|• City||34.13 km2 (13.18 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,018.99 km2 (393.43 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Density||1,716/km2 (4,440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+46) 35|
Halmstad (Swedish: [²halmsta(d)] (
The Nissan is a 200 km long river in southwest Sweden. It ends in the Kattegat bay of the North Sea in Halmstad. The straight middle and upper course of Nissan follows a branch of the Protogine Zone – a zone of crustal weakness in western Sweden. Nissan drains the western part of the South Småland peneplain.
The provinces of Sweden are historical, geographical and cultural regions. Sweden has 25 provinces and they have no administrative function, but remain historical legacies and the means of cultural identification. Dialects and folklore rather follows the provincial borders than the borders of the counties.
Halmstad, at the time part of the Kingdom of Denmark, received its first city charter in 1307, and the city celebrated its 700th anniversary in 2007. The oldest remains of that first town are to be found at "Övraby" upstream on Nissan, just south of and quite close to the present day regiment buildings. The remains of the church can still be seen today between a defunct brick industry and a former landfill.
Övraby was the village that was left after the town Halmstad in Halland moved five kilometers to the south in 1320.
In the 1320s the town moved to the present day town centre. At this time there were two monasteries in the town and during the 15th century the St. Nikolai church was built. Halland was the object of numerous battles, sieges and occupations by Swedish troops.
During the Kalmar Union – a Nordic Union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark which lasted between 1397 and 1523 – it was in Halmstad that the Union King was to be finally selected.
The Kalmar Union was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies. The union was not quite continuous; there were several short interruptions. Legally, the countries remained separate sovereign states, but with their domestic and foreign policies being directed by a common monarch.
At the end of the 16th century Christian IV of Denmark ordered the fortification of Halmstad and in the beginning of the 17th century to build a crescent-shaped fort with Nissan as part of the defences.
Christian IV, sometimes colloquially referred to as Christian Den Fjerde in Denmark and Christian Kvart or Quart in Norway, was king of Denmark–Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is the longest of Danish monarchs, and of Scandinavian monarchies.
1619 is an important date in the history of Halmstad. In March of that year, King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden and Christian IV met at the castle. Over a period of a week they celebrated the payment in full of the Älvsborg ransom. August of the same year saw the destruction of Halmstad by fire.
Älvsborg ransom was an indemnity, stipulated in the Treaty of Knäred 1613, that would redeem Älvsborg Castle from Danish military occupation of the Kalmar War. According to the treaty, the ransom was one million rixdollars. The ransom would be financed by a nationwide tax, which would be paid during each of the six years 1613–1618 by the entire population of Sweden. The Danes did not only hold Älvsborg Castle as a collateral for the ransom, but also the towns of Nya Lödöse, Old Lödöse and Gothenburg, as well as seven hundreds of Västergötland. Yet, since the return of Älvsborg was uppermost in the mind of the government, the ransom and the tax to pay for it has in history been named after this castle.
Halland became part of Sweden for a period of thirty years when peace was declared at the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 and Danish rule ended. The Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 made this acquisition permanent. Sweden defeated Denmark in the Battle of Fyllebro which took place in 1676 just outside Halmstad.
The first May Day demonstration in Sweden was held in Halmstad in 1897.
The population grew from 48,800 in 1990 to 58,577 in 2010.
In September 2007 the city hosted the Solheim Cup, which was played at the Halmstad Golfklubb.
In 2011 Halmstad was the final port of the Tall Ships' Races.
Halmstad has the south Scandinavian variety of the relatively wet humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters, closely bordering on an oceanic climate (Cfb).
|Climate data for Halmstad|
|Record high °C (°F)||9.6|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−26.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||61.8|
|Source #1: SMHI Average Precipitation 1961-1990|
|Source #2: SMHI Average Data 2002-2015|
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Founded in 1983, Halmstad University is a public higher education institution offering bachelor's and master's programs in various fields of study. In addition, it conducts Ph.D. programs in three fields of research: Information Technology, Innovation Science and Health Science.Halmstad University has more than 9 000 students, including 245 exchange students (2013) and 163 international programme students (2013).
Halmstad is host of the ongoing 2018 World Team Table Tennis Championships.
Falkenberg Municipality is a municipality in Halland County on the Swedish west coast. The town Falkenberg is the municipal seat.
Jönköping is a city in southern Sweden with 93,797 inhabitants (2015). Jönköping is situated at the southern end of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern, in the province of Småland.
Varberg is a locality and the seat of Varberg Municipality, Halland County, Sweden with 27,602 inhabitants in 2010.
Kungsbacka is a locality and the seat of Kungsbacka Municipality in Halland County, Sweden, with 19,057 inhabitants in 2010.
Falkenberg is a locality and the seat of Falkenberg Municipality, Halland County, Sweden, with 20,035 inhabitants in 2010. It is located at the mouth of river Ätran. The name consists of the Swedish words for falcon (falk) and mountain (berg). Falkenberg is a popular tourist destination in the summers, and the main beach of the town is Skrea strand.
Halmstads Bollklubb, also known simply as Halmstad or HBK or Bollkubben, is a Swedish football club located in Halmstad in the county of Halland. The club, formed 7 February 1914 and approved membership in Riksidrottsförundet on 6 March 1914, competes in the second tier of Swedish football, Superettan, and has won 4 national championship titles and 1 national cup title. HBK is a member controlled club and does not have a single owner.
IS Halmia is a football club, located in Halmstad, Sweden.
Örjans Vall is a football stadium in Halmstad, Sweden, built in 1922.
HK Drott Halmstad is a handball club, based in Halmstad, Sweden. The club has won the Swedish Championship eleven times, last in 2013.
Oskarström is the second largest locality in Halmstad Municipality, Halland County, Sweden, with 4,071 inhabitants in 2010. It is situated along the Nissan river about 15 km north-east of Halmstad.
Daniel Alexandersson is a Swedish footballer who plays as a midfielder or forward. He is the younger brother of Niclas Alexandersson.
Mikael Rosén is a former Swedish football player.
Peter Larsson is a Swedish footballer who plays for Halmstads BK as a centre back.
Joe Sise is a Swedish footballer of Gambian descent, who either plays as a winger or forward.
Events from the year 1981 in Denmark.
BK Astrio is a Swedish association football club located in Halmstad, Sweden. The club currently plays in Division 3.
There are several derbies in the Allsvenskan and in the lower divisions of the Swedish football pyramid.
Kvibille BK is a Swedish football club located in Kvibille, in the county of Halland. The club, formed in 1940, play their home matches at Björkevi. The club came agonizingly close of being promoted to division 3 on two occasions, in recent years. During the 2013 season Kvibille BK finished 5th, just a couple of points short of 1st place. History repeated itself the following season. Kvibille BK finished 6th, with a small gap to 2nd place, which would have meant a possible promotion.
Mikael Boman is a Swedish footballer who plays as a forward for Randers FC.
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