Hanif Mohammad

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Hanif Mohammad
Personal information
Full nameHanif Mohammad
Born(1934-12-21)21 December 1934
Junagadh, Junagadh State, British India
Died11 August 2016(2016-08-11) (aged 81)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
NicknameLittle Master
Height5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)
BattingRight-handed
BowlingRight-arm off break
RoleBatsman
Relations Wazir Mohammad (brother)
Raees Mohammad (brother)
Mushtaq Mohammad (brother)
Sadiq Mohammad (brother)
Shoaib Mohammad (son)
Shehzar Mohammad (grandson)
International information
National side
Test debut(cap  4)16 October 1952 v  India
Last Test24 October 1969 v  New Zealand
Career statistics
Competition Test First-class
Matches55238
Runs scored3,91517,059
Batting average 43.9852.32
100s/50s12/1555/66
Top score337499
Balls bowled2062,766
Wickets 153
Bowling average 95.0028.49
5 wickets in innings 00
10 wickets in match00
Best bowling1/13/4
Catches/stumpings 40/–178/12
Source: Cricinfo, 3 August 2008
Pride of Performance Award Recipient
Date1959
CountryIslamic Republic of Pakistan
Presented by Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Hanif Mohammad (Urdu : حنیف محمد, 21 December 1934 – 11 August 2016) was a Pakistani cricketer. [1]

Cricket Team sport played with bats and balls

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

Contents

He played for the Pakistani cricket team in 55 Test matches between the 1952–53 season and the 1969–70 season. He averaged 43.98 scoring twelve centuries. At his peak, he was considered one of the best batsmen in the world despite playing at a time when Pakistan played very little Test cricket; Hanif played just 55 Test matches in a career spanning 17 years. In his obituary by ESPNcricinfo, he was honoured as the original Little Master, a title later assumed by Sunil Gavaskar and Sachin Tendulkar. [2] He was the first Pakistani to score a triple hundred in a Test match. [3]

Test cricket The longest form of cricket

Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted ‘Test status’, as determined and conferred by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The term Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling matches are mentally and physically testing. Two teams of 11 players each play a four-innings match, which may last up to five days. It is generally considered the most complete examination of a team's endurance and ability.

In cricket, a player's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been out. Since the number of runs a player scores and how often they get out are primarily measures of their own playing ability, and largely independent of their teammates, batting average is a good metric for an individual player's skill as a batter. The number is also simple to interpret intuitively. If all the batter's innings were completed, this is the average number of runs they score per innings. If they did not complete all their innings, this number is an estimate of the unknown average number of runs they score per innings.

ESPNcricinfo Sports news website for cricket

ESPNcricinfo is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket. The site features news, articles, live coverage of cricket matches, and StatsGuru, a database of historical matches and players from the 18th century to the present. As of March 2018, Sambit Bal was the editor. The site, originally conceived in a pre-World Wide Web form in 1993 by Dr Simon King, was acquired in 2002 by the Wisden Group—publishers of several notable cricket magazines and the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. As part of an eventual breakup of the Wisden Group, it was sold to ESPN, jointly owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation, in 2007.

Life and career

Hanif was trained by Abdul Aziz, an Afghan cricket player, who had earlier played in Ranji Trophy for Jamnagar and father of Indian cricketer, Salim Durani. He made his first-class debut playing for Pakistan against the MCC in November 1951. He made 26 in 165 minutes.

Abdul Aziz Durani was an Afghan-born Indian first-class cricketer. He played as a wicket-keeper and batsman for Sind and Nawanagar in the Ranji Trophy. He was the father of India Test cricketer Salim Durani.

Ranji Trophy

The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between multiple teams representing regional and state cricket associations. The competition currently consists of 37 teams, with all 29 states in India and two of the seven union territories having at least one representation. The competition is named after first Indian cricketer who played international cricket, Ranjitsinhji, who was also known as 'Ranji'.

Jamnagar City/Urban agglomeration in Gujarat, India

Jamnagar is a city located on the western coast of India in the state of Gujarat in Saurashtra region. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jamnagar District. Jamnagar is the largest city on the westernmost side of India and is the fifth largest city of Gujarat state after Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara and Rajkot.

The highest of Hanif's Test centuries was a famous 337 made against West Indies in a six-day test at Bridgetown in 1957/58. After Pakistan found itself following on from a first-innings deficit of 473 runs on the afternoon of the third day, Hanif spent more than sixteen hours at the crease compiling his runs, allowing Pakistan to draw the game. [4] It remains the longest innings in Test history (and stood as the longest in all first-class cricket for over 40 years). It was the only Test match instance of a triple century in a team's second innings until it was equaled by New Zealand cricketer Brendon McCullum against India in 2014. [5] Displays such as this earned him the nickname "Little Master". [6] [2] Hanif Mohammad also has the world record for scoring the slowest test triple century in terms of minutes (858) [7] and the only player in test history to have spent over 970 minutes to score a test triple ton. [2]

Bridgetown Capital city in Saint Michael, Barbados

Bridgetown is the capital and largest city of Barbados. Formerly The Town of Saint Michael, the Greater Bridgetown area is located within the parish of Saint Michael. Bridgetown is sometimes locally referred to as "The City", but the most common reference is simply "Town". As of 2014, its metropolitan population stands at roughly 110,000.

First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.

Brendon McCullum Cricket player from New Zealand .

Brendon Barrie McCullum is a New Zealand cricket coach, commentator and former cricketer, who played all formats, and also a former captain in all forms. McCullum took quick scoring to Test matches as well, notably recording the fastest test century of all time. He is considered as one of the most successful batsmen and captains of New Zealand cricket. He retired from all forms of cricket in August 2019.

In 1958–59, he surpassed Don Bradman's record for the highest individual first-class innings. Hanif made 499 for Karachi in a match against Bahawalpur before being run out attempting his five hundredth run; this stood for more than 35 years before being passed by Brian Lara in 1994. [2] In all he made 55 first-class centuries and finished with a strong first-class career average of 52.32. He could bowl with either arm, and kept wicket on a number of occasions. He is known to have played the slowest test innings when he scored 20 off 223 balls at a strike rate of 8.97.

Don Bradman Australian cricketer

Sir Donald George Bradman, AC, often referred to as "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman's career Test batting average of 99.94 has been cited as the greatest achievement by any sportsman in any major sport.

Karachi Megacity in Sindh, Pakistan

Karachi (Urdu: کراچی‎; ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈraːtʃi]; is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It is the most populous city in Pakistan, and fifth-most-populous city proper in the world. Ranked as a beta-global city, the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. It is the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country, and Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport.

Bahawalpur City District / Divisional Capital in Punjab, Pakistan

Bahawalpur (بہاولپور), is a city located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Bahawalpur is the 11th largest city in Pakistan with an estimated population of 798,509.

Hanif's career lasted until 1975–76, but he never played in the English County Championship, although he did have an outing for the Northamptonshire Second XI in August 1965 whilst preparing for his appearance for a Rest of the World XI against England at the Scarborough Festival a few days later. Hanif was named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1968 and in January 2009 he was named along with two other Pakistani players, Imran Khan and Javed Miandad, among the inaugural batch of 55 inductees into the ICC's Hall of Fame. [2]

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

County Championship Domestic first-class cricket competition in England and Wales

The County Championship, currently known as the Specsavers County Championship for sponsorship reasons, is the domestic first-class cricket competition in England and Wales and is organised by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB). It became an official title in 1890. The competition consists of eighteen clubs named after, and originally representing, historic counties, seventeen from England and one from Wales. From 2016, the Championship has been sponsored by Specsavers, who replaced Liverpool Victoria after 14 years.

Northamptonshire County Cricket Club english cricket club

Northamptonshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Northamptonshire. Its limited overs team is called the Northants Steelbacks – a reference to the Northamptonshire Regiment which was formed in 1881. The name was supposedly a tribute to the soldiers' apparent indifference to the harsh discipline imposed by their officers. Founded in 1878, Northamptonshire (Northants) held minor status at first but was a prominent member of the early Minor Counties Championship during the 1890s. In 1905, the club joined the County Championship and was elevated to first-class status, since when the team have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England.

In one Test match against Australia, Hanif scored a century in the first innings. In the second, he was given out stumped by Barry Jarman off the bowling of Tom Veivers for 93. Hanif respected the umpire's decision. Later in a press conference Jarman admitted that Hanif was not out. [8]

In 1972, after retiring from international cricket, Hanif co-founded the magazine The Cricketer Pakistan. He edited this magazine for two decades. He also served as the team manager for Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). [2]

Batting performance

Hanif Mohammad's career performance graph. Hanif Mohammad Graph.png
Hanif Mohammad's career performance graph.

Family members

Many other members of Hanif's family were also cricketers: his brothers Mushtaq, Sadiq and Wazir all played Tests for Pakistan, [9] as did his son Shoaib. Another brother Raees was once twelfth man for Pakistan, and four nephews had first-class careers. His mother Ameer Bee was a national badminton champion in pre-independence British India. [2]

Death

Hanif Mohammad was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013. He had been undergoing treatment for lung cancer in Karachi's Aga Khan Hospital. He died on 11 August 2016 at age 81. [2]

Tribute, awards and recognition

In 2018, a Google Doodle was created to celebrate his 84th Birthday. [10] Hanif's triple-century against the West Indies team in 1957/58 made him a legend in the cricketing world. He was one of the original inductees into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. [2]

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References

  1. Mason, Peter (15 August 2016). "Hanif Mohammad obituary". The Guardian (newspaper). Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "The original 'Little Master', Pakistan's Hanif Mohammad dies aged 81". Cricinfo.com. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  3. "1st Test, Pakistan tour of West Indies at Bridgetown, Jan 17-23 1958". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  4. "It's a draw!". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  5. "2nd Test: New Zealand v India at Wellington, Feb 14–18, 2014 | Cricket Scorecard". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  6. "Wisden – Hanif Mohammad (Cricketer of the Year 1968)". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  7. "Records/ Test matches/ Batting records/ Slowest triple hundreds ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  8. "The Unquiet Ones: A History of Pakistani Cricket" by Osman Samiuddin
  9. "A limpet at the crease (The original Little Master is born)". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  10. "Hanif Mohammad's 84th Birthday (Google Doodle)". www.google.com. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  11. Pride of Performance Award in 1959 for Hanif Mohammad on Pakistan Sports Board website Retrieved 21 June 2019
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Javed Burki
Pakistan Cricket Captain
1964–1967
Succeeded by
Saeed Ahmed
Records
Preceded by
Don Bradman
Highest individual score in first-class cricket
499 Karachi v Bahawalpur at Karachi 1958–59
Succeeded by
Brian Lara