|Prince of Liechtenstein|
|Reign||13 November 1989 – present|
Regent for Franz Joseph II 26 August 1984 – 13 November 1989
|Predecessor||Franz Joseph II|
|Regent||Alois (15 August 2004 – present)|
|Born||14 February 1945|
|Father||Franz Joseph II|
|Mother||Countess Georgina von Wilczek|
Hans-Adam II (Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d'Aviano Pius; born 14 February 1945) is the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) and his wife Countess Georgina von Wilczek (1921–1989). He also bears the titles Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf , and Count Rietberg . Hans-Adam is the richest monarch in Europe.
He was born on 14 February 1945 in Zürich, Switzerland as the eldest son of Prince Franz Joseph II and Princess Gina of Liechtenstein.His father had succeeded as Prince of Liechtenstein upon the death of his childless grand-uncle, Prince Franz I, in 1938, and Hans-Adam was thus hereditary prince from birth.
In 1969, Hans-Adam graduated from the University of St. Gallen with a Licentiate (equivalent to a master's degree) in Business and Economic Studies.
In 1984, Prince Franz Joseph II, while legally remaining head of state and retaining the title of sovereign prince, formally handed the power of making day-to-day governmental decisions to his eldest son as a way of beginning a dynastic transition to a new generation. Hans-Adam formally succeeded as Prince of Liechtenstein upon the death of his father on 13 November 1989.
A referendum to adopt Hans-Adam's revision of the constitution to expand his powers passed in 2003. The prince had threatened to leave the country if the referendum did not result in his favour.
On 15 August 2004 Hans-Adam formally handed the power of making day-to-day governmental decisions to his eldest son, the Hereditary Prince Alois, as a way of beginning a dynastic transition to a new generation. Legally, Hans-Adam remains Head of State.
In July 2012 the people of Liechtenstein overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to curtail the political power of the princely family. Despite an almost year-long campaign by those who proposed the changes, 76% of those voting in a referendum supported the Prince's power to veto the outcome of future referendums.Legislators, who serve on a part-time basis, rose in the prince's defence on 23 May, voting 18 to 7 against the citizens' initiative. Hans-Adam responded to the result: "It is with joy and gratitude that the Princely House of Liechtenstein has taken note that a large majority of the population would like to continue the hitherto so successful 300-year partnership between the people and the Princely House."
Hans-Adam owns LGT banking group and has a family fortune of $US7.6 billion and a personal fortune of about $US4 billion,making him one of the world's richest heads of state, and Europe's wealthiest monarch. He owns an extensive art collection, much of which is displayed for the public at the Liechtenstein Museum in Vienna.
Hans-Adam descends in the direct male line from three of the previous fourteen Princes of Liechtenstein, and from another three in the female line.
On 30 July 1967, at St. Florin's in Vaduz, he married his second cousin once-removed, Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau (born 1940) who, upon her husband's accession to the throne, became Her Serene Highness The Princess of Liechtenstein.
They have four children and 15 grandchildren
The Prince is an honorary member of K.D.St.V. Nordgau Prag Stuttgart, a Catholic students' fraternity that is a member of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. The Prince donated $12 million in 2000 to found the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-determination (LISD) at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.In his childhood he joined the Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins in Vaduz. He is also a former member of the Viennese Scout Group "Wien 16-Schotten". He is a member of the World Scout Foundation.
Hans-Adam has written the political treatise The State in the Third Millennium ( ISBN 9783905881042), which was published in late 2009. In it, he argues for the continued importance of the nation-state as a political actor. He controversially tried to patent millennia old native foods like Basmati rice through USA patent and succeeded but withdrew after concerns by India, Bangladesh and Pakistan[ citation needed ]. He makes the case for democracy as the best form of government, which he sees China and Russia as in transition towards although the path will be difficult for these nations. He also declared his role in a princely family as something that has legitimacy only from the assent of the people. He stated that government should be limited to a small set of tasks and abilities, writing that people "have to free the state from all the unnecessary tasks and burdens with which it has been loaded during the last hundred years, which have distracted it from its two main tasks: maintenance of the rule of law and foreign policy".
In an interview, recorded in November 2010, Hans-Adam said that he saw certain problems with aspects of the US Constitution, such as the lack of direct democracy. He also said, "I am sitting here and that's because Americans saved us during World War II and during the Cold War. So I am very grateful to them."
Hans-Adam offered a major contribution to the study of self-determination in the foreword to a "Sourcebook, on Self-Determination and Self-Administration", edited by Wolfgang F. Danspeckgruber and Sir Arthur Watts, ISBN 1-55587-786-9, 1997; and in the Encyclopedia Princetoniensis.
The official title of the monarch is "Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, Sovereign of the House of Liechtenstein" (German: Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein, Herzog von Troppau und Jägerndorf, Graf zu Rietberg, Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein).Modern German uses different words for two types of aristocrat, both of whom are referred to as "prince" in English: The German word for a ruler, head of family or nobleman who ranks below a Herzog and above a Graf is Fürst , while a cadet descendant of an emperor, king, reigning Fürst and some other Fürsten, is Prinz.
|Ancestors of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein|
The Arms of Liechtenstein are the armorial bearings of the Prince of Liechtenstein, currently Hans-Adam II. As the sovereign emblem of the Prince, its use is restricted to the Prince and members of his House, though private individuals are permitted to use the arms if it is in the interest of the State. The arms are a history of the House, and show the many different regions and families with which Liechtenstein has been involved, either by conquest or by marriage.
Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein, born Aloys Maria Josef Johann Baptista Joachim Philipp Nerius, was the sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein between 1836 and 1858. He was a son of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein (1802–1836) and Landgravine Josepha of Fürstenberg-Weitra, nephew of Aloys I and father of Johann II and Franz I. Alois contributed actively to Liechtenstein's economic and political development.
Marie Aglaé, Princess of Liechtenstein is current Princess consort of Liechtenstein as the wife of Prince Hans Adam II of Liechtenstein. By birth, she is a member of the House of Kinsky.
Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, is the wife of Alois, Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein. Born a Duchess in Bavaria, she belongs to the House of Wittelsbach.
Princess Norberta "Nora", Dowager Marquesa de Mariño is the daughter of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) and his wife Countess Gina of Wilczek (1921–1989), and thus younger sister of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein.
The House of Liechtenstein, from which the principality takes its name, is the family which reigns by constitutional, hereditary right over the nation of Liechtenstein. Only dynastic members of the family are eligible to inherit the throne. The dynasty's membership, rights and responsibilities are defined by a law of the family, which is enforced by the reigning Prince and may be altered by vote among the family's dynasts, but which may not be altered by the Government or Parliament of Liechtenstein.
Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg is the eldest child of Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, the Regent and Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Duchess in Bavaria, he is also the eldest grandchild of the current ruling prince of Liechtenstein.
Prince Wenzeslaus of Liechtenstein is a member of the princely family of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Prince Philip Erasmus of Liechtenstein and Isabelle de L'Arbre de Malander. He was born to the style of a Serene Highness and Prince of Liechtenstein, and is additionally a Count of Rietberg. Prince Wenzeslaus has two brothers:
Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria Herzog in Bayern as the younger son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, is the heir presumptive to both the headship of the former Bavarian royal house and the Jacobite succession. He was born a Prince of Bavaria, as a member of the royal line of the House of Wittelsbach, but has been using the title "Herzog in Bayern" or Duke in Bavaria, since he was adopted as an adult by his great-uncle, Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria, the last bearer of that title of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach, from whom he inherited considerable estates at Tegernsee Abbey, Banz Abbey and Kreuth.
The Prince of Liechtenstein Foundation is a portfolio of private companies, museums, and art collections owned by the Princely Family of Liechtenstein. It is essentially a cap for a multitude of investments, such as the LGT Group, the Hofkellerei Wineries, Wilfersdorf Agricultural and Forest Company, RiceTec, and real estate holdings in Vienna, Austria. As of 2012, there were 15 companies and 2 museums owned by the Foundation. In late 2009, rumors speculated that the foundation was attempting to purchase rights to Vaduz FC. However, this has never been confirmed or denied, as of late 2012. The Foundation also plays national heritage and political roles, opening up a Liechtenstein culture museum, selling the political books that support the royal family, and funding right-leaning politicians.
Prince Alfred Louis of Liechtenstein was the son of Prince Franz de Paula of Liechtenstein (1802–1887) and Countess Julia Eudoxia Potocka-Piława (1818–1895), older brother of Prince Louis of Liechtenstein, and cousin and brother-in-law of Franz I of Liechtenstein.
Prince Eduard Franz of Liechtenstein was a son of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein (1802–1887) and wife Landgravine Josepha of Fürstenberg-Weitra, nephew of Aloys I, brother of Aloys II and uncle of Johann II and Franz I.
Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein was the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein (1611–1684) and Princess Johanna Beatrix of Dietrichstein (1625–1676).
Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg, is the eldest son of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, and Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau. Alois has been regent of Liechtenstein since 15 August 2004. He is married to Duchess Sophie in Bavaria.
The Prince Regnant of Liechtenstein is the monarch and head of state of Liechtenstein. The princely family of Liechtenstein, after which the sovereign principality was named in 1719, hails from Liechtenstein Castle in Lower Austria, which the family possessed from at least 1140 to the thirteenth century, and from 1807 onward. It is the only remaining European monarchy that practises strict agnatic primogeniture, meaning only first-born males may inherit the throne.
This is an index of Liechtenstein related topics.
Marie Eleonore of Dietrichstein, was a German noblewoman by birth member of the House of Dietrichstein and by her two marriage Countess of Kaunitz and Oppersdorf.
Princess Johanna Beatrix von Dietrichstein, was a German noblewoman, by birth a member of the princely Dietrichstein family and by marriage Princess of Liechtenstein.
The Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination (LISD) is the world's leading research institute on self-determination, self-governance, and diplomacy. LISD is affiliated with the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. Founded in 2000 by the H.S.H. Prince Hans Adam II of Liechtenstein, the Institute aims to enhance global peace and stability through its projects, publications, and commentaries.
Prince Franz Josef Wenceslaus Georg Maria of Liechtenstein was a member of the princely family of Liechtenstein.
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Hans-Adam II, Prince of LiechtensteinBorn: 14 February 1945
Franz Josef II
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