Hamid Samandarian

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Hamid Samandarian
حمید سمندریان
Hamid samandarian.jpg
Hamid Samandarian (front), beside Philip Volti, the previous Swiss ambassador to Iran
Born(1931-05-06)May 6, 1931
DiedJuly 12, 2012(2012-07-12) (aged 81)
Tehran, Iran
Occupation Film director, theatre director, screenwriter, playwright, translator
Spouse(s) Homa Rousta (m. 19722012, his death)
ChildrenKaveh (born 1975)

Hamid Samandarian Persian : حمید سمندریان; May 6, 1931 July 12, 2012) was an Iranian film and theater director and translator. [1] He staged numerous dramas during his lifetime, including No Exit by Jean-Paul Sartre, Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen, The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams and Marriage of Mr. Mississippi by Friedrich Durrenmatt. [2]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

<i>No Exit</i> 1944 play by Jean-Paul Sartre

No Exit is a 1944 existentialist French play by Jean-Paul Sartre. The original title is the French equivalent of the legal term in camera, referring to a private discussion behind closed doors. The play was first performed at the Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier in May 1944. The play begins with three characters who find themselves waiting in a mysterious room. It is a depiction of the afterlife in which three deceased characters are punished by being locked into a room together for eternity. It is the source of Sartre's especially famous and often misunderstood quotation "L'enfer, c'est les autres" or "Hell is other people", a reference to Sartre's ideas about the look and the perpetual ontological struggle of being caused to see oneself as an object from the view of another consciousness.

Jean-Paul Sartre French existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.

Contents

Having established many acting and directing classes and workshops, Samandarian trained a lot of Iranian talents as actors and directors including; Ezzatolah Entezami, Reza Kianian, Golab Adineh, Mehdi Hashemi, Shahab Hosseini, Hojjat Baqaee٫ Parviz Poorhosseini, Ahmad Aghalou, etc. [3] He married Homa Rousta, an Iranian film and theater actress.

Ezzatolah Entezami Iranian actor

Ezzatolah Entezami was an Iranian actor.

Reza Kianian Iranian actor and artist

Reza Kianian is an Iranian actor.

Golab Adineh Iranian actress

Golab Adineh is an Iranian actress.

Teaching

Danial Hakimi was one of his notable students.

Theater

He translated and then staged many famous plays written by famous playwrights during his lifetime such as Friedrich Durrenmatt, Bertolt Brecht, Anton Chekhov, Eugène Ionesco, Arthur Miller, Max Frisch, Tennessee Williams, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Henrik Ibsen.

Bertolt Brecht German poet, playwright, theatre director

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.

Anton Chekhov Russian dramatist, author and physician

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. His career as a playwright produced four classics, and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov practiced as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."

Eugène Ionesco French Romanian playwright

Eugène Ionesco was a Romanian-French playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre. Beyond ridiculing the most banal situations, Ionesco's plays depict the solitude and insignificance of human existence in a tangible way.

The Caucasian Chalk Circle is a play by the German modernist playwright Bertolt Brecht. An example of Brecht's epic theatre, the play is a parable about a peasant girl who rescues a baby and becomes a better mother than its wealthy natural parents.

<i>The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi</i> 1961 film by Kurt Hoffmann

The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi is a 1961 West German comedy film directed by Kurt Hoffmann. It is based on the play with the same title by Friedrich Dürrenmatt. It was entered into the 11th Berlin International Film Festival.

<i>The Seagull</i> 1895 play by Anton Chekhov

The Seagull is a play by Russian dramatist Anton Chekhov, written in 1895 and first produced in 1896. The Seagull is generally considered to be the first of his four major plays. It dramatises the romantic and artistic conflicts between four characters: the famous middlebrow story writer Boris Trigorin, the ingenue Nina, the fading actress Irina Arkadina, and her son the symbolist playwright Konstantin Tréplev.

His translation of Bertolt Brecht's play Life of Galileo was published in 2014, two years after his death. [4]

<i>Life of Galileo</i> play

Life of Galileo, also known as Galileo, is a play by the twentieth-century German dramatist Bertolt Brecht with incidental music by Hanns Eisler. The play was written in 1938 and received its first theatrical production at the Zurich Schauspielhaus, opening on 9 September 1943. This production was directed by Leonard Steckel, with set-design by Teo Otto. The cast included Steckel himself, Karl Paryla and Wolfgang Langhoff.

Cinema

He directed one film, All the Temptations of the Earth, in 1989.

The year 1989 involved many significant films.

Written works

Many of his translations are published to Persian readership. Other than translations, some interviews with Samandarian are published. One book-length instance is in sahne khaneye man ast ("This Stage is my House"). [5] He is also one of the directors whose talks are included in Ahmad Kamyabi Mask's important Qu'a-t-on fait de Rhinocéros d'Eugène Ionesco à travers le monde?: Allemagne, France, Roumanie, Iran, Japon, U.S.A..

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References

  1. "Veteran Iranian director Hamid Samandarian dies at 81".
  2. "Veteran Iranian director Hamid Samandarian dies aged 81".
  3. "Hamid Samandarian dies at 81". -(Persian)
  4. http://www.adinehbook.com/gp/product/6001197000
  5. http://www.iranfarhang.com/Books.aspx?BID=9864