Hagen

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Hagen
Hagen Rathausplatz.jpg
Old Town Hall (right) and Square. In the center the Volme Galerie (City Mall).
Flagge der Stadt Hagen.svg
Stadtwappen der Stadt Hagen.svg
Location of Hagen
Hagen
Germany adm location map.svg
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Hagen
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
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Hagen
Coordinates: 51°22′N7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483 Coordinates: 51°22′N7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Arnsberg
District Urban district
Government
   Lord mayor (202025) Erik O. Schulz [1] (Ind.)
Area
  Total160.4 km2 (61.9 sq mi)
Elevation
106 m (348 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total188,687
  Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
58089–58099, 58119, 58135
Dialling codes 02331, 02334, 02337, 02304
Vehicle registration HA
Website www.hagen.de

Hagen (German pronunciation: [ˈhaːɡn̩] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is the 41st-largest city in Germany. The municipality is located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the south eastern edge of the Ruhr area, 15 km south of Dortmund, where the rivers Lenne and Volme (met by the river Ennepe) meet the river Ruhr. As of 31 December 2010, the population was 188,529.

Contents

The city is home to the FernUniversität Hagen, which is the only state-funded distance education university in Germany. Counting more than 67,000 students (March 2010), it is the largest university in Germany. [3]

History

Hengsteysee Hengsteysee Panorama.jpg
Hengsteysee

Hagen was first mentioned around the year 1200, and is presumed to have been the name of a farm at the confluence of the Volme and the Ennepe rivers. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein  [ de ] in 1324, Hagen passed to the County of Mark. In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg, according to the Treaty of Xanten. In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition, Hagen was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia.

The city developed more rapidly in the 19th century, stimulated by industrialization: the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr Area. In reaction to the Kapp Putsch in March 1920, when rightists tried to overthrow the elected government and restore the monarchy, tens of thousands of leftist workers in the Ruhr Valley, Germany's most important industrial area, rose up in protest. They were known as the Red Ruhr Army.

Memorial to the Ruhr Uprising, Hagen Hagen Rembergfriedhof Marzgefallene.JPG
Memorial to the Ruhr Uprising, Hagen

Thousands of workers went on strike and fought during the Ruhr Uprising, 13 March  2 April 1920. Government and paramilitary forces were ordered against the workers, suppressing the uprising, and killing an estimated 1,000 workers. A memorial to the uprising was installed in Hagen.

By 1928, Hagen had developed into a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.[ citation needed ]

During World War II, Hagen was bombed repeatedly, by both the Royal Air Force and the United States Eighth Air Force. On the night of 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitoes from the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost."[ citation needed ] Hagen sustained severe damage from that raid, and hundreds of civilians were killed.

After World War II, the city was included in the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, also known as West Germany).[ citation needed ]

Recent discoveries

In August 2021, discovery of a cache of Nazi artifacts from a house was announced. A history teacher revealed a painted portrait of Adolf Hitler and medals decorated with eagles and swastikas, a newspaper from 1945, a revolver, gas masks, brass knuckles, and stacks of documents. It is also found out that the house once served as the headquarters of the Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt. [4] [5] [6] [7]

Economy

Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen in and even before the 15th century.[ citation needed ] In the 17th and 18th centuries, textile and steel industries, as well as paper production were developed here.[ citation needed ]

In the early 21st century, Hagen is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer, as well as Sparkasse Hagen, the local municipal savings bank. The bank's former headquarters, the Sparkasse Hagen tower, was a regional landmark until its demolition in 2004.[ citation needed ]

The city is heavily indebted and in the process of cutting city services in order to balance its budget.[ citation needed ]

The city has capitalized on the export of a wide variety of breads, most notably Hagenschmagenbrot, a traditional dark bread.

Education

One of the five branches of South Westphalia University of Applied Sciences is located in the city (also: Fachhochschule Südwestfalen (FH SWF)), which offers various engineering programmes. This institution was founded in the city in 1824.

Attractions

Hagen is home to the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen Westphalian Open-Air Museum, a collection of historic industrial facilities. Trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented, not only with static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases participate in. It is located near the Hagen community of Eilpe.

The Historisches Centrum Hagen includes the city museum and Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen, the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia and the Ruhr were found. Some date to the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C.E. It seems that the descendants of Mesolithic people in this area maintained a foraging lifestyle for more than 2000 years after the arrival of farming societies. [8]

Panoramic view of Hagen (taken from urban forest of Hagen) Stadt.Hagen.Panorama.Sommer.jpg
Panoramic view of Hagen (taken from urban forest of Hagen)

Boroughs

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century) Lange Riege.jpg
Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century)
BoroughPopulation
Oct 2007
Area
in km²
Hagen-Mitte 78.95220.5
Hagen-Nord 38.45129.6
Hagen-Haspe 30.36022.2
Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.14851.1
Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.30637.0

some localities of Hagen:

Demographics

The following table shows the largest foreign resident groups in the city of Hagen. [9]

RankNationalityPopulation (31.12.2017)
1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7,196
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 3,558
3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 3,175
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 2,534
5Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1,481
6Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1,082
7Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 928
8Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 876
10Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 710
11Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina 678
12Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 543

Politics

Bundestag

Part of the Hagen – Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis I constituency for elections to the Bundestag

Mayor

The current Mayor of Hagen is independent Erik O. Schulz, elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyVotes %
Erik O. Schulz Independent (CDU/Green/FDP)31,08651.1
Wolfgang Jörg Social Democratic Party 15,54725.5
Josef BückerHagen Active5,2148.6
Michael Eiche Alternative for Germany 5,1978.5
Laura Knüppel Die PARTEI 1,7042.8
Ingo Hentschel The Left 1,5342.5
Thorsten Kiszkenow Pirate Party Germany 4200.7
Franco Flebus The Republicans 1820.3
Valid votes60,88498.1
Invalid votes1,1561.9
Total62,040100.0
Electorate/voter turnout147,36142.1
Source: State Returning Officer

The following is a list of mayors since 1946:

City council

Results of the 2020 city council election. 2020 Hagen City Council election.svg
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Hagen city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)16,81327.5Decrease2.svg 4.514Decrease2.svg 6
Social Democratic Party (SPD)15,57325.5Decrease2.svg 7.313Decrease2.svg 8
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)8,11413.3Increase2.svg 4.37Increase2.svg 1
Alternative for Germany (AfD)5,6929.3Increase2.svg 5.65Increase2.svg 3
Hagen Active (HA)4,1866.8Decrease2.svg 1.34Decrease2.svg 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP)2,8294.6Increase2.svg 1.02±0
Citizens for Hohenlimburg (BfHo)2,0663.4Increase2.svg 1.12Increase2.svg 1
The Left (Die Linke)1,7622.9Decrease2.svg 1.42Decrease2.svg 1
Hagen Activist Circle (HAK)1,7402.8New2New
Die PARTEI (PARTEI)1,6922.8New1New
Pirate Party Germany (Piraten)4360.7Decrease2.svg 0.90Decrease2.svg 1
The Republicans (REP)1940.3New0New
Independents190.00
Valid votes61,11698.7
Invalid votes8251.3
Total61,941100.052Decrease2.svg 10
Electorate/voter turnout147,36142.0Decrease2.svg 3.1
Source: State Returning Officer

Transport

Marshalling yard Hagen-Vorhalle Hagen-Vorhalle 20080830.jpg
Marshalling yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1, A45 and A46 pass by Hagen.

Hagen has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The marshalling yard of Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to local and S-Bahn services. Since December 2005, Hagen has also been the starting point for a new service into Essen, operated by Abellio Deutschland.

Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn (Hagen Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services, as the last tramway route in Hagen was abandoned in May 1976. All in all there is a large-scale network of 36 bus lines in Hagen. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR.

Sport

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen.

Sport clubs in Hagen:

Hagen is also famous of its annual equestrian show 'Horses & Dreams' in April at Hof Kasselmann. It is one of the greatest equestrian shows in Germany and abroad. [10] In 2005 they were the host of the European Dressage Championships after Moscow withdrew. In 2021 Hagen is again host of the 2021 European Dressage Championships for seniors and U25. [11]

Twin towns – sister cities

Hagen is twinned with: [12]

Notable people

Karl Ernst Osthaus 1902 Osthaus by Gerhardi.jpg
Karl Ernst Osthaus 1902
Friedrich Harkort around 1820 Friedrich Harkort 1793-1880.png
Friedrich Harkort around 1820

See also

Related Research Articles

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the southern Ruhr urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat is Schwelm; the largest of its nine towns is Witten.

The Oberbergischer Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Witten</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Witten is a city with almost 100,000 inhabitants in the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis (district) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ennepetal</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Ennepetal is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was created in 1949 out of the former municipalities Milspe and Voerde. It was named after the river Ennepe, which flows through the municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hagen-Dahl</span>

Dahl, now officially Hagen-Dahl, is a locality within the independent city of Hagen in the southeastern Ruhr, in Germany. It was incorporated into Hagen in 1975 together with Rummenohl and Priorei.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Recklinghausen</span> City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hagen-Rummenohl</span>

Rummenohl, now officially Hagen-Rummenohl, is a locality within the independent city of Hagen in the eastern part of the Ruhr region, in Germany. It lies in the valley of the river Volme, about 13 km upstream (south) of the city centre of Hagen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Volme</span> River in Germany

The Volme is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and is a tributary of the river Ruhr. It is 50.5 kilometres (31.4 mi) long, of which about 21 km (13 mi) lie within the city limits of Hagen. Its largest tributary is the Ennepe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ennepe</span> River in Germany

The Ennepe is a river, and a left tributary of the Volme in Northern Sauerland, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gevelsberg</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Gevelsberg is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hattingen</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Hattingen is a town in the northern part of the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Schwelm</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Schwelm is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis in the administrative region of Arnsberg within the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sprockhövel</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Sprockhövel is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wetter (Ruhr)</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wetter (Ruhr) is a town in western Germany, in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis. The river Ruhr flows through the urban area, separating the district of Alt-Wetter from the districts of Esborn, Volmarstein and Wengern. The cities of Dortmund and Bochum are within 20 minutes by road or rail.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castrop-Rauxel</span> Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Castrop-Rauxel, often simply referred to as Castrop by locals, is a former coal mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kai Gehring</span> German politician

Kai Gehring is a German politician of the Green Party who has been serving as a Member of the German Parliament since 2005.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hagen–Dieringhausen railway</span>

The Hagen–Dieringhausen railway is a mostly single-track and non-electrified railway line from Hagen Hauptbahnhof via Lüdenscheid-Brügge, Meinerzhagen and Gummersbach to Gummersbach-Dieringhausen in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fritz Steinhoff</span> German politician (1897–1969)

Fritz Steinhoff was a German politician of the SPD. He was the third Minister President of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia from 1956 to 1958.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hagen – Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis I</span>

Hagen – Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis I is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 138. It is located in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the city of Hagen and the southern part of the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis II</span>

Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis II is an electoral constituency represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 139. It is located in the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia, comprising the northern part of the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district.

References

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  3. "Immer mehr werden Freunde der FernUniversität: Mitgliederzahl jetzt vierstellig - März - Universität - FernUniversität in Hagen". Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  4. Solomon, Tessa (2021-08-13). "German History Teacher Uncovers Secret Cache of Nazi Artifacts Behind Wall". ARTnews.com. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  5. Barrett, Claire (2021-08-12). "German History Teacher Finds Secret Cache of Nazi Artifacts in Family Home". HistoryNet. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  6. "Nazi-Fund in Hagen: Neue Details kommen ans Licht". www.wp.de (in German). 2021-08-02. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  7. "A Schoolteacher in Germany Hit Upon a Trove of Lost Nazi Artifacts Hidden in a Wall More Than 75 Years Ago". Artnet News. 2021-08-16. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  8. "2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe." Ruth Bollongino, Olaf Nehlich, Michael P. Richards, Jörg Orschiedt, Mark G. Thomas, Christian Sell, Zuzana Fajkošová, Adam Powell, Joachim Burger. Science. Published Online October 10, 2013. DOI: 10.1126/science.1245049 https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.1245049
  9. "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2013". Westfalenpost. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
  10. "Hof Kasselmann in Hagen steht mit drei Turnieren vor aufregendem Jahr". noz.de (in German).
  11. "European Dressage Championships". horseandhound.co.uk.
  12. "Städtepartnerschaften". hagen.de (in German). Hagen. Retrieved 2021-02-12.