Hans-Jürgen von Arnim

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Hans-Jürgen von Arnim
Jurgen von Arnim.jpg
Born4 April 1889
Ernsdorf, German Empire
Died1 September 1962
Bad Wildungen, West Germany
Allegiance
Service/branch Army (Wehrmacht)
Years of service1907–43
Rank Generaloberst (Wehrmacht) 8.svg Generaloberst
Battles/wars World War I World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Hans-Jürgen von Arnim (German: [hansˈjʏʁɡn̩ fɔn ˈʔaʁniːm] ; 4 April 1889 – 1 September 1962) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded several armies. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

Contents

World War II

Von Arnim joined the German Army in 1907 and took part in World War I. After the war, he remained in the Reichswehr and then the Wehrmacht. Arnim commanded the 52nd Infantry Division in both the Battles for Poland and France. In October 1940, Arnim was given command of the 17th Panzer Division.

Von Arnim took part in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, and on 1 October 1941, took command of XXXIX Panzer Corps until November 1942.

On 20 February 1943 he was appointed commander of the 5th Panzer Army under Erwin Rommel in North Africa, whom he replaced as commander of the Army Group Africa on the 10th March 1943. He surrendered to British forces on 12 May 1943 as a consequence of the successful allied Operation Vulcan. [1]

His surrender to the British was a part of Spike Milligan's Monty: His Part in My Victory where his name has been misnamed (whether by accident or on purpose as Millgan eventually used to rename a lot of the characters within his Memoirs so that they or their relations would not be embarrassed by the activities) to Von Arnheim where Major Chater-Jack makes the announcement of the German defeat stating that "It's over! General Von Arnheim (sic) has surrendered and he is very angry."

Von Arnim was interned along with 24 other German general officers at Camp Clinton, Mississippi, [2] and was released on 1 July 1947. [3]

He died in 1962 in Bad Wildungen, West Germany.

Mistreatment of Jews in Tunisia

The Jewish population of Tunisia was used for forced labour by Armin to prepare defences against Allied attacks, and the Jewish community was ruthlessly plundered for gold. [4]


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References

Citations

  1. I Was There! - How Von Arnim Surrendered at Last, The War Illustrated , June 11, 1943.
  2. "German POW Camp in Clinton MS. Mostly Afrika Corps". kilroywashere.org.
  3. MacDonogh 2007, p. 410.
  4. General von Arnim had arrived to take over the forces in Tunisia, now designated the Fifth Panzer Army. Arnim prepared defences against renewed Allied attacks and Tunisian Jews were rounded up for forced labour. The Jewish community was also ruthlessly plundered for gold. The Second World War Antony Beevor, Little Brown and Company, New York 2012
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Wegmann 2004, p. 22.
  6. Scherzer 2007, p. 194.

Bibliography

  • MacDonogh, Giles (2007). After the Reich . New York: Basic Books. ISBN   978-0-465-00337-2.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives[The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN   978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Wegmann, Günter (2004). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil VIIIa: Panzertruppe Band 1: A–E[The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part VIIIa: Panzer Force Volume 1: A–E] (in German). Bissendorf, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN   978-3-7648-2322-1.
Military offices
Preceded by
Generaloberst Karl-Adolf Hollidt
Commander of 52. Infanterie-Division
September 8, 1939 – October 5, 1940
Succeeded by
Generaloberst Lothar Rendulic
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppe Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma
Commander of 17. Panzer-Division
September 15, 1941 – November 11, 1941
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Rudolf-Eduard Licht
Preceded by
Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt
Commander of XXXIX. Panzerkorps
November 11, 1941 – November 30, 1942
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Robert Martinek
Preceded by
created
Commander of 5th Panzer Army
December 8, 1943 - March 10, 1943
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppe Gustav von Vaerst
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel
Commander of Heeresgruppe Afrika
March 10, 1943 – May 13, 1943
Succeeded by
disbanded