Hajdú-Bihar County

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Hajdú-Bihar County

Hajdú-Bihar megye
Hortobagyi hid.JPG
Hortobagy.jpg
A Reformatus Nagytemplom - panoramio.jpg
Descending, from top: Nine-holed Bridge, Herd of Racka sheep in Hortobágy, and Downtown of Debrecen
FLAG-Hajdu-Bihar-megye.svg
Flag
HUN Hajdu-Bihar COA.svg
Coat of arms
HU county Hajdu-Bihar.svg
Hajdú-Bihar County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Northern Great Plain
County seat Debrecen
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyZoltán Pajna (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total6,210.51 km2 (2,397.89 sq mi)
Area rank 4th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total537,268 [1]
  Rank 4th in Hungary
Postal code
40xx – 422x, 4241 – 4243, 425x – 429x
Area code(s) (+36) 52, 54
ISO 3166 code HU-HB
Website www.hbmo.hu

Hajdú-Bihar (Hungarian : Hajdú-Bihar megye, pronounced  [ˈhɒjduː ˈbihɒr] ) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Békés. The capital of Hajdú-Bihar county is Debrecen. Together with Bihor County in Romania it constitutes the Biharia Euroregion.

Contents

Geography

The area of the county does not form a geographical unit; it shares several features with the neighbouring areas: from northeast the sand hills of the Nyírség spread over the county borders. The western part is the Hortobágy National Park ("Puszta"), a large flat area of the country.

The county of Hajdú-Bihar occupies the eastern part of Hungary. Most of its territory is completely flat and is part of the Pannonian Plain region (called the Grand Plain in the country). The highest point hardly rises over 170.5 metres in the north. It seems that the county slopes to the south because the lowest point is situated in this part of Hajdú-Bihar and hits the 85 metres height.

The wind and rivers formed and shaped the land for thousands of years. First the area of the present-day Hungary was occupied by an inland sea. Then, after some underground movement, the huge peaks of the Carpathians rose from this sea. The wild and rapid rivers of the mountains slowly made that inland sea disappear. Later, the great Hungarian plain was formed by the alluvial deposits of the rivers, the wind began to work and from the great rocks became smaller and smaller sand-grains, the so-called loess. This covers thickly the Hajdú-Bihar plain as well and makes a fertile soil.

There are two great rivers in this area, the Tisza and the Körös. The Hortobágy area was formed by the first one. It used to be the flood area of the Tisza river and after the river was controlled, the Hortobágy became dry, resulting in special fauna.

History

Hajdú-Bihar county was created after World War II from the pre-1938 counties Hajdú and Bihar. See the articles of those counties for the history before World War II.

Demographics

Religion in Hajdú-Bihar County (2011 census)

   Calvinism (29.0%)
   Lutheranism (0.2%)
   Catholic Church (9.8%)
   Greek Catholicism (5.9%)
   Orthodoxy (0.2%)
  Other religions (1.9%)
   Non-religious (26.8%)
   Atheists (1.2%)
  Undeclared (25.0%)

In 2015, it had a population of 537,268 and the population density was 87/km².

YearCounty population [2] Change
1949498,271n/a
1960Increase2.svg 522,7874.92%
1970Increase2.svg 524,9520.41%
1980Increase2.svg 551,4485.05%
1990Decrease2.svg 548,728-0.49%
2001Increase2.svg 552,998 (record)0.78%
2011Decrease2.svg 546,721-1.34%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minority populations in the county are Roma (about 18,000), Romanian (about 2,000) and German (about 1,000).

Total population (2011 census): 546,721
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [3]

  • Hungarians: 461,809 (95.05%)
  • Romani: 18,132 (3.73%)
  • Others and indefinable: 5,936 (1.22%)

About 77,000 people in Hajdú-Bihar County did not declare their ethnicity during the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [4]

Regional structure

District of Hajdu-Bihar County Hajdu-Bihar districts.png
District of Hajdú-Bihar County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Balmazújváros District
Balmazújvárosi járás
827.4530,19136 Balmazújváros 5
2 Berettyóújfalu District
Berettyóújfalui járás
1,073.9044,99542 Berettyóújfalu 25
3 Debrecen District
Debreceni járás
531.12224,228423 Debrecen 2
4 Derecske District
Derecskei járás
650.3041,70164 Derecske 13
5 Hajdúböszörmény District
Hajdúböszörményi járás
471.4340,56886 Hajdúböszörmény 2
6 Hajdúhadház District
Hajdúhadházi járás
137.0222,183162 Hajdúhadház 3
7 Hajdúnánás District
Hajdúnánási járás
547.2729,61454 Hajdúnánás 6
8 Hajdúszoboszló District
Hajdúszoboszlói járás
732.6543,06159 Hajdúszoboszló 5
9 Nyíradony District
Nyíradonyi járás
510.2829,53458 Nyíradony 9
10 Püspökladány District
Püspökladányi járás
729.0440,42655 Püspökladány 12
Hajdú-Bihar County6,210.51546,72188 Debrecen 82

Economy

Infrastructure

Highways no. 4, 33, 35, 42 and 47 lead to the county and the county can also be reached Hajdú-Bihar via the M3 motorway (this motorway is now a spur to Debrecen). The total length of the public roads in the county is 1,511 km. 122 road bridges span the rivers and canals. The roads cross the national borders to Romania at the cities of Ártánd and Nyírábrány.

Politics

The Hajdú-Bihar County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 24 counselors, [5] with the following party composition:

Countyhall of Hajdu-Bihar Varmegyehaza, Debrecen.jpg
Countyhall of Hajdú-Bihar
PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 16                
  Jobbik 3                
  Democratic Coalition 2                
  Momentum Movement 2                
  Hungarian Socialist Party 1                

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [6]
Zoltán Pajna (Fidesz-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Hajdú-Bihar County has 1 urban county, 20 towns, 10 large villages and 51 villages.

Compared to the average, Hajdú-Bihar has a small number of inhabited places: 21 towns and 61 villages. The four largest cities both by area and by population are Debrecen, Hajdúböszörmény, Hajdúnánás and Hajdúszoboszló. For a long time these were the only ones with city/town status, the rest were only villages, but after 1979 when Berettyóújfalu became a town several villages were promoted.

City with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

International relations

Hajdú-Bihar County has a partnership relationship with: [7] [8]

Related Research Articles

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Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County County of Hungary

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Debrecen District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Debrecen is a district in central part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Debrecen is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Balmazújváros District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Balmazújváros is a district in north-western part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Balmazújváros is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Hajdúság historical and geographical region.

Püspökladány District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Püspökladány is a district in south-western part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Püspökladány is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Hajdúság historical and geographical region.

Hajdúszoboszló District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Hajdúszoboszló is a district in western part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Hajdúszoboszló is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Hajdúság historical and geographical region.

Hajdúböszörmény District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Hajdúböszörmény is a district in northern part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Hajdúböszörmény is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Hajdúság historical and geographical region.

Berettyóújfalu District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Berettyóújfalu is a district in south-eastern part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Berettyóújfalu is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Bihar historical and geographical region.

Derecske District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Derecske is a district in central-eastern part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Derecske is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Hajdúnánás District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Hajdúnánás is a district in north-western part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Hajdúnánás is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Hajdúság historical and geographical region.

Nyíradony District Districts of Hungary in Hajdú-Bihar

Nyíradony is a district in north-eastern part of Hajdú-Bihar County. Nyíradony is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nyírség geographical region.

Nyíregyháza District Districts of Hungary in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg

Nyíregyháza is a district in western part of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County. Nyíregyháza is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nyírség geographical region.

Tiszavasvári District Districts of Hungary in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg

Tiszavasvári is a district in western part of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County. Tiszavasvári is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Nagykálló District Districts of Hungary in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg

Nagykálló is a district in southern part of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County. Nagykálló is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nyírség geographical region.

Szeghalom District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Szeghalom is a district in northern part of Békés County. Szeghalom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Tiszaújváros District Districts of Hungary in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén

Tiszaújváros is a district in south-eastern part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. Tiszaújváros is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

References

  1. nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. népesség.com, "Hajdú-Bihar megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  4. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.9 Hajdú-Bihar megye, (in Hungarian)
  5. "Megyei közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 (Hajdú-Bihar megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  6. Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
  7. Nemzetközi kapcsolataink (Hajú-Bihar)

Coordinates: 47°25′N21°30′E / 47.417°N 21.500°E / 47.417; 21.500