Halmstad

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Halmstad
Halmstad Nissan01.JPG
Halmstads Stadsbibliotek.jpg
2015-07-01 Stadttor in Halmstad RB1278.jpg
Halmstad stora vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Sweden Halland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Halmstad
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Halmstad
Coordinates: 56°40′26″N12°51′26″E / 56.67389°N 12.85722°E / 56.67389; 12.85722 Coordinates: 56°40′26″N12°51′26″E / 56.67389°N 12.85722°E / 56.67389; 12.85722
Country Sweden
Province Halland
County Halland County
Municipality Halmstad Municipality
Area
[1]
  City34.13 km2 (13.18 sq mi)
  Metro
1,018.99 km2 (393.43 sq mi)
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
(2014) [1]
  City66,124 [2]
  Density1,716/km2 (4,440/sq mi)
   Metro
95,537
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30x xx
Area code(s) (+46) 35
Website www.halmstad.se

Halmstad (Swedish:  [ˈhalmsta] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the Nissan river, in the province of Halland on the Swedish west coast. Halmstad is the seat of Halmstad Municipality and the capital of Halland County. The city had a population of 92,797 in 2012, [1] out of a municipal total of over 90,000 (18th most populous - 2012). Halmstad is Sweden's 20th-largest city by population and located about midway between Gothenburg (the second most populous) and Malmö (the third). It is Europe's northernmost city with a lot of timber framing architecture.[ dubious ]

Nissan (river) river in southern Sweden

The Nissan is a 200 km long river in southwest Sweden. It ends in the Kattegat bay of the North Sea in Halmstad. The straight middle and upper course of Nissan follows a branch of the Protogine Zone – a zone of crustal weakness in western Sweden. Nissan drains the western part of the South Småland peneplain.

Provinces of Sweden

The provinces of Sweden are historical, geographical and cultural regions. Sweden has 25 provinces and they have no administrative function, but remain historical legacies and the means of cultural identification. Dialects and folklore rather follows the provincial borders than the borders of the counties.

Halland Place in Götaland, Sweden

Halland  is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden, on the western coast of Sweden. It borders Västergötland, Småland, Scania and the sea of Kattegat. Until 1645 and the Second Treaty of Brömsebro, it was part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

Contents

History

Halmstad, at the time part of the Kingdom of Denmark, received its first city charter in 1307, and the city celebrated its 700th anniversary in 2007. The oldest remains of that first town are to be found at "Övraby" upstream on Nissan, just south of and quite close to the present day regiment buildings. The remains of the church can still be seen today between a defunct brick industry and a former landfill.

Övraby was the village that was left after the town Halmstad in Halland moved five kilometers to the south in 1320.

In the 1320s the town moved to the present day town centre. At this time there were two monasteries in the town and during the 15th century the St. Nikolai church was built. Halland was the object of numerous battles, sieges and occupations by Swedish troops.

During the Kalmar Union a Nordic Union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark which lasted between 1397 and 1523 it was in Halmstad that the Union King was to be finally selected.

Kalmar Union former country; personal union of the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden and Norway

The Kalmar Union was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies. The union was not quite continuous; there were several short interruptions. Legally, the countries remained separate sovereign states, but with their domestic and foreign policies being directed by a common monarch.

At the end of the 16th century Christian IV of Denmark ordered the fortification of Halmstad and in the beginning of the 17th century to build a crescent-shaped fort with Nissan as part of the defences.

Christian IV of Denmark King of Denmark and Norway

Christian IV, sometimes colloquially referred to as Christian Firtal in Denmark and Christian Kvart or Quart in Norway, was king of Denmark–Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is the longest of Danish monarchs, and of Scandinavian monarchies.

1619 is an important date in the history of Halmstad. In March of that year, King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden and Christian IV met at the castle. Over a period of a week they celebrated the payment in full of the Älvsborg ransom. August of the same year saw the destruction of Halmstad by fire.

Älvsborg ransom was an indemnity, stipulated in the Treaty of Knäred 1613, that would redeem Älvsborg Castle from Danish military occupation of the Kalmar War. According to the treaty, the ransom was one million rixdollars. The ransom would be financed by a nationwide tax, which would be paid during each of the six years 1613–1618 by the entire population of Sweden. The Danes did not only hold Älvsborg Castle as a collateral for the ransom, but also the towns of Nya Lödöse, Old Lödöse and Gothenburg, as well as seven hundreds of Västergötland. Yet, since the return of Älvsborg was uppermost in the mind of the government, the ransom and the tax to pay for it has in history been named after this castle.

Halland became part of Sweden for a period of thirty years when peace was declared at the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 and Danish rule ended. The Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 made this acquisition permanent. Sweden defeated Denmark in the Battle of Fyllebro which took place in 1676 just outside Halmstad.

The first May Day demonstration in Sweden was held in Halmstad in 1897.

The population grew from 48,800 in 1990 to 58,577 in 2010.

In September 2007 the city hosted the Solheim Cup, which was played at the Halmstad Golfklubb.

In 2011 Halmstad was the final port of the Tall Ships' Races.

Climate

Halmstad has the south Scandinavian variety of the relatively wet humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters, closely bordering on an oceanic climate (Cfb).

Climate data for Halmstad
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)9.6
(49.3)
13.2
(55.8)
19.3
(66.7)
28.1
(82.6)
29.1
(84.4)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
27.6
(81.7)
21.4
(70.5)
14.9
(58.8)
11.0
(51.8)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
2.4
(36.3)
6.3
(43.3)
12.7
(54.9)
17.1
(62.8)
20.0
(68.0)
22.8
(73.0)
21.8
(71.2)
17.7
(63.9)
11.7
(53.1)
7.3
(45.1)
3.8
(38.8)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.6
(45.7)
12.1
(53.8)
15.1
(59.2)
18.0
(64.4)
17.4
(63.3)
14.6
(58.3)
8.5
(47.3)
5.0
(41.0)
1.6
(34.9)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F)−2.4
(27.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
7.1
(44.8)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
13.0
(55.4)
9.5
(49.1)
5.2
(41.4)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.7
(40.5)
Record low °C (°F)−26.2
(−15.2)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
0.2
(32.4)
3.0
(37.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.6
(14.7)
−16.6
(2.1)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−26.2
(−15.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)61.8
(2.43)
38.0
(1.50)
51.3
(2.02)
43.4
(1.71)
44.9
(1.77)
64.4
(2.54)
82.2
(3.24)
86.1
(3.39)
88.5
(3.48)
79.6
(3.13)
81.6
(3.21)
74.0
(2.91)
795.7
(31.33)
Source #1: SMHI Average Precipitation 1961-1990 [3]
Source #2: SMHI Average Data 2002-2015 [4]

Demographics

Education

Founded in 1983, Halmstad University is a public higher education institution offering bachelor's and master's programs in various fields of study. In addition, it conducts Ph.D. programs in three fields of research: Information Technology, Innovation Science and Health Science. [5] Halmstad University has more than 9 000 students, including 245 exchange students (2013) and 163 international programme students (2013).

Notable natives

Sport

Halmstads BK versus Gefle IF at Orjans Vall 2007. HBK-Gefle.JPG
Halmstads BK versus Gefle IF at Örjans Vall 2007.

Halmstad is host of the ongoing 2018 World Team Table Tennis Championships.

Schools

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__MI__MI0810__MI0810A/LandarealTatort/table/tableViewLayout1/?rxid=fc7878d9-cb02-4c95-857c-6a6aa9b47d50
  3. "Precipitation Averages 1961-90 (Halmstad code 6240)". SMHI. April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  4. "Statistics from Weather Stations (Swedish)". SMHI. June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  5. Swedish Universities & University Colleges - Short Version of Annual Report 2012 Archived 2012-12-01 at the Wayback Machine , p. 51