Hakeem Muhammad Saeed
|20th Governor of Sindh|
19 July 1993 –23 January 1994
|Prime Minister||Benazir Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Mahmoud Haroon|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Haroon|
|President of the Hamdard Foundation|
23 October 1969 –17 October 1998
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Sadia Rashid (daughter)|
14 August 1948 –17 October 1998
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Ahsan Qadir Shafiq|
|Vice-Chancellor of Hamdard University|
14 August 1948 –17 October 1998
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Nasim Ahmad Khan|
Hakeem Muhammed Saeed
9 January 1920
New Delhi, British India
|Died||17 October 1998 78) (aged|
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Resting place||Madinat-Al-Hikmah, Karachi|
|Citizenship|| British subject (1920–1948)|
(m. 1945;death 1981)
|Children||Sadia Rashid (daughter)|
|Alma mater|| University of Delhi |
|Occupation||Philanthropist, scholar, physician|
|National Awards||Nishan-e-Imtiaz Award in (2002)|
|Sitara-i-Imtiaz Award in 1966|
Hakeem Muhammad Saeed (Urdu : حکیم محمد سعید; 9 January 1920 – 17 October 1998) was a Pakistani medical researcher, scholar, philanthropist. He also served as governor of Sindh Province from 1993 until 1994. Saeed was one of Pakistan's most prominent medical researchers in the field of Eastern medicines. He established the Hamdard Foundation in 1948, prior to his settlement in West Pakistan. In a few years time, the herbal medical products of the Hamdard Foundation became household names in Pakistan. Hakeem Muhammad Saeed authored and compiled about 200 books in medicine, philosophy, science, health, religion, natural medicine, literary, social, and travelogues. In 1981, Saeed became one of the founding member of the World Cultural Council, a non-profit international organization, based in Mexico. On 17 October 1998, Hakeem Saeed was assassinated by a group of unknown assailants while he was on his way to attend a medical experiment at the Hamdard Laboratories in Karachi. His killing prompted Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif to impose direct federal rule over the Sindh province.
Hakeem Muhammad Said was born in Delhi, British Indian Empire in 1920 to an educated and religious Urdu-speaking class family.His ancestors came to the Indian subcontinent from Kashgar (now Kashi, Xinjiang, China), in the reign of the Mughal emperor, Shah Alam. They first stayed at Peshawar for about eighteen years, then moved to Multan and lastly settled down at Delhi.
His forefathers and family had been associated with the herbal medicine business, and had established the Hamdard Waqf Laboratories in India before 1947, which today has emerged as one of the largest manufacturers of Unani medicines in the world.Saeed attended the local school where he learned Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English and studied the Quran. At age 18, Hakeem went on to attend the University of Delhi in 1938. There, Saeed obtained a B.Pharmacy degree and a Bachelor of Science degree in medicinal chemistry in 1942. After his undergraduate education, Saeed joined Hamdard Waqf Laboratories as a junior researcher and participated in herbal quality control while formulating medicines. In 1945, Saeed attended the post-graduate course, and obtained a master's degree in pharmacy from the same institution. Before 1947, Hakeem Saeed was also involved in the Pakistan Movement activities. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Saeed left his hometown with his wife and only daughter. The family settled in Karachi, Sindh Province of West Pakistan. He established Hamdard Laboratories and served as its first director until his death in 1998. In 1952, Saeed travelled to Turkey where he attended the Ankara University and was awarded a PhD degree in Pharmacy, then returned to Pakistan to devote his life to medicine research.
Following his settlement in Pakistan, Saeed began practicing medicine and continued to research in Eastern medicine.Having established the Hamdard Laboratories in 1948, Saeed was one of the driving forces in Pakistan for engaging in the research in medical biology and medicine. In 1953, after his doctorate degree, Saeed joined the Sindh University as the associate professor of pharmacy and taught courses in organic chemistry. In 1963, Saeed resigned from his position because of differences with the Federal government. In 1964, Saeed came into public limelight when he gave rogue criticism to Lieutenant-General Wajid Ali Khan Burki, then-Surgeon General (Pakistan) of Army Medical Corps who was a high-profile officer leading the then Ministry of Health under the government of Field Marshal Ayub Khan. Saeed criticized the General, saying, "General [Wajid] Burki used to say that Eastern medicine and homeopathy were quackery". Saeed began to write articles, organized conferences and lobbied hard for the Eastern medicine, and Ayub Khan had to pass a law legalizing Eastern medicine, due to a fear of his government losing credibility among the people.
In 1985, Hakeem Mohammed Saeed founded Hamdard University, where he served as its first Vice-Chancellor and as a professor.
The crowning activity of his life is the establishment of Madinat-al-Hikmah campus in Karachi. It comprises Hamdard University with such institutes as Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry, Hamdard Al-Majeed College of Eastern Medicine, Hafiz Muhammad Ilyas Institute of Herbal Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Education & Social Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Information Technology, Hamdard School of Law, Faculty of Engineering Science & Technology, Hamdard Public School and Hamdard Village School. Bait-al-Hikmah (the Library) is also a constituent part of Madinat-al-Hikmah. This is one of the biggest and best-stocked libraries of Pakistan.
Saeed wrote, edited or compiled over 200 books and journals in Urdu and English on Islam, Education, Pakistan, Science, Medicine and Health. Besides writing travelogues of countries he visited, he also wrote books especially for youth and children. He also edited some journals such as Hamdard Islamicus, Hamdard Medicus, Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society "Historicus", Hamdard Sehat and Hamdard Naunehal. For several years he was also the editor of Payami, the Urdu edition of UNESCO'S journal Courier. Saeed participated in various international conferences on medicine, science, education and culture and travelled widely to many countries of the world. While in Pakistan, he organized numerous international and national conferences on topics of prime importance.Saeed created two widely attended national forums: Hamdard Shura (for leaders of public opinion) and Naunehal Assembly (for children). He held offices and memberships in dozens of national and international organizations related to education and healthcare. He launched two journals, Hamdard Medicus and Hamdard Islamicus. Hamdard-e-Sehat, which was already being published under his editorship since 1940, also appeared from Karachi in 1948. He launched a magazine for young readers, Hamdard Naunehal , and established a separate division, Naunehal Adab, for producing quality books for children.
Saeed was an exponent of Eastern medicine who had treated patients from all over the world including Pakistan, Europe, Africa and the Middle East by the time of his death in October 1998. He helped get alternative medicine recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). After a fifty-year career as a practitioner of Greco-Arab medicine, he was posthumously awarded the Nishan-e-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan in 2002.
In 1945, he married his cousin Naimat Begum in Delhi. They had one daughter, Sadia Rashid.
Said was murdered on 17 October 1998. His murderers were caught by DIG Farooq Amin Qureshi, CCPO Karachi at that time. Qureshi was highly appreciated and is one of the most renowned police officers of Pakistan to this day. Several persons were arrested and subsequently sentenced to deathby an anti-terrorism court. On 26 April 2014, The Supreme Court upheld the verdict of Sindh High Court (SHC) regarding acquittal of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) workers in Hakeem Saeed murder case.
In 2001, an anti-terrorism appellate bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan had acquitted all nine people accused of murdering famous philanthropist and physician Hakeem Saeed in 1998. The verdict was challenged by the then provincial government. MQM workers, Mohammed Amirullah, Mohammed Shakir alias Shakir Langra and Abu Imran Pasha, were among those acquitted by the court.
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Hamdard Naunehal is a kids Urdu language monthly magazine first published by Hakim Said of Hamdard Laboratories in 1953. This magazine is very popular among children due to its emphasis on proper Urdu through the section نونہال لغت, titbits, moral & mystery stories, cartoons and informative snippets. The current editor for the magazine is Masood Ahmad Barkati while the patron is Sadia Rashid. The current team took over after Hakim Saeed was murdered in 1998 in Karachi, Pakistan and the magazine keeps his memory alive by publishing articles from his times.The format hasn't changed much ever since it first came out except the inclusion of a section entitled ھنڈکلیا which aims at teaching basic level cooking.
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