Hankyu

Last updated
Hankyu Railway
Hankyu with word.svg
HankyuNakatsuSta.jpg
Six-track section near Umeda terminal
Nakatsu Station in the center
Overview
Headquarters Osaka, Japan
Locale Kansai region, Japan
Dates of operation1910 (established in 1907)
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Length138.4 km
Other
Website http://www.hankyu.co.jp/global/en/

Hankyu Corporation (阪急電鉄株式会社, Hankyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha, lit. "Hankyu Electric Railway Stock Company") is a Japanese private railway company that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of the flagship properties of Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Inc., in turn part of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group (which includes H2O Retailing Corporation and Toho Co., the creator of Godzilla ). The railway's main terminal is at Umeda Station in Osaka. The signature color of Hankyu cars is maroon. [1]

Contents

The Hankyu network serves 1,950,000 people every weekday and offers several types of express service with no extra charge.

The head offices of Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc. and Hankyu Corporation are at 1-16-1, Shibata, Kita-ku, Osaka; the both companies' registered headquarters are at 1-1, Sakaemachi, Ikeda, Osaka Prefecture.

History

Umeda Station on the day of inauguration Hankyu Umeda inauguration.jpg
Umeda Station on the day of inauguration

Foundation

Seal of the Minoo Arima Electric Tramway Mino-Arima.png
Seal of the Minoo Arima Electric Tramway

In 1907, the Minoo Arima Electric Tramway Company [2] , a forerunner of Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc., was established by Ichizō Kobayashi (precisely, he was one of the "promoters" of the tramway). On 10 March 1910, Minoo Arima Tramway opened the rail lines from Umeda to Takarazuka (the Takarazuka Main Line) and from Ishibashi to Minoo (the Minoo Line). The tramway was popular due to Kobayashi's pioneering act to develop housing around stations along the line (a first in Japan), a forerunner to transit-oriented developments.

Expansion to Kobe

On February 4, 1918, Minoo Arima Tramway was renamed Hanshin Kyūkō Railway Company [3] . On July 16, 1920, the Kobe Main Line from Jūsō to Kobe (later, renamed Kamitsutsui) and the Itami Line from Tsukaguchi to Itami were opened. On April 1, 1936, the Kobe Main Line was extended from Nishi-Nada (present: Ōji-kōen) to the new terminal in Kobe (present: Kobe-Sannomiya Station), and the Kobe Main Line from Nishi-Nada to Kamitsutsui was named the Kamitsutsui Line, which was abandoned on May 20, 1940.

In 1936, Hankyu established a professional baseball team and in 1937 the Nishinomiya Stadium as the team's home field was completed near Nishinomiya-Kitaguchi Station. The Hankyu Braves (named in 1947) played until the 1988 season and became the predecessors of the present-day Orix Buffaloes.

Merger and separation with Keihan

On October 1, 1943, under the order of the government, Hanshin Kyūkō and Keihan Electric Railway were merged, and renamed Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway Company [4] . The merged lines included the Keihan Main Line, the Uji Line, the Shinkeihan Line (present-day Kyoto Main Line), the Senriyama Line (present-day Senri Line), the Jūsō Line (part of Kyoto Main Line), the Arashiyama Line, the Keishin Line and the Ishiyama Sakamoto Line. The Katano Line was also added in 1945.

On December 1, 1949, the Keihan Main Line, the Katano Line, the Uji Line, the Keishin Line, and the Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line were split off to become part of the newly established Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. Although this revived the former Keihan Electric Railway, Keihan was now smaller than before the 1943 merger, because the Shinkeihan Line and its branches were not given up by Keihanshin. The present structure of the Hankyu network with the three main lines was fixed by this transaction. The abbreviation of Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway was changed from "Keihanshin" to "Hankyū".

Postwar development

610 Series car, built 1953-56 Hankyu662.jpg
610 Series car, built 1953-56

On April 7, 1968, the Kobe Main Line started through service to the Kobe Rapid Transit Railway Tozai Line and the Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line. On December 6, 1969, the Kyoto Main Line and the Senri Line started through service to the Osaka Municipal Subway Sakaisuji Line. In 1970, the Senri Line was one of access routes to the Expo '70 held in Senri area.

On April 1, 1973, Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway Company assumed its current name.

Former Hankyu logo used between 1943 and 1992. The 6-point ring stands for Kyoto, and the symbols for Osaka City and Kobe are incorporated Keihanshin.rogo.png
Former Hankyu logo used between 1943 and 1992. The 6-point ring stands for Kyoto, and the symbols for Osaka City and Kobe are incorporated

On April 1, 2005, former Hankyu Corporation became a holding company and was renamed Hankyu Holdings, Inc. [5] . The railway business was ceded to a subsidiary, now named Hankyu Corporation (before the restructuring, the new company which reused a dormant company founded on December 7, 1989 was called "Act Systems" (株

On October 1, 2006, Hankyu Holdings became the wholly owning parent company of Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. and the holdings were renamed Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc.. Hankyu's stock purchase of Hanshin shares was completed on June 20, 2006. [6]

Rail lines

Map of Hankyu lines Hankyu map.svg
Map of Hankyu lines

Hankyu operates three main trunk lines, connecting Osaka with Kobe, Takarazuka and Kyoto respectively, and their branches.

   Kōbe Main Line (神戸本線) (Category-1: UmedaKobe-sannomiya)
   Itami Line (伊丹線) (Category-1: TsukaguchiItami)
   Imazu Line (今津線) (Category-1: ImazuNishinomiya-kitaguchi – Takarazuka)
   Kōyō Line (甲陽線) (Category-1: ShukugawaKōyōen)
   Kōbe Kōsoku Line (神戸高速線) (Category-2: Kobe-sannomiyaShinkaichi, Trains are operated between Kobe-sannomiya and Shinkaichi on the Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway Tōzai Line)
   Takarazuka Main Line (宝塚本線) (Category-1: UmedaTakarazuka)
   Minoh Line (箕面線) (Category-1: IshibashiMinoo)
   Kyoto Main Line (京都本線) (Category-1: UmedaKawaramachi)
   Senri Line (千里線) (Category-1: Tenjimbashisuji Roku-chomeAwajiKita-Senri)
   Arashiyama Line (嵐山線) (Category-1: KatsuraArashiyama)

The three groups of the lines, the Kobe Lines, the Takarazuka Lines and the Kyoto Lines, can be further grouped into two, the Kobe-Takarazuka Lines and the Kyoto Lines from a historical reason. Hankyu has two groups of rolling stock, one for the Kobe-Takarazuka Lines and the other for the Kyoto Lines.

   Nose Electric Railway (Category-1: Kawanishi-NoseguchiMyōkenguchi/Nissei-Chūō ) works as a feeder of the Takarazuka Main Line although it is a separate railway company under control of Hankyu.

Former lines

Abandoned lines

Transferred lines

The Keihan and Ōtsu Lines were transferred to Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. which separated from Keihanshin Kyūkō (now Hankyu) on December 1, 1949.

Rolling stock

3100 series HK-3100series-3158F.jpg
3100 series
5100 series Hankyu Railway Type 5100.JPG
5100 series
9000 series HK-9000series-momiji.jpg
9000 series
9300 series Hankyu9300Series.jpg
9300 series

As of March 31, 2010, Hankyu has 1,319 cars for passenger service. [7] Standard cars have three pairs of doors per side and bench seating facing the center of the train (exceptions are noted below). The Kobe Line and Takarazuka Line use the same fleet. Some former Hankyu trains, such as the 2000 series and 3100 series, have been transferred to the Nose Electric Railway.

Kobe Line/Takarazuka Line

Kyoto Line

Fares

Single fare (adult) in Japanese Yen by travel distance is as follows. Fares for children (6–11 years old) are half the adult fare, rounded up to the nearest 10 yen.

Current and historical fare of Hankyu
Distance
(km)
Fare (JPY)
effective
April 1, 2014 [8]
effective
April 1, 1997
1–4150150
5–9190180
10–14220220
15–19270260
20–26280270
27–33320310
34–42370360
43–51400390
52–60470450
61–70530510
71–76620600

For fare collection, IC cards (PiTaPa, ICOCA and others) are accepted.

The fare rate was changed on April 1, 2014 to reflect the change in the rate of consumption tax from 5% to 8%. [8]

Etymology

The name Hankyu is an abbreviation of Keihanshin Kyūkō (京阪神急行).

Keihanshin (京阪神) refers to the area served by Hankyu trains, comprising the cities of Kyoto (京都), Osaka (大阪) and Kobe (神戸), along with the suburbs that connect them to each other.

Kyūkō (急行) means "express train(s)".

A 2-car Hankyu train was featured in the 1988 Japanese animated war drama Grave of the Fireflies. [9]

The 2011 film Hankyu Railway: A 15-Minute Miracle is set on the Hankyu Imazu line.

See also

Related Research Articles

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The Kōbe Main Line of Hankyu Railway is one of the three major commuter heavy rail lines in the Keihanshin conurbation of Japan. It links the urban centres of Osaka and Kobe by connecting the major stations of Umeda in Osaka and Sannomiya in Kobe.

Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway Japanese railway company

Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway Company, Limited is a railway company in central Kobe, Japan.

Hanshin Electric Railway Japanese railway company

Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.

Hankyu Kyoto Main Line

The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Osaka-umeda Station in Osaka and Kyoto-kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.

Jūsō Station Railway station in Osaka, Japan

Jūsō Station is a railway station in Jūsō, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. The six-track trunk line from Umeda Station diverges into the three double tracks of the Hankyu Kobe Line, the Hankyu Kyoto Line and the Hankyu Takarazuka Line at this station. The area surrounding the station is an extensive shopping and entertainment district.

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Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line

The Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station in downtown Osaka with Takarazuka Station in Takarazuka, Hyogo.

Keihan Electric Railway Japanese railway company

Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).

Hanshin Main Line

The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.

Hankyu Arashiyama Line

The Hankyu Arashiyama Line is a railway line in Kyoto, Japan, operated by private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Katsura and Arashiyama on the west side of the city, linking the area along the line to the Hankyu Kyoto Main Line that extends east to central Kyoto and south to Osaka. The line is 4.1 km long.

Hanshin Department Store Department store in Japan

Hanshin Department Store is a Japanese department store chain owned by Hankyu Hanshin Department Stores, Incorporated, a subsidiary of H2O Retailing Corporation.

Hankyū Imazu Line

The Hankyu Imazu Line is a 9.3 km long commuter rail line in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan owned and operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It is the longest of three branchlines of the Hankyu Kobe Line. The line connects the cities of Nishinomiya and Takarazuka.

Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group is a Japanese keiretsu centered on companies established by railway tycoon Ichizō Kobayashi: Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, H2O Retailing and Toho. The keiretsu historically included Sanwa Bank, now part of Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, and is still closely linked to MUFG.

Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Japanese holding company

Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc. is a Japanese multinational keiretsu holding company which owns Hankyu Corporation, the Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd., Toho, and affiliate companies.

Hankyu Senri Line Railway line in Japan

The Hankyu Senri Line is a railway line in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by Hankyu Railway. It was completed on March 1, 1967. Through trains operate to and from the Hankyu Kyoto Line and the Osaka Municipal Subway Sakaisuji Line.

Hokushin Line

The Hokushin Line is a line of Kobe Municipal Subway connecting Tanigami in Kita-ku, Kobe and Shin-Kobe in Chūō-ku, Kobe. The 7.5-kilometer (4.7 mi) line has only these two stations.

Hankyu Department Store

Hankyu Department Store is a Japanese department store chain owned by Hankyu Hanshin Department Stores, Incorporated, a subsidiary of H2O Retailing Corporation.

H<sub>2</sub>O Retailing

H2O Retailing Corporation (エイチ・ツー・オー リテイリング株式会社, Eichi Tsū Ō Riteiringu Kabushikigaisha) is a stock holding company which is a member company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. This article covers about Hankyu Hanshin Department Stores, Inc. (株式会社阪急阪神百貨店, Kabushikigaisha Hankyū Hanshin Hyakkaten) a subsidiary which owns 2 department store chains: Hankyu Department Store and Hanshin Department Store.

Umeda Arts Theater

Umeda Arts Theater is a Japanese theater located at Chayamachi Applause in Chayamachi, Kita-ku, Osaka, operated by Umeda Arts Theater Co., Ltd. It opened in 1992.

References

  1. 会社概要 [Company Overview] (in Japanese). Osaka, Japan: Hankyu Corporation. 2002. Retrieved Nov 9, 2012.
  2. 箕面有馬電気軌道株式会社, Minoo Arima Denki Kidō Kabushiki-gaisha
  3. 阪神急行電鉄株式会社, Hanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu Kabushiki-gaisha, referred to as "Hankyū", 阪急
  4. 京阪神急行電鉄株式会社, Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu Kabushiki-gaisha, referred to as "Keihanshin", 京阪神
  5. 阪急ホールディングス株式会社, Hankyū Hōrudhingusu Kabushiki-gaisha
  6. "UPDATE 2-Hankyu takes over fellow railway operator Hanshin". Reuters. 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2006-06-20.
  7. Hankyu Corporation Toshikōtsū-jigyō-honbu Gijutsu-bu. 車両総説[General information on rolling stock]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). 837 (August 2010 Extra): 50.
  8. 1 2 Hankyu Corporation (March 4, 2014). "消費税率・地方消費税率の引き上げに伴う鉄道旅客運賃の改定について" (PDF). Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  9. http://my.opera.com/opera%20kanta/blog/2008/08/13/grave-of-the-fireflies-hankyu-train. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2010-12-25.