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|Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line|
A 6000 series EMU on a "Local" service for Hibarigaoka-Hanayashiki
|Line length||24.5 km (15.2 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Quad (Osaka-umeda - Jūsō)|
Double (Jūsō - Takarazuka)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
The Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line (阪急宝塚本線, Hankyū Takarazuka Honsen) is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station in downtown Osaka with Takarazuka Station in Takarazuka, Hyogo.
It has a branch line, the Minoo Line, and the Nose Electric Railway is another longer branch line. The Imazu Line connects at Takarazuka, but it is treated as a branch of the Kobe Line.[ citation needed ]
The Takarazuka Main Line is commonly called the Takarazuka Line (宝塚線, Takarazuka sen) for short, but the name Takarazuka Line is sometimes used as the name for the network composed of the main line and the branches.[ citation needed ]
The line has numerous sharp curves from the line's origins as a tramway, built and opened by its predecessor Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (箕面有馬電気軌道, Minoo Arima Denki Kido). The sharp curves have long hindered high speed operation, contrasting to the Hankyu's other main lines, Kobe and Kyoto.[ citation needed ]
The Minoo Arima Electric Tramway opened the entire line on 10 March 1910 as 1435mm gauge dual track, electrified at 600 VDC. Although the line was not a prospect interurban as Takarazuka was not a big city, it saw initial success thanks to the company's aggressive measures. It strategically developed housing areas along the line for the increasing white-collar population who would commute to central Osaka by train. It also opened a zoo in Minoo (on the Minoo Line) in November 1910, a hot spring in Takarazuka in May 1911, and a ballpark in Toyonaka in 1913.
The track between Umeda and Jūsō was shared with the Kobe Line from 1920 to 1926 when the original double track was replaced by an elevated four-track line.
In comparison with the Kobe Line, cars used on the Takarazuka Line were small and old. Larger (Kobe Line standard) cars could not operate on the line until 1952 due to its small structure gauge.Small cars were eliminated in December 1963. On 24 August 1969 the voltage was raised to 1500 VDC. As the commuters increased, Hankyu's first 10-car operation began on the Takarazuka Line in March 1982.
Following the elevation work of Kawanishi-Noseguchi Station, through services to Nose Electric Railway began on 17 November 1997.
Since the 1970s there have been plans to build a spur line to Itami Airport from Sone Station. Although Hankyu shelved the plans in the 1980s due to capacity constraints, the plans were reportedly revived in 2017 and remain under consideration as of 2018.
As of diagram revision on 21 March 2015
|No.||Station||Japanese||Semi-Express||Express||Commuter Limited Express||Limited Express||Connections||Location|
|HK-01||Osaka-umeda||大阪梅田||●||●||●||●||Kita-ku, Osaka||Osaka Prefecture|
|Through service:||From Ishibashi: Local trains to |
Hankyu Corporation is a Japanese private railway operator that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of major businesses operated by Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Inc., in turn part of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. The railway's main terminal is at Umeda Station in Osaka. The signature color of Hankyu cars is maroon.
The Kōbe Main Line of Hankyu Railway is one of the three major commuter heavy rail lines in the Keihanshin conurbation of Japan. It links the urban centres of Osaka and Kobe by connecting the major stations of Umeda in Osaka and Sannomiya in Kobe.
Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.
The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Osaka-umeda Station in Osaka and Kyoto-kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.
Jūsō Station is a railway station in Jūsō, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. The six-track trunk line from Umeda Station diverges into the three double tracks of the Hankyu Kobe Line, the Hankyu Kyoto Line and the Hankyu Takarazuka Line at this station. The area surrounding the station is an extensive shopping and entertainment district.
Takarazuka is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 225,228 and a population density of 2,200 persons per km2. The total area is 101.89 km2.
The Fukuchiyama Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company connecting Osaka and Fukuchiyama, Japan. Within JR West's "Urban Network" covering the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan region, the line from Osaka to Sasayamaguchi is also called the JR Takarazuka Line (JR宝塚線). The line traverses the cities of Kawanishi and Takarazuka in the northwestern corner of the Osaka metropolitan area.
The Hankyū Minoh Line is a Japanese railway line operated by Hankyu Railway which connects Ishibashi Station in Ikeda and Minoh. Its main function is to provide access to Osaka, but this requires a transfer except during commute hours.
The Nose Electric Railway Co., Ltd., occasionally abbreviated as Nose Railway or Noseden (能勢電), is a Japanese private railway company headquartered in Kawanishi, Hyogo, which links several areas in the mountainous Nose, Osaka, area to Kawanishi-noseguchi Station in Kawanishi, where one can transfer to Hankyu Takarazuka Line to Osaka.
The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.
The Hankyu Imazu Line is a 9.3 km long commuter rail line in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan owned and operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It is the longest of three branchlines of the Hankyu Kobe Line. The line connects the cities of Nishinomiya and Takarazuka.
Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group is a Japanese keiretsu centered on companies established by railway tycoon Ichizō Kobayashi: Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, H2O Retailing and Toho. The keiretsu historically included Sanwa Bank, now part of Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, and is still closely linked to MUFG.
The Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Sanyo Electric Railway. It stretches from Kobe west to Himeji via Akashi, Kakogawa and other municipalities in Hyōgo Prefecture. The line runs parallel to West Japan Railway Company JR Kobe Line, with closest sections between Sanyo Suma and Sanyo Akashi stations, and competes with the JR line for its entire stretch.
Kawanishi-Noseguchi Station is a train station on the Takarazuka Line operated by Hankyu Railway in southern Kawanishi, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan and it represents the city.
Sone Station is a railway station in Toyonaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, on the Hankyu Takarazuka Line operated by the Hankyu Railway.
The Hankyu 6300 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated in Japan by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway since 1975.
The Hankyu 1300 series is a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Corporation on Hankyu Kyoto Main Line services since March 2014.
The Hankyu 1000 series is a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Corporation on Hankyu Kobe Main Line services since November 2013, and on the Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line since December 2013.
The Hankyu 1000 series was a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Corporation on the Hankyu Kobe Main Line from 1954 until 1989.
The Hankyu 1100 series was a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Corporation on the Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line from 1956 until 1989.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia