Hannan, Osaka

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Hannan
阪南市
Hannan City Hall.jpg
Hannan City Hall
Flag of Hannan, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Hannan, Osaka.svg
Hannan in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Hannan in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Hannan
 
Coordinates: 34°21′35″N135°14′22″E / 34.35972°N 135.23944°E / 34.35972; 135.23944 Coordinates: 34°21′35″N135°14′22″E / 34.35972°N 135.23944°E / 34.35972; 135.23944
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka
Government
  MayorToshihiro Fukuyama
Area
  Total36.17 km2 (13.97 sq mi)
Population
 (30 November 2021)
  Total52,350
  Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Pine
- Flower Satsuki azalea
Phone number072-471-5678
Address35-1 Ozaki-chō, Hannan-shi, Ōsaka-fu 599-0201
Website Official website
Osaka Prefectural Route 250 in Hannan Osaka Prefectural Route 250 002.JPG
Osaka Prefectural Route 250 in Hannan
Pichipichi Beach Pichipichi.jpg
Pichipichi Beach

Hannan (阪南市, Hannan-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 November 2021, the city had an estimated population of 52,350 in 24093 households and a population density of 1400 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city is 36.17 square kilometres (13.97 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Hannan is located in the southwestern part of Osaka prefecture, bordered by Osaka Bay to the north and the Izumi Mountains and Wakayama Prefecture to the south. The city is about 45 kilometers from the center of Osaka city and about 10 kilometer from the center of Wakayama city

Neighboring municipalities

Osaka Prefecture

Wakayama Prefecture

Climate

Hannan has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hannan is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1713 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.7 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Hannan has increased steadily from the year 1920 to the year 2000, and has started to slowly decline since..

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 9,842    
1930 11,901+20.9%
1940 13,494+13.4%
1950 16,792+24.4%
1960 21,067+25.5%
1970 28,322+34.4%
1980 42,612+50.5%
1990 54,073+26.9%
2000 58,193+7.6%
2010 56,663−2.6%

History

The area of the modern city of Hannan was within ancient Izumi Province. Archaeologists have found artifacts from the Japanese Paleolithic period and tombs from the Jōmon period of 10,000 years ago. The area also had many Kofun period burial mounds from the 5th to 7th century AD. In the Edo Period, much of the city area was controlled by Kishiwada Domain with smaller portions controlled by Yodo Domain or directly by the Tokugawa shogunate.

After the Meiji restoration, the villages of Ozaki, Nishitottori, Higashitottori, and Shimoshō were established within Hine District with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1896 the area became part of Sennan District, Osaka. Ozaki was elevated to town status on June 1, 1939. On September 30, 1956 Ozaki merged with Nishitottori-mura, and Shimoshō to form the town of Hankai (南海町). On November 1, 1960 the village of Higashitottori was elevated to town status. On October 20, 1972 the towns of Nankai and Higashitottori merged to form town of Hannan.The town's name was derived from the onyomi reading of the kanji 阪 (han), standing for Osaka prefecture (大府), and the kanji 南 (nan), meaning south. Thus it means "Southern Osaka". On October 1, 1991, Hannan attainted city status as the newest city in Osaka Prefecture. Hannan entered into discussions to merge with either Sennan and Misaki, or with Sennan, Misaki, Izumisano and Tajiri to form the city of "Sennanshu" (南泉州市) from 2001 to 2004; however, per a public referendum, only Misaki was in favor of the merger and the plans were abandoned.

Government

Hannan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 14 members. Hannan collectively with the cities of Kaizuka, Sennan, and the town of Misaki contributes two members to the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Osaka 19th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The main industry of Hannan since the Edo Period was traditionally textile production of cotton and silk, using the abundant waters from the Izumi Mountains. At one point there were over 700 companies involved in textile production, but the rise of synthetics and overseas competition has severely impacted this industry. Likewise, Hannan was noted for its production of asbestos cloth, and more than 200 companies involved in the asbestos industry existed in Sennan from the Meiji period until the production and use of asbestos was banned. Another traditional industry is the quarrying of sandstone. In terms of primary industries, commercial fishing (including the farming of nori edible seaweed and oysters and agriculture (notably a local variety of eggplant and onions is also an important component of the economy.

Education

Hannan has seven public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government and one public high school operated by the Osaka Prefectural Department of Education.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (west).svg JR WestHanwa Line

Nankai group logo.svg Nankai Electric Railway - Nankai mainline symbol.svg Nankai Main Line

Highway

Buses

Hannan is also served by a local community bus running to and from the city hall along the main Route 26, and the Nankai Wing Bus Nanbu bus service. Nankai Wing Bus Nanbu:

Local attractions

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Izumi-Tottori Station Railway station in Hannan, Osaka Prefecture, Japan

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References

  1. "Hannan city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Hannan climate data
  3. Hannan population statistics