeo, the city prospered as a trade centre that produced Korean ginseng. Kaesong now functions as the DPRK's light industry centre.
Nampo, also spelled Namp'o, is a city and seaport in South Pyongan Province, North Korea, which lies on the northern shore of the Taedong River, 15 km east of the river's mouth. Formerly known as Chinnamp'o, it was a provincial-level "Directly Governed City" ("Chikhalsi") from 1980 to 2004, and was designated a "Special City" in 2010, and made a part of South P'yŏngan. Namp'o is approximately 50 km southwest of P'yŏngyang, at the mouth of the Taedong River.
Kimch'aek, formerly Sŏngjin, is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899. It has a population of 207,699.
The Northern Limit Line or North Limit Line (NLL) – 북방한계선 – is a disputed maritime demarcation line in the Yellow (West) Sea between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the north, and the Republic of Korea (ROK) on the south. This line of military control acts as the de facto maritime boundary between North and South Korea.
This is a partial list of Korea-related topics beginning with S.
Sariwŏn is the capital of North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.
Kim Yong-il is a North Korean politician. He was the Premier of North Korea from April 2007 to 7 June 2010. He was elected as Premier by the 5th session of the 11th Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) in April 2007, replacing Pak Pong-ju. He was then replaced by Choe Yong-rim after a rare parliamentary session on 7 June 2010.
Choe Bu was a Korean official during the early Joseon Dynasty. He is most well known for the account of his shipwrecked travels in China from February to July 1488, during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). He was eventually banished from the Joseon court in 1498 and executed in 1504 during two political purges. However, in 1506 he was exonerated and given posthumous honors by the Joseon court.
Choe Yong-rim is a North Korean politician. He was the Premier of North Korea from June 2010 to April 2013 and Workers' Party of Korea central committee presidium member since September 2010. He has been described by The New York Times as a "KWP insider" and a "friend of Kim Jong-Il's family." He is honorary vice-president of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, the country's parliament.
The Korean State Railway is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of North Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Jang Hyuk, who has held the position since 2015.
The Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngsan on the P'yŏngbu Line to Sep'o on the Kangwŏn Line. The 141.3 km (87.8 mi) line is the southernmost of the three east-west transversal mainlines in North Korea.
The Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in the North and South Hwanghae provinces of North Korea, running from Sariwŏn to Haeju. It connects to the P'yŏngbu Line at Sariwŏn, to the Ŭnnyul Line at Ŭnp'a, to the Paech'ŏn Line at Changbang, and to the Ongjin Line at Haeju. It plays an important role in the transportation of freight and passengers in North and South Hwanghae provinces, serving important mining and industrial areas, as well as one of the DPRK's most important ports for foreign trade.
The Ongjin Line is a partially electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Haeju on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Ongjin.
The Anak Woljongsa is an historic Buddhist temple, one of the National Treasures of North Korea (#75). It is located in Woljong-ni, Anak County, South Hwanghae Province. It is located near Mt. Kuwol.
The Order of Kim Jong-il is a North Korean order named after Kim Jong-il, the former leader of North Korea.
The 7th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea was elected by the 7th Congress. The body has 129 full members and 106 alternate members.
The Chŏngdo Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Wangsin on the Ongjin Line to Chŏngdo.