Halldór Ásgrímsson

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Halldór Ásgrímsson
Halldor Asgrimsson generalsekreterare Nordiska ministerradet (2).jpg
22nd Prime Minister of Iceland
In office
15 September 2004 15 June 2006
President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
Preceded by Davíð Oddsson
Succeeded by Geir Haarde
Secretary General for the Nordic Council of Ministers
In office
1 January 2007 18 May 2015
Preceded by Per Unckel
Succeeded by Dagfinn Høybråten
Personal details
Born(1947-09-08)8 September 1947
Vopnafjörður, Iceland
Died18 May 2015(2015-05-18) (aged 67)
Reykjavik, Iceland
Political party Progressive Party
Spouse(s)Sigurjóna Sigurðardóttir
Children3
Alma mater Bifröst University

Halldór Ásgrímsson (pronounced [ˈhalːtour ˈaːuskrimsɔn] ; 8 September 1947 – 18 May 2015) was an Icelandic politician, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland from 2004 to 2006 and was leader of the Progressive Party from 1994 to 2006. [1]

Iceland island republic in Northern Europe

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 348,580 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country being home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.

Prime Minister of Iceland Head of Icelands government

The Prime Minister of Iceland is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

Progressive Party (Iceland) political party in Iceland

The Progressive Party is a centre-right, populist and agrarian political party in Iceland. For most of its history, the Progressive Party has governed with the centre-right liberal conservative Independence Party.

Contents

Education and early life

Halldór studied at the Co-operative College in Bifröst, and became a certified public accountant in 1970. He later completed graduate commerce studies at the Universities of Bergen and Copenhagen, and worked as a lecturer at the University of Iceland from 1973 to 1975.

Bifröst University University in Iceland

Bifröst University is located in the valley of Norðurárdalur, approximately 30 kilometers north of Borgarnes, Iceland. Originally a business school, it also offers degrees in law and social sciences, at both bachelor's and master's level, as well as a remedial university preparatory course. As of 2011, the university had 573 enrolled students. Student and staff housing surrounds the school, which with Hólar University College is one of two real “campus universities” in Iceland. However, many enrolled students are in distance learning programs.

University of Bergen university in Norway

The University of Bergen is a public university located in Bergen, Norway. The university today serves approximately 17,000 students, and is one of eight universities in Norway.

University of Copenhagen public research university in Copenhagen, Denmark

The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) is the oldest university and research institution in Denmark. Founded in 1479 as a studium generale, it is the second oldest institution for higher education in Scandinavia after Uppsala University (1477). The university has 23,473 undergraduate students, 17,398 postgraduate students, 2,968 doctoral students and over 9,000 employees. The university has four campuses located in and around Copenhagen, with the headquarters located in central Copenhagen. Most courses are taught in Danish; however, many courses are also offered in English and a few in German. The university has several thousands of foreign students, about half of whom come from Nordic countries.

Political career

He represented the East constituency as a member of the Althing (Icelandic Parliament) from 1974 to 1978 and from 1979 to 2003, when he was elected to represent the Reykjavík North constituency. Over the years, he has served in a large number of ministerial portfolios, namely as Minister of Fisheries from 1983 to 1991, Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs from 1988 to 1989, Minister for Nordic Cooperation from 1985 to 1987 and 1995 to 1999 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2004.

Althing unicameral parliament of Iceland

The Alþingi is the national parliament of Iceland. It is the oldest surviving parliament in the world, a claim shared by Tynwald. The Althing was founded in 930 at Þingvellir, situated approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) east of what later became the country's capital, Reykjavík. Even after Iceland's union with Norway in 1262, the Althing still held its sessions at Þingvellir until 1800, when it was discontinued for 45 years. It was restored in 1844 and moved to Reykjavík, where it has resided ever since. The present parliament building, the Alþingishús, was built in 1881, made of hewn Icelandic stone.

Reykjavík capital and largest city in Iceland

Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of Faxa Bay. Its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. With a population of around 128,793, it is the heart of Iceland's cultural, economic and governmental activity, and is a popular tourist destination.

Halldór took over as Prime Minister on 15 September 2004, succeeding Independence Party leader Davíð Oddsson, while Davíð replaced Halldór as Foreign Minister.

Independence Party (Iceland) political party in Iceland

The Independence Party is a liberal-conservative, Eurosceptic political party in Iceland. It is currently the largest party in the Althing, with 16 seats. The chairman of the party is Bjarni Benediktsson. The secretary of the party is Áslaug Arna Sigurbjörnsdóttir.

Davíð Oddsson Icelandic politician

Davíð Oddsson is an Icelandic politician, and the longest-serving Prime Minister of Iceland, in office from 1991 to 2004. From 2004 to 2005 he served as Foreign Minister. Previously, he was Mayor of Reykjavík from 1982 to 1991, and he chaired the board of governors of the Central Bank of Iceland from 2005 to 2009. The collapse of Iceland's banking system led to vocal demands for his resignation, both from members of the Icelandic public and from the new Icelandic Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, which resulted in his being replaced as head of the Central Bank in March 2009. In September 2009 he was hired as the editor of Morgunblaðið, one of Iceland's largest newspapers, a decision that caused nationwide controversy and was followed by resignations and widespread terminated subscriptions. He contested the election for President of Iceland on 25 June 2016 but lost to Guðni Jóhannesson.

On 5 June 2006, following poor results in municipal elections, Halldór announced his resignation as Prime Minister and stated that he intended to step down as leader of the Progressive Party in August 2006. Geir H. Haarde, the Foreign Minister of Iceland, succeeded him on 15 June 2006.

Halldór Ásgrímsson's successor as Progressive Party leader was Jón Sigurðsson, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism, who was elected at the party's convention in August 2006. At the convention Halldór ended his political career with an emotional and dynamic farewell speech to the party. Halldór resigned as MP after the convention; he was the longest serving MP at the time.

Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism (Iceland) Iceland

The Icelandic Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism is one of the cabinet-level government ministries responsible for Iceland's economy. It shares that responsibility with the Ministry of Business Affairs and the Ministry of Fisheries. Since 2009, the responsible minister is Katrín Júlíusdóttir of the Social Democratic Alliance.

On 31 October 2006, Halldór was chosen as the Secretary-General of the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Halldór Ásgrímsson was an Honorary Member of The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. He died of a heart attack at a Reykjavik hospital in May 2015. [2]

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References

  1. Halfdanarson, Gudmundur (23 October 2008). "Historical Dictionary of Iceland". Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 3 September 2016 via Google Books.
  2. Arnarsdóttir, Eygló Svala (19 May 2015). "Former Prime Minister of Iceland Passes Away" . Retrieved 3 September 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Steingrímur Hermannsson
Minister of Fisheries
1983–1991
Succeeded by
Þorsteinn Pálsson
Preceded by
Jón Sigurðsson
Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Óli Guðbjartssson
Preceded by
Jón Baldvin Hannibalsson
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1995–2004
Succeeded by
Geir Haarde
Preceded by
Davíð Oddsson
Prime Minister of Iceland
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Geir Haarde
Party political offices
Preceded by
Steingrímur Hermannsson
Leader of the Progressive Party
1994–2006
Succeeded by
Jón Sigurðsson