Hans Georg Dehmelt

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Hans Georg Dehmelt
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Hans Georg Dehmelt
Born(1922-09-09)9 September 1922
Died7 March 2017(2017-03-07) (aged 94)
NationalityGermany, United States
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Known forDevelopment of the ion trap
Precise measurement of the electron g-factor
Penning trap
Awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1989)
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Washington
Duke University
Doctoral students David J. Wineland

Hans Georg Dehmelt (9 September 1922 – 7 March 2017) [1] [2] [3] was a German and American physicist, who was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1989, [4] for co-developing the ion trap technique (Penning trap) with Wolfgang Paul, for which they shared one-half of the prize (the other half of the Prize in that year was awarded to Norman Foster Ramsey). Their technique was used for high precision measurement of the electron magnetic moment.

Contents

Biography

At the age of ten Dehmelt enrolled in the Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster, a Latin school in Berlin, where he was admitted on a scholarship. [5] After graduating in 1940, he volunteered for service in the German Army, which ordered him to attend the University of Breslau to study physics in 1943. After a year of study he returned to army service and was captured during the Battle of the Bulge.

After his release from an American prisoner of war camp in 1946, Dehmelt returned to his study of physics at the University of Göttingen, where he supported himself by repairing and bartering old, pre-war radio sets. He completed his master's thesis in 1948 and received his PhD in 1950, both from the University of Göttingen. He was then invited to Duke University as a postdoctoral associate, emigrating in 1952. Dehmelt became an assistant professor at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington in 1955, an associate professor in 1958, and a full professor in 1961. [6]

In 1955 he built his first electron impact tube in George Volkoff's laboratory at the University of British Columbia [7] and experimented on paramagnetic resonances in polarized atoms and free electrons. In the 1960s, Dehmelt and his students worked on spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium ions. The electron was finally isolated in 1973 with David Wineland, who continued work on trapped ions at NIST.

He created the first geonium atom in 1976, which he then used to measure precise magnetic moments of the electron and positron with R. S. Van Dyck into the 1980s, work that led to his Nobel prize. In 1979 Dehmelt led a team that took the first photo of a single atom. He continued work on ion traps at the University of Washington, until his retirement in October 2002.

In May 2010, he was honoured as one of Washington's Nobel laureates by Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden at a special event in Seattle. [8]

He was married to Irmgard Lassow, now deceased, and the couple had a son, Gerd, also deceased. In 1989 Dehmelt married Diana Dundore, a physician.

Dehmelt died on March 7, 2017 in Seattle, Washington, aged 94. [9] [10] [11]

Awards and honors

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References

  1. "Dr. Hans Dehmelt's Obituary - The Co-op Funeral Home of People's Memorial". Archived from the original on 2017-03-18.
  2. "Berühmter Görlitzer Physiker ist tot" [Famous Görlitz Physicist is Dead]. Sächsische Zeitung (in German). Saxony: DDV. 2017-03-16. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  3. Sandomir, Richard (9 April 2017). "Hans Dehmelt, Nobel Laureate for Isolating Electrons, Dies at 94". The New York Times.
  4. "Nobel Prize in Physics 1989. Press release". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 12 October 1989. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  5. Sandomir, Richard (April 9, 2017), "Hans Dehmelt, Nobel Laureate for Isolating Electrons, Dies at 94", The New York Times
  6. Urton, James (2017-03-21). "Hans Dehmelt — Nobel laureate and UW professor emeritus — has died at age 94". UW Today. University of Washington.
  7. "Hans G. Dehmelt - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  8. Trujillo, Joshua (2010-05-07). "Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden honors local Nobel Laureates - Seattle's Big Blog". Blog.seattlepi.com. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  9. "King County deaths". The Seattle Post-Intelligencer . March 13, 2017.
  10. "Hans Dehmelt's Obituary on The Seattle Times".
  11. "Physicist Hans Dehmelt, the first UW professor to win a Nobel Prize, dies". 23 March 2017.
  12. "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  13. "The President's National Medal of Science: Recipient Details". Nsf.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-15.

Sources