Hamamatsu

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Hamamatsu

浜松市
Hamamatsu montage.jpg
From top left: Act City Hamamatsu, Akihasan Hongū Akiha Jinja, Enshu Railway Line, Hamamatsu Castle, Hamana Ōhasi
Flag of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka.svg
Flag
Hamamatsu Shizuoka chapter.JPG
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"City of Music"
Hamamatsu in Shizuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Hamamatsu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Hamamatsu
 
Coordinates: 34°42′39″N137°43′39″E / 34.71083°N 137.72750°E / 34.71083; 137.72750 Coordinates: 34°42′39″N137°43′39″E / 34.71083°N 137.72750°E / 34.71083; 137.72750
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka
Government
   Mayor Yasutomo Suzuki
Area
   Designated city 1,558.06 km2 (601.57 sq mi)
Population
 (December 1, 2019)
   Designated city 791,707
  Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
   Metro
[1] (2015)
1,129,296 (13th)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Pine
• Flower Mikan
• Bird Japanese bush warbler
Phone number53-457-2111
Address103-2 Motoshiro-chō, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 430-8652
Website www.city.hamamatsu.shizuoka.jp
Downtown of Hamamatsu city (near city hall) Hamamatsu near city hall.JPG
Downtown of Hamamatsu city (near city hall)
Lake Hamana BentenjimaKaihinkoenHamamatsu3.jpg
Lake Hamana
Ryugashido Cave Inasacho Tabatake, Kita Ward, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture 431-2221, Japan - panoramio.jpg
Ryugashido Cave
Lake Sanaru LakeSanaru2.JPG
Lake Sanaru

Hamamatsu (浜松市, Hamamatsu-shi) is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 791,707 in 340,591 households, [2] making it the prefecture's largest city, and a population density of 508 persons per km². The total area of the site was 1,558.06 km2 (601.57 sq mi). Hamamatsu is a member of the World Health Organization’s Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC). [3]

Contents

Geography

Hamamatsu is 260 kilometres (160 mi) southwest of Tokyo. [4]

Hamamatsu consists of a flat plain and the Mikatahara Plateau in the south, and a mountainous area in the north. It is roughly bordered by Lake Hamana to the west, the Tenryū River to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Neighboring municipalities

Shizuoka Prefecture

Aichi Prefecture

Nagano Prefecture

Demographics

Super Mercado Takara, a Brazilian supermarket Takara-supermarket-hamamatsu.jpg
Super Mercado Takara, a Brazilian supermarket

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Hamamatsu has been increasing over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 434,253    
1950 494,296+13.8%
1960 568,214+15.0%
1970 631,284+11.1%
1980 698,982+10.7%
1990 751,509+7.5%
2000 786,306+4.6%
2010 800,912+1.9%

Foreign population

Hamamatsu has a significant non-Japanese population. The population of Nikkei foreigners, especially Brazilians increased after a 1990 change in Japanese immigration law allowed them to work in Japan. At one point, Hamamatsu had the largest Brazilian Nikkei population of any Japanese city, [6] Many foreigners work in the manufacturing sector, taking temporary jobs in Honda, Suzuki, and Yamaha plants. [4] As of 2008 the number of non-Japanese in Hamamatsu was 33,332, [7] and by 2010 the number exceeded 30,000. The city has a lot of Portuguese signage. It includes a Brazilian school, and many businesses catering to Brazilians display Brazilian flags. [6] However, Natsuko Fukue of The Japan Times wrote in 2010 that many foreign children have difficulty integrating to society in Hamamatsu because "Japanese and foreign communities live largely separate from one another." [4]

The foreign population dropped significantly in the aftermath of the global financial crisis in 2008, with the Hamamatsu city government offering aid for some foreign nationals to return to their home countries. [8] The foreign population was estimated as 25,084 as of August 1, 2019, per official city statistics [9] ,

Climate

View of Mt. Fuji from Hamamatsu View of mt fuji from hamamatsu.JPG
View of Mt. Fuji from Hamamatsu

The climate in southern Hamamatsu has a humid subtropical climate with cool to mild winters with little snowfall; however, it is windy in winter because of the dry monsoon called Enshū no Karakaze, which is unique to the region. The climate in northern Hamamatsu is much harsher because of foehn winds. Summer is hot with the highest temperature often exceeds 35 degrees in the Tenryu-ku area, while it snows in winter.

Climate data for Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Averages (1981–2010), Records (1883–2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.7
(69.3)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
28.1
(82.6)
31.3
(88.3)
36.7
(98.1)
38.6
(101.5)
39.3
(102.7)
36.6
(97.9)
31.0
(87.8)
27.8
(82.0)
22.6
(72.7)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F)10.1
(50.2)
11.1
(52.0)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
29.4
(84.9)
31.1
(88.0)
28.2
(82.8)
23.1
(73.6)
17.9
(64.2)
12.7
(54.9)
20.5
(68.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.9
(42.6)
6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
14.7
(58.5)
18.7
(65.7)
22.0
(71.6)
25.7
(78.3)
27.0
(80.6)
24.1
(75.4)
18.8
(65.8)
13.5
(56.3)
8.4
(47.1)
16.3
(61.3)
Average low °C (°F)2.5
(36.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.6
(42.1)
10.4
(50.7)
14.9
(58.8)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
24.0
(75.2)
21.0
(69.8)
15.3
(59.5)
9.8
(49.6)
4.8
(40.6)
12.8
(55.0)
Record low °C (°F)−6
(21)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.0
(32.0)
4.7
(40.5)
10.4
(50.7)
15.3
(59.5)
16.8
(62.2)
12.4
(54.3)
3.8
(38.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6
(21)
Average precipitation mm (inches)57.0
(2.24)
78.3
(3.08)
149.4
(5.88)
167.5
(6.59)
190.5
(7.50)
241.3
(9.50)
190.0
(7.48)
150.8
(5.94)
248.9
(9.80)
164.5
(6.48)
118.8
(4.68)
52.3
(2.06)
1,809.1
(71.22)
Average relative humidity (%)58576065717880777570666168
Mean monthly sunshine hours 196.5184.2191.0195.6195.8148.3177.5222.6161.0165.9170.0199.52,207.9
Source: JMA [10]

History

Hirokoji Street in the 1930s Hamamatsu Hirokoji Dori in 1930s.jpg
Hirokoji Street in the 1930s
Part of Hamamatsu Skyline Hamamatsu from Mount Tonmaku.jpg
Part of Hamamatsu Skyline
A bird's-eye view of downtown Hamamatsu from the tallest building (Act Tower) Hamamatsu view - panoramio.jpg
A bird's-eye view of downtown Hamamatsu from the tallest building (Act Tower)

The area now comprising Hamamatsu has been settled since prehistoric times, with numerous remains from the Jōmon period and Kofun period having been discovered within the present city limits, including the Shijimizuka site shell mound and the Akamonue Kofun ancient tomb. In the Nara period, it became the capital of Tōtōmi Province. During the Sengoku period, Hamamatsu Castle was the home of future shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Hamamatsu flourished during the Edo period under a succession of daimyō rulers as a castle town, and as a post town on the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. After the Meiji Restoration, Hamamatsu became a short-lived prefecture from 1871 to 1876, after which it was united with Shizuoka Prefecture. Hamamatsu Station opened on the Tōkaidō Main Line in 1889. The same year, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system, Hamamatsu became a town.

Government

Hamamatsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 46 members. The city contributes 15 members to the Shizuoka Prefectural Assembly.

Wards

Wards of Hamamatsu Map of wards of Hamamatsu.png
Wards of Hamamatsu

Hamamatsu is administratively divided into seven wards:

NameArea (sqkm)Population (Aug 2019)Pop Density
Hamakita-ku (浜北区)66.5098,2981,478.17
Higashi-ku (東区)46.29129,2202,791.53
Kita-ku (北区)295.5492,865314.22
Minami-ku (南区)46.84100,3902,143.25
Naka-ku (中区)44.34235,1855,304.13
Nishi-ku (西区)114.71108,828948.72
Tenryū-ku (天竜区)943.8427,45629.09

Economy

A map showing Hamamatsu Metropolitan Employment Area. Hamamatsu Metropolitan Employment Area 2010.svg
A map showing Hamamatsu Metropolitan Employment Area.
Downtown Hamamatsu Hamamatsu 12.JPG
Downtown Hamamatsu
Eel, for which Hamamatsu is famous Unagi Hamamatsu.JPG
Eel, for which Hamamatsu is famous

Hamamatsu has been famous as an industrial city, especially for musical instruments and motorcycles. It also has been known for fabric industry, but most of those companies and factories went out of business in the 1990s. As of 2010, Greater Hamamatsu, Hamamatsu Metropolitan Employment Area, has a GDP of US$54.3 billion. [11] [12] 2014 Hamamatsu's GDP per capita(PPP) was US$41,470. [13]

Companies headquartered in Hamamatsu

Companies founded in Hamamatsu

Transportation

Hamamatsu Station exterior Hamamatsu station - panoramio.jpg
Hamamatsu Station exterior
JR Hamamatsu workshop in 2008 JR Central Hamamatsu Workshop.jpg
JR Hamamatsu workshop in 2008

Railways

Highways

Airport

There are no civilian airports in Hamamatsu. Shizuoka Airport ( 34°47′46″N138°11′22″E / 34.796111°N 138.189444°E / 34.796111; 138.189444 ) is the closest, located 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Hamamatsu Station, between Makinohara and Shimada.

Chūbu Centrair International Airport in Aichi Prefecture, located about 87 kilometres (54 mi) [17] west of the city, is the second closest.

Media

Radio stations

Education

Shizuoka University Hamamatsu Campus Shizudai1.JPG
Shizuoka University Hamamatsu Campus
Shizuoka University of Art and Culture Shizuoka University of Art and Culture - Courtyard.jpg
Shizuoka University of Art and Culture
Hamamatsu Municipal Senior High School Hamamatsu-Municipal-SeniorHighSchool-2014072102.jpg
Hamamatsu Municipal Senior High School

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary schools

Senior high schools operated by Shizuoka Prefecture:

There is one senior high school operated by the city government: Hamamatsu Municipal Senior High School

Elementary and junior high schools are operated by the city government. As of 2008, the city had 117 public elementary schools and 52 public junior high schools. [19]

Multicultural education

The city has the following Brazilian international schools:

It has one combined Peruvian school (ペルー学校) and Brazilian primary school, Mundo de Alegría. [20] [21]

The city formerly hosted other Brazilian schools, Colégio Pitágoras Brasil and Escola Cantinho Feliz. [22]

As of May 1, 2009, the municipal elementary and junior high schools had 1,638 non-Japanese students. [23] As of 2008, there were 932 Brazilians enrolled in Hamamatsu's municipal elementary and junior high schools: 646 Brazilians were enrolled in 61 public elementary schools, and 286 Brazilians were enrolled in 38 public junior high schools. [19]

Within public schools Brazilian students have the same academic programs and take the same classes as Japanese nationals. [19] Special teachers and assistants work with foreign students at municipal elementary and junior high schools with significant numbers of non-Japanese enrolled. [24] In particular the schools use their part-time interpreters to assist Brazilian students. The interpreters are not formal teachers, yet Tsutsumi Angela Aparecida of Hamamatsu's Burajiru Fureai Kai wrote that "[t]heir assistance has become very useful". [19] Toshiko Sugino of the National Defense Academy of Japan wrote that the municipal and prefectural schools in Hamamatsu "follow traditional views of education and enforce rigid school rules" despite the reputation of open-mindedness in the residents of Hamamatsu, causing some foreigners to send their non-Japanese children to foreign private schools. [25]

As of 2008 many Brazilian parents have difficulty in deciding whether to send their children to Japanese schools or Brazilian schools, and it is common for Brazilian children attending Japanese schools to switch to a Brazilian school and vice versa. [19] By 2010 many Brazilian parents had lost their jobs due to an economic decline, and many were unable to afford the Brazilian school annual tuitions of ¥30,000 to ¥40,000. [4]

As of 2010 about 50% of Brazilians of high school age in Hamamatsu do not attend high school. The inability to afford high school and difficulty with Japanese resulted in lower high school attendance rates. Hamamatsu NPO Network Center has made efforts to increase school attendance. [4]

In Hamamatsu volunteers and a non-profit organization have established Japanese-language classes and native language classes for foreign children. [24]

Sports

Football

Basketball

The Hamamatsu Arena was one of the host arenas of the 2006 FIBA World Championship.

Hamamatsu 3x3 FIBA: Placed Second at FIBA World Tour FInal in ABU Dhabi in 2016. (Bikramjit Gill, Inderbir Gill, Chiro Kheda)

Women's volleyball

Hamamatsu was one of the host cities of the official 2010 Women's Volleyball World Championship.

International relations

Hamamatsu has ratified Music Culture Exchange Treaty with the following cities (however, of the following Rochester is the only official sister city):

Twin towns and sister cities

Hamamatsu is twinned with:

Local attractions

Festivals

Akiha Fire Festival

Haruno, Tenryu-ku: December

Long ago, Mount Akiha was believed to have supernatural powers to prevent fires. Bow and arrow, sword, and fire dances are performed at the Akiha Shrine. At the Akiha Temple, a firewalking ceremony is performed where both believers and spectators celebrate the festival.

Enshū Dainenbutsu

During Hamamatsu Festival Hamamatsu festival c.JPG
During Hamamatsu Festival
Saigagake Museum, Hamamatsu City: July 15

When a family commemorates the first Obon holidays after the death of a loved one, they may request that a dainenbutsu (Buddhist chanting ritual) be performed outside their house. This is one of the local performing arts of the region. The group always forms a procession in front of the house led by a person carrying a lantern and marches to the sound of flutes, Japanese drums and cymbals.

Hamamatsu Kite Festival

Naka-ku, Minami-ku, others: May

Hamamatsu Kite Festival is also called Hamamatsu Festival. Hamamatsu Kite Festival held from May 3 to May 5 each year, includes a Tako Gassen, or kite fight, and luxuriously decorated palace-like floats. The festival originated about 430 years ago, when the lord of Hamamatsu Castle celebrated the birth of his first son by flying kites. In the Meiji Era, the celebration of the birth of a first son by flying Hatsu Dako, or the first kite, became popular, and this tradition has survived in the form of Hamamatsu Kite Festival. During the nights of Hamamatsu Kite Festival, people parade downtown carrying over 70 yatai, or palace-lake floats, that are beautifully decorated while playing Japanese traditional festival music. The festival reaches its peak when groups representing the city's various districts compete by energetically marching through the downtown streets.

Hamakita Hiryu Festival

Hamakita-ku: June

This festival is held in honor of Ryujin, the god believed to be associated with the Tenryū River, and features a wide variety of events such as the Hamakita takoage (kite flying) event and the Hiryu himatsuri (flying dragon fire festival) which celebrates water, sound, and flame.

Hamamatsu International Piano Competition

November

This festival celebrates Hamamatsu's history as a city of musical instruments and music, and brings dozens of the best young pianists from all over the world. It has been held triennially since 1991 at the Act City Concert Hall and Main Hall.

Hamakita Man'yō Festival

Hamakita-ku, Hamamatsu : October

This event takes place in Man'yō-no-Mori Park to commemorate the Man'yō period and introduce its culture. As part of the festival, people reenact the ancient past by wearing traditional clothes from the Heian period and presenting Japanese poetry readings.

Inasa Puppet Festival

Inasa, Kita-ku: November

One of the few puppet festivals held in Japan, featuring 60 performances of about 30 plays by puppet masters from all over the country. The shows provide a full day of enjoyment for both children and adults.

Princess Road Festival

Hosoe, Kita-ku: April

This reenactment of a procession made by the princess in her palanquin along with her entourage of over 100 people including maids, samurai, and servants makes for a splendid scene beneath the cherry blossoms along the Toda River. In the Edo period, princesses enjoyed traveling this road which came to be known as a hime kaidō (princess road).

Samba Festival

The Hamamatsu Samba Festival is held in the city. [28]

Shoryu Weeping Ume Blossom Festival

Inasa, Kita-ku: late February to late March

In Ryusui Garden there is a stream with seven small waterfalls and about 80 weeping ume trees pruned to give the appearance of dragons riding on clouds to the heavens. There are also 200 young trees planted along the mountainside.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Hamakita Station railway station in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka prefecture, Japan

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References

  1. "UEA Code Tables". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  2. Hamamatsu City official statistics (in Japanese)
  3. Alliance for Healthy Cities official home page
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Fukue, Natsuko. "Nonprofit brings together foreign, Japanese residents in Hamamatsu" (Archive). The Japan Times . March 13, 2010. Retrieved on October 12, 2015.
  5. Hamamatsu population statistics
  6. 1 2 Sugino, Toshiko (National Defense Academy of Japan). "Linguistic Challenges and Possibilities of Immigrants In Case of Nikkei Brazilians in Japan" (Country Note on Topics for Breakout Session 4) (Archive). Centre for Education Research and Innovation (CERI), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (See list of reports. p. 1/8. Retrieved on October 12, 2015.
  7. Aparecida, Tsutsumi Angela (Burajiru Fureai Kai). "The Contradiction Between “Being and Seeming” Reinforces Low Academic Performance " (Archive). US-China Education Review B 2 (2012) p. 217-223. CITED: p. 217.
  8. Tabuchi, Hiroko (2009-04-22). "Japan Pays Foreign Workers to Go Home, Forever". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  9. Hamamatsu City official statistics (in Japanese)
  10. "JMA". JMA. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
  11. Yoshitsugu Kanemoto. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo.
  12. Conversion rates – Exchange rates – OECD Data
  13. https://www.brookings.edu/research/global-metro-monitor/
  14. "Corporate Outline." Enkei Corporation. Retrieved on June 5, 2018.
  15. "Headquarters." Hamamatsu Photonics. Retrieved on February 17, 2015.
  16. Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. p. 58. ISBN   1-872524-88-5.
  17. From Chūbu Centrair International Airport to Hamamatsu station ( 34°42′14″N137°44′05″E / 34.703866°N 137.734759°E ) (surveying http://vldb.gsi.go.jp/sokuchi/surveycalc/bl2stf.html Archived 2008-05-18 at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese))
  18. "Radio Phoenix – CONECTOU...TÁ NA PHOENIX". Radiophoenix.jp. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 Aparecida, Tsutsumi Angela (Burajiru Fureai Kai). "The Contradiction Between “Being and Seeming” Reinforces Low Academic Performance" (Archive). US-China Education Review B 2 (2012) p. 217-223. CITED: p. 218.
  20. 1 2 3 4 "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  21. "Ubicación y Acceso." Mundo de Alegría. Retrieved on October 24, 2015. "〒431–0102 Shizuoka-ken Hamamatsu-shi Nishi-ku Yuto-cho Ubumi 9611-1" – Japanese address: "住所 〒431-0102 静岡県 浜松市 西区 雄踏町 宇布見 9611-1"
  22. "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
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  24. 1 2 Kitawaki, Yasuyuki (北脇保之) (Former mayor of Hamamatsu, Director of the Center for Multilingual Multicultural Education and Research, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (CEMMER, 東京外国語大学多言語・多文化教育研究センター)). "A Japanese approach to municipal diversity management: The case of Hamamatsu City" (Archive). Managing Diversity: Stronger Communities, Better Cities. Information about the book (Archive). At the Council of Europe website. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. PDF p. 8/13.
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