Hafiz (Quran)

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Hafiz ( /ˈhɑːfɪz/ ; Arabic : حافظ, romanized: ḥāfiẓ, حُفَّاظ, pl. ḥuffāẓ, حافظة f. ḥāfiẓa), literally meaning "guardian" or "memorizer", depending on the context, is a term used by Muslims for someone who has completely memorized the Quran. Hafiza is the female equivalent. [1]

Contents

Practice

Study

The 2.5 million strong Isma'ili Shia Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community led by the 53rd Da'i al-Mutlaq Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin counts 4000 members as huffaz. [2]

Importance

Hifz is memorization of the Quran. Muslims believe that whoever memorizes Quran and acts upon it, Allah will reward and honour them greatly, so that they will rise in status in Paradise to a level commensurate with what they memorized of the Book of Allah.[ citation needed ] Abdullah ibn Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “The Hafiz-e-Quran (a person who has memorized Quran) will be said on the day of Judgment: Recite and rise in status, recite as you used to recite in the world, for your status will be at the last verse that you recite.” (Jami` at-thirmidhi 2914) [ non-primary source needed ]

Having memorised the Quran, the hafiz or hafiza must then ensure they do not forget it. To ensure perfect recall of all the learned verses requires constant practice. [3] The memorisation of the Quran was important to Muslims in the past and is also in the present.[ citation needed ] Yearly, thousands of students master the Quran and complete the book with interpretation and also memorisation. The Quran is perhaps the only book, religious or secular, that has been memorized completely by millions of people. [4] In Pakistan alone, Qari Hafeez Jalandhari, the general secretary of the Wafaq-ul-Madaris, which is a central board accounting for most of the religious seminaries in Pakistan, says that, in its network of madaris, "one million children have become Hafiz-e-Quran after an exam was introduced in 1982", with more than 78 000 (including 14 000 girls) every year, which he compared to the yearly output of Saudi Arabia, which is of 5000. [5]

Cultural differences

For Muslims who are attempting to memorize certain suras but are unfamiliar with the Arabic script, the ulema have made various elucidations. There are mixed opinions on the usage of romanization of Arabic due to concerns about mispronunciations, higher approval of writing systems with close consonantal and vocalic equivalents to classical Arabic or relevant and effective diacritics, and a preference for Quran tutors or recorded recitations from qaris or any device with clear audible sound storage technology, such as CDs or cassettes. [6] Keeping the Quran memorized as a person has always been a challenging and at the same time important issue in Muslim countries. In Iran, according to Resolution 573 of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution, there is at least one specialized examination of the preservation of the Quran each year, according to specific criteria. The reviewer of this evaluation is Dar al-Qur'an al-Karim, a subsidiary of the Islamic Advertising Organization. According to Article 5 of the above Decree, holders of specialized qualifications for memorizing the Quran will enjoy the benefits of one to five art degrees, subject to the approval of the 547th session of the Supreme Council for Cultural Revolution. Therefore, the approval of the Qualification Degrees 1 to 5 of the Quran are in line with the Doctoral, Master's, Bachelor, Associate's Diploma and Diploma degrees, respectively. [7] [ circular reference ]

Notable persons

See also

Related Research Articles

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Al-Ikhlas 112th chapter of the Quran

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Battle Array is the 61st chapter (sūrah) of the Quran with 14 verses (āyāt). This sura is an Al-Musabbihat sura because it begins with the glorification of Allah.

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Qāriʾ Person who recites the Quran with the proper rules of recitation

A Qāri is a person who recites the Quran with the proper rules of recitation (tajwid).

Ibn Abbas Youngest cousin of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad

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Abdullah ibn Masud

ʽAbdullah ibn Masʽud, or Abdullah ibn Masʽood, was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was also known by the kunyaAbu Abdur Rahman.

Mushaf Some of the titles carried by the Quran

A muṣḥaf is an Arabic word for a codex or collection of sheets, but also refers to a written copy of the Quran. The chapters of the Quran, which Muslims believe was revealed during a 23-year period in Muhammad's lifetime, were written on various pieces of paper during Muhammad's era. Two decades later, these papers were assembled into one volume under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, and this collection has formed the basis of all written copies of the Quran to the present day.

According to Islamic traditions, Zayd bin Thabit was the personal scribe of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and was from the ansar (helpers). He joined the ranks of the Muslim army at age 19. After Muhammad's passing, he was ordered to collect the Quran into a single volume from various written and oral sources. He was a noted expert on the Quran and spent much time reciting it.

History of the Quran Aspect of history

The history of the Qur'an — that is the timeline and origin of the written compilations or manuscripts of the holy book of Islam, based on historical findings — spans several centuries, and forms a major part of the early history of Islam.

Qiraʼat Method of recitation of the Quran

In Islam, Qirāʼah, which are "different linguistic, lexical, phonetic, morphological and syntactical forms permitted with reciting" the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Differences between Qiraʼat are slight and include varying rules regarding the "prolongation, intonation, and pronunciation of words", but also differences in stops, vowels, consonants, and less frequently entire words. Qiraʼat also refers to the "branch of Islamic studies" that deals with these modes of recitation.

Mohamed Siddiq El-Minshawi Egyptian Huffaz and Qari

Mohamed Siddiq El-Minshawi or Mohamed Seddik El-Menshawy or Muhammad Siddik al-Minshawi, also simply known as El Minshawy, born in Upper Egypt, was a Qur'anic reciter and a Hafiz. The quadrumvirate of El Minshawy, Abdul Basit, Mustafa Ismail, and Al-Hussary are generally considered the most important and famous Qurra' of modern times to have had an outsized impact on the Islamic world.

Abu Bakr ‘Aasim Ibn Abi al-Najud al-'Asadi, commonly known as ‘Aasim ibn Abi an-Najud, was one of the seven primary transmitters of the Qira'at, or variant readings of the Qur'an. Of Persian origin, his method of reciting the Qur'an as transmitted by Hafs is the most common and popular way of reciting the holy book in the Muslim world in general.

<i>Ahruf</i> The Quran was revealed in seven Ahruf

According to Islamic tradition, the Quran was revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel in sevenahruf, translated variously as "editions", "styles", "ways", "forms" and "modes". Although Muslim scholars differ on their exact nature, it is thought they constituted a degree of acceptable variation in the Quranic text. The standardisation of the Quranic rasmc. 650 CE and destruction of non-conforming mus'hafs by Rashidun caliph Uthman has been held by some scholars to have eliminated all the ahruf except one, although the extent to which the Uthmanic codex contains the seven ahruf has been a subject of debate. The ahruf are distinct from the ten qira'at, which are other variant readings of the Quran that were canonized later on and are still in use.

Muhammad ibn Tayfour Sajawandi Islamic scholar, mystic, and theologian

ʿAbū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad Ibn ʿAbū Yazīd Tayfūr Sajāvandī Ghaznavī, also known as Abū al-Fazl as-Sajāwandī al-Qāriʾ was a 12th-century Islamic scholar, mystic, Qāriʾ and theologian. He is preliminary known for his contributions to the Islamic traditions of recitation and pronunciation, creating a set of rules and markers used to indicate the pronunciation and pauses of Quranic recital, known as Sajawandi stop signs or Rumuz al-Awqaf as-Sajāwandī. He is also credited as being the first known person to use coloured circles as a means of separating verses in the Quran, a design choice which has persisted til today, with the addition of a verse number inside of the circle. In Persian, the term muṣ·ḥaf sajāwandī مُصْحَف سَجَاوَنْدِي may today be used to denote an elegantly written Quran, accounting for the association between Sajawandi and his use of lavish red and golden dots as pause markers. His son Ahmad ibn Muhammad Sajawandi was also a well-known chronicler, commentator on the Quran, poet and orator.

Husain Burhanuddin Indian Qari and Islamic Scholar

Shahzada Husain Burhanuddin, also known as Husain Mufaddal Saifuddin, is the third and youngest son of Mufaddal Saifuddin, the current incumbent of the office of the 53rd Da'i al-Mutlaq. He is a Qāriʾ and an honorary member of Naqabāt Qurrāʾ al-Quran in Cairo. Burhanuddin is a provost of Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah and heads Mahad al-Zahra, through which he has been instrumental in the realization of his grand father Mohammed Burhanuddin's vision for Dawoodi Bohra community to seek enlightenment through Quranic values. He also administers a number of socio-economic institutions run by Dawoodi Bohra community. Burhanuddin is a recipient of All India Council for Human Rights' Ambassador for Peace Award.

The Prostration of recitation is a prostration (sujud) which occurs during the ritual Tilawa of Quran in Salah or outside it.

References

  1. Ludwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, pp.113-114. Scarecrow Press. ISBN   0810861615.
  2. "Mahad Al-Zahra - Al Jamea tus Saifiyah - Asnaad Holders". mahadalquran.com. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
  3. Wajihuddin, Mohammed (22 Oct 2005). "The Messengers: Reward of the faithful". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  4. William Graham (1993), Beyond the Written Word, UK: Cambridge University Press, p.80.
  5. Naya Din (10 April 2019), "Pakistan’s largest madrassa network produced 1m Hafiz-e-Quran: Qari Jalandhari", Samaa TV . Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  6. The Multiple Realities of Multilingualism, Page 159, Elka Todeva, Jasone Cenoz - 2009
  7. fa:حافظ (قرآن)